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Remove the tonsils and appendix - it's like cutting a piece of the immune system

Удалить гланды и аппендикс — это все равно, что отрезать кусок иммунной системы

Tonsils (lat. Tonsillae, different. Glands) - clusters of lymphoid tissue located in the nasopharynx and oral cavity. Tonsils perform protective and hematopoietic functions, participate in the development of immunity - are the first-line defense mechanism in the way of inhaled foreign pathogens. The full immunological role of the tonsils is still unclear. Together with other lymphoid formations of the nasopharynx, the tonsils form a pharyngeal lymphatic ring.

Apical appendix (Latin appendix vermiformis) - appendix of the cecum in humans. It is a blindly ending tubular formation, the lumen of which connects to the lumen of the cecum. Inflammation of the appendix is ​​called appendicitis. The term “appendix” is often used, but it must be taken into account that, depending on the context, any “process” can be understood as an anatomical appendix.

The movement of scientific thought in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was so rapid that scientists fell into some arrogance. Everything that was not explained in the device of the human body was immediately declared rudimentary, “superfluous”: tonsils, thymus, epiphysis, appendix. At the beginning of the twentieth century, after the discovery of putrid fermentation in the intestines by Ilya Mechnikov, they agreed that the large intestine was not needed, and surgeons cut it out from more than a thousand advanced science advocates ...

Currently, Ukrainian and American oncologists have come to almost the same conclusions: people with distant tonsils (glands) have cancer three times more often. The same thing, they say, happens to those who have lost an appendix. The Americans, by the way, in their time were most zealous in the fight against "redundant" organs. Glands, and at the same time an appendix, they cut out all newborns in a row. And when in the 50s of the last century there was an epidemic of poliomyelitis, these kids were sick harder and died first.

And what is interesting: at the time of recruitment into the army, the remote people were 20 cm lower than their peers, frail, painful and mentally retarded. It was then that they realized that the glands and the appendix play an important role in immunity. Now, American experts admit that out of a million US residents, whose tonsils were removed, 999 thousand were useless. Removing tonsils and appendix is ​​like cutting a piece of the immune system.

Studies have shown that the role of tonsils is to protect the body from infections. More than 70% of harmful microbes that enter our body along with air settle on them. In addition, the tonsils produce biological substances that help the synthesis of cells involved in blood formation.

Those who have broken up with the glands develop secondary immunodeficiency (AIDS) - they often suffer from inflammatory and allergic diseases of the upper respiratory tract (pharyngitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, bronchitis), influenza and other diseases. And recently, Ukrainian scientists said that tonsils are opposed to cancer: after examining several hundred case histories, experts found that patients with tonsils removed suffer from cancer of the upper respiratory tract, digestive tract and lungs 3-8 times more often than others. The depressions in the tonsils (crypts) turned out to be a kind of laboratory, where the antigenic composition of what gets outside (food, air, microorganisms) is recognized, and then protective proteins are formed.

Scientists have isolated several protein compounds with active immunomodulatory properties from the tonsils. Studying their impact on cancer cells of the larynx and human blood, they found out that they are capable of killing every fifth such cell on average. When these compounds were administered to animals, their survival in tumors increased significantly.

It is important to refrain from surgery in the smallest, and because the tonsils interfere with food allergies. Statistics show: 70 percent of children with dysbacteriosis and food allergies do not have tonsils.

Scientists have concluded that the tonsils, for example, belong to the central organs that control local immunity of the mucous membranes. In addition, for immunity, they are equal in importance to such luminaries as the thymus gland and the bone marrow. Now the doctors are sure that it is absolutely impossible to delete the amygdala until the age of 8, and even at an older age it is extremely undesirable. The fact is that the mucous membranes open in the folds of the tonsils a kind of trap for insidious antigens and at the same time a special type of B-lymphocytes, responsible for the safety of the respiratory tract and the upper part of the digestive tract, develop here. Their development begins already at the 18-week fetus, it is especially intense at the age of 3 to 8 years, later the intensity of B-lymphocyte production declines, but never stops completely. In addition, the inflammation of the tonsils is a kind of natural vaccine that allows the body for many years to obtain immunity to an antigen that causes inflammation, for example, streptococcus or a certain strain of the influenza virus. Accordingly, the sooner the tonsils are removed, the more defenseless our body is before infections of the mucous membranes, pharynx and esophagus. Interestingly, the removal of the tonsils in the Middle Ages was simple: the doctor scratched them with the nails from the patient's throat.

Adenoids have a similar function. Together with palatine, lingual and amygdala, the adenoids form the so-called Pirogov's lymphoid ring, a closed line of defense against infection. Pull one link in the chain, and all defense will crumble to dust.

And, of course, do not forget about the appendix. In the submucous layer of the walls of the appendix, a large number of lymphatic follicles are found, protecting the intestines from both infectious and oncological diseases. For an abundance of lymphoid tissue, the appendix is ​​even sometimes called the “intestinal tonsil”. This is a comparison that does not limp: if the tonsils in the pharynx are a barrier to infection, bursting into the respiratory tract, the appendix "inhibits" microbes that try to multiply in the contents of the intestine.

Scientists from the medical center of Duke University (USA) were convinced: the appendix has an important function - it serves as a depot of beneficial bacteria that live in the intestines, helping to form the immune system.

The beneficial bacteria that live in our intestines not only help digestion, but also support immunity. They synthesize antibodies - immunoglobulins and mucin, which inhibit the reproduction of harmful microbes. But sometimes beneficial bacteria cannot cope with the infection, diarrhea occurs. This is a protective response to an infection in which the bacteria are removed from the intestinal tract. However, it also makes useful ones. But some of them will certainly remain in the appendix. The entrance to it is very narrow - no more than 1-2 mm, so it is quite difficult for germs to get there. And when the diarrhea ends, the beneficial microbes repopulate the entire intestine.

As you know, the lymphoid tissue takes an active part in all the protective reactions of the body without exception. Its island divisions are scattered throughout the body and control certain parts of it. If a virus, a pathogenic microorganism, in a word, a foreign antigen, enters the wound through an abrasion, then the lymph node nearest to the penetration site of the “saboteur” will enter into a protective reaction. When antigenic diversion is massive and cannot be easily suppressed by local forces, general mobilization is declared and the whole system of immunity is involved in defense.

There is a channel in the body through which the entry of foreign substances occurs regularly - this is the digestive tract. True, the antigens present in the composition of food, before getting into the blood, are destroyed to universal proteins that do not carry the imprint of foreign genetic information. And yet, along with non-antigenic molecules, antigenic can slip through here. Here in this case lymphoid garrisons are “exposed” in the intestines: the so-called Peyer's patches in the small intestine and the follicles in the appendix. But it would be wrong to think that the appendix takes part in defensive reactions only of local importance. Thanks to the powerful lymphoid apparatus, the appendix becomes a constant and active participant in all processes in the body, accompanied by any pronounced immune response. For example, clinical observations have shown that people with a remote appendix better engraftment of transplanted organs!

So, today, two main functions of the appendix have been proven: firstly, the appendix is ​​an important organ of the immune system, and secondly it serves as a breeding place for E. coli. This stick is the most important component of the microflora of the body. Without it, normal absorption of some fatty acids, carbohydrates, amino acids, nucleic acids is impossible, vitamin K and group B vitamins are not synthesized without it, it participates in the regulation of water-salt metabolism, secretes peptidoglycan that stimulates our immune system and performs some other functions.

If the tonsils are removed (or they have missed the infection), it means that further, the stomach most likely will simply be beaten or the disease, the causative agent of which has penetrated into the body, will develop. And if the appendix is ​​missing? Then the pathogen will go further into the inguinal nodes. In the patient, they are likely to become inflamed, which means that a malfunction of the pelvic organs (i.e., the urinary tract) may follow, and this, in turn, may follow at best - inflammation of the bladder or urinary ducts, and infertility at worst.

Therefore, it is necessary to preserve this organ of the immune system, and the best prevention of inflammation of the appendix is ​​a proper, healthy diet, as well as a healthy lifestyle, the rejection of synthetic drugs and vaccines and so on.

It is important to remember that God created man in the best way, and only ignorance leads to the fact that some organs are declared “unnecessary” by doctors.