Medication Description: Mercury Dichloride (Hydrargyri dichloridum)
Mercury Dichloride. (Hydrargyri dichloridum).
Synonyms: Mercury dichloride, Sulema, Corrosive sublimate, Hydrargyrum bichloratum, Hydrargyrum dichloratum, Hydrargyrum sublimatum corrosivum, Mercury chloride corrosive, Sublimate.
Heavy white powder or white crystals. Soluble in cold water (1:18, 5), easily soluble (1: 3) in boiling water and alcohol (1: 4). Aqueous solutions are acidic.
Mercury dichloride was the first mercury preparation to be used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. The drug in this respect is highly active, but at the same time very toxic. It is absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes. When working with him should be very careful, not allowing the ingress of solutions into the oral cavity, mucous membranes and skin.
Previously used mercury dichloride in the treatment of skin diseases. Currently, it is used mainly for disinfection of linen, clothing, patient care products, etc. Apply 0.1 - 0.2% aqueous solutions (1: 1000 - 1: 500).
Method of issuance: powder; tablets (0.5 and 1 g each) consisting of equal parts of mercury dichloride and sodium chloride; tablets are painted with a 1% solution of eosin in a pinkish or red-pink color; they give an opalescent solution of the same color.
Tablets are intended for external use only (for the preparation of solutions).
Storage: List A. In a well-closed container.