Postal code - a sequence of letters or numbers added to the postal address to facilitate the sorting of mail, including automatic. Currently, the vast majority of national postal services using postal codes.
Postal codes in Ukraine
Postal codes in Ukraine follows the administrative division of the country. The first two digits of the postcode of modern Ukraine correspond to a particular area or city under central authority. Each district has a kind of XYZ ** code.
By the end of 1990, Ukraine had a six-figure postal Soviet system of indexing, and then moved to a new five-figure system (international standard). On August 1, 1999 to January 1, 2000 on the territory of Ukraine at the same time acted as the old and new postal codes. From five-character system used since 2000.
Building a modern postal system of indexation of Ukraine based on the following principles:
- The first and second digits of the index - administrative units (according to the table below).
- The third digit codes - the city or district.
- The third, fourth and fifth digit or the fourth and fifth - the number of liaison offices or settlements.
- indexes are used to indicate the post offices on the third, fourth and fifth digits "000".
- indexes "00" fourth and fifth digits are used to indicate the city and regional communication centers.
- To denote the zonal assemblies, transportation centers-mail, railway post offices, post offices used transportation codes with the third, fourth and fifth digits "XXX."
- The city of Kyiv, given its special status to designate post offices and units are allocated first and second index numbers 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06.
- The indices are assigned to rural localities with population of over 500 people, regardless of the presence or absence of these liaison offices.
Stamped mail USSR calling card to specify the index on postal items and affixed postcodes Kiev (14U8 and 14U2).
For the first time began to be applied in the USSR from 1932 to 1939 under the name "Index" and is a code of the form "number-letter-number", for example, 12U1, 14U8, and so on. N. In this case, the letter "U" in the middle of code meant "Ukraine" , the first number - Kiev, which were provided for the number of 11 to 20, and the number at the end - a small postal district. In 1932, in Kharkov, which was at that time the USSR capital, a special pointer Ukrainian postal code has been published, where the indices start with numbers from 1 to 10. The abolition of the postal code system associated with the beginning of World War II. Subsequently, the postal code was introduced in 1971.