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A visual guide for those who want to understand the architecture

 - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A visual guide on the example of a photo, for those who want to understand the architecture.

While traveling the world or just walking, our eyes fall and linger on the beautiful architectural structures or decorations. Bay window, Shirinka, Rotunda, Piesloch, Portico, Portal, Curb, Pilaster, Buttress, Stacked column, Capital, Zakomara, Comb, Garland, Gallery (gulbishche), Volyut, Belvedere, Balusters, Balustrade, Attic, Entablement, all this can be considered for hours they are flawless.

So that the next time you can easily distinguish the balustrade from the baluster, we made a simple and understandable guide to the basic architectural terms and forms.

A dictionary of architectural terms (materials used: "Architectural and Construction Dictionary" by V.S. Poplavsky and other sources.)

Entablature

Антаблемент - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The upper horizontal part of the structure, usually lying on the columns. The entablature is divided into the carrier part — the architrave — on the frieze resting on it, and the crowning part — the cornice.

Attic

Аттик - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The wall erected above the crowning architectural structure of the cornice.

Balustrade

Балюстрада - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A low fence of stairs, terraces and balconies, consisting of a number of figured columns (balusters), connected from above by railings.

Balusters

Балясины - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Low figured poles (sometimes with carved decoration), supporting railings fences balconies and stairs.

Gazebo

Бельведер - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The superstructure above the building is usually circular in plan.

Volute

Волюта - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The architectural detail in the form of a spiral curl with a circle ("eye") in the center, characteristic of the Baroque style.

Gallery (gulbishche)

Галерея (гульбище) - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A long indoor light room adjacent to the wall of the building. One of the walls of the gallery is replaced by columns, pillars or balustrades adjacent to the wall of the building.

Garland

Гирлянда - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

An ornamental motif of undulating leaves, flowers, ribbons, etc., characteristic of the Baroque.

Crest

Гребень - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Figured curls that adorn the top of the wall.

Zakomara

Закомара - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The semicircular completion of the wall section, which encloses the internal vault adjacent to it.

Capital

Капитель - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The upper part of the column or pilasters of various shapes.

Buttress

Контрфорс - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Stone or concrete vertical ledge (rib), reinforcing the outer wall.

Typesetting column

Наборная колонка - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Decorative column, composed of small carved elements.

Pilaster

Пилястра - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Flat vertical overhang on the wall surface.

Curb

Поребрик - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The type of brickwork in which one row of bricks is laid at an angle to the outer surface of the wall.

Portal

Портал - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Architecturally designed entrance to the building.

Portico

 - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

A characteristic element of buildings built in the style of classicism: a series of columns placed in front of the facade of the building.

Pryoslo

Прясло - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

The section of the wall between the two pilasters.

Rotunda

Ротонда - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Round construction, usually topped with a dome. The rotunda often completes the central part of the building in the style of classicism.

Fly

Ширинка - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Decorative decoration in the form of a rectangular depression, sometimes decorated with stucco.

Bay window

Эркер - Наглядный Гид в архитектуре

Facing the plane of the facade of the premises.