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Handbook of Diseases (letter C)


SAKTOSALPINKS - see Adnexitis

SACROILEITIS - inflammation of the sacroiliac joint. The inflammatory process can spread to the synovial membrane (synovitis), affect the articular surfaces (osteoarthritis) or the entire joint (pan-arthritis) .... more

SALMONELLOSIS is an infectious disease characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations - from asymptomatic carriage to the most severe septic course. It often proceeds in the form of gastrointestinal forms ... more

SALPINGOOFORIT - see Adnexitis

SARCOIDOSIS ( synonym : Beunier — Beck — Schaumann disease) is a systemic disease with a chronic course, characterized by the formation of specific granulomas in various organs and tissues. Sarcoid granulomas differ from ... more

SARCOMA - malignant non-epithelial tumors of various histogenesis. More common at a young age. There are angiosarcoma - a tumor of vascular tissue; myosarcoma - muscle tissue; osteosarcoma - bone ... more

SUGAR DIABETES (syn.: Sugar disease, diabetes mellitus) is an endocrine disease caused by a deficiency of the hormone insulin in the body or its low biological activity; characterized by a violation of all ... more

MAIN DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSTIC SIGNS OF KETOACIDOTIC DIABETIC COMA AND HYPOGLYCEMIC COMA Hyperosmolar coma is relatively rare. It usually develops in patients whose age exceeds 50 years. The hyperosmolar coma is distinguished by the absence of ketoacidosis (and, accordingly, the odor ... more

LIGHT PERFORMANCE - increased sensitivity of the eye to light, usually associated with irritation of the trigeminal nerve endings embedded in the tissues of the anterior part of the eye - conjunctiva, cornea, iris, ciliary body. Due to ... more

Mumps - see Mumps

SEBOREA - a pathological condition of the skin, characterized by increased secretion of the sebaceous glands and a change in the normal composition of sebum. It is observed in 50 - 60% of boys and girls. The reason for the development of seborrhea is ... more

SENESTOPATHIES - spontaneously arising pathological sensations that do not have a somatic basis, usually painful and painful; manifested by a burning sensation, squeezing, constriction and are accompanied by their experiences ... more

HAY FEVER - see Pollinosis

SEPSIS (generalized purulent infection) is a common severe infectious disease resulting from the spread of infection from the primary focus in connection with a violation of the mechanisms of local and general immunity .... more

CARDIAC ASTHMA - an attack of shortness of breath with a sensation of suffocation, due to acute stagnation of blood in the pulmonary vessels due to the difficulty of its outflow into the left ventricle of the heart. The reason is the narrowing of the left atrioventricular ... more

HEART FAILURE - a pathological condition in which the cardiac output does not meet the needs of the body due to a decrease in the pumping function of the heart. The cause may be heart overload with increased blood volume ... more

SYMPTOMATIC ULCERS OF THE STOMACH - acute or chronic focal lesions of the gastric mucosa, not associated with peptic ulcer. Symptomatic gastric ulcers include: a) “medicinal” ulcers (with prolonged ... more

LONG-PRESSURE SYNDROME - see Prolonged Compression Syndrome

Syndrome of polycystic ovaries - ovarian hyperandrogenism; violation of hormonal (increased formation of male sex hormones androgens) and generative (the process of egg maturation) ovarian function. The reason is ... more

SINUSIT - acute or chronic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. It can be one- or two-sided involving any sinus or all paranasal sinuses on one or both sides (the so-called ... more

Syphilis is a chronic sexually transmitted disease caused by pale treponema. The causative agent is a pale treponema, having the form of a thin spiral-shaped filament with a length of 4 to 14 microns with small uniform curls. Outside ... more

SCLERODERMA - a progressive disease characterized by changes in connective tissue with the development of sclerosis and obliterating lesions of arterioles; manifested by skin tightening, and with the systemic nature of the process and ... more

Dementia - an irreversible depletion of mental activity with the loss or reduction of knowledge and skills acquired in the past and the impossibility or difficulty of acquiring new ones, resulting from transferred ... more

DREAMING ( synonym : somnambulism, sleepwalking) - see Sleep, sleep disturbances

Consciousness, violation . The criteria for impaired consciousness are: 1) the patient’s detachment from the environment with difficulty, fragmentary and indistinct perception; 2) various types and degrees of disorientation (in place, time, ... more

DREAM, sleep disorders are divided into insomnia, hypersomnia and parasomnia. Insomnia - a condition defined as dissatisfaction with sleep, "insomnia". Insomnia may be associated with sleep disturbance, frequent nighttime ... more

AIDS - see HIV

SENIOR DEMANDY - mental illnesses that begin mainly in old age, caused by atrophy of the brain and manifested gradually increasing decay of mental activity to the extent ... more

Angina pectoris is a symptom of acute myocardial ischemia, expressed by an attack of chest pain. In the vast majority of cases, angina pectoris is a manifestation of coronary heart disease and stands out as one of its ... more

STEREOTYPIA - involuntary, repeated repetition of the patient monotonous, meaningless movements or individual words, often meaningless phrases. Motor stereotype is observed with organic lesions ... more

TETANUS is an infectious disease characterized by tonic skeletal muscle tension and attacks of tetanic seizures caused by damage to the central nervous system by the toxin of the pathogen. In Russia ... more

STOMATITIS - inflammation of the oral mucosa. May have a traumatic, infectious, allergic genesis, occur as a result of intoxication with salts of heavy metals. Inflammatory changes in the mucosa ... more

STUPOR is a state of complete immobility with mutism and weakened reactions to irritations. Depressive stupor develops at the height of depression and can suddenly be replaced by violent excitement with suicidal ... more

CURVES - paroxysmal involuntary muscle contractions, one of the forms of hyperkinesis. May occur in various diseases of the nervous system - epilepsy, meningitis and encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, edema ... more

SERUM DISEASE - an allergic disease that occurs with parenteral administration for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes of sera or their preparations containing a large amount of protein. Manifested by fever, pain in ... more

TYPE TYPE - an infectious disease characterized by a cyclical course, fever, severe intoxication, roseola-petechial rash, damage to the vascular and central nervous systems. Currently ... more