A visual guide for those who want to understand the architecture
A visual guide on the example of a photo, for those who want to understand the architecture.
While traveling the world or just walking, our eyes fall and linger on the beautiful architectural structures or decorations. Bay window, Shirinka, Rotunda, Piesloch, Portico, Portal, Curb, Pilaster, Buttress, Stacked column, Capital, Zakomara, Comb, Garland, Gallery (gulbishche), Volyut, Belvedere, Balusters, Balustrade, Attic, Entablement, all this can be considered for hours they are flawless.
So that the next time you can easily distinguish the balustrade from the baluster, we made a simple and understandable guide to the basic architectural terms and forms.
Dictionary of architectural terms (materials used: "Architectural and Construction Dictionary" V.S. Poplavsky and other sources.)
The upper horizontal part of the structure, usually lying on the columns. The entablature is divided into the carrier part — the architrave — on the frieze resting on it and the crowning part — the cornice.
The wall, erected above the crowning architectural structure of the cornice.
A low fence of stairs, terraces and balconies, consisting of a number of figured columns (balusters), connected from above by railings.
Low figured poles (sometimes with carved decoration), supporting railings fences balconies and stairs.
Superstructure above the building, usually round in plan.
The architectural detail in the form of a spiral curl with a circle ("eye") in the center, characteristic of the Baroque style.
A long indoor light room adjacent to the wall of the building. One of the walls of the gallery is replaced by columns, pillars or balustrades adjacent to the wall of the building.
An ornamental motif of undulating leaves, flowers, ribbons, etc., characteristic of the Baroque.
Figured curls that adorn the top of the wall.
The semicircular completion of the wall section, closing the adjacent inner arch.
The upper part of the column or pilasters of various shapes.
Stone or concrete vertical protrusion (rib), reinforcing the outer wall.
Decorative column, composed of small carved elements.
Flat vertical ledge on the wall surface.
The type of brickwork in which one row of bricks is laid at an angle to the outer surface of the wall.
Architecturally designed entrance to the building.
A characteristic element of buildings built in the style of classicism: a series of columns placed in front of the facade of the building.
The section of the wall between the two pilasters.
Round construction, usually topped with a dome. The rotunda often completes the central part of the building in the style of classicism.
Decorative decoration in the form of a rectangular depression, sometimes decorated with stucco.
Facing the plane of the facade of the premises.