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The rarest and most expensive stamps of the USSR

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

A postage stamp is a special sign of postal payment, issued and sold by national (and other) postal authorities and possessing a certain nominal value (face value). It serves to facilitate fees for sending items (items) carried by mail. Franking with this sign, that is, marking the shipment (sticking stamps on it), indicates the fact of payment for the services of the postal department (first of all - sending and delivering correspondence: letters, postcards, etc.). Since postage stamps are intended for franking letters, they are also called ex-stamps. Typically, a stamp is a small piece of paper, mostly rectangular in shape, usually with perforation and glue applied on the reverse side. In addition to the denomination, the stamps may indicate the name of the postal administration that issued them; often it depicts various symbols, decorative elements and drawings. Postage stamps are collectable (Philately).

It is known that the first postage stamp in Russia was issued on December 22, 1857. The first stamp was toothless, since the punching machine issued from Vienna came late and needed adjustment. The appearance of the stamp was invented by the senior engraver of the Expedition of State Papers Frants Franz Kepler. It depicted postal horns above which stood the emblem of the Russian Empire, and the inscription: “10 kopecks. for the lot. One lot was equal to fourteen grams of letters. If the envelope weighed more, then the stamps, respectively, needed to be purchased more.

This article is about rare stamps issued at one time in the Soviet Union, which today cost a lot of money.

The drawing of the first state brand of Russia in various modifications was popular until 1923. Further, the postage stamps of the Russian Empire replaced the stamps of the USSR. Some of them today are very, very expensive, representing a philatelic rarity.

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"Tiflis unique"

«Тифлисская уника» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The Tiflis Mark is a very rare postage stamp issued in the Russian Empire for the city mail of Tiflis (now Tbilisi) and Kojori in 1857. The release date and symbols allow us to speak of the “Tiflis Unik” as the first Russian brand.

Par - 6 cents. The figure shows the coat of arms of Tiflis, and above it is a double-headed eagle with wings lowered.

Before World War I, only three specimens were found. On October 5, 2008, at the largest philatelic auction, David Feldman, one of the three copies of the “Tiflis Unika” known in the world at the time, which previously belonged to Zbignev Mikulsky, was sold for 480,000 euros.

According to data from the official website of the National Academy of Philately of Russia, only five copies of the unique brand are currently known in the world.

"Levanevsky with overprint"

«Леваневский с надпечаткой» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“Levanevsky with an overprint” is the philatelic name of the USSR airmail stamp with a portrait of the pilot Levanevsky and an overprint released by a limited edition in honor of the interrupted flight Moscow - North Pole - San Francisco (USA).

There are rare varieties of this brand - with a lowercase letter "f" in the word "San Francisco" - five marks in a sheet (one row) with an inverted overprint (presumably one leaf) and an inverted overprint with a lowercase letter "f" (supposedly five pieces).

The overprinted stamp was issued by the People's Commissar for August 3, 1935 to the scheduled flight of Sigismund Levanevsky, Georgy Baidukov and Vasily Levchenko on ANT-25 aircraft on the Moscow-North Pole-San Francisco route and was intended to pay for mail on this plane. On that day, an attempt was made to fly over a distance of 2 thousand kilometers, but it was interrupted due to a motor malfunction.

According to some information, an overturned overprint was made on several stamp sheets on the special instructions of the Commissar of Internal Affairs Heinrich Yagoda, who was known as a philatelist.

According to the available data, “Levanevsky with an overprint” of good quality in 1995 cost $ 150, with a lowercase “f” - $ 250, with a “inverter” - $ 5000, with a lowercase “f” on the “inversion” - $ 15,000. In 2003, "Levanevsky with a good quality overprint, it was already worth $ 350-400, with a lowercase “f” - $ 500-600, with a “overdrive” - $ 10,000, with a lowercase “f” on a “overdrive” - $ 40,000–50,000.

In 2008, a brand with an error was sold at Cherrystone auction in New York for $ 525,000.

"A hand with a sword that cuts the chain"

«Рука с мечом, разрубающая цепь» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"The hand with the sword, cutting the chain" - the first postage stamp of the RSFSR. It was released on October 25 (November 7), 1918.

A hand with a sword cuts the chain against the background of the sun's rays, and on top is the inscription: “Russia”. The brand exists in two colors: in blue (par value of 35 kopecks) and in dark brown (75 kopecks).

The stamp is made by request of the Provisional Government. The basis was taken from one of three specially painted miniatures of Richard Zarinyš.

"Hand with a sword" did not receive a wide appeal. That is why slaked marks are much rarer than pure ones.

The essay of 1918 of the first postage stamp of the RSFSR "A hand with a sword that cuts the chain" with a face value of 1 kopek, which was never released, is estimated at 12.5 thousand dollars.

"Three Pearls"

«Три жемчужины» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Postage stamps of the Russian Empire of the 17th edition. It was made in 1908 to replace postal signs of 1889-1905.

It received its name from three “pearls” (circles) instead of four that were supposed to be located on the left and right sides between the frame indicating the denomination and the ornament that frames the central oval of the emblem.

Consular Fifty

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“Consular” stamps refer to the series of RSFSR airmail service stamps. In 1922, after the formation of the Russian-German society of air communications "Deruluft", the first international flight of the RSFSR Moscow-Königsberg was opened. Although the company's airplanes delivered only diplomatic mail, its charter provided for the possibility of sending private paid correspondence, paid when sent from Moscow by Soviet marks, and when sent from Germany - by German ones.

The stamps were supposed to be used as postal ones for franking official correspondence of the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR and other Soviet organizations sent by air mail to Moscow. Since this issue was carried out without the consent of the People's Commissar of the RSFSR, the initiative of the diplomatic mission did not receive approval in Moscow and, shortly after arriving in the capital of the first flight by mail, an order was issued to withdraw stamps from circulation and circulation was requested to Moscow.

“Consular fifty-kopeks” is a mark of the consular duty of 50 kopeks with the overprint “Air mail RSFSR 1200 germs stamps. " This is one of the rarest postage stamps of the RSFSR, its approximate circulation of 50-75 copies. One such brand was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone for $ 63,250.


«Лимонка» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"Lemon" is the USSR postage stamp from the first standard edition, which was issued in 1925. In the form of a quicklime is a rather rare USSR postage stamp. Known to hundreds of copies.

In the manufacture of the brand, the punching machine became unusable, while the rest of the nominal values ​​were printed in full. In order not to disrupt the delivery of postage stamps, the leadership of Goznak decided to send this batch on time, without waiting for the 15-mark stamp to be printed. Due to the fact that the circulation of “Limonka” was very small, and this issue was intended for shipment to remote regions of the USSR, in which there were very few philatelists, almost all 15-kopeck stamps were used for their intended purpose, that is, redeemed by mail. The cost of the brand is 15-20 thousand dollars.

"Dark slate blue airship"

«Аспидно-синий дирижабль» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“ASP” - as philatelists call the rare airmail stamp from the series “Dirigible building in the USSR”. On it, the artist Vasily Zavyalov depicted the airship above the globe. The stamp was issued in May 1931 with a nominal value of 50 kopecks.

According to the project, it was supposed to be dark brown. However, part of the circulation - three thousand copies - printed in black and blue (slate) paint.

The rarest “Aidelift” - in a serrated version. It is known that these brands - only 24 pieces.

"Be a hero!"

«Будь героем!» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

A postage stamp based on V.Poretsky's photo poster and dedicated to the Great Patriotic War was released on August 12, 1941. It is considered a rarity, since during the war years a significant part of the circulation died in a warehouse during one of the bombings of Moscow.

By order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR, the brand is included in the list of rare postage stamps and blocks that cannot be exported (shipped) from the USSR.

"250 years of historic victory in Poltava"

«250 лет исторической Полтавской победы» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Unreleased postage stamp USSR 1959. On a stamp with a nominal value of 40 kopecks, the captured Swedish troops led by Prime Minister Karl Pieper and field marshals put flags in front of Peter I. The stamp’s circulation was already made and ready for release, but at that time diplomatic relations with Sweden became more active. After the visit of the Prime Minister of Sweden Erlander to the USSR, a return visit of Khrushchev to Sweden was planned. On the eve of this meeting, they decided to destroy the circulation in order not to offend new partners by focusing on such an unpleasant event for them as a defeat in the Battle of Poltava.

Officially, a postage stamp was sold for several minutes, after which the circulation was seized and destroyed. Preserved 40 marks. It is known that they cost about 10-20 thousand dollars.

"Flight of Peace and Friendship"

«Рейс мира и дружбы» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"Flight of Peace and Friendship" to Denmark, Sweden and Norway ". Mail USSR 1964 4kop. It is rare because the brand was not released because the planned visit of Khrushchev to Sweden did not take place.

A copy of the brand, got to the collectors, was sold in 2008 at the auction "Cherrystone" for $ 28,750.

"Blue gymnast"

«Голубая гимнастка» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The brand, known as the "Blue Gymnast", was released on the 40th anniversary of the Soviet circus. But she did not go into circulation because of disagreements, what year should be considered the year when the circus was founded: 1920-1921 or 1934. Many years later they decided to set the date - 1919. Therefore, the brand was released only for the 60th anniversary of the circus in 1979. A copy of the unreleased, but got to collectors brand was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone auction for $ 13,800.

"Transcarpathian Ukraine"

«Закарпатская Украина» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

A rare postage stamp dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the reunification of the Transcarpathian Ukraine with the Soviet Ukraine. Mail USSR 1965 4kop.

A copy of the unreleased, but got to collectors brand was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone for $ 29,900.

"Study of the Aurora Borealis"

«Изучение полярных сияний» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The International Geophysical Year, which took place from July 1, 1957 to December 31, 1958, provoked a certain philatelic interest in the world. The post office of many dozens of states has unanimously responded to the global scientific action. More than a hundred postage stamps were published. The USSR Post noted the IGY, releasing two interesting series.

A pair of 40-kopeck postage stamps of the USSR in 1958. The Study of Auroras from the International Geophysical Year series, in a rare variety with linear perforation, was sold at auction for $ 14,500.


Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Also among the philatelic rarities can be noted the quick 7-kopeck blue stamp of the USSR in 1925, which was sold for $ 18,500, the quick USSR stamp with the portrait of Mendeleev from the issue “Scientists of our Motherland”, estimated at $ 11,500, as well as a vertical toothless coupler of 1937 USSR stamps with par values ​​of 40 and 50 kopecks from the series issued on the centenary of Pushkin’s death. Her auction price was $ 9,500.

“Carton” with overprint - $ 766,250

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The carton is the philatelic name of the souvenir block (souvenir sheet), which was issued in an edition of 500 copies for the First All-Union Philatelic Exhibition in Moscow in 1932 and was sent to those invited to the opening of the exhibition with invitation cards. Its name "Carton" was due to the fact that it was printed on very thick paper. On 25 blocks an overprint was made to the “Best Drummer of the All-Russian Society of Philatelists”, and on three blocks there was also an additional nominal overprint. One of these three nominal blocks (the only surviving one), presented to the Chairman of the Presidium of the Moscow Society of Philatelists EM Nurkas, was sold at an auction in October 2008 for the indicated amount.

Airmail 5 rubles. 1923 - $ 86,250

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The first series of airmail stamps of the USSR was made in 1923 and included 4 stamps with the same image of the Fokker F-111 flying aircraft of different colors with face values ​​from 1 to 10 rubles. But the series did not enter circulation because the air traffic was suspended for winter time. Only in the spring of the following year, after the revaluation and overprinting of new face values ​​of the brand appeared in circulation. One sheet of the five-ruble of 25 turned out to be with a slight difference: the number “5” turned out to be noticeably wider and lower than on the rest of the draw. According to the Lyapin catalog, less than 50 copies of this rarity are preserved on white and on yellowish paper. It was just such a 5 ruble with a “fat” five that was sold in September 2008 for 86 and a quarter thousand dollars.

Block "The First All-Union Congress of Architects" in 1937 without text - $ 40,250

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

A series of eight brands “Architecture of New Moscow” was put into circulation on June 16, 1937 and was timed to the opening of the First All-Union Congress of Architects in Moscow. At the same time, the 84,000th print run produced a notched block of four 40-kopeck stamps (with the project of the Palace of Soviets) with the inscription “The First All-Union Congress of Architects. Moscow-1937 "in the fields. At the same time, a small number of blocks appeared without this very inscription, and here they are very rare. Just such a block without text from the Morozov collection was sold at auction from October 2008 for $ 40,250.

International Polar Year 1932 - $ 37,375

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Avia - postage stamps of the USSR “2nd International Polar Year” with a nominal value of 50 kopecks. and 1 rub. with the image of the map of the North Polar Basin, the icebreaker and the aircraft on the left, were released in 1932 and were intended for the franking of air correspondence on the route Franz Josef Land - Arkhangelsk. The main print run of 50 kopecks is made with a linear perforation of 12.25. But a small part of the circulation was perforated 10.5. Such a copy and fell into the ranks of philatelic rarities.

A sheet of 25 stamps of the RSFSR in 1922 (toothless, with an error, 70 rubles) - $ 110,000

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР