Medication Description: Cyclobarbital (Cyclobarbitalum)
CYCLOBARBITAL (Cyclobarbitalum). 5-Ethyl-5- (cyclohexen-1-yl) -barbituric acid.
Synonyms (acid or calcium): Fanodorm, Athylhexabital, Cavonyl, Cyclobarbital, Cyclobarbitone, Cyclohexal, Cyclonal, Cyclosedal, Dormiphan, Dormiphene, Hexemal, Hexemal, Normanox, Palinum, Panodmero, Martyhan others
White crystalline powder slightly bitter taste. Practically insoluble in water, easily soluble in alcohol and ether. Sleeping pills and sedative. The chemical structure is close to phenobarbital, but instead of the phenyl radical at C5 contains cyclohexenyl, which is also part of the hexenal molecule.
The drug is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The body breaks down relatively quickly, mainly in the liver. With abnormal liver function, the destruction of the drug slows down.
On pharmacological properties it is close to ethaminal sodium, but it is faster metabolized and excreted from the body, therefore it has a shorter duration and causes fewer side effects than other barbiturates (addictive phenomena develop <Fanodormism).
After taking cyclobarbital (dose for adults 0.1-0.2 g) sleep lasts 5-6 hours.
Cyclobarbital is excluded from the nomenclature of drugs, but is used as an integral part of the combined drug produced abroad (Poland) under the name <Reladorm> (Reladorm).
<Reladorm> tablets contain 0.1 g of cyclobarbital (fanodorm) and 0.01 g (10 mg) of Relanium (diazepam, see Sibazon). The combination of hypnotic and tranquilizer enhances soothing and hypnotic effects.
Assign as a sleeping pill for adults 1 tablet for half an hour before bedtime.
Form release: tablets in a package of 10 pieces.
Storage: List B.