Description of the medicine: Ascorbic acid (Acidum ascorbinicum)
Ascorbic acid (Acidum ascorbinicum).
VITAMIN C (Vitaminum C). G-Lactone 2, 3-dehydro-L-gulonic acid.
Synonyms: Acidum ascorbicum, Ascorbin, Ascorbit, Ascorvit, Cantan, Cantaxin, Cebione, Cecon, Celin, Ceneton, Cevalin, Cevex, Laroscorbine, Redoxon, Scorbumine, Vicin, Vitascorbol and others.
White crystalline powder of sour taste. Easily soluble in water (1: 3, 5), soluble in alcohol. Solutions for injection are prepared with the addition of sodium bicarbonate and stabilizers; Sterilized at +100 "C for 15 minutes, pH of solutions 6, 0 - 7, 0.
Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is found in significant quantities in products of plant origin (rose hips, cabbage, lemons, oranges, horseradish, fruits, berries, needles, etc.). Small amounts of vitamin C are found in products of animal origin (liver, brain, muscles). For medical purposes, ascorbic acid is obtained synthetically.
Ascorbic acid plays an important role in the life of the body. Due to the presence in the molecule of the dienolic group (-CON = CON-) it has strongly pronounced reducing properties. Participates in the regulation of oxidation-reduction processes of carbohydrate metabolism, blood coagulability, tissue regeneration, the formation of steroid hormones. One of the important physiological functions of ascorbic acid is its participation in the synthesis of collagen and procollagen and the normalization of capillary permeability.
The human body can not synthesize vitamin C itself; The need for it is satisfied by the vitamin administered with food. The lack or absence of it leads to the development of hypo- or avitaminosis (scurvy).
The daily requirement for ascorbic acid is about 70-100 mg for an adult; For children aged 6 months to 1 year - 20 mg; From 1 year to 1, 5 years - 35 mg; From 1, 5 to 2 years 40 mg; From 3 to 4 years - 45 mg; From 5 to 10 years - 50 mg; From 11 to 13 years - 60 mg; For young men of 14 - 17 years - 80 mg; For girls 14 - 17 years - 70 mg.
Crystalline ascorbic acid and preparations containing it are used for preventive and curative purposes in all cases when the body needs additional administration of this vitamin: for prophylaxis and treatment of scurvy, with hemorrhagic diathesis, nasal, pulmonary, hepatic, uterine and other bleeding; Including those caused by radiation sickness, as well as an overdose of anticoagulants, with infectious diseases and intoxications, liver diseases, nephropathies of pregnant women, Addison's disease, sluggish healing wounds and bone fractures, dystrophies and other pathological processes. The drug is also prescribed with increased physical labor, mental stress, during pregnancy and lactation.
There is evidence of a positive effect of ascorbic acid on lipid metabolism in atherosclerosis.
Assign ascorbic acid inside (after eating), intramuscularly or intravenously.