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Snow leopards are no longer endangered!

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Irbis, or snow leopard, or snow leopard (Latin Uncia uncia, according to another classification - Panthera uncia) is a large predatory mammal of the cat family, living in the mountains of Central Asia.

Snow leopards have been endangered since 1972, but now for these mountain cats everything has changed for the better. We look and rejoice with them :)

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According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, on September 14, 2017, the irbis (aka snow leopard) was excluded from the list of endangered species.

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This species still faces a high risk of extinction in the wild. Only this does not happen as scaled as before.

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Because of its unique color, snow leopards are a tasty prey for poachers, which leads to a rapid decrease in the number of adults in the wild.

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On the world market, snow leopards have always been in demand and valued very expensive. For a long time, the irbis was considered a dangerous and harmful predator, so hunting for it was allowed year-round, by any means. For the extraction of snow leopard even issued a prize.

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While the world is still extremely concerned about the status of the snow leopard, we can celebrate a small victory in the struggle for their survival.

Irbis, or snow leopard, or snow leopard

wiki The irbis has a thin, long, flexible body, relatively short legs, a small head and a very long tail. Reaching with the tail length of 200-230 cm, weighs up to 55 kg. The fur color is light smoky gray with ring-shaped and solid dark spots.

Due to the inaccessibility of habitat and low density of the species, many aspects of its biology are still little studied.

At present, the number of snow leopards is catastrophically small - in 2003, according to various estimates, the population of the species was from 4 to 7 thousand individuals. In the XX century, it was listed in the IUCN Red Book, in the Red Book of Russia, and also in the security documents of other countries. As of 2016, hunting for snow leopards is prohibited.

Large annular spots in the form of rosettes and a long fluffy tail are well visible.

The snow leopard was mined in insignificant quantities - the world prey of the leopard, before the ban on hunting for it, was not more than 1000 pelts per year. In the years 1907-1910, the annual world production of snow leopard pelts was 750–800 units. In the 1950s-1960s, in the territory of the former USSR, his skins were harvested only in dozens. In this case, the procurement price for them was extremely low - on average, about 3 rubles. The main areas of fishing for the snow leopard were Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The skins were mainly for handicraft carpets, women's fur coats, dohi and collars.

On the world market, snow leopards have always been in demand and valued very expensive. For a long time, the irbis was considered a dangerous and harmful predator, so hunting for it was allowed year-round, by any means. For the extraction of snow leopard even issued a prize. In the world market, live snow leopards have always been in high demand, and their sale has been a profitable item of petroleum export.

According to experts, in 1998, 15-20 irbis were illegally obtained in Russia. Due to the small size of the leopard and its confinement to poorly populated areas, its harm to hunting and livestock is negligible.

Country territory Area,
area (km²)
Estimated population
(about)
Evaluation Year
Afghanistan 50,000 100—200 2003
Butane 15,000 100—200 1994
China 1,100,000 2000-5000 1998
India 75,000 200-600 1994
Kazakhstan 50,000 180—200 2001
Kyrgyzstan 105,000 150-500 2001
Mongolia 101,000 500-1000 2000
Nepal 30,000 300-500 2009
Pakistan 80,000 200-420 2003
Russia 60,000 150—200 2003
Tajikistan 100,000 180-220 2003
Uzbekistan 10,000 20-50 2003
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Ми-ми-ми метр

Via 4tololo.ru & wiki