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Plants for an ideal microclimate in the house

Растения для микроклимата

Indoor gardening is the cultivation of plants in residential or public premises. Plants that are able to successfully survive and develop in such premises are called indoor plants. Indoor gardening is especially common in countries with a long harsh winter. Most houseplants come from the tropics and subtropics. Since residential or public premises are characterized by conditions that are more unfavorable for plants than when grown in greenhouses (for example, the lateral direction of light, its small amount, dry air, an abundance of dust, drafts, uneven temperature), to achieve a healthy state and proper development plants used special techniques. Conditions in public and official premises are usually even less favorable than in residential, so here the most unpretentious houseplants are grown.

Dirty indoor air is one of the main and main causes of illness. Our brick and concrete houses constantly release toxic chemicals - formaldehyde, metals, fumes. The air is also poisoned by bacteria, mold, dust and carbon dioxide formed near the operating plate. Fortunately, we have houseplants. They easily solve the problems associated with poor ventilation of enclosed spaces.

Many do not know about the ability of domestic plants to influence the microclimate. Plants create a comfortable atmosphere, stabilize the humidity of the air, dry or moisturize, saturate the room with oxygen, so that young children and people with allergies can safely breathe and do not know the problems.

Plants that take away excess moisture from the air

Растения для микроклимата


Спатифиллум (Spathiphyllum) - Растения для микроклимата

Flower of female happiness, or white sail - there is a belief that the plant brings happiness and love to the house. Spathiphyllum not only absorbs excess moisture, normalizing the climate in the house, but also destroys mold spores. The plant feels fine in the bathroom at an air temperature of +18 ° C.

Coffee tree (Coffea)

Кофейное дерево (Coffea) - Растения для микроклимата

Of almost 100 species, people most often grow Arabian and Congolese coffee trees, which give varieties of Arabica and Robusta. The first fruits appear for 5-6 years, so it is better to buy an adult plant. Loves good watering and partial shade, absorbs excess moisture from the air and fills it with a tropical smell during flowering.


Мирт (Myrtus) - Растения для микроклимата

Symbol of peace and pleasure. In the past, people believed that the tree is sacred: it brings youth back to the old, the travelers are given courage and spirit. Today we know that the myrtle in the house not only restores the normal microclimate, but also takes care of health: the phytoncids, excreted by the leaves and flowers of the myrtle, kill the germs in the air.

Laurel noble (Laurus nobilis)

Лавр благородный (Laurus nobilis) - Растения для микроклимата

Laurels in antiquity were loved by herbivorous dinosaurs, the least resistant in the attack of predators. Thus, the predator, choosing an easy sacrifice, immediately received a dinner with seasoning. People considered the laurels to be a symbol of glory, victory and greatness. The plant comes from the subtropics, therefore it loves moist air, partial shade and abundant watering with warm water. Absorbing moisture from the air, forms a normal microclimate. Laurel leaves can be dried and used in cooking.

Lemon (Citrus limon)

Лимон (Citrus limon) - Растения для микроклимата

Lemon is a plant that is pleasant in all respects: during flowering it fills the air with citrus aroma, it draws out excess moisture from the air. Leaves produce a huge amount of medicinal substances, sterilizing the space around them. The tree likes sunbathing, regular watering and dry soil. Most of all lemons within a year gives Pavlovsky sort.

Plants that moisturize the air

Растения для микроклимата

Cypress (Chamaecyparis)

Кипарисовик (Chamaecyparis) - Растения для микроклимата

In Japan cypress is considered a sacred tree: they believe that the souls of the dead and the gods settle in them. This evergreen plant refreshes the interior with its appearance, humidifies the air, fights dust and facilitates attacks of headache and migraine. In return, expects partial shade and regular watering.


Сансевиерия (Sansevieria) - Растения для микроклимата

Or a pike tail, or teschin tongue. This plant creates incredible things with air: moisturizes it, produces a huge amount of oxygen (for its size) and neutralizes the harmful vapors released by synthetic materials. It is easy to take care of: it keeps moisture in the leaves, does not require copious watering. Perfectly settles in any corner of the house.


Фикус (Ficus) - Растения для микроклимата

The most popular house plant. Humidifies the air, saturates it with oxygen, neutralizes toxins and viruses, with the help of wide leaves delays the dust. He likes large rooms and penumbra. In the houses there is often a ficus of Benjamin, named after the British botanist and a symbol of the capital of Thailand, Bangkok. He is unpretentious, grows fast, but does not like drafts and excessive watering.


Циссус (Cissus) - Растения для микроклимата

Some call it a room grapes for kinship with grapes, others - birch because of leaves resembling birch. Exception: cissus quadrangular. His behavior resembles ivy: quickly wraps the antennae of the stem with any support on the way to the light. Easily adapts to dry air, gradually moisturizing it, but needs a shade and a regular wet shower.

Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe)

Каланхоэ (Kalanchoe) - Растения для микроклимата

An effective plant, each appearance of which looks original. Kalanchoe comes from Madagascar, it feels great only in rooms with dry air: accumulates moisture in the leaves and regulates the climate in the apartment. It can not be watered abundantly, but it is necessary to keep it in a sunny place.