A visual guide for those who want to understand architecture
An illustrative guide on the example of a photo, for those who wanted to understand architecture.
When traveling around the world or just walking, our eyes fall and linger on beautiful architectural structures or decorations. Bay window, Shirinka, Rotunda, Spaniel, Portico, Portal, Curb, Pilaster, Buttress, Stacked column, Capital, Zakomara, Crest, Garland, Gallery (culinary estate), Volyuta, Belvedere, Balusters, Balustrade, Attik, Antablement, all this can be considered for hours they are impeccable.
So that the next time you can easily distinguish a balustrade from a baluster, we made a simple and understandable guide to the main architectural terms and forms.
Dictionary of architectural terms (materials used: "Architectural and Construction Dictionary" by V. S. Poplavsky and other sources.)
The upper horizontal part of the structure, usually lying on columns. The entablature will be divided into the bearing part - the architrave - on the frieze resting on it and the crowning part - the cornice.
A wall erected over the cornice crowning the architectural structure.
A low fence of stairs, terraces and balconies, consisting of a number of curly columns (balusters) connected by a railing from above.
Low curly columns (sometimes with carved decor) supporting the railing of the balconies and stairs.
The superstructure above the building is usually round in plan.
An architectural detail in the form of a spiral curl with a circle (“eye”) in the center, typical of the Baroque style.
Gallery (culinary estate)
A long, covered, bright room adjacent to the wall of the building. One of the walls of the gallery is replaced by columns, poles or balustrades adjacent to the wall of the building.
An ornamental motif of wave-like hanging leaves, flowers, ribbons, etc., characteristic of Baroque.
Curly curls adorning the top of the wall.
The semicircular completion of the wall section, covering the adjacent inner arch.
The upper part of the column or pilasters of various shapes.
Stone or concrete vertical ledge (rib), reinforcing the outer wall.
A decorative column made up of small carved elements.
Flat vertical ledge on the wall surface.
Type of brickwork, in which one row of bricks is laid at an angle to the outer surface of the wall.
Architecturally decorated entrance to the building.
A characteristic element of buildings built in the style of classicism: a series of columns placed in front of the facade of the building.
A section of wall between two pilasters.
A sectional structure, usually crowned by a dome. The rotunda often completes the central part of the building in the classicist style.
Decorative decoration in the form of a rectangular recess, sometimes decorated with stucco molding.
The part of the room protruding beyond the plane of the facade.