It belongs to the family of Gesneria. Fatherland - the tropics of America.
General description: This luxurious ornamental flowering plant is difficult for a novice grower, it is usually bought in stores already in the flowering stage. For indoor breeding, varieties derived from a pair of natural species are used: Gloxinia regina (Royal Gloxinia) and Gloxinia speciosa (Beautiful Gloxinia). The leaves of the gloxinia are wide-oval, the gloxinia is royal pubescent, with a silvery shade on the upper side and reddish on the back.
Stems thickened. Flowers bell-shaped form on long peduncles. Variants of colors are of great variety. They can be either drooping upward, flywheels or not in any way, with smooth or ruffled edges of the limb of the petals. The colors are scarlet with a snow-white margin, purple with a snow-white margin, snow-white, pink with purple dots, etc. With good care, gloxinia bloom from spring until autumn. For a period of inactivity, the entire terrestrial portion of the plant dies off.
Humidity: Adores high humidity during flowering, but does not tolerate spraying. The humidity of the atmosphere is maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously wetted.
Temperature : During the period of growth is moderate, in winter the tubers are stored at a temperature of 10 -12 ° C.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. The soil is slightly acidic (pH = 5.5 - 6.5).
Recommended soil mash: 2 elements of leafy ground, 1 share of peat and 1 share of sand.
During the flowering period, it needs top dressing 1 time per week with liquid complex fertilizers for flowering plants.
Breeding : Seeds and crushing of the tuber in the spring or leaf cuttings in the summer.
Transplant : In the spring, every year, but the size of the pot does not multiply, before it becomes cramped. The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep. Tubers during replanting only half-buried.
Pests : Affected by whiteflies, mealybugs (covered with a snow-white cotton-like gun), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves), aphids (sticky secretions form on the tips of the shoots, buds).
In these cases, the plant must be sprayed with solutions until it is full of healing.
insecticides (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.)
Gloxinia beautiful Gloxinia speciosa