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A visual guide for those who want to understand architecture

 - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A visual guide on the example of a photo, for those who wanted to understand architecture.

When traveling the world or just hiking, our view falls and lingers on beautiful architectural structures or ornaments. Roulette, Poroslo, Portico, Portal, Porebrik, Pilaster, Buttress, Set of columns, Capital, Zakomara, Comb, Garland, Gallery (gulbishche), Voluty, Belvedere, Balusters, Balustrade, Attic, Entablement, all this can be seen Hours, since They are flawless.

To the next time you could easily distinguish the balustrade from the baluster, we made a simple and understandable guide on the basic architectural terms and forms.

Dictionary of architectural terms (used materials: "Architectural and Construction Dictionary" by V.Poplavsky and other sources.)

Entablature

Антаблемент - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The upper horizontal part of the structure, usually lying on the columns. The entablature will be divided into a bearing part - architrave, - on the frieze resting on it and the crowning part - the cornice.

Attic

Аттик - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The wall erected above the cornice crowning the architectural structure.

Balustrade

Балюстрада - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Low fencing of staircases, terraces and balconies, consisting of a number of figured columns (balusters), connected by railings.

Balusters

Балясины - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Low figured columns (sometimes with carved decor) supporting the railings of balconies and stairs.

Gazebo

Бельведер - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Superstructure above the building, usually round in plan.

Volute

Волюта - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Architectural detail in the form of a spiral curl with a circle ("eyelet") in the center, characteristic of the Baroque style.

Gallery (gulbishche)

Галерея (гульбище) - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A long covered light room adjoining the building wall. One of the walls of the gallery is replaced by columns, pillars or balustrade, adjacent to the wall of the building.

Garland

Гирлянда - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Ornamental motif of undulating drooping leaves, flowers, ribbons, etc., characteristic of the Baroque.

Crest

Гребень - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Figured curls decorating the top of the wall.

Zakomara

Закомара - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Semicircular completion of the wall section, closing the inner vault adjacent to it.

Capital

Капитель - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The upper part of the column or pilasters of various shapes.

Buttress

Контрфорс - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Stone or concrete vertical ledge (rib), reinforcing the outer wall.

Column

Наборная колонка - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Decorative column made up of small carved elements.

Pilaster

Пилястра - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Flat vertical protrusion on the wall surface.

Curb

Поребрик - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Type of brickwork, in which one row of bricks is laid at an angle to the outer surface of the wall.

Portal

Портал - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Architecturally decorated entrance to the building.

Portico

 - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A characteristic element of buildings built in the style of classicism: a series of columns placed in front of the building's facade.

Stranded

Прясло - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A section of the wall between the two pilasters.

Rotunda

Ротонда - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Round in a section of the structure, usually crowned with a dome. Rotunda often completes the central part of the building in the style of classicism.

Fly

Ширинка - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Decorative decoration in the form of a rectangular groove, sometimes decorated with stucco.

Bay window

Эркер - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The part of the room that protrudes beyond the plane of the facade.