Cool color matching cheat sheet
Color is a qualitative subjective characteristic of electromagnetic radiation in the optical range, determined on the basis of the emerging physiological visual sensation and depending on a number of physical, physiological and psychological factors. The perception of color is determined by the individuality of the person, as well as the spectral composition, color and brightness contrast with the surrounding light sources, as well as non-luminous objects. Such phenomena as metamerism, individual hereditary features of the human eye (the degree of expression of polymorphic visual pigments), and the psyche are very important.
In simple terms, color is a sensation a person receives when light beams in his eye. A stream of light with the same spectral composition will cause different sensations for different people due to the fact that they have different perceptual characteristics of the eye, and for each of them the color will be different. It follows that the debate, “what color is really”, is meaningless - only the measurement of what is “actually” the composition of the radiation makes sense.
The right combination of colors is one of the most important components of your image and stylish, holistic interior. That is why we decided to share a cheat sheet, with which you definitely will not miss the selection of colors for choosing clothes or designing your perfect apartment.
The color scheme consists of 12 basic colors. Three main (primary), three composite and six third order. In the color scheme, these groups are located at equal distances from each other.
The BASIC colors are red, blue and yellow: because they cannot be obtained by mixing other colors.
COMPOSITE colors (green, orange, purple) are obtained by mixing two primary colors: blue and yellow give - green; red and yellow - orange; blue and red are purple.
Tertiary (third-order colors) are obtained by mixing the primary and composite colors: red-violet, yellow-orange, blue-green, blue-violet, yellow-green and red-orange.
ADDITIONAL colors in the color wheel are strictly opposite each other and when mixed give neutral colors.
Pure and vibrant colors are located in the wide central ring of the color wheel (numbers 4, 12, 20, 28, 36, 44, 52, 60, 68, 76, 84, and 92).
In the four inner rings are shades of the original color with the addition of different amounts of white, and in the three outer ones with the addition of black.
The selection of colors is a fairly responsible occupation. The combination of colors in design has always been the main of the main tasks (be sure to attach importance to color combinations, this is important)!
The color scheme should not strain or unnerve, but, on the contrary, return the harmony spent during the day. The choice of color scheme begins with the decision of what you still want from the color design (product or decor). Only in this way you can choose the best combination of colors.
But how to use the color wheel? Yes, everything is very simple. There are several rules for choosing colors, following which you can easily choose color combinations for interior design without much difficulty. Consider them.
Scheme No. 1. Complementary combination
Complementary, or complementary, contrasting are colors that are located on opposite sides of Itten's color wheel. Their combination looks very lively and energetic, especially at maximum color saturation.
Scheme number 2. Triad - a combination of 3 colors
A combination of 3 colors lying at the same distance from each other. Provides high contrast while maintaining harmony. This composition looks quite lively even when using pale and unsaturated colors.
Scheme No. 3. A similar combination
A combination of 2 to 5 colors located next to each other on a color wheel (ideally, 2-3 colors). Impression: calm, relaxing. An example of a combination of similar muted colors: yellow-orange, yellow, yellow-green, green, blue-green.
Scheme No. 4. Separately complementary combination
A variant of a complimentary combination of colors, only the colors adjacent to it are used instead of the opposite color. The combination of the primary color and two additional. This circuit looks almost as contrasting, but not so intense. If you are not sure that you can use complementary combinations correctly, use separately-complementary combinations.
Scheme number 5. Tetrada - a combination of 4 colors
A color scheme where one color is the primary, two are complementary, and another emphasizes. Example: blue-green, blue-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange.
Scheme number 6. Square
A combination of 4 colors equidistant from each other. The colors here are dissimilar in tone, but also complementary. Due to this, the image will be dynamic, playful and vibrant. Example: purple, red-orange, yellow, blue-green.
Combinations of individual colors
- White: goes with everything. The best combination with blue, red and black.
- Beige: with blue, brown, emerald, black, red, white.
- Gray: with fuchsia, red, purple, pink, blue.
- Pink: with brown, white, mint green, olive, gray, turquoise, pale blue.
- Fuchsia (dark pink): with gray, tan, lime, mint, brown.
- Red: with yellow, white, brown, green, blue and black.
- Tomato red: blue, mint green, sandy, creamy white, gray.
- Cherry red: azure, gray, light orange, sand, pale yellow, beige.
- Raspberry red: white, black, the color of a damask rose.
- Brown: bright blue, cream, pink, fawn, green, beige.
- Light brown: pale yellow, cream white, blue, green, purple, red.
- Dark brown: lemon yellow, blue, mint green, purple pink, lime color.
- Reddish brown: pink, dark brown, blue, green, purple.
- Orange: cyan, blue, lilac, violet, white, black.
- Light orange: gray, brown, olive.
- Dark orange: pale yellow, olive, brown, cherry.
- Yellow: blue, purple, light blue, purple, gray, black.
- Lemon yellow: cherry red, brown, blue, gray.
- Pale yellow: fuchsia, gray, brown, shades of red, tan, blue, purple.
- Golden yellow: gray, brown, azure, red, black.
- Olive: orange, light brown, brown.
- Green: golden brown, orange, green, yellow, brown, gray, cream, black, creamy white.
- Light green: brown, tawny, fawn, gray, navy blue, red, gray.
- Turquoise: fuchsia, cherry red, yellow, brown, cream, dark purple.
- An electrician is beautiful in combination with golden yellow, brown, light brown, gray or silver.
- Blue: red, gray, brown, orange, pink, white, yellow.
- Dark blue: light purple, blue, yellowish green, brown, gray, pale yellow, orange, green, red, white.
- Purple: orange, pink, dark purple, olive, gray, yellow, white.
- Dark violet: golden brown, pale yellow, gray, turquoise, mint green, light orange.
- Black is universal , elegant, looks in all combinations, best with orange, pink, lettuce, white, red, lilac or yellow.