At a certain period of life, every woman faces the question: how to help her skin maintain beauty and youth. Often, confident that young skin does not need care, we think about the need to care for it only when we notice the first wrinkles. And it turns out that starting to care for the skin is necessary from a very early age. The main tasks of cosmetic facial care are the maintenance of normal skin functions and the prevention of premature aging. Each skin type, in accordance with the age group and individual characteristics, needs different cosmetics, however, the steps and principles of care are approximately the same for everyone. Basic facial skin care includes four main steps:
Cleansing - removal of grease, dirt and decorative cosmetics from the skin surface.
Moisturizing - restoring the optimal moisture balance in the skin, contributing to its softening and smoothing.
Nutrition - saturation of the skin with nutrients and vitamins, which it does not receive from blood plasma.
Protection - protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the environment.
Based on this, all cosmetic skin care products can be classified according to the tasks for which they were created.
Cleansing - designed to remove dirt and cosmetics from the surface of the skin.
Soap often dries the skin too much. However, today on the shelves you can find hygienic soap that does not contain alkali. It cleanses and refreshes the skin without depriving it of moisture, helps to cleanse pores and prevents the appearance of blackheads.
Cleansing milk or foam is applied to the face and then washed off with water. Such products are suitable for any type of skin.
Cleansing creams are recommended for cleansing dry skin. Typically, such creams are liquid and easily rubbed into the skin. They contain fats that dissolve surface dirt and cosmetics, and are easily washed with a cotton swab or cloth.
Tonic is designed to remove the remnants of a cleansing cream. It refreshes and cools the skin, helps to remove excess fat from its surface. But be careful when choosing such products: tonics with a high alcohol content are suitable only for oily skin, and alcohol-free tonics are recommended for dry and sensitive skin.
Moisturizers restore the protective barrier and reduce the permeability of the stratum corneum for water from the lower parts of the skin. By creating a lipid permeable film on the skin, they prevent the evaporation of water from the surface of the skin.
The main task of the moisturizer is to maintain optimal water balance in the skin tissue and restore the moisture level in the stratum corneum.
Modern moisturizers contain many skin-friendly ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid and collagen. Be sure to pay attention to the presence of a UV filter in the moisturizer, which provides the skin with year-round protection from the harmful effects of sunlight.
Nutrients are very diverse. This is a large group of creams, which is the basis of skin care cosmetics, containing biologically active, moisturizing, plasticizing substances.
The content of such creams of nutrients, vitamins, antioxidants, herbal extracts, essential fatty acids and other important components allows you to maintain healthy skin.
Protective equipment protects the skin from external influences - temperature extremes, cold, wind, sunlight.
Protective creams are recommended to be applied after cleansing and toning, before going out into the open air or when your skin needs special protection. Such products typically contain UV filters and silicone.
Daily cosmetic skin care, including cleansing, moisturizing and nutrition, will help you maintain its beauty and youth.
Today, the range of cosmetic products is almost unlimited. But in order for the product chosen by you to most effectively fulfill its tasks, it is necessary that it matches exactly your skin type. Therefore, before buying cosmetic milk, cream or tonic, consult with a specialist.
The right choice of cosmetics will help turn your daily skin care routine into a real pleasure!