Mistakes in brushing teeth, rules for dental care
Let’s answer one seemingly frivolous question: what is brushing for each of us? Of course, this is a routine, to which we devote time every day, without thinking, however, how important it is. It seems to many that dental care is nothing complicated, the main thing is to clean them regularly. But in reality it turns out that only one out of 10 people properly cares for the oral cavity.
We at Shram.kiev.ua have prepared the most important rules for the care of teeth and gums, which will help not to harm and avoid common mistakes. Here you will learn about how to brush your teeth, why you need to brush your teeth and the basic mistakes that each of us makes, not assuming what they may entail. Read, and let your smile always look at all 32 teeth!
Why brush your teeth?
Many of us have heard that one of the “dirtiest” places in our body is the oral cavity. Is it true? Let's figure it out! Millions of different bacteria live in the mouth: from completely harmless to hazardous to health. A humid environment and daily ingestion of food into the oral cavity makes it a wonderful soil not only for life, but also for the reproduction of microorganisms. However, our immune system successfully fights this microflora, leaving us, thus, healthy and protected. Of course, while we are helping her in every way, caring for the oral cavity.
If you do not brush your teeth for a long time, the proliferation of bacteria accelerates, and they form a kind of soft coating, usually fatal to the teeth. The acid that it secretes gradually destroys the tooth enamel, leading to carious damage.
Not to mention the fact that errors in the technique of brushing your teeth lead to bad breath and the possible formation of tartar.
The answer to the question “Why do I need to brush my teeth?” Is obvious: this can help to avoid many health problems and, by right, will make one of the “dirtiest” places in our body much cleaner.
What is the best way to brush your teeth?
After we figured out whether it is necessary to brush your teeth, it remains to find out what is better to brush them. In this matter, of course, it is worth listening to the opinion of experts. It is worth noting that by asking this question to the dentist, none of them can clearly give an answer to it. Indeed, the variety of toothpastes is now so great that it is rather difficult to single out one of the many.
In this case, you need to know the basic principles of using toothpaste:
- Avoid brushing your teeth with the same toothpaste all the time;
- Use at least two abrasive (“white”) pastes and one tooth gel;
- Brush your teeth thoroughly in the morning and evening, alternating between different types of pastes;
- The use of whitening pastes for a long time leads to damage to the tooth enamel.
It is very important to choose a paste that is suitable for your type of teeth and oral condition. Pasta manufacturers worried about every customer, so if your gums are bleeding, your teeth are excessively sensitive, or you may be prone to plaque, you can find on the store shelves accordingly: a paste for gum health, for sensitive teeth, and antibacterial. Carefully choose a paste and you will be healthy.
More often than not, we squeeze too much paste onto the brush. For optimal cleaning, you need a ball the size of a large pea, otherwise the brush will slide strongly and will not get to the plaque. Another common mistake is the use of inappropriate paste.
How to choose the right toothpaste:
- If you have a tendency or tooth decay, you should choose fluoride pastes. For people living in areas with fluorinated water (more than 1.2 mg / l) fluoride pastes are not recommended.
- For sensitive teeth, pastes are recommended, which include potassium chloride, potassium citrate, arginine, strontium chloride, hydroxyapatite.
- For bleeding gums, choose pastes that contain antibacterial substances (chlorhexidine or triclosan) and herbal extracts (echinacea, calendula). It is impossible to use such pastes for more than 3 weeks, because they disrupt the composition of beneficial microflora in the mouth.
The use of any of these pastes does not eliminate the need for treatment, which only a dentist can prescribe.
How to choose a toothbrush
The most common mistake people make when buying a toothbrush is choosing too soft or too hard bristles. Also, we often buy devices that are too large or not convenient enough, which, of course, affects the quality of cleaning.
How to choose a toothbrush:
- If the gums are in satisfactory condition, it is recommended to use a medium hard toothbrush.
- Choose brushes with a long handle and rubber elements - this way the hand will not slip, and you can adjust the brush pressure.
- Those who have problems with gums or tooth enamel, as well as children under 12 years of age, are advised to use brushes with soft bristles.
- The optimal length of the head of the toothbrush is from 2 to 3 cm, height - up to 2 cm, width - about 1.5 cm.
- The brush should be selected multi-beam, consisting of individual bunches and villi, with rounding at the end of the bunches.
Important: long use of the same brush is unacceptable. It should be changed regularly: hard - once every 3 months, soft - once every 2 months.
The main mistake is linear left-right movements that only drive plaque between the teeth. You need to brush the front teeth up and down, observing some rules. Another wrong move is brushing your teeth immediately after eating: immediately after eating, the enamel becomes vulnerable, so you need to brush it after 30 minutes.
Rules for brushing your teeth:
- The procedure should last at least 3 minutes.
- Keep the brush at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the teeth and gums.
- Clean the lower dentition first and then the upper. Thus, the spread of infection throughout the oral cavity can be minimized.
- You should start with the front teeth, gradually moving to the back.
- The lower teeth are cleaned from the bottom up, and the upper ones are cleaned from top to bottom.
- The chewing surface of the teeth is processed in a circular raking motion.
- Do not forget to clean the tongue after brushing, because plaque on the tongue is also a breeding ground for infection.
- Doctors recommend using a rinse aid after brushing.
Remember the main thing! Properly brush your teeth twice a day: morning and evening, after breakfast and dinner, respectively.
So, how to brush your teeth with a toothbrush?
1. First, pick up a brush and rinse it thoroughly with water. Now she is ready to apply toothpaste. By the way, it’s enough to squeeze it no more than a pea. If you get more - not deadly. Just a lot of foam will form during the cleaning process.
2. Let's start brushing the upper teeth. We bring the brush at an angle of 45 degrees to the gums.
3. We begin to move the brush vertically. It is important to make movements from top to bottom. Each tooth should be given 3-4 such movements. We start with the teeth located behind, and slowly move towards the center.
4. Repeat similar movements on the inside of the dentition. Upon reaching the fangs, you should change the location of the toothbrush from horizontal to vertical, as shown in the figure, and continue to "sweep out" the accumulated plaque.
5. Horizontal movements allowed to clean the chewing surface of the dentition. You can move the brush back and forth. But no one has canceled the “sweeping” movements that we already know, which will better cope with getting rid of plaque. In this case, we move from the back teeth towards the front.
6. Smoothly move to the lower row of teeth. We repeat the same movements as with the upper jaw, but make them from the bottom up.
7. When brushing your teeth on the inside of the dentition, reaching the fangs, it is recommended that you re-position your toothbrush.
8. At the very end, we leave the language cleaned. It is produced with neat massaging movements from root to tip.
9. Unwind the required amount of dental floss and tear it off. We clean the spaces between the teeth, starting with the posterior teeth, gradually advancing to the front ones. It is very important to clean the interdental spaces with different pieces of floss so that in no case can microorganisms be transferred from one tooth to another. For convenience, it is recommended to tear off about 30 centimeters of thread and place it between the index fingers of both hands. Between the fingers should remain a couple of centimeters for cleaning. In the course of cleaning, wind an already used thread onto your finger. Make careful movements while avoiding injuring your gums.
10. At the end of cleaning, rinse your mouth for half a minute with rinse aid.
When the tooth brushing process is complete, take care to keep the brush clean until next use. To do this, lather it and leave it in this form until further use.
Many of us do not attach great importance to it, and in vain. Floss cleansing of the tooth spaces not only prevents the appearance of tartar, but also strengthens the gums.
For proper and convenient cleaning, at least 18 cm of thread should be taken, and its edges wound around index or middle fingers. First you should brush your teeth with floss, then with a brush.
Most people who wear braces and other dental designs often ignore the rules of care. Orthodontists are strongly advised to brush their teeth after each meal with fluoride toothpaste, and also regularly use dental floss and a special brush.
If you wear such devices, you need to cut the food finely, especially apples and other hard foods. But from the soft caramel, popcorn and other sweets that like to get stuck in your teeth, you better refuse completely.
The main mistakes when brushing your teeth
We will talk more about how to thoroughly brush your teeth with a toothbrush a little later, but for now, we’ll provide you with a list of the main mistakes when brushing your teeth.
Wrong brush selection
On television, we often pay attention to the huge amount of toothbrush advertising. The leading companies in the world present their own version, in their opinion, of an ideal brush. So which brush is best to brush your teeth? Of course, you can’t believe everyone and you shouldn’t think that having bought this or that advertised brush, you will get rid of all problems with dental health. This is certainly a fallacy.
To choose a brush, like paste, it is necessary in accordance with your individual needs. What are the main criteria for choosing an “ideal” brush?
- Handle length
- Stiffness bristles
- The size of the main part of the toothbrush
When using a toothbrush, the main thing is not to experience the slightest stress. For this, the length of the handle should be optimal, suitable for the structure of your oral cavity. The stiffness of the bristles should be matched to the health status of your gums. It should be noted that the stiffness of the bristles absolutely does not affect the quality of cleaning, the main thing is the technique. The size of the main part of the toothbrush should also not cause you discomfort.
It is believed that the most effective are medium-sized brushes with a small narrowed head. It is they who can easily cope with the cleaning of hard-to-reach molars. An important point when choosing a brush is also its ability to clean the tongue, as one of the main breeding grounds for bacteria. To do this, pay attention to whether there are special tubercles on the back of the brush that make it very convenient to clean the tongue without damaging it with coarse bristles. If you do not trust this work with your toothbrush, special scrapers and gels can be found on sale for perfect cleaning of the tongue.
And the last thing I want to mention when talking about which brush is best to brush your teeth, is the material from which the bristles are made. Most often, the choice is faced with nylon and natural bristles. Probably each of us will unanimously say that it is better than not to find natural. But here you can allow a serious misfire. Like us, bacteria love everything natural. For them, a natural brush will be the best breeding ground. Based on this, we conclude that in choosing a brush, preference should be given to nylon.
Infrequent or short brushing
The interval between brushings directly affects the condition of the teeth. If it is too long, a plaque will appear on the teeth, which, as we already know, is the cause of the spread of infection in the oral cavity. In this regard, it is necessary to brush your teeth two, and preferably three times a day.
Duration of cleaning should be at least 3 minutes. Dentists advise to divide the oral cavity into four approximately identical parts and give each 45 seconds.
Too frequent brushing
Brushing your teeth more than 3 times a day will in no way improve the health of your oral cavity, but on the contrary, it will even hurt. To avoid bad breath, people often forget that tooth enamel will go away with the smell. Therefore, it is worth using other methods to combat unwanted odors.
Ignoring Dental Floss
According to statistics, tooth decay most often affects the lateral parts of the tooth. Think about it, because during a meal, the food we eat accumulates in the interdental spaces. Scrubbing it with a brush is almost impossible. This is where dental floss comes to the rescue, which easily removes food debris and leaves teeth healthy.
Violation of the brushing technique
How to brush your teeth with a toothbrush will be discussed later in the article. It makes sense to note that, ignoring this technique and neglecting the basic rules, you can put yourself at risk of serious diseases.
Rare Toothbrush Wash
When brushing your teeth with a toothbrush, you can remove any accumulated soft deposits. But, of course, that he does not disappear without a trace. If it is not thoroughly washed off after each cleaning, then the bacteria accumulated there will begin to multiply, and, having returned to our mouth, will cause inflammatory diseases. So remember that thoroughly washing and drying your toothbrush will keep you healthy.
The Myth of Better Electric Toothbrush Effectiveness
In order to dispel this myth, you need to figure out how many types of electric toothbrushes exist. It turns out that in the Ukrainian market they are presented in four forms.
- Brushes with tufts of fibers that rotate in all directions.
Of all the listed diversity, it is worth noting only the last type of brushes, like the one that has an advantage over a conventional brush. Indeed, due to its properties, the quality of brushing can be compared to going to the dentist. If you still decide to join the ranks of the lazy owners of electric toothbrushes, remember that such a brush irritates the gums more often, leading to bleeding. Violation of the basic technique of using an electric brush can lead to injury to the gums and damage to the enamel.
In this regard, it is worth considering whether it makes sense to change your usual way of brushing your teeth. After all, an ordinary brush is not inferior to its more modern counterparts and does not harm the health of the oral cavity.
Rare brush replacement
Experts recommend changing the brush at least after 3-4 months of use, and preferably even more often. This is due to the fact that over time the bristles of the brush are deformed, while losing their flexibility. This brush can no longer be used. It will bring neither harm nor benefit to its owner.
The manufacturer, who is very worried about the health of his customers, has taken care of this. Now on the market it’s not news to meet a brush that changes the color of its villi, warning the owner about the need to go to the store for a new one. But do not immediately run after this. Carefully monitor your assistant: bent bristles, increased “shaggy” indicate that the brush has outlived its own and needs to be replaced.
Using chewing gum instead of just brushing your teeth
Do not underestimate chewing gum. They really clean the oral cavity after eating, but this property only applies to the chewing surface of the teeth. Only a toothbrush can cope with full-fledged toothbrushing, and chewing gum should be used only in exceptional cases.
For those with a combined bathroom, the main thing to remember is that you need to store your brushes in a special case and use a disinfectant solution before cleaning. That's because when flushing the toilet, the bacteria scatter around a distance of more than one and a half meters. It is not difficult to guess what these microorganisms settle on, including the brushes.
Via adme.ru & guide-dental.ru