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NEW INVENTIONS AND MODELS. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY || NEW INVENTIONS And MODELS. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

MAGNETIC ENGINE

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To confirm the efficiency of the application "Magnetic motor", practical experiments were conducted with permanent magnets. These experiments confirmed practically in fact that the claimed funnel-shaped magnet draws into its cavity another permanent magnet in one direction more strongly than in the opposite direction. Which leads to the translational movement of moving magnets.

To carry out the experiments, permanent funnel-shaped magnets of strontium ferrite of grade 28 CA 250 were made, in which the direction of magnetization is axial, the north pole N is in the narrow part of the funnel-shaped magnet, and the south pole S is in the wide part. In the same way, a magnet of cylindrical shape was also made with axial magnetization from strontium ferrite.

In Fig. 1 schematically shows a movable magnet of a cylindrical shape, a funnel-shaped magnet, the arrangement of poles, magnetic flux lines of a funnel-shaped magnet, and their geometric parameters

In Fig. 2 is a schematic representation of 3 funnel-shaped magnets, the path of one cylindrical
magnet and the arrangement of the poles of the magnets

When the cylindrical magnet (Figure 1) is approached by the end part where the north pole is located to the narrow hole of the funnel-shaped magnet, where the north pole is also located, a mutual weak repulsion at a distance of about 2 cm begins between the magnets at a distance of 3 cm. If we overcome this weak resistance , then the cylindrical magnet is sharply and strongly drawn into the cavity of the funnel-shaped magnet and leaves the wide opening at high speed. And when the cylindrical magnet approaches the wide part of the funnel-shaped magnet, it is drawn into the cavity and stops in the middle of the funnel-shaped magnet. And this proves that the described effect is associated with a special configuration of interacting magnetic fields.

For the convincing experience, we fix 3 funnel-shaped magnets so that the narrow part of the subsequent magnet almost completely entered the wide part of the previous funnel-shaped magnet (Fig. 2). If the cylindrical magnet is approached by the end part where the north pole N is located to the narrow part of the first funnel-shaped magnet, where the north pole N is located, then at the beginning at a distance of about 3 cm there will be a weak resistance.

If this resistance is overcome, then the cylindrical magnet is sharply and rapidly drawn into the cavity of the first. 2nd and 3rd funnel-shaped magnets, is thrown out from the wide part of the 3rd funnel-shaped magnet and continues its movement beyond the magnets.

This experience shows that the retracting force of the magnetic flux of the funnel-shaped magnet from its narrow end to the wide end is stronger than from the wide end to the narrow end. If these forces were equal in the central axial line of the funnel magnet, the movable cylindrical magnet could not overcome the resistance of the 2nd and 3rd funnel magnets and would be stuck in the cavity of the 2nd magnet.

When carrying out the same experiment, when the cylindrical magnet is on the contrary, is approached by the south pole to the wide end of the funnel-shaped magnet, where the south pole is also distributed, the cylindrical magnet is tightened into the cavity of the third magnet and gets stuck in the middle of the second funnel magnet.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to power engineering and electrical engineering, in particular to devices using energy of permanent magnets. It can be used as a drive with a wide range of power for environmentally friendly propulsors, generators.

The objective is achieved in that, in a magnetic motor comprising at least one movable and one stationary magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields advantageously along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable element in the path section, at least one of the magnetic elements in the region pole, which prevents the acceleration of motion of the movable element, has a region of attenuation of the interaction of the magnetic field near the trajectory of motion.

At the same time, the weakening of the interaction of the magnetic field in a given region is created by constructive spatial separation of at least one of the surfaces of the interacting magnetic elements along the direction of motion of the movable magnetic element in the direction to the pole preventing acceleration of motion.
The surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic elements has a portion of its surface being removed from the surface of the other element in the direction of travel, preferably to a portion of the pole creating a resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic element.

In another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises at least one movable and one fixed coaxial magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields advantageously along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable member in the path section.

Such a magnetic motor according to the invention is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are coaxial, at least one of the magnetic elements in the region of the pole preventing the acceleration of motion of the movable member has a region of attenuation of the interaction of the magnetic field near the path of motion.
The attenuation of the interaction of the magnetic field in this embodiment is achieved by the fact that the surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic elements has a portion of the distance of its surface from the surface of the other element in the direction of movement, predominantly to the pole portion that creates resistance to movement of the movable magnetic element.

In this case, the surface of the outer interacting coaxial magnetic elements has a portion of an axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the input surface in the direction of travel, preferably to a portion of the pole that creates resistance to movement of the movable magnetic element.

In addition to the foregoing, the surface of the inner of the interacting coaxial magnetic elements may have a portion of an axisymmetric narrowing of its surface from the front surface in a direction opposite to the direction of movement, preferably to the pole portion that creates resistance to movement of the movable magnetic member.

In yet another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises at least one movable and several stationary coaxial magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields with the movable element advantageously along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the movable member in the path section. The magnetic motor is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are coaxial, at least one of the magnetic elements in the region of the pole preventing the acceleration of the movement of the movable member has a magnetic field-interference-reduction portion near the path of motion, the fixed elements being aligned with the motion path of the movable member.

In this case, the surfaces of the outer co-axial magnetic elements interacting have sections of an axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the input surface in the direction of travel, mainly toward the end of the pole, which creates resistance to the motion of the movable magnetic element.

According to yet another improvement, the magnetic motor includes a series of movable and several fixed magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields with a movable element advantageously along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of movement of the movable element in the path section. The engine is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are coaxial, at least one of the magnetic elements in the region of the pole preventing the acceleration of movement of the movable member has a magnetic field-interference-reduction portion near the trajectory, the fixed elements being aligned with the moving path of the movable member, and Movable elements are connected along the axis of their movement.
In this case, the surface of the outer cooperating coaxial magnetic elements may have a portion of an axisymmetric expansion of its surface from the input surface in the direction of travel, preferably to a portion of the pole that creates resistance to movement of the movable magnetic element.

According to yet another improvement, the magnetic motor includes a series of movable and several fixed magnetic elements interacting with their magnetic fields with a movable element advantageously along their surfaces with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable element in the path section and is characterized in that the interacting magnetic elements are made coaxial, and each of the fixed magnetic elements in the region of the pole that prevents the acceleration of the motion of the movable element has a region weakened of the interaction of the magnetic field near the path of movement, the fixed elements installed on the circumference, and the movable members are interconnected at their motion trajectory circumferentially coinciding with a circumference installation of fixed elements.

In this embodiment, the inner surfaces of the fixed coaxial magnetic elements have areas of coaxial expansion of their surfaces from their input surfaces in the direction of travel, preferably to the regions of the poles creating resistance to the movement of the movable magnetic elements.

A further improvement consists in the fact that the movable magnetic elements are installed along the circumference and connected with the axis of rotation coinciding with the axis of the circle of the installation of the fixed elements, both circles coinciding and the fixed elements have longitudinal slits in the inner radial direction, the slit width being sufficient for the passage of the elements axial coupling of the movable elements.

The element of the axial connection of the movable elements can be made in the form of a disk.

Alternatively, the axial connection elements of the movable members are in the form of spokes.

For further improvement, coaxial electrical windings with winding, non-intersecting slots of fixed elements can be installed on the coaxial expansion areas.

In a particular embodiment, the magnetic motor comprises a movable member, for example in the form of a surface having the ability to rotate around a circle on which n-magnetic elements are fixed, which are arranged to interact with m-magnetic elements mounted immovably. Each of the magnetic elements in the group m or n is made in the form of a permanent magnet. One of the groups of magnetic elements (m or n) consists of magnetic elements, each of which is made with a through channel connecting the ends of this magnetic element and a flat slit connecting the outer surface of the magnetic element with the through channel along the entire length. The diameters of the through-hole apertures, the thickness of the walls of this magnetic element are chosen such that the effect of the volume density of the magnetic charge in the region of the through-hole outlet on the magnetic element moving through the through-channel would be less than the effect of the volume density of the magnetic charge in the region of the entrance hole of the through channel. Another group of magnetic elements includes magnetic elements, each of which is mounted in such a way that it is able to pass through the through channel of the magnetic element from the first group. Inside the through channel, at least one electric winding is arranged, the turns of which are laid in such a way that it does not overlap a flat slit connecting the entire length of the through channel with the outer surface of the magnetic element.

The principle of operation of the proposed engine will be shown on coaxial magnets. In one embodiment, the movable magnetic member can pass through the channel of the fixed magnetic element. In this case, the magnetic elements are permanent magnets. When a movable magnetic element passes through a through channel of a stationary magnetic element, their magnetic fields interact. Since the polarity of the poles of the magnetic elements at the moment when the moving magnetic element approaches the stationary magnetic element is opposite, the movable magnetic element is drawn into the cavity of the fixed magnetic element through the inlet opening. The mobile magnetic element, which is accelerated due to the interaction of magnetic fields at the entrance to the channel, continues to move along the channel by inertia and approaches the outlet of the channel. The polarity of this part of the magnetic element coincides with the polarity of the approaching part of the magnetic element. However, there is no sudden deceleration of the magnetic element. Structurally, this is ensured by the condition that the effect of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole on the outlet hole on the moving magnetic element was significantly less than the influence of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole on the inlet. This is due to the larger diameter of the outlet opening, compared to the diameter of the inlet. The mobile magnetic element exits the outlet of the channel of the magnetic element. Simultaneously, when moving the movable magnetic element through the through channel of the fixed magnetic element when placed along the path of the electric winding, and it can be induced by an electromotive force. The energy can be used for other purposes. Further, a series of similar stationary magnetic elements can be arranged along the movement path of the movable magnetic element. Fixed magnetic may be located along the ring, so that the axes of their internal channels form a closed line. The described process can be continuously repeated not only for one mobile magnetic element, but also for several mobile magnetic elements fixed on a ring or other rotor. When the voltage is applied from an independent source to the windings installed in the intervals between the fixed elements, it is possible to slow down, accelerate or stop the proposed motor.

Magnetic elements can be made, both in the form of permanent magnets, and in the form of electromagnets or their combinations along the trajectory of motion.

The polarity of the magnets and their mutual geometric orientation are determined from the condition of greatest efficiency. To establish the inertial balance, mobile magnets may contain additional weights or masses. Internal mobile magnets can be tubular with radial polarization.

Variants of the most effective design are listed below.

The proposed invention is illustrated by the attached graphic materials:

FIG. 1 shows a general view of the magnetic motor housing

MAGNETIC ENGINE

FIG. 2 shows the spatial arrangement of the proposed magnetic motor
(the upper part of the body is raised)

MAGNETIC ENGINE

FIG. 3 - top view, upper part of the body
Engine removed

FIG. 4 - section on А-А of the proposed magnetograms of the engine placed in the body

FIG. 5-top view, the upper part of the case is removed, the mutual arrangement of moving and stationary magnetic elements
(contour image)

FIG. 6 and Fig. 7 is an external view of a fixed magnetic element with a flat slit and an electric coil located inside the through channel of the fixed magnetic element

FIG. 8 - appearance of a stationary magnetic element without an electrical winding

FIG. 9 - the appearance of the electrical winding, the turns of which are laid in such a way that they do not overlap the flat slit connecting the through channel with the outer surface of the fixed element

FIG. 10 - fixed magnetic element with electric coil extracted
from the housing of the fixed magnetic element

FIG. 11-holder of a movable magnetic element

FIG. 12 - movable tubular magnetic element with radial polarization

FIG. 13 - movable magnetic element mounted on the holder

The proposed magnetic motor described below relates to one of the examples of the preferred embodiment of the invention. It is placed in a body made of two parts - the top 1 and the bottom 2. The body is provided with holes through which the shaft 3 passes (FIG. 1). Inside the hollow body, a rotor 4 is placed on a shaft 3. The holders 5 are rigidly fixed to the rotor 4 with magnetic elements 6, which are permanent magnets. Each magnetic element 6 is a slightly curved rod, the shape of which is best described as part of a body having a toroidal surface (FIG. 2). The magnetic elements 6 are located in the holders 5 in such a way that their polarity along the circumference, in the direction of travel, is the same (Fig. 3). The number of magnetic elements 6 can be increased. The rotor 4 is rotatably mounted together with the shaft 3 installed in the bearings 7 and 8 (FIG. 2). In the vertical plane of movement of the movable magnetic elements 6, coaxially with them, the magnetic elements 9 are fixedly fixed. Each magnetic element 9 is made in the form of two annular parts 10 and 11. These two annular parts 10 and 11 are parts of the body of the toroidal shape. They have different diameters and are conjugated to the element 12, which is part of the truncated cone (Figures 6 and 8). The stationary magnetic element 9 has a channel 13 inside the channel 13 with the inlet and outlet apertures 14 and 15 (Fig. 10), the diameter of the outlet 15 being greater than the diameter of the inlet 14. The diameters of these openings, the wall thickness of each fixed magnetic element, are selected such that the bulk density of the magnetic charge of the pole on which the outlet 15 is located, to the movable magnetic element 6 moving in the channel 13 was significantly less than the effect of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole with the inlet 14. The magnetic elements 9 are installed in such a way that their polarity with respect to the polarity of the magnetic elements 6 is of the opposite sign (Fig. 3).

As shown in Fig. 2, the magnetic elements 6 fixed in the holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4 can pass through the channel 13 of each fixed magnetic member 9. Since the magnetic elements 6 are fixed in the holders 5, to allow each magnetic element 6 to pass through the channel of each magnetic element 9 , a flat slit 16 is made on each magnetic element 9 (FIGS. 6, 7, 8). In the channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, at least one electric coil 17 is coaxially located (FIGS. 7, 9, 10). The leads of the electrical windings 17 of all the fixed magnetic elements 9 are connected to a common connector 18 (Fig. 1, 4). Each electric winding 17 is designed so that its turns do not overlap a flat slit 16 connecting the through channel 13 to the outer surface of the magnetic member 9 (Fig. 9, 10). This ensures the passage of the holder 5 and the magnetic element 6 through the channel of the magnetic element 9. As can be seen from Fig. 3, the fixed magnetic elements 9 and the movable magnetic elements 6 alternate are arranged one behind the other in the same moving plane. The upper part of the body 1 and the lower part of the body 2 are connected by means of fasteners passing through the holes 19 (FIGS. 2, 3, 4, 5) in the upper and lower parts of the body.

The proposed engine works as follows. As shown in Fig. 4, the magnetic elements 6 fixed in the holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4 can pass through the channel 13 of each fixed magnetic element 9. The magnetic elements 6 and 9 are permanent magnets. As the magnetic element 6 passes through the through channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, their magnetic fields interact. Since the polarity of the poles of the magnetic elements 6 and 9 is opposite when the movable magnetic element 6 approaches the stationary magnetic element 9, the movable magnetic element 6 is drawn into the cavity of the fixed magnetic element 9 through the inlet 14. The movable magnetic element 6, which is accelerated due to the interaction of magnetic fields at the entrance to the channel, continues to move along the channel 13 by inertia and approaches the outlet of the channel 15. The polarity of this part of the magnetic element 9 coincides with the polar Stu approaching portion of the magnetic member 6. However, sudden braking, the magnetic member 6 does not occur. The condition under which the influence of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole at the outlet 15, on the movable magnetic element 6 was significantly satisfied, in comparison with the influence of the volume density of the magnetic charge of the pole on the inlet 14. This is provided by a larger diameter of the outlet opening 15 , in comparison with the diameter of the inlet. The magnetic element 6 exits from the outlet 15 of the channel of the magnetic element 9.

In this case, the direction of motion can be the opposite. The principle of operation does not vary from the order of alternation of attraction and repulsion, and efficiency is determined mainly by the relative geometry of the magnetic elements. Simultaneously, when the magnetic element 6 is moved through the through channel 13 of the magnetic element 9, an electromotive force is induced in the electric winding 17. The energy can be used for other purposes.

The subsequent movement of the rotor 4 together with the magnetic element 6 allows the magnetic element 6 to approach the next stationary magnetic element 9. The described process is continuously repeated not only for the described movable magnetic element 6 but also for each magnetic element 6 of the same fixed, on the rotor 4. When a voltage is supplied from an independent source to the windings 17, the proposed motor can be stopped or accelerated.

The magnetic motor housing can be made in a sealed embodiment when the rotor shaft does not exit from the motor housing, and air is pumped out of the inner cavity of the housing to reduce resistance to the rotating masses.

The mobile magnetic element can be made not in the form of a uniform rod having poles at its ends, but also, for example, in the form of an expanded hollow front part representing one of the poles of a magnet connected to a narrow rod that is the other pole of the magnet. With the radial polarization of the tubular magnet, an alternating attraction-repulsive force occurs, the repulsion phase being attenuated by the geometric expansion of the opposing pole, and the motion continues due to inertia or additional electromagnetic excitation.

It should be understood that possible changes and modifications of the invention are apparent to those skilled in the art.

Thus, it is possible to implement the proposed engine with one movable magnetic element and n-fixed magnetic elements. It is possible to use m-mobile magnetic elements with one fixed magnetic element and the like.
Another use of the invention is the possibility of using it in the form of multi-sectional designs, each section of which includes its own rotor with fixed magnetic elements interacting with fixed magnetic elements.

print version
Author: Ertay Shintekov
PS The material is protected.
Date of publication 23.12.2006гг