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NEW INVENTIONS AND MODELS. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY || NEW INVENTIONS And MODELS. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

MAGNETIC ENGINE

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To confirm the operability of the “Magnetic motor” application, practical experiments with permanent magnets were carried out. These experiments confirmed practically in fact that the claimed funnel-shaped magnet draws another permanent magnet into its cavity in one direction more than in the opposite direction. Which leads to the translational movement of the moving magnets.

For the experiments, funnel-shaped permanent magnets were made of strontium ferrite of grade 28 CA 250, in which the direction of magnetization is axial, the north pole N is in the narrow part of the funnel magnet and the south pole S in the wide part. A cylindrical magnet with axial magnetization of strontium ferrite was also made.

In FIG. 1 schematically shows a movable magnet of a cylindrical shape, a funnel-shaped magnet, pole placement, magnetic flux lines of a funnel-shaped magnet and their geometric parameters

In FIG. 2 schematic representation of 3 funnel-shaped magnets, the path of one cylindrical
magnet and pole positioning of magnets

When the cylindrical magnet (Fig. 1) brings the end part where the north pole is located to the narrow hole of the funnel-shaped magnet, where the north pole is also located, then at a distance of 3 cm between the magnets mutual weak repulsion starts at a distance of about 2 cm. If this weak resistance is overcome , then the cylindrical magnet is sharply and strongly drawn into the cavity of the funnel-shaped magnet and leaves the wide hole at high speed. And in the case when a cylindrical magnet is brought closer to a wide part of the funnel-shaped magnet, it is drawn into the cavity and stops in the middle of the funnel-shaped magnet. And this proves that the described effect is associated with a special configuration of interacting magnetic fields.

To convince the experiment, we will install 3 funnel-shaped magnets so that the narrow part of the subsequent magnet almost completely enters the wide part of the previous funnel-shaped magnet (Fig. 2). If the cylindrical magnet is brought closer to the end part, where the north pole N is located, to the narrow part of the first funnel-shaped magnet, where the north pole N is located, then in the beginning there will be weak resistance at a distance of about 3 cm.

If this resistance is overcome, then the cylindrical magnet is sharply and with great speed drawn into the cavity of the 1st. Of the 2nd and 3rd funnel-shaped magnets, ejected from the wide part of the 3rd funnel-shaped magnet and continues its movement beyond the magnets.

This experiment shows that the retracting force of the magnetic flux of the funnel-shaped magnet from its narrow end to the wide end is stronger than from the wide end to the narrow one. If these forces were equal in the central centerline of the funnel-shaped magnet, then the movable cylindrical magnet could not overcome the resistance of the 2nd and 3rd funnel-shaped magnets and would be stuck in the cavity of the 2nd magnet.

In the same experiment, when the cylindrical magnet is reversed, bring the south pole closer to the wide end of the funnel-shaped magnet, where the south pole is also located, the cylindrical magnet is pulled into the cavity of the 3rd magnet and gets stuck in the middle of the 2nd funnel-shaped magnet.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to power engineering and electrical engineering, and in particular to devices using the energy of permanent magnets. It can be used as a drive with a wide power range for environmentally friendly propulsors, electric generators.

The problem is achieved in that in a magnetic motor comprising at least one movable and one stationary magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the moving element on the path section, at least one of the magnetic elements in the region pole, preventing the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a plot of the weakening of the interaction of the magnetic field near the path of motion.

In this case, the weakening of the interaction of the magnetic field in a given area is created due to the constructive spatial separation of at least one of the surfaces of the interacting magnetic elements along the direction of movement of the moving magnetic element in the direction toward the pole, which prevents the acceleration of movement.
The surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic elements has a portion of the distance of its surface from the surface of the other element in the direction of movement mainly to the portion of the pole that creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises at least one movable and one fixed coaxial magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the moving element on the path section.

Such a magnetic motor according to the invention is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, and at least one of the magnetic elements in the region of the pole that impedes the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a section for weakening the interaction of the magnetic field near the motion path.
The weakening of the interaction of the magnetic field in this embodiment is achieved by the fact that the surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic elements has a portion of the distance of its surface from the surface of the other element in the direction of movement mainly to the portion of the pole that creates resistance to the movement of the moving magnetic element.

Moreover, the surface of the external of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements has a section of axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the input surface in the direction of movement mainly to the portion of the pole that creates resistance to the movement of the moving magnetic element.

In addition to the previous one, the surface of the inner of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements may have a section of axisymmetric narrowing of its surface from the front surface in the direction opposite to the direction of movement mainly to the portion of the pole that creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In yet another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises at least one movable and several fixed coaxial magnetic elements interacting with magnetic fields with the moving element mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the moving element in the path section. A magnetic motor is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, and at least one of the magnetic elements in the region of the pole that impedes the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a section for weakening the interaction of the magnetic field near the motion path, and the stationary elements are aligned with the motion path of the movable element.

The surfaces of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements external have areas of axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the input surface in the direction of movement mainly to the end of the pole, creating resistance to the movement of the moving magnetic element.

In accordance with another improvement of the magnetic motor, it includes a number of movable and several stationary magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields with the moving element mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the moving element in the path section. The engine is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, and at least one of the magnetic elements in the region of the pole that impedes the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a section for weakening the interaction of the magnetic field near the motion path, and the stationary elements are aligned with the motion path of the movable element, and movable elements are interconnected along the axis of their movement.
In this case, the surface of the external of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements may have a section of axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the input surface in the direction of movement mainly to the portion of the pole that creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

According to another improvement, the magnetic motor includes a number of movable and several stationary magnetic elements interacting with magnetic fields with the moving element mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the moving element on the path section, and is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, and each of the stationary magnetic elements in the region of the pole, preventing the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a weak of the interaction of the magnetic field near the path of movement, the fixed elements installed on the circumference, and the movable members are interconnected at their motion trajectory circumferentially coinciding with a circumference installation of fixed elements.

In this embodiment, the inner surfaces of the fixed coaxial magnetic elements have areas of coaxial expansion of their surfaces from their input surfaces in the direction of movement mainly to the sections of the poles that create resistance to the movement of the moving magnetic elements.

A further improvement lies in the fact that the movable magnetic elements are mounted around the circumference and are connected with the axis of rotation coinciding with the axis of the circle of installation of the fixed elements, both circles coincide, and the fixed elements have longitudinal slots in the inner radial direction, and the width of the slots is sufficient for passage of elements axial coupling of movable elements.

In this case, the axial coupling element of the moving elements can be made in the form of a disk.

Alternatively, the axial coupling elements of the movable elements are made in the form of spokes.

For further improvement, coaxial electric windings with windings that do not cross the slits of the fixed elements can be installed in coaxial expansion areas.

In a specific embodiment, the magnetic motor comprises a movable element, for example, in the form of a surface having the ability to rotate around a circle on which n-magnetic elements are fixed, which are mounted to interact with m-magnetic elements that are fixedly mounted. Each of the magnetic elements in the group m or n is made in the form of a permanent magnet. One of the groups of magnetic elements (m or n) consists of magnetic elements, each of which is made with a through channel connecting the ends of this magnetic element and a flat slot connecting the outer surface of the magnetic element with the through channel along the entire length. The diameters of the openings of the through channel, the wall thickness of this magnetic element are selected such that the effect of the bulk density of the magnetic charge in the region of the outlet of the through channel on the magnetic element moving through the through channel is less than the effect of the volume density of the magnetic charge in the region of the inlet of the through channel. Another group of magnetic elements includes magnetic elements, each of which is installed in such a way that it has the ability to pass through the through channel of the magnetic element from the first group. At least one electrical winding is placed inside the through channel, the turns of which are laid so as not to overlap a flat slot connecting the entire channel with the outer surface of the magnetic element along the entire length.

The principle of operation of the proposed engine will show on coaxial magnets. In one embodiment, the movable magnetic element may pass through the channel of the stationary magnetic element. In this case, the magnetic elements are permanent magnets. When the moving magnetic element passes through the through channel of the stationary magnetic element, their magnetic fields interact. Since the polarity of the poles of the magnetic elements is opposite when the moving magnetic element approaches the stationary magnetic element, the moving magnetic element is drawn into the cavity of the stationary magnetic element through the inlet. The movable magnetic element, which is accelerated by the interaction of magnetic fields at the entrance to the channel, continues to move along the channel by inertia and approaches the outlet of the channel. The polarity of this part of the magnetic element coincides with the polarity of the approaching part of the magnetic element. However, sharp braking of the magnetic element does not occur. Structurally, this is ensured by the fulfillment of the condition under which the influence of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the outlet, on the movable magnetic element was significantly less, compared with the influence of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the inlet. This is achieved due to the larger diameter of the outlet, in comparison with the diameter of the inlet. The movable magnetic element exits the outlet of the channel of the magnetic element. Simultaneously, when moving a movable magnetic element through the through channel of a stationary magnetic element when placed along the path of movement of the electric winding, and it can induce an electromotive force. In this case, energy can be used for other purposes. Further, a series of similar fixed magnetic elements can be located along the motion path of the moving magnetic element. Fixed magnetic can be arranged in a ring, so that the axis of their internal channels form a closed line. The described process can be continuously repeated not only for one moving magnetic element, but also for several moving magnetic elements fixed on a ring or other rotor. When applying voltage from an independent source to the windings installed between the stationary elements, the windings can be slowed down, accelerated or stopped.

Magnetic elements can be made both in the form of permanent magnets, and in the form of electromagnets or their combinations along the trajectory of movement.

The polarity of the magnets and their mutual geometric orientation are determined from the condition of greatest efficiency. To establish an inertial balance, moving magnets may contain additional weights or masses. Internal movable magnets can be made tubular with radial polarization.

Options for the most effective structural implementation are given below.

The invention is illustrated by the accompanying graphic materials:

FIG. 1 shows a General view of the housing of the magnetic motor

MAGNETIC ENGINE

FIG. 2 - shows the spatial arrangement of the proposed magnetic motor
(the upper part of the housing is raised)

MAGNETIC ENGINE

FIG. 3 is a top view of the upper part of the housing
Engine removed

FIG. 4 - a section along A - A of the proposed magnetic engine placed in the housing

FIG. 5 is a view from above, the upper part of the housing is removed, the mutual arrangement of movable and fixed magnetic elements is shown
(outline image)

FIG. 6 and FIG. 7 is an external view of a fixed magnetic element with a flat slit and an electric coil located inside the through channel of the fixed magnetic element

FIG. 8 - appearance of a stationary magnetic element without an electrical winding

FIG. 9 is an external view of the electric winding, the turns of which are laid so as not to overlap the flat slot connecting the through channel with the outer surface of the fixed element

FIG. 10 - fixed magnetic element with an electric coil removed
from the housing of the fixed magnetic element

FIG. 11-holder of the movable magnetic element

FIG. 12 - movable tubular magnetic element with radial polarization

FIG. 13 - movable magnetic element mounted on the holder

The proposed magnetic motor described below refers to one example of a preferred embodiment of the invention. It is placed in a housing made of two parts - the upper 1 and lower 2. The housing is equipped with holes through which the shaft 3 passes (Figure 1). A rotor 4 is mounted inside the hollow body, mounted on a shaft 3. Holders 5 with magnetic elements 6, which are permanent magnets, are rigidly fixed to the rotor 4. Each magnetic element 6 is a slightly curved rod, the shape of which is best described as part of a body having a toroidal surface (Figure 2). The magnetic elements 6 are located in the holders 5 so that their polarity when moving the rotor around the circumference, in the direction of movement, is the same (Fig.Z). The number of magnetic elements 6 can be increased. The rotor 4 is mounted rotatably with a shaft 3 mounted in bearings 7 and 8 (FIG. 2). In the vertical plane of movement of the movable magnetic elements 6, coaxially with them, the stationary magnetic elements 9 are placed. Each magnetic element 9 is made in the form of two ring-shaped parts 10 and 11. These two ring-shaped parts 10 and 11 are parts of a toroidal body. They have different diameters and are associated with the element 12, which is part of a truncated cone (Fig. 6 and Fig. 8). The fixed magnetic element 9 has an inside channel 13 with inlet and outlet openings 14 and 15 (FIG. 10), the diameter of the outlet 15 being larger than the diameter of the inlet 14. The diameters of these holes, the wall thickness of each fixed magnetic element are selected so that the bulk density the magnetic charge of the pole, on which the outlet 15 is located, on the movable magnetic element 6. moving in the channel 13, was significantly less than the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole with the inlet 14. The magnetic elements 9 are installed so that their polarity with respect to the polarity of the magnetic elements 6 is of the opposite sign (Fig. C).

As shown in FIG. 2, the magnetic elements 6 fixed in the holders 5 on the rotary rotor 4 can pass through the channel 13 of each fixed magnetic element 9. Since the magnetic elements 6 are fixed in the holders 5, to allow each magnetic element 6 to pass through the channel of each magnetic element 9 , on each magnetic element 9 a flat slot 16 is made (Fig.6, 7, 8). In the channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, at least one electric winding 17 is coaxially located (Figs. 7, 9, 10). The findings of the electrical windings 17 of all the stationary magnetic elements 9 are displayed on a common connector 18 (Figs. 1, 4). Each electrical winding 17 is made so that its turns do not overlap a flat slot 16 connecting the through channel 13 with the outer surface of the magnetic element 9 (Figs. 9, 10). This ensures the passage of the holder 5 and the magnetic element 6 through the channel of the magnetic element 9. As can be seen from FIG. 3, the stationary magnetic elements 9 and the movable magnetic elements 6, alternating, are located one after another in the same plane of movement. The upper part of the housing 1 and the lower part of the housing 2 are connected by means of fasteners passing through the holes 19 (Fig.2, 3, 4, 5) in the upper and lower parts of the housing.

The proposed engine operates as follows. As shown in FIG. 4, the magnetic elements 6 fixed in the holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4 can pass through the channel 13 of each stationary magnetic element 9. The magnetic elements 6 and 9 are permanent magnets. With the passage of the magnetic element 6 through the through channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, their magnetic fields interact. Since the polarity of the poles of the magnetic elements 6 and 9 at the moment the movable magnetic element 6 approaches the stationary magnetic element 9 is opposite, the movable magnetic element 6 is drawn into the cavity of the stationary magnetic element 9 through the inlet 14. The movable magnetic element 6, which is given acceleration due to the interaction of magnetic fields at the entrance to the channel, continues to move along channel 13 by inertia and approaches the outlet of channel 15. The polarity of this part of the magnetic element 9 coincides with the polar Stu approaching portion of the magnetic member 6. However, sudden braking, the magnetic member 6 does not occur. A condition is provided that the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the outlet 15 on the movable magnetic element 6 is significantly less than the effect of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the inlet 14. This is due to the larger diameter of the outlet 15 , compared to the diameter of the inlet. The magnetic element 6 exits the outlet 15 of the channel of the magnetic element 9.

In this case, the direction of movement can be the opposite. The principle of operation does not change from the alternating order of attraction and repulsion, and efficiency is determined mainly by the relative geometry of the magnetic elements. At the same time, when moving the magnetic element 6 through the through channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, an electromotive force is induced in the electric winding 17. In this case, energy can be used for other purposes.

The subsequent movement of the rotor 4 together with the magnetic element 6 ensures that the magnetic element 6 approaches the next stationary magnetic element 9. The described process is continuously repeated not only for the described moving magnetic element 6, but also for each magnetic element 6, from among the fixed in the same way on the rotor 4. When applying voltage from an independent source to the windings 17, you can stop or accelerate the proposed engine.

The housing of the magnetic motor can be made in a sealed version, when the rotor shaft does not come out of the motor housing, and air is pumped out of the internal cavity of the housing to reduce resistance to rotating masses.

The movable magnetic element can be made not in the form of a uniform rod having poles at its ends, but, for example, in the form of an expanded hollow front part representing one of the poles of the magnet connected to a narrow rod, which is the other pole of the magnet. With a radial polarization of the tubular magnet, an alternating attractive and repulsive force arises, the repulsion phase being weakened due to the geometric expansion of the opposing pole, and the movement continues due to inertia or additional electromagnetic excitation.

It should be borne in mind that for a person skilled in the art, the possible changes and modifications of the invention will become apparent.

So, it is possible to perform the proposed engine with one movable magnetic element and n-stationary magnetic elements. It is possible to use m-moving magnetic elements with one fixed magnetic element, etc.
Another area of ​​use of the invention is the possibility of using it in the form of multi-sectional structures, each section of which includes its own rotor with fixed magnetic elements interacting with stationary magnetic elements.

print version
Posted by: Ertay Shintekov
PS Material is protected.
Publication date 12/23/2006