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Handbook of diseases (letter C)


SACTOSALPINKS - see Adnexitis

SACROILEITIS - inflammation of the sacroiliac joint. The inflammatory process can spread to the synovial membrane (synovitis), affect the articular surfaces (osteoarthritis) or the entire joint (pan-arthritis) .... more

SALMONELLOSIS is an infectious disease characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations, from asymptomatic carriage to the most severe septic course. More often occurs in the form of gastrointestinal forms ... more


SARKOIDOZ (syn .: Bénier-Beck-Schaumann disease) is a systemic disease with a chronic course characterized by the formation of specific granulomas in various organs and tissues. Sarcoid granulomas differ from ... more

SARCOMA - malignant non-epithelial tumors of various histogenesis. More common at a young age. There are angiosarcoma - a tumor of the vascular tissue; myosarcoma - muscle tissue; osteosarcoma - bone ... more

SUGAR DIABETES (syn.: Sugar disease, sugar diabetes) - an endocrine disease caused by a deficiency in the body of the hormone insulin or its low biological activity; characterized by the violation of all ... more

MAJOR DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSTIC SIGNS OF KETOACIDOTIC DIABETIC COM AND HYPOGLYCEMIC COM Hyperosmolar coma is relatively rare. It develops usually in patients whose age exceeds 50 years. Hyperosmolar coma is characterized by the absence of ketoacidosis (and, accordingly, odor ... more

LIGHTBLOORING - hypersensitivity of the eye to light, usually associated with irritation of the endings of the trigeminal nerve, embedded in the tissues of the anterior part of the eye - conjunctiva, cornea, iris, ciliary body. Owing to ... more

PIG - see Mumps

SEBOREA - a pathological condition of the skin, characterized by increased secretion of the sebaceous glands and a change in the normal composition of sebum. It is observed in 50 - 60% of boys and girls. The reason for the development of seborrhea are ... more

SENESTOPATIA - spontaneously arising pathological sensations that do not have a somatic basis, usually painful and painful; they are manifested by a feeling of burning, squeezing, tightening and are accompanied by their experiences ... more

HAY FEVER - see Pollinosis

SEPSIS (generalized purulent infection) - a common serious infectious disease that occurs as a result of the spread of infection from the primary focus due to the violation of the mechanisms of local and general immunity .... more

HEART ASTHMA - an attack of shortness of breath with a feeling of suffocation, caused by acute stagnation of blood in the pulmonary vessels due to the difficulty of its outflow into the left ventricle of the heart. The reason is the narrowing of the left atrioventricular ... more

HEART FAILURE is a pathological condition in which the cardiac output does not meet the needs of the body due to a decrease in the pumping function of the heart. The reason may be overloading the heart with an increased blood volume ... more

Symptomatic ulcers of the stomach - acute or chronic focal lesions of the gastric mucosa, not associated with peptic ulcer disease. Symptomatic gastric ulcers include: a) "medicinal" ulcers (with a long ... more

SYNDROME FOR LONG-TREATMENT - see Prolonged Squeezing Syndrome

POLYCYSTIC OVARRES SYNDROME - ovarian hyperandrogenism; violation of hormonal (increased formation of male sex hormones androgens) and generative (maturation of the egg) ovarian function. The reason is ... more

SINUSITIS - acute or chronic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. It can be one- or two-sided with the involvement of a sinus or all of the paranasal sinuses on one or both sides (the so-called ... more

SYPHILIS is a chronic venereal disease caused by pale treponema. The causative agent is pale treponema, having the form of a thin spiral-shaped thread with a length of 4 to 14 microns with fine uniform curls. Outside ... more

SCLERODERMIA is a progressive disease characterized by changes in the connective tissue with the development of sclerosis and arteriole obliterans; It manifests itself as a hardening of the skin, and with the systemic nature of the process and ... more

Weakness is an irreversible impoverishment of mental activity with the loss or decline of the knowledge and skills received in the past and the impossibility or difficulty of acquiring new ones, resulting from ... more

SHIPPING (syn .: somnambulism, sleepwalking) - see sleep, sleep disorders

CONSCIOUSNESS, violations . The criteria for impaired consciousness are: 1) the patient's detachment from the surrounding with difficult, fragmentary and indistinct perception; 2) various types and degrees of disorientation (in place, time, ... more

DREAM, sleep disorders are divided into insomnia, hypersomnia and parasomnias. Insomnia is a condition defined as dissatisfaction with sleep, "insomnia." Insomnia may be associated with sleep disturbances, frequent nighttime ... more

AIDS - see HIV infection

SENILE PERSISTENTS - mental illnesses that begin predominantly in old age, caused by brain atrophy and manifested by a progressively increasing disintegration of mental activity to the extent ... more

Stenocardia - a symptom of acute myocardial ischemia, which is expressed by the attack of chest pain. In the overwhelming majority of cases, angina pectoris refers to manifestations of coronary heart disease and is distinguished as one of its ... more

STEREOTYPIES - involuntary, multiple repetition of the patient monotonous, meaningless movements or individual words, often meaningless phrases. Motor stereotype is observed with organic lesions ... more

STOLBNYAK is an infectious disease characterized by the tonic tension of skeletal muscles and bouts of tetanic seizures caused by damage to the central nervous system by the pathogen toxin. In Russia ... more

STOMATITIS - inflammation of the oral mucosa. May have a traumatic, infectious, allergic genesis, resulting from intoxication with salts of heavy metals. Inflammatory mucosal changes ... more

Stupor - a state of complete immobility with mutism and weakened reactions to irritation. A depressive stupor develops at the height of depression and can suddenly be replaced by violent arousal with suicidal ... more

SHITTINGS - paroxysmal involuntary muscle contractions, one of the forms of hyperkinesis. Can occur in various diseases of the nervous system - epilepsy, meningitis and encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, edema ... more

Serum Disease is an allergic disease that occurs when parenterally administered for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes serums or their preparations containing large amounts of protein. It is manifested by fever, pain in ... more

DIFFICULT TYPE - an infectious disease characterized by cyclical course, fever, severe intoxication, roseolous-petechial rash, vascular and central nervous system damage. Currently ... more