Postal Codes of Ukraine
A postal code is a sequence of letters or numbers added to a postal address in order to facilitate sorting of correspondence, including automatic. Currently, the vast majority of national postal services use postal codes.
Post Office of Ukraine
The postal division of Ukraine follows the administrative division of the country. The first two digits of the zip code of modern Ukraine correspond to a specific area or city of central subordination. Each district has a code of the form XYZ **.
Until the end of the 1990s, Ukraine had a six-digit Soviet postal indexation system, after which it switched to a new five-digit system (international standard). From August 1, 1999 to January 1, 2000, both old and new postal codes operated simultaneously on the territory of Ukraine. Since 2000, a five-digit system has been used.
The construction of a modern postal indexation system in Ukraine is based on the following principles:
- The first and second digits of all indices are administrative entities (according to the table below).
- The third digit of the indices is a city or district.
- The third , fourth and fifth digits or the fourth and fifth - numbers of post offices or settlements.
- To designate the post offices are used indices with the third, fourth and fifth digits of "000".
- For designation of city and regional communication centers indexes with the fourth and fifth digits "00" are used.
- Indexes with the third, fourth and fifth digits “ХХХ” are used to designate zonal nodes, mail transport centers, railway post offices, mail transport departments.
- The city of Kiev, taking into account its special status, designated the first and second digits of the indices 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06 to designate post offices and nodes.
- Indices are assigned to rural settlements with a population of over 500 people, regardless of the presence or absence of post offices in them.
A marked postal card of the USSR with a call to indicate the index on postal items and affixed postal codes of Kiev (14U8 and 14U2).
It was first used in the USSR from 1932 to 1939 under the name “Index” and was a code of the form “number — letter — number”, for example, 12U1, 14U8, etc. Moreover, the letter “U” in the middle of the code meant “Ukraine” , the first number is Kiev, for which numbers from 11 to 20 were provided, and the number at the end is a smaller postal area. In 1932, in Kharkov, which at that time was the capital of the Ukrainian SSR, a special index of Ukrainian postal codes was published, where the postal codes began with numbers from 1 to 10. The abolition of the postal code system was associated with the outbreak of World War II. Subsequently, the postal code was introduced in 1971.