xanthium spinosum l.
Botanical characteristics. Compositae family. Annual plant with a stem up to 70 cm tall, branchy, grayish-green (like leaves), short-haired. The leaves are cordate at the base, above - three-lobed, notched-toothed. Plant monoecious, unisexual inflorescences. Male - many-flowered, almost spherical, with a wrapper from one row of narrow leaflets; for females, two-flowered with a stern leaf wrapper of ovoid, fluffy leaves covered with scattered thorns and equipped with straight, thick spines.
Spread. It grows in weedy places in southern and central Russia, in the Caucasus, in Central Asia, in the southern part of Western and Eastern Siberia, and grows almost throughout Europe, North Africa, Western Asia, China, Japan and North America. Cocktail can be grown from seeds in garden plots.
Used plant parts.
Aerial part - during flowering; root - in the fall, seeds - in the period of ripening.
The plant is poorly understood. It is known that all parts of the cocklebur are rich in iodine, in addition, pigments, alkaloids, ascorbic acid, fatty oils, gums and glycosides (xanthostrumine) are found.
Durish preparations are successfully used in traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland.
Herb is also used in gastrointestinal diseases - with diarrhea, dysentery, and even cholera. Fresh grass juice is given to patients with urticaria: children from 2 to 10 drops (depending on age), adults 15–20 drops per reception 5–6 times a day.
Cocktail is a good remedy for various skin diseases; applied inside and outwardly for eczema, lichen, fungal lesions. Fresh crushed leaves of the cocklebur grease the affected skin (or use grass decoction for this purpose).
Contraindications. When applied externally, the sap of the plant sometimes causes a burning sensation. Use with caution.
For ingestion 1-2 tablespoons of herbs per 0.5 liter of boiling water (insist in a thermos) - daily dose.
For external use boil 3-4 tablespoons in 0.5 liters of boiling water.