This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

The rarest and most expensive stamps of the USSR

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Postage stamp is a special sign of postal payment issued and sold by national (and other) postal departments and having a certain nominal value (nominal). Serves to facilitate fees for sending items (items) by mail. Franking with this sign, that is, marking the shipment (stamped on it), indicates the fact of payment for the services of the postal agency (first of all - forwarding and delivery of correspondence: letters, postcards, etc.). Since postage stamps are intended for franking letters, they are also called ex-stamps. Typically, a stamp is a piece of paper of a small size, mainly rectangular in shape, usually with serration and glue applied to the back. In addition to the face value, the stamps may indicate the name of the postal administration that issued them; it often depicts various symbols, decorative elements and drawings. Postage stamps are collectibles (Philately).

It is known that the first postage stamp in Russia was published on December 22, 1857. The first stamp was toothless, since the perforating machine that was discharged from Vienna arrived late and needed to be adjusted. The appearance of the brand was invented by the senior engraver of the Expedition for the Preparation of Government Securities, Franz Mikhailovich Kepler. It depicted postal horns, over which the emblem of the Russian Empire towered, and the inscription: “10 kopecks. per lot. " One lot was equal to fourteen grams of the letter. If the envelope weighed more, then the stamps, respectively, needed to be purchased more.

This article is about rare stamps issued at one time in the Soviet Union, which today cost a lot of money.

The drawing of the first state brand of Russia in various modifications was popular until 1923. Further, the postage stamps of the Russian Empire were replaced by USSR stamps. Some of them today are very, very expensive, representing a philatelic rarity.

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"Tiflis is unique"

«Тифлисская уника» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“Tiflis stamp” is a very rare postage stamp issued in the Russian Empire for the city post office of Tiflis (now Tbilisi) and Kojori in 1857. The release date and symbolism make it possible to speak of “Tiflis Unique” as the first Russian brand.

Denomination - 6 kopecks. The figure shows the coat of arms of Tiflis, and above it is a two-headed eagle with wings down.

Before World War I, only three copies were found. On October 5, 2008, at the largest philatelic auction David Feldman, one of the three copies of the Tiflis Unique known in the world at that time, previously owned by Zbigniew Mikulsky, was sold for 480 thousand euros.

According to the official website of the National Academy of Philately of Russia, in the world at the moment, only five copies of a unique brand are known.

"Levanevsky with an overprint"

«Леваневский с надпечаткой» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“Levanevsky with an overprint” is the philatelic name of the USSR airmail stamp with a portrait of the pilot Levanevsky and an overprint issued in a limited edition in honor of the interrupted flight Moscow - North Pole - San Francisco (USA).

There are rare varieties of this brand - with the lowercase letter "f" in the word "San Francisco" - five stamps in a sheet (one row) with an inverted overprint (presumably one sheet) and an inverted overprint with a lowercase letter "f" (presumably five pieces).

The stamp with an overprint was issued by the People’s Commissar on August 3, 1935 to the planned flight of Sigismund Levanevsky, Georgy Baidukov and Vasily Levchenko on the ANT-25 aircraft on the route Moscow - North Pole - San Francisco and was intended to pay for mail on this plane. On that day, an attempt was actually made to fly over a distance of 2 thousand kilometers, however, it was interrupted due to a motor malfunction.

According to some reports, an inverted overprint was made on several stamp sheets according to the special order of the People's Commissar of the Interior, Heinrich Yagoda, who was known as a philatelist.

According to reports, “Levanevsky with an overprint” of good quality in 1995 cost $ 150, with a lowercase “f” - $ 250, with a “flip” - $ 5000, with a lowercase “f” on “flip” - $ 15,000. In 2003, “Levanevsky with an overprint "of good quality, it already cost $ 350-400, with a lowercase" f "- $ 500-600, with a" flip "- $ 10,000, with a lowercase" f "on a" flip "- $ 40,000-50,000.

In 2008, the brand was mistakenly sold at Cherrystone auction in New York for $ 525,000.

"Hand with a sword, cutting a chain"

«Рука с мечом, разрубающая цепь» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"Hand with a sword, cutting the chain" - the first postage stamp of the RSFSR. It was released on October 25 (November 7), 1918.

A hand with a sword cuts a chain against the background of sunlight, and the inscription: "Rossiya" on top. The brand exists in two colors: in blue (face value 35 kopecks) and in dark brown (75 kopecks).

The stamp was commissioned by the Provisional Government. One of three specially drawn miniatures of Richard Zarinysh was taken as the basis.

"Hand with a sword" did not receive widespread mail circulation. And because the canceled stamps are much less common than clean.

An essay in 1918 of the first postage stamp of the RSFSR "Hand with a sword, cutting a chain" with a face value of 1 kopeck, which was never issued, is estimated at 12.5 thousand dollars.

"Three pearls"

«Три жемчужины» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Postage stamp of the Russian Empire of the 17th issue. It was made in 1908 to replace the postage signs of 1889-1905.

It got its name in three “pearls” (circles) instead of the four that were supposed to be located on the left and right sides between the frame with the face value and the ornament, which frames the central oval of the coat of arms.

Consular fifty dollars

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“Consular” stamps are a series of official airmail stamps of the RSFSR. In 1922, after the formation of the Deruluft Russian-German Air Transport Society, the first Moscow-Königsberg international air line in the RSFSR was opened. Although the company's airplanes delivered only diplomatic mail, its charter provided for the possibility of forwarding and private paid correspondence, paid when sending from Moscow with Soviet stamps, and when sending from Germany - German.

Stamps were supposed to be used as postage stamps for franking official correspondence of the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR and other Soviet organizations sent by air to Moscow. Since this issue was carried out without the consent of the People’s Commissar of the RSFSR, the initiative of the diplomatic mission was not approved in Moscow and, shortly after arriving in the capital for the first flight with mail, an order was issued to withdraw stamps from circulation, and a circulation was requested in Moscow.

"Consular fifty dollars" is a consular duty stamp with a face value of 50 kopecks with an overprint of "Air Mail R.S.F.S.R. 1200 germ. brands ”. This is one of the rarest postage stamps of the RSFSR, its estimated circulation of 50-75 copies. One such brand was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone auction for $ 63,250.


«Лимонка» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

"Limonka" is a USSR postage stamp from the first standard issue, which was issued in 1925. In quick form is a fairly rare postage stamp of the USSR. Up to hundreds of copies are known.

In the manufacture of the brand, the punching machine fell into disrepair, while the remaining values ​​were printed in full. In order not to disrupt the supply of postage stamps, the Goznak leadership decided to send this shipment on time, without waiting for the reprinting of the 15 kopek stamp. Due to the fact that the Limonka print run turned out to be very small, and this issue was intended to be sent to remote regions of the USSR, in which there were very few philatelists, almost all 15 kopek stamps were used for their intended purpose, that is, redeemed by mail. The cost of the brand is 15-20 thousand dollars.

"Aspid blue airship"

«Аспидно-синий дирижабль» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

“Aspidka” - this is what philatelists call a rare airmail stamp from the series “Airship building in the USSR”. On it, the artist Vasily Zavyalov depicted an airship over the globe. The brand was issued in May 1931 with a face value of 50 kopecks.

According to the project, it was supposed to be dark brown. However, part of the print run - three thousand copies - was printed in black and blue (aspid) ink.

The rarest "Aspidka" - in the toothless version. It is known that there are only 24 such brands.

"Be a hero!"

«Будь героем!» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The postage stamp, created based on the photo poster of V. Koretsky and dedicated to the Great Patriotic War, was issued on August 12, 1941. It is considered rare, since during the war years a significant part of the circulation was lost at the warehouse during one of the bombing of Moscow.

By order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR, the stamp was included in the list of rare postage stamps and blocks not subject to export (transfer) from the USSR.

"250 years of historical Poltava victory"

«250 лет исторической Полтавской победы» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Unreleased USSR postage stamp 1959. On a stamp with a nominal value of 40 kopecks, the captured Swedish troops, led by Prime Minister Karl Pieper and field marshals, put flags in front of Peter I. The stamp was already printed and ready for release, but diplomatic relations with Sweden intensified at that time. After the visit of Swedish Prime Minister Erlander to the USSR, Khrushchev planned a return visit to Sweden. In anticipation of this meeting, they decided to destroy the print run so as not to offend new partners by focusing on such an unpleasant event as the defeat in the Battle of Poltava.

Officially, the postage stamp was sold for several minutes, after which the circulation was seized and destroyed. Forty brands have been preserved. It is known that they cost about 10-20 thousand dollars.

“Flight of Peace and Friendship”

«Рейс мира и дружбы» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Peace and Friendship Flight to Denmark, Sweden and Norway. ” USSR Post 1964 4kop. It is rare because the brand was not issued because Khrushchev's planned visit to Sweden did not take place.

A copy of the brand that came to collectors was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone auction for $ 28,750.

"Blue gymnast"

«Голубая гимнастка» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The brand, known as the Blue Gymnast, was launched on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Soviet circus. But she didn’t go into circulation because of disagreements about which year should be considered the year the circus was founded: 1920-1921 or 1934. Many years later they decided to set the date to 1919. Therefore, the brand was released only for the 60th anniversary of the circus in 1979. A copy of the unreleased, but got to the collectors brand was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone auction for $ 13,800.

Transcarpathian Ukraine

«Закарпатская Украина» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

A rare postage stamp dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the reunification of Transcarpathian Ukraine with Soviet Ukraine. Mail USSR 1965 4kop.

A copy of the unreleased, but got to the collectors brand was sold in 2008 at Cherrystone auction for $ 29,900.

"The study of auroras"

«Изучение полярных сияний» Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The international geophysical year, which passed from July 1, 1957 to December 31, 1958, provoked a certain philatelic interest in the world. The postal departments of many dozens of states unanimously responded to the global scientific action. Over a hundred postage stamps have been issued. The USSR Post celebrated the IGY, releasing two interesting series.

A pair of 40-kopeck postage stamps of the USSR in 1958, "The Study of Auroras" from the series "International Geophysical Year", in a rare variety with linear perforation, was auctioned for $ 14,500.


Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Among philatelic rarities, one can note the quick blue 10-kopeck stamp of the USSR in 1925, which was sold for $ 18,500, the quick postage stamp of the USSR with a portrait of Mendeleev from the issue “Scientists of Our Homeland” estimated at $ 11,500, as well as a vertical toothless coupling stamps of the USSR in 1937 with a face value of 40 and 50 kopecks from a series issued to the centenary of the death of Pushkin. Her auction price was $ 9,500.

"Cardboard" with an overprint - $ 766,250

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Cardboard is the philatelic name of the souvenir block (souvenir sheet), which was published in a circulation of 500 copies for the First All-Union Philatelic Exhibition in Moscow in 1932 and sent out by invitation to the opening of the exhibition. The name “Cardboard” received due to the fact that it is printed on very thick paper. Over 25 blocks were overprinted with “The Best Drummer of the All-Russian Society of Philatelists”, and three overprinted with an additional inscribed overprint. One of these three registered blocks (the only one preserved) handed to the Chairman of the Presidium of the Moscow Society of Philatelists E.M. Nurkas and was sold at an auction in October 2008 for the indicated amount.

Airmail 5 rub. 1923 - $ 86,250

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

The first series of USSR airmail stamps was made in 1923 and included 4 stamps with the same image of a Fokker F-111 flying airplane of different colors with values ​​from 1 to 10 rubles. But the series was not received, since the air traffic was suspended for the winter. Only in the spring of the following year, after reassessment and overprint of the new denominations, did the brand appear in circulation. One sheet of five-ruble out of 25 turned out to be with a slight difference: the number "5" was noticeably wider and lower than in the rest of the print run. According to Lyapin's catalog, less than 50 copies of this rarity are preserved on white and yellowish paper. It was such a 5 ruble with a "fat" five that was sold in September 2008 for 86 and a quarter thousand dollars.

Block "The First All-Union Congress of Architects" 1937 without text - $ 40,250

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

A series of eight brands “Architecture of the New Moscow” was put into circulation on June 16, 1937 and was timed to coincide with the opening of the First All-Union Congress of Architects in Moscow. At the same time, a toothless block was made out of four 40-kopeck stamps (with a draft of the Palace of Soviets) with the inscription “The First All-Union Congress of Architects. Moscow-1937 ”in the fields. At the same time, a small number of blocks appeared without this very inscription, and now they are very rare. Just such a block without text from the Morozov collection was sold at auction since October 2008 for $ 40,250.

International Polar Year of 1932 - $ 37,375

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР

Air - stamps of the USSR "2nd International Polar Year" with a face value of 50 kopecks. and 1 rub. depicting a map of the Northern Polar Basin in the center, an icebreaker and an airplane on the left, were issued in 1932 and were intended for franking air correspondence along the Franz Josef Land - Arkhangelsk route. The main circulation of 50 kopecks is made with linear perforation of 12.25. But a small part of the circulation turned out to be with a perforation of 10.5. Such an instance fell into the ranks of philatelic rarities.

Sheet of 25 stamps of the RSFSR of 1922 (toothless, with an error, 70 rubles) - $ 110,000

Самые редкие и дорогие марки СССР