Leonurus quinquelobatus Gilib (L. villosus Desf.)
Botanical characteristics. Family gibotsvetnye. Perennial herb with a tetrahedral stem up to 1-1.5 m high. It has a vertical rhizome, gradually turning into a taproot. The leaves are palchato- five- and three-fold, cross-opposite. Pinkish-purple flowers are located in the leaf axils at the top of the stem. Cups of flowers and fruits covered with spiny hairs. It flowers in June – July, the fruits ripen in August – September.
Spread. It grows mainly in wastelands, where there used to be housing, it is found as a weed in gardens and vegetable gardens. Widely distributed throughout the European territory of our country and in Western Siberia, except for the Far North and deserts.
Used plant parts.
Leafy leafy tops.
They contain alkaloids, sugars, bitterness, tannins, up to 0.06% of essential oil, p-coumaric acid, ascorbic acid and carotene, flavonoids (quercetin, rutin, quinqulosid) and glycosides. The chemical composition of motherwort is not fully studied.
It has a pronounced hypotensive effect, therefore, it is successfully used in hypertension of I – II stages. Motherwort also has a sedative effect on the central nervous system, increases the strength of heart contractions and slows the heart rate. Assigning motherwort with hysteria, neurosis, angina pectoris, cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, thyrotoxicosis.
Motherwort has a therapeutic effect on trochee, menopausal complaints, painful and irregular menstruation.
As a general tonic, light anti-inflammatory and diuretic, it is used for respiratory diseases, tuberculosis, anemia and chlorosis, as well as for cardiovascular insufficiency of I – II degree.
Motherwort seeds are prescribed for the treatment of glaucoma and as a diuretic.
“It is also used in gastrointestinal diseases, in chronic catarrhs of large intestines, in gastric spasms, etc. In many cases, chronic intestinal patients were cured after a three-week reception of motherwort” (MA Nosal, IM Nosal).
Cooking 2-3 tablespoons of herbs insist in 1.5-2.5 cups of boiling water (daily dose).