What should I do if bitten by a tick
Ticks (lat. Acari) - a subclass of arthropods from the class of arachnids (Arachnida). The largest group in the class: currently more than 54 thousand species, including 144 minerals, are described. Ticks reached such heyday due to the fact that in their historical development they acquired microscopically small sizes, which allowed them to master the upper layers of the soil, rich in decaying plant debris. The section of zoology that studies ticks is called acarology.
Ticks are carriers of many diseases, including tick-borne encephalitis, tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), rickettsioses and other infections. Found a sucking tick - remove it as soon as possible! It is impossible to delay with removal. The longer the tick drinks blood, the more infection will enter the body.
What threatens a tick bite?
Even if the tick bite was short-term, the risk of contracting tick-borne infections is not excluded.
A tick can be a source of a fairly large number of diseases, therefore, removing a tick, save it for testing for tick-borne infections (tick-borne encephalitis, tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), if other infections are possible), usually this can be done in an infectious diseases hospital, On our site for a number of cities there are laboratory addresses.
The tick should be placed in a small glass bottle with a piece of cotton wool slightly moistened with water. Be sure to close the bottle with a tight lid and store it in the refrigerator. For microscopic diagnosis, the tick must be delivered to the laboratory alive. Even individual fragments of the tick are suitable for PCR diagnostics. However, the latter method is not widespread even in large cities.
It must be understood that the presence of an infection in a tick does not mean that a person will become ill. A tick analysis is needed for calm in case of a negative result and vigilance in the case of a positive.
The surest way to determine the presence of a disease is to take a blood test. Donate blood immediately after a tick bite is not necessary - tests will not show anything. Not earlier than 10 days later, blood can be examined for tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis by PCR. Two weeks after a tick bite on antibodies (IgM) to tick-borne encephalitis virus. For antibodies (IgM) to Borrelia (tick-borne borreliosis) - after a month.