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A visual guide for those who want to understand architecture

 - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

An illustrative guide on the example of a photo, for those who wanted to understand architecture.

When traveling around the world or just walking, our eyes fall and linger on beautiful architectural structures or decorations. Bay window, Shirinka, Rotunda, Spaniel, Portico, Portal, Curb, Pilaster, Buttress, Stacked column, Capital, Zakomara, Crest, Garland, Gallery (culinary estate), Volyuta, Belvedere, Balusters, Balustrade, Attik, Antablement, all this can be considered for hours they are impeccable.

So that the next time you can easily distinguish a balustrade from a baluster, we made a simple and understandable guide to the main architectural terms and forms.

Dictionary of architectural terms (materials used: "Architectural and Construction Dictionary" by V. S. Poplavsky and other sources.)

Entablature

Антаблемент - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The upper horizontal part of the structure, usually lying on columns. The entablature will be divided into the bearing part - the architrave - on the frieze resting on it and the crowning part - the cornice.

Attic

Аттик - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A wall erected over the cornice crowning the architectural structure.

Balustrade

Балюстрада - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A low fence of stairs, terraces and balconies, consisting of a number of curly columns (balusters) connected by a railing from above.

Balusters

Балясины - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Low curly columns (sometimes with carved decor) supporting the railing of the balconies and stairs.

Gazebo

Бельведер - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The superstructure above the building is usually round in plan.

Volute

Волюта - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

An architectural detail in the form of a spiral curl with a circle (“eye”) in the center, typical of the Baroque style.

Gallery (culinary estate)

Галерея (гульбище) - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A long, covered, bright room adjacent to the wall of the building. One of the walls of the gallery is replaced by columns, poles or balustrades adjacent to the wall of the building.

Garland

Гирлянда - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

An ornamental motif of wave-like hanging leaves, flowers, ribbons, etc., characteristic of Baroque.

Crest

Гребень - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Curly curls adorning the top of the wall.

Zakomara

Закомара - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The semicircular completion of the wall section, covering the adjacent inner arch.

Capital

Капитель - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The upper part of the column or pilasters of various shapes.

Buttress

Контрфорс - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Stone or concrete vertical ledge (rib), reinforcing the outer wall.

Stacking column

Наборная колонка - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A decorative column made up of small carved elements.

Pilaster

Пилястра - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Flat vertical ledge on the wall surface.

Curb

Поребрик - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Type of brickwork, in which one row of bricks is laid at an angle to the outer surface of the wall.

Portal

Портал - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Architecturally decorated entrance to the building.

Portico

 - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A characteristic element of buildings built in the style of classicism: a series of columns placed in front of the facade of the building.

Spin

Прясло - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A section of wall between two pilasters.

Rotunda

Ротонда - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A sectional structure, usually crowned by a dome. The rotunda often completes the central part of the building in the classicist style.

Fly

Ширинка - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Decorative decoration in the form of a rectangular recess, sometimes decorated with stucco molding.

Bay window

Эркер - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The part of the room protruding beyond the plane of the facade.