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Handbook of diseases (the letter B)


Bazalioma - see tumors, skin tumors

BACTERIEMIA - the presence of bacteria in the blood. The penetration of the pathogen into the blood is observed in many infectious diseases and is a mandatory or possible component of their development. The number of microorganisms per unit volume of blood ... more

BALANTIDIAZ is a protozoal disease characterized by the formation of ulcers in the large intestine, diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. The disease occurs mainly in the form of sporadic cases mainly in the areas of pig breeding ... more

DRUM FINGERS - cone -shaped thickening of the terminal phalanges of the fingers due to hypertrophy of soft tissues and deformation of the nails. It is believed that this is due to a change in the vascularization of the nail bed, with the characteristics of its capillaries ... more

BARTOLINITIS - inflammation of the large gland vestibule of the vagina (Bartholin gland). The causative agents of Bartholinitis are gonococci and staphylococci, streptococci, E. coli, trichomonas, etc. Bartholinitis often develops as a result of ... more

WHITE HOT - see Alcoholic Psychosis

BELI - discharge from the genitals of a woman. Physiological secretions from the genital organs are scarce, mucous, do not cause irritation of the skin and mucous membrane of the external genital organs. The amount of discharge increases slightly ... more

BELMO - persistent opacification of the cornea due to its scarring. Occurs as a result of severe inflammatory processes (keratitis, trachoma, corneal ulcers) or eye injuries of various origins ... more

PREGNANCY is a physiological process during which a fetus capable of extrauterine life develops from a fertilized egg in a woman’s body. Pregnancy with one fetus is more often observed, the simultaneous development of two ... more

PREGNANCY PREGNANCY is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy in which the attachment and development of the ovum occurs in the cervical canal. There is a true cervical pregnancy, when the placenta is located in the cervical canal ... more

Insomnia - see sleep, sleep disorders.

INFERTILITY - the inability of persons of childbearing age to reproduce offspring within 1 year of regular sexual life (sexual intercourse at least once a week) without contraception. In about 30% of cases, a barren marriage is due ... more

BEKHTEREV DISEASE (syn.: Ankylosing spondylitis) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the spine and joints. More often males are sick at a young age. The cause of the disease is unknown, and its development is given importance ... more

RABIDNESS is an infectious disease from the group of zoonoses that occurs after a bite or saliva of an infected animal, characterized by damage to the central nervous system. Sporadic cases are recorded in most countries of the world ... more

BLEPHARITIS - inflammation of the edges of the eyelids. The cause is a local effect of chemical, physical or mechanical factors, bacterial infection (usually white or Staphylococcus aureus); the inflammatory process can spread to ... more

BLEEFAROSPASM - spasm of the century-old part of the circular muscle of the eye. May be tonic and clonic. Tonic blepharospasm - persistent spastic closure of the eyelids due to tonic spasm of the circular muscle. It develops reflexively in response to ... more

IMPROVEMENT - (syn .: myopia) - visual impairment in which the objects in question are clearly visible only at close range. In newborn eyes, as a rule, farsighted. As the child grows, the size of his eyeball ... more

ENDEMIC BLOSH TYPE - ( synonym : rat typhus, rat rickettsiosis, endemic typhus) is an infectious disease characterized by benign cyclical course, fever and the appearance on the skin of roseolous papular rash ... more

RANDOM KIDNEY - see Nephroptosis.

Pain in the neck and upper extremities - pain localized in the neck (cervicalgia) or in the neck and arm (cervicobrachialgia) may be vertebrogenic (caused by spinal pathology) or non-vertebral, musculoskeletal ... more

BREAST IN THE BREAST CELL ( thorakalgia ) - is associated with damage to the internal organs, the bone and cartilage structures of the chest, myofascial syndrome, diseases of the spine and peripheral nervous system or psychogenic ... more

Pain in the loins and lower extremities - lumbalgia (pain in the lumbar or lumbosacral region) and lumbar ischialgia (pain in the back, radiating to the legs) are common. With acute intense back pain ... more

BOTULISM - a disease caused by botulinum toxins; results from eating foods containing these toxins, and is characterized by a predominant lesion of the central and vegetative nervous system ... more

BRADICARDIA - a decrease in heart rate to 60 or less per 1 minute in an adult (up to 100 in newborns, up to 80 - 70 in children from 1 to 6 years old). The frequency of heart contractions from 45 to 60 in 1 min is sometimes found in practically ... more

Delirium (syn .: crazy syndrome) - a violation of thinking, which occurs in many mental illnesses. It is extremely important to carry out its correct and timely diagnosis. The main signs of nonsense: 1) is a consequence of the disease and ... more

BRONZE DISEASE - see Adrenal insufficiency.

BRONCHIAL ASTHMA - a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, in which the bronchial tree becomes constantly sensitive (hyperreactive); proceeds with attacks of choking. When under the action of various stimuli ... more

Bronchitis - an inflammatory disease of the bronchi. There are acute bronchitis, acute bronchiolitis and chronic bronchitis. The main role in the development of acute bronchitis is infection, mainly viral, less commonly viral-bacterial and ... more

BRONCHOEKTAZY - irreversible local expansion of the bronchi with a change in the structure of their walls. The form of the expanded bronchi is different, cylindrical and saccular bronchiectasis are more often observed. They may be limited. They may be ... more

BRUTZELLEZ - an infectious disease of people and animals, characterized by a chronic course, affection of the musculoskeletal system, nervous and reproductive system. Distributed everywhere. Pathogens - Brucella. For a man ... more

Abdominal typhoid is an infectious disease from the group of intestinal infections, characterized by ulcerative lesions of the lymphatic apparatus of the small intestine, cyclic course, bacteremia, symptoms of intoxication, skin rashes ... more

BULIMIA is a pathologically increased feeling of hunger, usually accompanied by the consumption of an excessively large amount of food (polyphagy). A common cause of bulimia is a violation of the functions of the central formation mechanisms ... more

PULMATIC PARALICH - a clinical syndrome of lesion of the medulla oblongata, characterized by a disorder of swallowing (dysphagia), speech (dysarthria), phonation (dysphonia) and atrophy of the muscles of the tongue. When boulevard paralysis affects ... more

BURSIT - inflammation of the articular bags in the area of ​​the olecranon, the greater trochanter of the femur, in the popliteal fossa, in the area of ​​the calcaneal (Achilles) tendon, calcaneal bone, etc. It occurs due to mechanical damage ... more