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Description of the medicine: Mercury dichloride (Hydrargyri dichloridum)

Mercury dichloride. (Hydrargyri dichloridum).

Synonyms: Mercury dichloride, Sulema, Corrosive sublimate, Hydrargyrum bichloratum, Hydrargyrum dichloratum, Hydrargyrum sublimatum corrosivum, Mercury chloride corrosive, Sublimate.

Heavy white powder or white crystals. Soluble in cold water (1:18, 5), easily soluble (1: 3) in boiling water and alcohol (1: 4). Aqueous solutions have an acid reaction.

Mercury dichloride was the first mercury drug to be used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. The drug in this regard is highly active, but at the same time very toxic. It is absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes. When working with it, great care should be taken to prevent solutions from entering the oral cavity, mucous membranes and skin.

Previously used mercury dichloride in the treatment of skin diseases. Currently, it is used mainly for the disinfection of linen, clothes, patient care items, etc. 0.1 - 0.2% aqueous solutions are used (1: 1000 - 1: 500).

Method of release: powder; tablets (0.5 and 1 g each), consisting of equal parts of mercury dichloride and sodium chloride; the tablets are painted with a 1% eosin solution in a pinkish or red-pink color, give an opalescent solution of the same color.

Tablets are intended for external use only (for the preparation of solutions).

Storage: List A. In well-closed containers.