What should I do if bitten by a tick
Mites (Latin Acari) is a subclass of arthropods from the arachnid class (Arachnida). The most numerous group in the class: more than 54,000 species are currently described, including 144 minerals. Ticks reached such a flourishing due to the fact that in their historical development they acquired microscopically small sizes, which allowed them to master the upper layers of the soil, rich in decomposing plant residues. The section of zoology that studies ticks is called acarology.
Ticks are carriers of many diseases, including tick-borne encephalitis, tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), rickettsiosis and other infections. Found a sucking tick - remove it as soon as possible! It is impossible to delay with removal. The longer the tick drinks blood, the more infection will enter the body.
What threatens tick bite?
Even if the tick bite was short-lived, the risk of infection with tick-borne infections is not excluded.
A tick can be a source of a fairly large number of diseases, so by removing the tick, save it for research on tick-borne infections (tick-borne encephalitis, tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), if there is a possibility for other infections), this can usually be done in an infectious diseases hospital, Our site for a number of cities have addresses of laboratories.
Ticks should be placed in a small glass bottle with a piece of cotton wool slightly moistened with water. Be sure to close the vial with a tight lid and store it in the refrigerator. For microscopic diagnosis, the tick needs to be delivered alive to the laboratory. Even individual tick fragments are suitable for PCR diagnostics. However, the latter method is not widely used even in large cities.
It should be understood that the presence of infection in a tick does not mean that a person will get sick. Analysis of the tick is needed for calm in case of a negative result and vigilance - in case of a positive one.
The surest way to determine the presence of a disease is to take a blood test. There is no need to donate blood immediately after a tick bite - tests will not show anything. Not earlier than in 10 days, it is possible to examine blood for tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis by the PCR method. Two weeks after the tick bite on antibodies (IgM) to tick-borne encephalitis virus. For antibodies (IgM) to borrelia (tick-borne borreliosis) - in a month.