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Child development in months to a year

Развитие ребенка по месяцам до года

The neonatal crisis is an intermediate stage between the intrauterine and extrauterine life of a child. The newborn is so helpless that if he had not been near an adult, he would have died within a few hours after birth. It turns out that at the time of childbirth and immediately after it a person needs society.

According to psychoanalysts, birth is the first trauma the child experiences, and it is so strong that it affects the whole subsequent life.

Is my baby developing normally? What achievements to expect from his newly born crumbs? What to pay attention to and what to tell your doctor? What problems can young parents face and how to solve them?

What can a child in 1 month:

  • performs micromotations and makes sounds in time with the speaker's speech;
  • distinguishes colors (red, yellow, black and white), lines and a cell;
  • fixes his eyes on a human face bent over him;
  • distinguishes features of sounds;
  • recognize mother's voice, smell, touch of hands;
  • focuses the eye on a stationary object and with its smooth movement;
  • lying on the tummy, trying to lift and hold his head.

What can a child in 2 months:

  • grants and charms everyone with a radiant smile that appears in response to a voice or a bowed face;
  • visually focuses and keeps a moving and stopped object in sight;
  • turns the head to the source of sound, looking for his eyes;
  • demonstrates, in response to communication, a “revitalization complex”
  • lying on his stomach, trying to keep his head;
  • utters sounds, vocalizing vowels;
  • turns from barrel to back.

What can a child in 3 months:

  • recognizes the face of mom and dad, laughs when communicating;
  • naughty and whimpering, shouting in protest;
  • gulit, coos, leads a dialogue with an adult;
  • gets hands on toys hanging over a bed;
  • grabs a toy and pulls it into his mouth;
  • raises his head, lying on his stomach and resting his forearms;
  • turns from back to side;
  • rests with its feet on a hard surface with the support under the arms;
  • holds the head and controls it;
  • finds the source of sound and light.

What can a child in 4 months:

  • recognizes the mother (or the person who constantly cares) and prefers him to everyone else;
  • recognizes the voices of familiar people and distinguishes them from strangers;
  • displays roulades, pronounces the first syllables;
  • captures a hanging toy with one or two hands at the same time;
  • picks up his name and reacts to it;
  • raises shoulders and head, lying on his back;
  • reacts differently to familiar and unfamiliar things;
  • allocates "favorite" and "unloved" toys;
  • when feeding, plays with the breast or bottle, supports it.

What can a child in 5 months:

  • gladly examines the faces in the pictures;
  • melodiously gurgles, going to babble;
  • grabs, holds, feels, pulls to himself, throws objects;
  • distinguishes between familiar and unfamiliar people;
  • demonstrates a wary attitude towards strangers;
  • independently takes 5-10 minutes to play with toys;
  • turns from back to stomach, pulls up on his hands, trying to sit down;
  • lying on his stomach, rests on the palms of straightened hands;
  • plays ku-ku, babble in time with the rituals.

What can a child in 6 months:

  • babble and imitate audible sounds;
  • attentively listens to the speech;
  • finds the objects you are talking about;
  • observes a certain distance with strangers;
  • shifts toys from one hand to another;
  • throws what is caught, can quickly pull the toy by the string;
  • shifts items from one container to another;
  • creeps up to a toy lying at a distance of 10-20 cm from an outstretched arm;
  • learning to get up, holding on to the support.

What can a child in 7 months:

  • understands the meaning of many words;
  • emotionally very attached to the mother, clings to her;
  • begins to fear at parting with mom;
  • can invest small items in large ones;
  • stands firmly at the support, steps over at the support;
  • learns to sit on their own;
  • learns to crawl;
  • turns from belly to back and back;
  • can eat from a spoon and drink from a cup;
  • remembers actions to maintain tidiness and "reminds" mom of them;
  • plays Ladushki and similar sign games.

What can a child in 8 months:

  • babbling as if speaking;
  • understands and fulfills requests like “give a hand”, “bow your head”;
  • plays games with performing the simplest actions (“Ladushki”), dances;
  • feels a strong fear when parting with the mother;
  • clearly divides people into "their" and "strangers";
  • scared by harsh, unexpected sounds (vacuum cleaner, bell, dog barking);
  • independently gets up and walks at a support;
  • sits alone;
  • begins to crawl actively;
  • can bite off soft foods and chew;
  • goes from mashed potatoes to chopped food;
  • calmly perceives planting on the pot.

What can a child in 9 months:

  • turns babble into sound serenades;
  • shows the nose, mouth and other parts of the body of the mother, the doll, in her mirror, sometimes correctly “hitting” her finger in the right place;
  • puts fingers in all holes;
  • can rip and crumple paper, rumples clay in her palm;
  • can thumb through thick pages of a cardboard book;
  • independently sits, sits, walks at a support, creeps;
  • rises without support;
  • rhythmically jumping and crouching at the support or holding her mother's hand.

What can a child in 10 months:

  • listens to the speech of an adult person and imitates its sounds;
  • takes jokes in his address;
  • makes funny sound combinations to the ear and laughs at them;
  • enjoys fun games;
  • inserts one item into another;
  • prefers small objects to large ones;
  • with the help of one object gets another;
  • deliberately discards items or toys;
  • rolls cars, pushes the ball, tumbler;
  • sits, crawls, walks at the support;
  • calmly part with his chest;
  • chews crayon chopped food;
  • takes an active interest in other children.

What can a child in 11 months:

  • understands the conversation of parents about themselves and what is happening around;
  • utters words imitating the voices of animals and birds;
  • fulfills requests and instructions: bring, give, carry, put, take;
  • waiting for praise and approval of their actions;
  • nods affirmatively and shakes his head;
  • waving his hand in greeting or farewell, thanks with a nod;
  • endlessly repeating the same action, cultivating in it;
  • he tries to eat with a spoon, drinks well from a cup;
  • climbs the stairs and descends from them, actively crawls;
  • trying to walk independently;
  • can hang on the rings or the thorns up to the 1st minute;
  • able to climb the first few steps of the wall bars.

What can a child in 12 months:

  • utters 10-15 lightweight and imitating words;
  • walks independently;
  • behaves differently with different people;
  • shows independence;
  • actively expresses negative emotions;
  • collects a pyramid, builds 2-3 figures from cubes;
  • makes cakes, rolls sausages from dough or clay;
  • has clear interests, favorite and unloved activities;
  • accompanying drawing comments;
  • bites, chews solid food;
  • uses a spoon and a cup.