Medication Description: Ethyl Alcohol (Spiritus aethylicus)
ETHYL ALCOHOL (Spiritus aethylicus).
Synonyms: Wine spirit, Spiritus vini.
According to its pharmacological properties, ethyl alcohol is a fatty narcotic substance. The most sensitive to ethyl alcohol (alcohol) are CNS cells, especially the cells of the cerebral cortex, acting on which, it causes a characteristic alcoholic arousal associated with the weakening of the processes of inhibition. Then there is also a weakening of the processes of excitation in the cortex, the depression of the spinal and medulla, with the suppression of the activity of the respiratory center. The use of alcohol in high doses inside leads to a violation of the basic vital functions of the body.
In medical practice, ethyl alcohol is used primarily as an external antiseptic and irritant agent for rubbing, compresses, etc.
Intravenously previously administered with gangrene and lung abscess in the form of a 20 33% solution in sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution or in sterile water for injection. In the form of a 33% solution on a 5% glucose solution, it is sometimes used when performing combined intravenous general anesthesia ("ethanol anesthesia").
Ethyl alcohol is widely used in various dilutions for the manufacture of tinctures, extracts and dosage forms for external use.
Ethyl alcohol 95%. A mixture of alcohol and water, containing 95 - 96% by volume of ethyl alcohol. Transparent colorless volatile flammable liquid with a characteristic alcoholic odor and burning to the taste. Burning bluish flame. Mixed in any ratios with water, ether, chloroform. Density 0,812 - 0,808. Boiling point 78 C.
Ethyl alcohol 90%. A mixture of ethyl alcohol 95% (92, 7 parts) and water (7, 3 parts).
Ethyl alcohol 70%. A mixture of 95% ethyl alcohol (67, 5 parts) and water (32, 5 parts).
Ethyl alcohol 40%. A mixture of 95% ethyl alcohol (36 parts) and water (64 parts).
All dosage forms containing ethyl alcohol are sold exclusively by prescription.