passionflower (passionflower) / passiflora
Belongs to the family of passionflower. Homeland - South America, Asia, Australia.
General description : Passiflora is a fast growing plant with beautiful but short-lived flowers.
Usually, a pair of passiflora species is bred under room conditions:
Passiflora caerulea (Blue Passiflora) A strong climbing liana with palmate-dissected leaves up to 10 cm long. On the stems in the axils of the leaves are the antennae, with which passionflower is attached to the support. It blooms in the summer of single colorful and fragrant flowers of 8-10 cm in diameter. Orange flowers grow up to 6 cm in length on the room of flowers.
Passiflora trifasciata (Passiflora three-strip) has a ribbed stem and variegated three-lobed leaves with silver-purple veins. The reverse side of the leaf is red-violet. Flowers and berries are smaller than the previous species.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Passiflora:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation mode : Abundant in the period of growth, outlandish in winter.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying, but not under the direct sun.
Temperature condition : Moderate, optimally 18-24 ° С, in winter cool 13-16 ° С. Without a cool period of inactivity, passiflora usually does not survive the winter, or its appearance becomes extremely unattractive.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. You can add petty gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks fertilizer for flowering plants in half portions.
Breeding : Seeds and stem cuttings.
Transplant : Every year in spring.
Pests : Affected by the scarlet spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, the leaves and stems are covered with spiderwebs), aphids (form sticky discharges on the tips of the shoots, buds), scutes (brown leaves on the leaves and stalks, which leave sticky discharges).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.) is recommended.
blue passionflower - passiflora caerulea
three-strip passionflower - passiflora trifasciata