Description of the medicine: Sibazonum
SIBAZONUM. 7-Chloro-2, 3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-1, 4-benzodiazepin-2-one.
Synonyms: Apaurin, Bensedin, Diazepam, Relanium, Seduxen, Ansiolin, Apaurin, Apozepam, Atilen, Bensedin, Diapam, Diazepam, Eridan, Lembrol, Pacitrian, Quetinil, Relanium, Saromet, Seduxen, Serenamin, Serensin, Sonacon, Stesolin, Ushamir, Valitran, Valium, Vatran, Vival and others.
White or white with a weak yellowish tinge fine crystalline powder. Almost nerastvorim in water, it is difficult soluble in alcohol.
Sibazon (diazepam) is one of the main benzodiazepine tranquilizers, which have found wide application in medical practice.
The drug acts soothingly, relieves emotional tension, reduces feelings of anxiety, fear, anxiety. Has a muscle relaxant and anticonvulsant effect. Strengthens the effect of sleeping pills, narcotic, neuroleptic, analgesic drugs, alcohol.
The drug and its major metabolites are excreted mainly in the urine.
Sibazon is prescribed for various neuropsychiatric diseases: neuroses, psychopathies, as well as for neurotic and psychopathic conditions in schizophrenia, organic brain lesions, including cerebrovascular diseases, in somatic diseases accompanied by signs of emotional stress, anxiety, fear, increased irritability , Sestestypochondritic, obsessive and phobic disorders, with sleep disorders. It is also used for arresting psychomotor agitation and anxiety agitation for these diseases.
In children's psychoneurological practice, sibazone is prescribed for neurotic and neurosis-like conditions, accompanied by the phenomena listed above, as well as headaches, enuresis, mood disorders and behavior.
Sibazon is used in epilepsy for the treatment of convulsive paroxysms, mental equivalents, for the arrest of epileptic status. In connection with the muscle relaxant effect, the drug is also used for various spastic conditions.
In combination with other drugs prescribe sibazone for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
In anesthesia practice it is used for preoperative preparation of patients.
In dermatological practice it is used for itching dermatoses.
The drug reduces the night secretion of gastric juice, which can play an important role in prescribing it as a sedative and hypnotics for patients with gastric ulcer; Has also antiarrhythmic effect.
Apply sibazone inside, intravenously or intramuscularly.
When administered orally, it is recommended to prescribe the drug to adults, starting at a dose of 0.0025 - 0.005 g (2.5-5 mg) 1-2 times a day, and then gradually increase it. Usually, a single dose for adults is 0.005-0.01 g (5-10 mg). In some cases (with increased excitement, fear, anxiety), a single dose can be increased to 0.02 g (20 mg). When treated in a hospital and with careful medical supervision, the daily dose can reach 0.045 g (45 mg).