EcoTop - Fuel economy and power increase
EcoTop is a device that improves the following characteristics:
- Saving fuel by 15-20%
- Increase in the dynamics of the acceleration by 20-30%
- Reduction of CO in 8-14 times
- Compliance with Euro-2
- EcoTop fits all carburetted cars
A simple and effective method for fuel economy of motor vehicles (by 10-15%) has been developed, patented and tested. At the same time, it allows to reduce the toxicity of vehicle exhaust gases by dozens of times when using simple vortex mixing devices.
Motor transport - the main culprit of toxic pollution of the atmosphere in the cities, since it is the road transport of goods and passengers in the cities - the most massive and popular. However, the modern gasoline engine of cars is not only extremely imperfect from the position of ecology, but also primitive in terms of energy performance. He has the efficiency. only about 20%, And since fuel is now expensive, and constantly rising in price, this fuel inefficiency of engines becomes a real ruin not only for car owners, but for all of us. After all, the cost of expensive trucking of goods and passengers is our everyday expenses ..
Despite a significant number of patents, developments in the field of fuel economy and reduction of toxicity of exhaust gases, the modern car is still far from energy and ecological perfection. And the ecology of our vehicles is so bad that it has already created the most acute environmental situation of atmospheric pollution of virtually all cities. But for a number of reasons, the factories - manufacturers of automotive engines are in no hurry to improve them. And motor transport still literally ruins all of us because of its extreme imperfection. And still for this fuel "gluttony" cars have to pay to us, ordinary townspeople. But there is a simple solution to all problems - EcoTop. All information about EcoTop is collected below.
Various methods and devices for fuel economy of gasoline internal combustion engines are known. These include methods and devices for fuel and oxidizer activation, turbo boost, electronic dosage systems and electromagnetic fuel injectors, injectors, powerful electrical ignition systems, various homogenizers for improving the formation of mixtures, and others. However, the vast majority of these innovations and developments do not allow to significantly increase the fuel efficiency of the gasoline engine.
In addition, because of the complexity of technical solutions, many of these analogues are expensive to implement and therefore never reached mass production
Therefore, given the urgency of this problem and the Russian difficulties in financing science and implementing new developments, we need just a simple "oak" purely Russian solution to this problem.
2. MAIN STAGES OF CREATION AND FORMATION OF ECOTOPE
Vortex device fuel economy of the carburetor engine (abbreviated "ECOTOP") was first proposed and patented in 1998. It consists of a body, vortex nozzles inserted into the body, air filter and air regulator. Later in 1999, the first versions of operating devices of this type were produced: a vortex mixing device for fuel assemblies. At the same time, it was tested on the carburetor gasoline engine of the VAZ 2106 vehicle. Experimental studies of one of the first variants of a vortex device for improving the formation of mixtures, stands, and with a real car driving around the city immediately showed significant fuel economy of the gasoline engine. This fuel economy is most significant on motor modes close to idling, and is on the order of 40-50%. The experiments also showed that the device also provides both fuel economy and reduced exhaust gas toxicity. Moreover, in all dynamic modes of ICE. After all, the vortex of the fuel-air mixture of fuel assemblies in the intake duct of the internal combustion engine from the "Ecotope" is formed not only on the hydraulic system, but also when both carburettor dampers are opened .. The beneficial ecological effect of the multiple reduction of toxic carbon monoxide in the exhaust gases of the motor -10 times.) Depending on the operating mode of the motor. Certification tests of such devices "Econom" in Samara and "Ekotop" in the leading research automotive mechanics institute (NAMI, Moscow) in general have also confirmed its fuel and environmental efficiency in all modes of operation of the automotive engine. Tests of these vortex mixers FA were carried out on gasoline engines of VAZ cars in idle and urban cycle modes on modern test benches. On the device "Ecotope" Gosstandart of Russia issued to the company-developer ZAO "Nitron" the certificate of conformity № РОСС RU.МТ14.В09304, developed and approved the technical specifications TU 4591-001-56647860-2002
3. WHAT IS THE PHYSICAL ESSENCE OF ECOTOPE WORKING?
At the heart of this already patented simple aerodynamic design of the design lies the vortex formation in the internal combustion engine. And our previously patented invention of vortex inclined mixing and simultaneously controlled depletion of fuel-air mixture (TVS). The effect of extremely fine crushing and homogenization of fuel is achievable only for certain parameters and the direction of the vortex and at a certain dose of additional atmospheric air, supplied to the intake path of the motor from the atmosphere. It is in this case that the fuel assembly is best homogenized and burns in the combustion chambers of the engine more fully. The device "Ecotope" effectively improves the performance of the engine in almost all its modes, especially strongly in dynamic modes.
4. DESCRIPTION OF THE SIMPLEST ESTHOTIC DESIGN
Structurally, the Ekotop device is quite simple and is a relatively thin vortex mechanical spacer with an original aerodynamic profile that not only does not increase the aerodynamic drag of the intake tract, but, on the contrary, reduces it due to the emerging vortex. which is installed under the regular production car carburetor. This spacer is in effect an effective aerodynamic swirler of the fuel-air mixture (TVS) and consists of only three main parts - the body and two rings-air nozzles inserted into its housing. The spacer has in the body special calibrated sloping openings for communicating with the atmosphere and the intake path of the motor for creating an optimal atmospheric vortex in the motor. The design of the filter was further simplified further, which reduced the cost of the product to 100 r. And even lower when using the standard elements of this simple design.
5. CRUSHING AND MIXING THE CROWD
In this mode, thanks to the "Ecotop", the maximum fragmentation of fuel particles occurs, a complete breakdown of the fuel film from the internal walls of the intake tract and many other interesting and useful effects in the cycle of preparation and combustion of fuel assemblies in the engine. As you know, the ecological and many other parameters of all gasoline engines are the worst on h.x. Our invention provides, in this previously problematic environmental regime, a significant reduction in the toxicity of exhaust gases (VG) of an internal combustion engine. Experiments have shown the efficiency of the mixture formation and deeper combustion of fuel assemblies. In the test reports of the "Ecotope" on serial internal combustion engines, in particular, the increase in engine idle speed (hh) from 900 rpm to 1400-1600 rpm is recorded. This effect experimentally confirms the effective improvement of the quality of the combustion fuel mixture of a homogenized lean fuel assembly.
6. Efficiency of fuel economy
The efficiency of the fuel economy of a specific motor vehicle largely depends on the correct one-time adjustment of the engine's carburetor after installing the "Ecotop" in the motor of our device. Indeed, the viral rotation of the fuel mixture is transferred to the motor itself, and therefore, the "Ecotop" increases the efficiency of combustion of fuel assemblies in combustion chambers. Therefore, the speed of the motor x.x initially grows quite strongly (by 300-400rpm) .. After re-adjusting the carburetor with the "Ecotope" - again to the base speed of 900 rpm, we achieve the fuel economy effect-reducing the fuel consumption by a screw of quality x. x. carburetor. The fuel consumption of the engine VAZ 2106 on h.x. is halved. Simultaneously with the improvement of the completeness of combustion of such treated fuel assemblies, the toxicity of the VGD is sharply reduced. Thus, carbon monoxide when installed in the motor of the vortex device "Ekotop" decreased by 10-15 times in the VG, and all other, for example, hydrocarbons were reduced by 30-40%. Moreover, experiments showed a decrease in fuel consumption and toxic components in the VGD engine only on HP, but also in other operating modes of ICE.
7. MODERNIZATION OF VORTEX HOMOGENIZERS OF ECOTOP TYPE
In the process of developing the "Ekotop" device, a great deal of design and survey and experimental work was done. In particular, the original design of the TVS swirler has been sharply simplified, one of its simplest versions has also patented a single-hull design, optimal diameters and slopes of the swirler holes in the body and in the ring-nozzles, the material of the structural elements was selected according to the thermal and mechanical characteristics
8. EXPERIMENTS AND CALCULATIONS
Experiments and calculations have shown the dependence of the stability of the engine at idle and in the modes of a small gas together with this swirler, on the velocity of the vortex and on the angle of inclination of the vortex flow to the normal of the carburetor .. Elements of the swirler were calculated that ensure the optimal velocity of the vortex, the inclination of the vortex inlet into the engine internal combustion engine. In the process of experimentation and debugging of the device "Ecotope", the essential role of the primary tuning of the carburetor and the degree of enrichment of the fuel mixture produced by the carburetor was also revealed ... As is known, the most common mode of tuning carburetors, especially worn out motors, for some re-enrichment of fuel assemblies. The need for such tuning of a worn carburetor is due to the need for a stable starter motor start, especially in winter. It is with this soma common adjustment of carburetors, the effect of fuel economy from the use of the vortex device "Ekotop" is maximal and reaches about 15-20% in the Moscow city cycle (idling time up to 30%) ... In the case of an optimal initial tuning of the non-developed carburetor, the effect of economy fuel in the installation of the "Ecotope" on the motor is slightly lower, but there still remains the effect of environmental cleaning of the VG DVS.
9. EXAMPLE OF THE PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INVENTION
Let's consider in more detail the work of the developed device for vortex mixture formation "ECOTOP". The device works on gasoline carburetor ICE as follows. When starting the engine of the engine in the intake manifold creates an air discharge, under the action of which from the jet nozzle fuel flows and is crushed in the main airflow. However, due to the almost completely closed throttle valve of the carburetor. In this mode of operation of the engine, the fuel mixture is usually re-enriched, and mixed poorly with air. So it is the poor quality of fuel assemblies in this mode of operation of the motor that leads to over-consumption of fuel and to an increase in the toxicity of the VG DVE. When installing the "Ecotop" on the motor for its carburetor, the operation of the fuel assembly system of the engine slightly changes. Namely, in the idle mode of the motor, in its intake path through the tangential openings of our spacer below the throttle valve, an additional air flow from the atmosphere, dosed and swirled in the aerodynamic profile of this device, is supplied. As a result, this vortex twists the main flow of fuel assemblies and finely divides the droplets of fuel. In addition, due to the optimal inclination of the inlet of this vortex in the intake path, it tears the fuel film from the inner walls of the intake path of the motor and homogenizes it, creating the effect of additional savings and improving the quality of fuel assemblies. Moreover, as shown by experimental studies, in part this generated TVS vortex is also transferred to the combustion chambers themselves, improving its combustion quality, and hence the ecology of the motor. Of course, this device gives the greatest effect of improving the quality of fuel assemblies in idling and dynamic modes (with opening and closing of throttle valves), but taking into account the fact that dynamic modes of operation of engines and idle mode of cars in cities (traffic lights, congested urban trails, and low speeds of motor transport, traffic jams, etc.) takes 30-40% of the total total driving time of cars, the total fuel economy effect of the "Ecotope" is quite large and, on average, It should be noted once again that when installing the "Ecotop" device on the carburetor internal combustion engine, a primary additional adjustment of the carburetor is required for the economical operation mode due to the effect of increasing the speed due to the depletion of fuel assemblies and with the activation of fuel assemblies by our vortex method
10. ELECTRICAL FAILURE AND INTRODUCTION OF WATER INTO INLET DRAIN
We also carry out further technical upgrades of the proposed method and devices for vortex homogenization of fuel assemblies in order to increase the fuel economy of the engine. In particular, a method of electrifying fuel assembly and water ballasting of a fuel mixture with distilled water vapor is proposed.
a) electrification of fuel assemblies
This becomes technically possible in the manufacture of a vortex mixer of heat-resistant plastic, from triboelectric materials, for example, from fluoroplastic or ebonite. The essence of this effect of electric fuel crushing consists in using for such an electric crushing of powerful Coulomb electrostatic forces repulsing electrically charged fuel droplets from each other with their subsequent fine crushing in the intake motor path. The experiments showed the possibility of achieving an even more significant effect of homogenization of fuel assemblies in the case of electrostatic crushing of droplets fuel and electrification of fuel assemblies. As a result, a reduction in fuel consumption and toxicity of the VGD engine by 5-10%
b) production and injection of water vapor into combustion chambers of combustion engines
Indeed, the modern thermal engine ICE has an extremely low efficiency. and as a consequence, huge heat losses (up to 30 kW). So why not use them to produce steam and inject it under pressure into the intake path of the motor. And we did it. The economical effect of such a steam engine is quite obvious. After all, with such use of the heat-consuming thermal energy of the ICE, a simple variant of steam turbo-supercharging is obtained in the motor, which allows you to save up to 30-40% of the crowd while maintaining the previous capacity of the ICE.
11. ABOUT THE PHYSICAL ESSENCE OF THE NEWS
The additional effect of fuel economy of the car is achievable with addition to the TVS swirler in addition to the TVS swirler, and also the dosed amount of pure steam or the amount of distilled water in the intake path. The idea of ballasting gasoline with water is not new. However, in our case of a swirl treatment of fuel assemblies, such a combined method with dilution of fuel with water) has a number of new advantages. The fact is that depletion of fuel assemblies leads to a certain increase in the combustion temperature of the mixture in the models of combustion of the motor. And with improper adjustment of the device "Ecotop" for too lean mixture there is a potential danger of overheating of the engine when burning lean fuel assemblies. And the appearance in the process of this combustion of toxic nitric oxide. A dosed introduction of steam or water into the intake duct of the internal combustion engine and the active mixing of their vortex with the rest of the fuel assembly just allows programmatically to lower the combustion temperature of depleted FA in the combustion chambers to an optimum level of 1000 degrees Celsius, and thereby limit or eliminate the combustion temperature increase effect eliminate the occurrence of nitric oxide in the exhaust gases of ICE.
- 1 vortex device "Ecotop" for today the most effective and simple means for reducing fuel consumption and toxicity of VG DVS of all types and types of carburetor motor vehicles
- 2 Guaranteed fuel economy of the motor when installing the Ecotope in the city mode 10-15%, depending on the degree of wear and tear of the motor and driving characteristics in the urban cycle. (Seasons, topography and population density, etc.)
- 3 The payback period of the device is 1-2 months.
The present development of the vortex homogenizer "Ekotop" has been approved, certified and already mastered in series production.
As shown by the tests, it is effective for reducing fuel consumption, and the toxicity of VGD DVS, extremely simple to set up and operate, unpretentious in maintenance (filter replacement). The device is applicable on all models of VAZ and GAZ vehicles with carburetor internal combustion engines, including gazelle and sable vehicles. The greatest effect of fuel economy the device gives in rear-wheel drive vehicles with carburetor Ozone. According to our estimation, the "Economy" device pays off due to the fuel economy on the VAZ 06 car practically in 1-2 months. According to this development, "Econom" has patents, a certificate of compliance, a full package of technical documentation and promotional materials. The creative development of this device allows to expand the number of useful functions of the device, increase its fuel efficiency and the effect of environmental cleaning of the VG DVS. With a small technical revision, this device can be used and with in petrol injectors. Such experimental studies are currently being carried out by the authors of the development. To further improve this useful device and more effectively promote it across Russia and the CIS, it is advisable to co-operate our firm with interested firms and organizations.
PHOTO OF SERIES SAMPLE ECOTOP
Vortex Ecotope in full set (with a hose and a regular filter at the end - as its filter used a fine filter of gasoline)