Description of the medicine: Cyclobarbital (Cyclobarbitalum)
CYCLOBARBITAL (Cyclobarbitalum). 5-Ethyl-5- (cyclohexen-1-yl) -barbituric acid.
Synonyms (of acid or calcium salt): Fanodorm, Athylhexabital, Cavonyl, Cyclobarbital, Cyclobarbitone, Cyclohexal, Cyclonal, Cyclosedal, Dormiphan, Dormiphene, Fanodormo, Hexemal, Hypnoval, Normanox, Palinum, Panormalod, Phodorman, Normodox, Palinum, Panormodorm, Phormodan, Phormodan, Phormodan, Phormodan other
White crystalline powder of a slightly bitter taste. It is practically insoluble in water, easily soluble in alcohol and ether. Sleeping pills and sedatives. The chemical structure is close to phenobarbital, but instead of the phenyl radical at C5 it contains cyclohexenyl, which is also part of the hexenal molecule.
The drug is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. It breaks down relatively quickly in the body, mainly in the liver. With impaired liver function, the destruction of the drug slows down.
According to pharmacological properties, it is close to etaminal sodium, but it is metabolized and excreted more quickly from the body, which is why it acts shorter and causes fewer side effects than other barbiturates (with prolonged use, addiction develops - <panodormism>).
After taking cyclobarbital (adult dose 0.1-0.2 g), sleep lasts 5-6 hours.
Cyclobarbital is excluded from the range of medicines, but it is used as an integral part of a combination drug manufactured abroad (Poland) under the name "Reladorm" (Reladorm).
Reladorm tablets contain 0.1 g of cyclobarbital (fanodorm) and 0.01 g (10 mg) of relanium (diazepam, see Sibazon). The combination of sleeping pills and tranquilizers enhances the calming and sleeping pills.
Assign as a sleeping pill to adults, 1 tablet half an hour before bedtime.
Release form: tablets in packing of 10 pieces.
Storage: List B.