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NEW INVENTIONS AND MODELS. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY || NEW INVENTIONS And MODELS. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

MAGNETIC ENGINE

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To confirm the performance of the application “Magnetic engine”, practical experiments with permanent magnets were carried out. In fact, these experiments confirmed that the funnel-shaped magnet, which was claimed, draws another permanent magnet into its cavity in one direction more than in the opposite direction. Which leads to the progressive movement of the moving magnets.

For experiments, permanent funnel-shaped magnets were made of 28 CA 250 strontium ferrite, in which the axial direction of magnetization, the north pole N is in the narrow part of the funnel magnet, and the south pole S in the wide part. A cylindrical magnet was also made with axial magnetization of strontium ferrite.

FIG. 1 schematically shows a movable magnet of a cylindrical shape, a funnel-shaped magnet, the placement of the poles, the magnetic flux lines of the funnel magnet and their geometrical parameters.

FIG. 2 schematic representation of 3 funnel magnets, a single cylindrical path
the magnet and the location of the poles of the magnets

When the cylindrical magnet (Fig. 1) is approached by the end part where the north pole is located to the narrow opening of the funnel magnet, where the north pole is also located, then at a distance of 3 cm between the magnets begins a mutual weak repulsion at a distance of about 2 cm. If this weak resistance is overcome , the cylindrical magnet is sharply and strongly drawn into the cavity of the funnel magnet and leaves the wide opening at high speed. And in the case when the cylindrical magnet is close to the wide part of the funnel magnet, it is drawn into the cavity and stops in the middle of the funnel magnet. And this proves that the described effect is associated with a special configuration of interacting magnetic fields.

To make the experiment more convincing, we will install 3 funnel-shaped magnets so that the narrow part of the subsequent magnet almost completely fits into the wide part of the previous funnel magnet (Fig. 2). If a cylindrical magnet is brought close by the end part where the north pole N is located to the narrow part of the first funnel-shaped magnet where the north pole N is located, there will be a weak resistance at the beginning about 3 cm.

If this resistance is overcome, then the cylindrical magnet dramatically and with great speed retracts into the cavities of the 1st. The 2nd and 3rd funnel-shaped magnets are ejected from the wide part of the 3rd funnel-shaped magnet and continue their movement beyond the limits of the magnets.

This experience shows that the pull-in force of the magnetic flux of a funnel magnet from its narrow end to a wide end is stronger than from a wide end to a narrow. If these forces were equal in the central axial line of the funnel magnet, then the movable cylindrical magnet would not be able to overcome the resistance of the 2nd and 3rd funnel magnets and would be stuck in the cavity of the 2nd magnet.

When carrying out the same experiment, when a cylindrical magnet is the opposite, bring the south pole to the wide end of the funnel magnet, where the south pole is also located, the cylindrical magnet draws into the cavity of the 3rd magnet and gets stuck in the middle of the 2nd funnel magnet.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to power engineering and electrical engineering, and in particular to devices using energy of permanent magnets. It can be used as a drive with a wide range of power for environmentally friendly propulsion, electric generators.

The task is achieved by the fact that in a magnetic motor that includes at least one movable and one stationary magnetic elements, interacting with their magnetic fields mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the movable element in the trajectory section, at least one of the magnetic elements in The poles preventing the acceleration of the movement of the moving element have a weakening area for the magnetic field interaction near the motion trajectory.

At the same time, the weakening of the interaction of the magnetic field in a given area is created due to the constructive spatial distance of at least one of the surfaces of the interacting magnetic elements along the direction of movement of the movable magnetic element in the direction to the pole, which prevents the acceleration of motion.
The surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic elements has a portion of its surface from the surface of the other element in the direction of movement mainly towards the pole section, which creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor contains at least one movable and one fixed coaxial magnetic elements, interacting with their magnetic fields, mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the movable element in the trajectory section.

Such a magnetic motor according to the invention is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, and at least one of the magnetic elements in the pole region preventing the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a weakening area for the interaction of the magnetic field in the vicinity of the movement trajectory.
The weakening of the interaction of the magnetic field in this embodiment is achieved by the fact that the surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic elements has a portion of its surface from the surface of the other element in the direction of movement mainly towards the pole section, which creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

The surface of the outer of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements has a portion of the axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the entrance surface in the direction of movement mainly to the pole section, which creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In addition to the preceding, the surface of the inner of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements may have a portion of the axisymmetric narrowing of its surface from the front surface in the direction opposite to the direction of movement mainly towards the pole section, which creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In yet another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises at least one movable and several stationary coaxial magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields with the movable element mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the movable element in the trajectory section. The magnetic motor is characterized by the fact that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, at least one of the magnetic elements in the pole area preventing the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a weakening section for the interaction of the magnetic field near the motion path, and the fixed elements are set coaxially with the motion path of the movable element.

In this case, the surfaces of the outer of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements have sections of the axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the entrance surface in the direction of movement mainly towards the end of the pole, which creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In accordance with another improvement, the magnetic motor includes a number of moving and several stationary magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields with a moving element, mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the moving element in the trajectory section. The engine is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, at least one of the magnetic elements in the pole region preventing the acceleration of the movement of the movable element has a weakening area for the interaction of the magnetic field near the motion trajectory, the fixed elements being coaxial with the motion trajectory of the movable element, and moving elements are interconnected along the axis of their movement.
In this case, the surface of the outer of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements may have a section of axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the entrance surface in the direction of movement mainly towards the pole section, which creates resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

According to another improvement, the magnetic motor includes a number of movable and several stationary magnetic elements interacting with magnetic fields with a movable element mainly along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the movable element in the trajectory section, and is characterized by the fact that the interacting magnetic elements are coaxial, and each of the fixed magnetic elements in the region of the pole, which impedes the acceleration of the moving element, has a weakened section of the interaction of the magnetic field near the path of movement, the fixed elements installed on the circumference, and the movable members are interconnected at their motion trajectory circumferentially coinciding with a circumference installation of fixed elements.

In this embodiment, the internal surfaces of the fixed coaxial magnetic elements have areas of coaxial expansion of their surfaces from their input surfaces in the direction of movement mainly to the areas of the poles that create resistance to the movement of the moving magnetic elements.

A further improvement is that the movable magnetic elements are installed around the circumference and are connected with the axis of rotation coinciding with the axis of the circle of installation of the stationary elements, both circles coincide, and the stationary elements have longitudinal slots in the inner radial direction, and the width of the slots is sufficient for the elements to pass axial connection of mobile elements.

The element of the axial connection of the movable elements can be made in the form of a disk.

Alternative elements of the axial connection of the movable elements made in the form of spokes.

For further improvement, coaxial electric windings with winding that do not intersect the gaps of fixed elements can be installed in the areas of coaxial expansion.

In a specific embodiment, the magnetic motor contains a movable element, for example, in the form of a surface having the ability to rotate around a circle on which n-magnetic elements are fixed, which are installed with the possibility of interaction with m-magnetic elements fixedly mounted. Each of the magnetic elements in the group m or n is made in the form of a permanent magnet. One of the groups of magnetic elements (m or p) consists of magnetic elements, each of which is made with a through channel connecting the ends of this magnetic element and a flat slot connecting the external surface of the magnetic element with the through channel along the entire length. The diameters of the holes of the through channel, the wall thickness of this magnetic element are chosen such that the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge in the area of ​​the through hole of the through channel on the magnetic element moving through the through channel is less than the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge on the through hole of the through channel. Another group of magnetic elements includes magnetic elements, each of which is installed in such a way that it can pass through the through channel of the magnetic element from the first group. Inside the through channel, at least one electric winding is placed, the coils of which are arranged so as not to overlap the flat slot connecting along the entire length the through channel with the outer surface of the magnetic element.

The principle of operation of the proposed engine will show on coaxial magnets. In one embodiment, the movable magnetic element may pass through the channel of the stationary magnetic element. In this magnetic elements are permanent magnets. With the passage of the movable magnetic element through the through channel of the stationary magnetic element their magnetic fields interact. Since the polarity of the poles of the magnetic elements at the time of the approach of the movable magnetic element to the stationary magnetic element is opposite, the movable magnetic element is drawn into the cavity of the stationary magnetic element through the inlet. The movable magnetic element, which is given acceleration due to the interaction of magnetic fields at the channel entrance, continues to move along the channel by inertia and approaches the channel outlet. The polarity of this part of the magnetic element coincides with the polarity of the approaching part of the magnetic element. However, a sudden deceleration of the magnetic element does not occur. Structurally, this is ensured by fulfilling the condition under which the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the outlet orifice on the movable magnetic element was significantly less compared to the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the inlet. This is due to the larger diameter of the outlet, compared with the diameter of the inlet. The movable magnetic element exits the outlet of the channel of the magnetic element. At the same time when moving a movable magnetic element through a through channel of a stationary magnetic element when placed along the path of movement of the electric winding, and it can be induced electromotive force. At the same time energy can be used for other purposes. Further, a series of similar stationary magnetic elements can be located along the movement of a moving magnetic element. Stationary magnetic can be located around the ring, so that the axis of their internal channels form a closed line. The described process can be continuously repeated not only for one moving magnetic element, but also for several moving magnetic elements fixed on a ring or another rotor. When voltage is supplied from an independent source, the windings installed in the spaces between the fixed elements can be slowed down, accelerated or stopped by the proposed motor.

Magnetic elements can be made, both in the form of permanent magnets, and in the form of electromagnets or their combinations along the path of movement.

The polarity of the magnets and their mutual geometric orientation are determined from the condition of greatest efficiency. To establish the inertial balance, the moving magnets may contain additional weights or masses. Internal movable magnets can be tubular with radial polarization.

Options for the most effective design implementation are given below.

The invention is illustrated by the accompanying graphic materials:

FIG. 1 shows a general view of the housing of a magnetic motor.

MAGNETIC ENGINE

FIG. 2 shows the spatial arrangement of the proposed magnetic motor.
(the upper part of the body is raised)

MAGNETIC ENGINE

FIG. 3 is a top view, the upper part of the body.
Engine removed

FIG. 4 is a section along A - A of the proposed magnetic motor placed in the housing.

FIG. 5-view from above, the upper part of the housing is removed, the relative placement of moving and stationary magnetic elements is shown
(contour image)

FIG. 6 and FIG. 7 is an external view of a fixed magnetic element with a flat slot and an electric coil placed inside the through channel of the fixed magnetic element.

FIG. 8 is an external view of a stationary magnetic element without an electrical winding.

FIG. 9 is an external view of an electrical winding, the turns of which are arranged so as not to overlap the flat slot connecting the through channel with the outer surface of the fixed element

FIG. 10 - stationary magnetic element with an electric coil extracted
from the body of a stationary magnetic element

FIG. 11-holder of the movable magnetic element

FIG. 12 - a movable tubular magnetic element with radial polarization

FIG. 13 - movable magnetic element mounted on the holder

The proposed magnetic motor, described below, relates to one example of a preferred embodiment of the invention. It is placed in a housing made of two parts - the upper 1 and lower 2. The housing is provided with openings through which the shaft 3 passes (Figure 1). Inside the hollow body is placed a rotor 4 mounted on the shaft 3. The holders 5 with magnetic elements 6, which are permanent magnets, are rigidly fixed to the rotor 4. Each magnetic element 6 is a slightly curved rod, the shape of which is best described as part of a body having a toroidal surface (Figure 2). Magnetic elements 6 are located in the holders 5 so that their polarity when moving the rotor around the circumference, in the direction of motion, is the same (Fig.Z). The number of magnetic elements 6 can be increased. The rotor 4 is mounted for rotation with the shaft 3 mounted in bearings 7 and 8 (FIG. 2). In the vertical plane of movement of the movable magnetic elements 6, coaxially with them, stationary magnetic elements 9 are placed. Each magnetic element 9 is made in the form of two ring-shaped parts 10 and 11. These two ring-shaped parts 10 and 11 are parts of a toroidal body. They have different diameters and are associated with element 12, which is a part of a truncated cone (Fig. 6 and Fig. 8). The stationary magnetic element 9 has inside channel 13 with inlet and outlet holes 14 and 15 (FIG. 10), with the diameter of the outlet 15 being larger than the diameter of the inlet 14. The diameters of these holes, the wall thickness of each stationary magnetic element are chosen so that the bulk density the magnetic charge of the pole on which the outlet 15 is located on the movable magnetic element 6. moving in the channel 13 was significantly less than the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole with the inlet 14. The magnetic elements 9 are installed in such a way that their polarity with respect to the polarity of the magnetic elements 6 is of the opposite sign (Fig. 3).

As shown in FIG. 2, the magnetic elements 6 fixed in the holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4 can pass through the channel 13 of each stationary magnetic element 9. Since the magnetic elements 6 are fixed in the holders 5, to ensure that each magnetic element 6 can pass through the channel of each magnetic element 9 , on each magnetic element 9 there is a flat slot 16 (Fig. 6, 7, 8). In the channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, at least one electric winding 17 is coaxially arranged (Fig. 7, 9, 10). The findings of the electric windings 17 of all stationary magnetic elements 9 are brought to a common connector 18 (Figures 1, 4). Each electric winding 17 is designed so that its turns do not overlap the flat slot 16 connecting the through channel 13 with the outer surface of the magnetic element 9 (Fig.9, 10). This ensures the passage of the holder 5 and the magnetic element 6 through the channel of the magnetic element 9. As can be seen from FIG. 3, the stationary magnetic elements 9 and the movable magnetic elements 6, alternating, are located one behind the other in the same plane of movement. The upper part of the housing 1 and the lower part of the housing 2 are connected by means of fasteners passing through the holes 19 (Fig.2, 3, 4, 5) in the upper and lower parts of the housing.

The proposed engine works as follows. As shown in FIG. 4 magnetic elements 6, fixed in the holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4, can pass through the channel 13 of each stationary magnetic element 9. The magnetic elements 6 and 9 are permanent magnets. With the passage of the magnetic element 6 through the through channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, their magnetic fields interact. Since the polarity of the poles of the magnetic elements 6 and 9 at the time of the approach of the movable magnetic element 6 to the stationary magnetic element 9 is opposite, the movable magnetic element 6 is drawn into the cavity of the stationary magnetic element 9 through the inlet 14. The movable magnetic element 6, which is accelerated due to the interaction of magnetic field at the entrance to the channel, continues to move along the channel 13 by inertia and approaches the outlet of the channel 15. The polarity of this part of the magnetic element 9 coincides with the polar Stu approaching portion of the magnetic member 6. However, sudden braking, the magnetic member 6 does not occur. Structurally ensured the condition under which the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole on the outlet 15, on the movable magnetic element 6 was significantly less compared to the influence of the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole on the inlet 14. This is ensured by the larger diameter of the outlet 15 , compared to the diameter of the inlet. The magnetic element 6 exits the outlet 15 of the channel of the magnetic element 9.

At the same time, the direction of movement may be the opposite. The principle of operation does not vary with the order of alternation of attraction and repulsion, and efficiency is mainly determined by the relative geometry of the magnetic elements. At the same time when moving the magnetic element 6 through the through channel 13 of the magnetic element 9 in the electric winding 17 electromotive force is induced. At the same time energy can be used for other purposes.

The subsequent movement of the rotor 4 together with the magnetic element 6 ensures that the magnetic element 6 approaches the next stationary magnetic element 9. The described process is continuously repeated not only for the described movable magnetic element 6, but also for each magnetic element 6, from among fixed, in the same way on the rotor 4. When applying voltage from an independent source to the windings 17, the proposed motor can be stopped or accelerated.

The body of the magnetic motor can be made in a sealed version, when the rotor shaft does not come out of the motor body, and air is pumped out of the internal cavity of the body to reduce the resistance to rotating masses.

The movable magnetic element can be made not in the form of a homogeneous rod having poles at its ends, but also, for example, in the form of an expanded hollow front part representing one of the poles of a magnet connected to a narrow rod that is the other pole of a magnet. When the tubular magnet is radially polarized, an alternating force of repulsion occurs, repulsion, and the repulsion phase is weakened due to the geometric expansion of the opposing pole, and the movement continues due to inertia or additional electromagnetic excitation.

It should be borne in mind that a person skilled in the art will become apparent possible changes and modifications of the invention.

Thus, it is possible to perform the proposed engine with one movable magnetic element and n-stationary magnetic elements. It is possible to use m-mobile magnetic elements with one fixed magnetic element, etc.
Another direction of use of the invention is the possibility of using it in the form of multi-sectional structures, each section of which includes its own rotor with fixed magnetic elements that interact with stationary magnetic elements.

print version
Posted by: Ertay Shintekov
PS Material is protected.
Publication date 12/23/2006