Leonurus quinquelobatus gilib (L. villosus desf.)
Botanical characteristic. The family is labial. A perennial herb with a tetrahedral stem up to 1-1.5 m high. It has a vertical rhizome, gradually turning into a core root. The leaves are palmate, five- and three-parted, crosswise opposite. Pinkish-purple flowers are located in the axils of the leaves at the top of the stem. Cups of flowers and fruits are covered with spiky hairs. Blossoms in June – July; fruits ripen in August – September.
Spread. It grows mainly in wastelands, where there used to be housing, it is found as a weed in gardens and kitchen gardens. Widely distributed throughout the European territory of our country and in Western Siberia, except for the Far North and deserts.
Used parts of the plant.
Leafy flowering tops.
Alkaloids, sugars, bitterness, tannins, up to 0.06% of essential oil, p-coumaric acid, ascorbic acid and carotene, flavonoids (quercetin, rutin, quinqueloside) and glycosides were found in them. The chemical composition of motherwort is fully studied.
It has a pronounced hypotensive effect, therefore, it is successfully used for hypertension of the I – II stages. Motherwort also has a sedative effect on the central nervous system, increases the strength of heart contractions and slows down the heart rate. Motherwort is prescribed for hysteria, neurosis, angina pectoris, cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, thyrotoxicosis.
Motherwort has a therapeutic effect with chorea, menopause complaints, with painful and irregular menstruation.
As a general strengthening, mild anti-inflammatory and diuretic agent, it is used for diseases of the respiratory tract, tuberculosis, anemia and chlorosis, as well as for cardiovascular insufficiency of the I – II degree.
Motherwort seeds are prescribed for the treatment of glaucoma and as a diuretic.
“It is also used for gastrointestinal diseases, for chronic catarrh of the colon, for stomach cramps, etc. In many cases, it was necessary to observe a cure for chronic intestinal patients after three weeks of motherwort intake” (M.A. Nosal, I.M. Nosal).
Cooking. 2-3 tablespoons of the herb to insist in 1.5-2.5 glasses of boiling water (daily dose).