Orthosiphon stamineus Benth.
Other names: kidney tea, catnip
Botanical characteristic. The family is labial. Evergreen shrub with greenish-violet tetrahedral strongly branched stems up to 80 cm high. Leaves are oblong or elliptical in shape, opposite. Small pale purple flowers are collected in apical pyramidal inflorescences. It blooms in July – August. On our plantations almost does not form seeds.
Spread. In the wild, it does not occur in our country. It is cultivated as a medicinal plant in the subtropics of Georgia.
Used parts of the plant.
Leaves and leafy tops.
The plant contains essential oil, glycoside orthosyphonin, saponins and tannins.
It has a hypotensive effect, normalizes metabolism, is a strong diuretic, removes urea, uric acid and chlorides from the body.
The herb is used for arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, uric acid diathesis and gout.
Kidney tea is effective for edema caused by cardiovascular failure.
Renal tea preparations are especially indicated for acute and chronic diseases of the kidneys and bladder: glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, kidney stones, with cystitis and urethritis.
The plant has a beneficial effect on gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice, as well as cholecystitis and liver diseases.
Cooking. 1-2 tablespoons insist with 2 cups boiling water (in a thermos); the next day, the infusion is drunk in 3 divided doses 20–40 minutes before meals.