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Handbook of diseases (letter T)


Pelvic pelvic predispositions are the positions of the fetus in the uterus at which it is present, that is, it is located above the entrance to the small pelvis of the mother, the pelvic end of the fetus. Occurs in 3-5% of parturient women. It is customary to distinguish the buttock (flexion type) and foot ... more

HEART TAMPONADA - see Hemopericardium

TACHYCARDIA - increased heart rate for resting conditions. At normal body temperature in a healthy adult in the supine position, the number of heartbeats usually does not exceed 80, and in the position ... more

TENDOVAGINITIS - inflammation of the tendon sheath, which occurs when the penetration of pathogenic microflora or dystrophic changes in the synovial membranes of the tendons. There are infectious and aseptic ... more

TENIARINHOZ - helminthiasis from the group of cestodoses, characterized by the defeat of predominantly the upper part of the human gastrointestinal tract. It is found everywhere, mainly in areas of intense ... more

THERMAL IMPACT is a severe pathological condition caused by general overheating of the body. There is a heatstroke caused by the predominant effect of high ambient temperature, heatstroke, ... more

TIKI - repetitive fast involuntary irregular movements, usually involving a limited group of muscles. Motor tics, vocal tics, sensory tics (unpleasant bodily sensations taking place during ... more

TYREOIDIT - an inflammatory disease of the thyroid gland of an infectious or immune nature. Patients complain of pain in the neck, which radiates to the back of the head, the lower jaw. Sometimes there is pain when ... more

TYROTOXIC CRISIS - see Goiter diffuse toxic

TOXICOSIS OF PREGNANT WOMEN - pathological conditions of pregnant women, causally associated with a developing fetal egg and, as a rule, disappear in the postpartum period. Toxicosis, manifested in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, usually ... more

TOXICOMA - Diseases characterized by pathological addiction to substances not regarded as drugs. Biomedical differences between drug addiction and substance abuse does not exist .... more

TOXOPLASMOSIS is a parasitic disease characterized mainly by damage to the nervous system, lymph nodes, muscles, myocardium, eyes, enlargement of the liver and spleen. The causative agent - Toxoplasma gondii —... more

CHRONIC TONZILLITIS - chronic inflammation of the tonsils. It is more common in children, extremely rarely in persons older than 60 years. Adverse climatic conditions and working conditions (dustiness, ... more


SUSPENSION - a kind of painful sensation in the epigastric region, chest, mouth, often preceding vomiting and often accompanied by general weakness, sweating, hypersalivation, cooling of the limbs ... more

TRAHOMA is a chronic infectious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, which is characterized by its infiltration, follicular development and scar formation. The causative agent of trachoma is the simplest, one of the varieties ... more

TREMOR (trembling) - involuntary rhythmic oscillatory movements of the body or its individual parts (usually the limbs and head). Dormant tremor, postural (postural) and intentional tremor are distinguished. Postural tremor ... more

CRACKING BACKWAY - see Anal fissure

TRICHINELLOSIS - helminthiasis from the group of nematodoses, characterized by fever, intoxication, muscle pain, swelling of the face, skin rashes, blood eosinophilia, and in severe cases - damage to internal organs and ... more

TRICHOMONOSIS - a parasitic disease of the organs of the genitourinary system caused by protozoa - Trichomonas vaginalis. In most cases, the disease is sexually transmitted. The urethra are affected ... more

THROMBOSIS - intravital blood coagulation in the lumen of blood vessels or cavities of the heart. Thrombus - compacted mass of clotted blood. The leading factors in the pathogenesis of thrombosis are damage to the walls of blood vessels, slowing down ... more

THROMBOPHLEBIT - acute inflammation of the vein walls with the formation of a blood clot in its lumen. A number of factors are important in the development of the disease: slowing of blood flow, changes in its composition, disturbances in the blood coagulation system, ... more

THROMBOEMBOLIA - acute clogging of a blood vessel with a blood clot, detached from the place of its formation (on the wall of the heart, vessel) and trapped in circulating blood. As a result of thromboembolic blood flow in the vessel ... more

THROMBOEMBOLIA OF THE PULMONARY ARTERIES - acute blockage of the pulmonary trunk or branches of the arterial system of the lung by a thrombus formed in the veins of the pulmonary circulation or in the right half of the heart. It is always a complication of any ... more

TROPHOBLASTIC DISEASE is a disease of the trophoblast (part of the ovum) that forms the placenta. The development of trophoblastic disease is possible not only during pregnancy, but also after childbirth and abortion. Allocate simple ... read more

Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by mycobacteria tuberculosis. More common respiratory tuberculosis; among extrapulmonary lesions, tuberculosis of the organs of the urogenital system, eyes, ... more

TUBOOTITIS (syn .: Eustachitis) - inflammation of the auditory (Eustachian) tube. Acute tubo-otitis develops when the inflammatory process spreads from the nasal cavity or the nasopharynx to the mucous membrane of the auditory tube, ... more

TULAREMIA is an acute infectious disease with natural foci characterized by fever, intoxication and damage to the lymph nodes. In Russia, the incidence is predominantly sporadic. Pathogen —... more

TUNNEL NEUROPATHIES occur as a result of compression of the nerve in the bone-fibrous-muscular channels. Carpal tunnel syndrome is characterized by compression of the median nerve at the level of the wrist. Patients usually complain of ... more