In children, enemas
In children, enemas are used for the same reasons as in adults.
A syringe with a soft rubber tip, which is liberally lubricated with petroleum jelly or sterile vegetable oil and carefully so as not to damage the mucous membrane, is injected into the rectum by 2-3 cm in children of the first days of life, and up to 5 cm in older children. Before use the syringe is sterilized by boiling. To sterilize a balloon, it must first be filled with water. Before the tip is inserted into the rectum, the balloon is turned upside down and the air is released until water emerges from it. The amount of liquid for a single administration depends on the age of the child and is 30-60 ml for children in the first months of life, 120-180 ml for 6-12 months, 200 ml for 1-2 years, 300 ml for 2-5 years, 5-9 years - 400 ml; 1014 years - up to 500 ml. Water temperature is usually 28-30 ± С. To enhance the cleaning effect, the temperature should be below 2224 ± C, or add 1-2 teaspoons of glycerin or vegetable oil to the water, or use a 10% sodium chloride solution (10-30 g of sodium chloride per 100 g of water).
Medicinal and nutritional procedures with a fluid volume of more than 100 ml are usually done in the form of drip enemas, performing them for children as well as for adults, but at a lower speed.