Hint for drivers: that's when you can get behind the wheel after a feast
Driving in a state of intoxication (drunk driving, drunk driving, drunk driving) is driving a vehicle with a blood alcohol level exceeding the legal limits of the country.
Perhaps, any person who at least once in his life touched alcohol, knows perfectly well what alcoholic intoxication is. In this state, the reaction and coordination of movements deteriorates considerably. Many decisions made in such a state can not simply be the decisions of an intelligent person.
Of course, the time spent in a state of strong alcoholic intoxication is not completely postponed in memory - most people forget about all that has happened. In addition, a person can not practically control himself, losing many human qualities. And this continues as long as there is alcohol in the human body. Over time, its number decreases and the person's normal abilities return.
It is understandable that many people are interested in how long the withdrawal of alcohol from the blood. In general, it is believed that these calculations can be carried out according to the following formula: for one hour, from 90 to 130 milligrams of alcohol per kilogram of live weight is destroyed .
However, women, as you know, are less resistant to alcoholic intoxication. Therefore, the withdrawal of alcohol lasts much longer from their body, as a rule, they need 20 percent more time to get rid of a portion of alcohol than a man .
In addition, on the Internet is laid out not one table of withdrawal of alcohol. Many take into account the sex, weight of a person, the amount of alcohol consumed and his strength.
First of all, the impact of alcohol on the body depends on genetic susceptibility and heredity .
Note that the table has special blank columns where you can enter your own time indicators. By the way, all the figures in the table are for men, and for women the time of alcohol elimination is 20% more on average.
Naturally, to fill the empty graph you will need a special device - an alcohol test, with which you can measure the level of alcohol in the exhaled air. Nevertheless, by making a similar table for yourself, you will get the opportunity to clearly calculate the maximum amount of alcohol that will allow you to sit behind the wheel after the holiday.
How different concentrations of alcohol in the blood affect the ability to drive a car
And here's a good example of how different concentrations of alcohol in the blood affect the ability to drive:
- 0.2-0.3 ppm of alcohol in the blood significantly slow down the reaction. In this state, it is difficult to estimate the speed with which light sources move, the distance to them and their size.
- At 0.5-0.8 ppm, which is 1 liter of beer or 120 ml of vodka, the visual function slows down, the eyes slowly adapt to different types of illumination and to a lesser extent perceive red color.
- An even larger dose of alcohol narrows the angle of view, and the driver completely ceases to control what is happening on the sides.
- Consumption of 2.5 liters of beer or 300 ml of vodka (1.2 pro mil), as a rule, leads to a complete loss of the ability to somehow manage the car. If others are lucky, the irresponsible driver will crash into a pillar while trying to leave the booze.
- The blood content of 5 or more per mille alcohol is officially considered a lethal dose!
As you know, alcohol is excreted from the body not as fast as one would like. On this difficult process can go from 4 to 16 hours, or even more! Everything depends on the person's sex, weight, amount of food eaten and individual metabolism.
If, during drinking, people do not absorb food, the stomach remains empty, alcohol does not stagnate in it, but immediately goes into the intestines, absorbed into the blood and very quickly disappears. That is, in this situation, a person quickly gets drunk and just as quickly sober.
And if you have eaten a hearty snack and drank everything with a glass of alcohol, the alcohol remains in the stomach with the food until it is digested. That is, the process of intoxication does not occur so quickly, and the time for removing alcohol from the body increases at times.
Keep in mind: the traffic police inspector's device analyzes not the blood, but the exhaled air. It happens that there is no alcohol in the blood, but it is determined in the exhaled air. If you rinse your mouth with vodka, for example, in the exhaled air, alcohol will be another 20 minutes, the same applies to alcohol-containing medicines.
Tolerance in 0,2-0,3 ppm is not a gift to negligent drivers from the state, but only an opportunity to avoid errors in determining the amount of alcohol in the body.
Having taken even a symbolic dose of alcohol, you can not drive a vehicle categorically! Do not commit a crime and do not threaten your life and the lives of others.
How to accelerate the withdrawal of alcohol from the body
Often there are circumstances in which a drunk person needs to somehow increase the rate of withdrawal of alcohol from the body. The circumstances for this can be very different. However, the result is one - a person needs to regain his usual abilities as soon as possible. This includes coordination of movements, reaction, memory, intelligence and other abilities, which a person loses in a state of intoxication.
Of course, it's safer to go to the hospital. Narcologists easily put the patient with a dropper with appropriate solutions - glucose, brine, and others, allowing the body to quickly cope with the poison that got into the blood. In this case, the time of alcohol withdrawal is significantly reduced - usually 4-8 hours is enough.
Also, there are folk methods that allow a quick withdrawal of alcohol from the body. First of all, you need to drink plenty of water. It will also be useful to drink orange or grapefruit juice - they include a large amount of fructose, which helps to stimulate the withdrawal of alcohol from the body.
In general, it is useful to eat any foods containing vitamin C. This can be ascorbic acid, lemon, juices and many others. In addition, it does not damage activated carbon - 6-8 pieces at a time, two or three times a day.
If possible, you should take a sauna or a sauna. Stimulation of sweating allows you to quickly get rid of the poison, got into the blood. If a sauna or a bath is inaccessible, you can simply drink a very hot sweet tea with lemon and get under the warmest blanket to quickly and efficiently sweat. This will also reduce the withdrawal time of alcohol.
It will also be useful to make a small discharge. In this case, the human body warms up and starts to function much faster. It is understandable that the time of alcohol withdrawal is markedly reduced.
Is the harm of alcohol neutralized if the withdrawal of alcohol from the body is completed?
Many people, having drunk the day before the liquor, suffer only one thought the next day - how to speed up the withdrawal of alcohol? On the one hand, it is quite understandable - getting rid of the body of drugs, which includes alcohol (and alcohol is a drug, which is reported in GOST 5964-82) is accompanied by very painful sensations. That is understandable, the body was seriously damaged by a shock dose of poison and is now trying to signal to its owner about the harm that was done to him, trying to warn against repetition. Therefore, how to conduct a full withdrawal of alcohol is of interest to any alcoholic, including "cultural", who uses "in moderation" and "on holidays".
However, the first thing to worry about is not how to get rid of the pain as quickly as possible. Still, this pain is only a consequence of the really terrible devastation that has occurred in the body. That's about these devastation and it's worth worrying.
Still, even when the alcohol is completely removed from the body, its harm will certainly not be neutralized. And the harm to alcohol is truly terrible. Suffice it to recall that regular consumption of alcohol in small quantities reduces a person's life for a period of 5 to 20 years. That is, a person who can live 70 years, drinking two glasses of vodka, two glasses of wine or a bottle of beer every day, will lose an average of 13-17 years of life. Consequently, he will die at the age of 53-57 years. Of course, before his death, he pretty much tormented by various diseases (eg alcoholic hepatitis), about which a teetotaler at his age and will not hear.
It should be noted that the consumption of alcohol causes a terrible blow to the brain of a person and his liver. It is these organs that are not accidentally damaged in the first place. The liver tries to neutralize the poison that has got into the blood, taking a blow to itself. As a result, it seems that the "moderately drinking" person is in the grave at 45-50 years old, and sometimes much earlier. Well, the brain is simply the most complex and subtle structure in the human body. It is understandable that it is he who is most severely affected by the circulation of alcohol in the blood. To learn more about this material, it's enough to drive in "any effect of grape bunch" in any search engine and learn about the effects of alcohol on the brain.
So, the withdrawal of alcohol should not be the main problem of the "moderate drinker" alcoholic after taking alcohol. If the effect is relatively easy to eliminate, then it is almost impossible to get rid of the consequences.
In general, just think about it. Is it worth it to consume alcohol, then to suffer from pain and think only one thing - how to get rid of the pain? Or is it worth choosing a long, happy and healthy life, the birth of healthy and intelligent children? Still, each drunk a glass of alcohol today, significantly reduces the chances of getting all of this in the future. So seriously think - is it worth the immediate and very dubious pleasure of giving it to him all his life? After all, the world is so interesting, exciting and exciting! So is it not better to get rid of the alkojad leading to the most serious diseases in order to choose a healthy, exciting and long life?
It is a serious offense in most countries of the world. Punishment differs from country to country, in some countries it may also depend on the degree of excess of the blood alcohol level, the length of service or the age of the driver, and even the type of vehicle that controls it (for example, a drunk bus driver will be punished much more severely than a drunk driver a simple car). Also, the punishment is much more severe, if as a result of driving while intoxicated there are victims. Punishment may consist of a fine combined with imprisonment (as, for example, in France). In many countries, management of a boat, airplane, riding a horse and a bicycle is also prohibited in a state of intoxication.
Alcohol is the main cause of severe road accidents. According to statistics, for 2008-2010. in Russia, the proportion of drunken drivers is between 4 and 14% per year, while the share of deaths in accidents involving a drunk driver is between 8.5 and 15%. Many countries are trying to reduce the number of accidents, tightening punishments and encouraging drivers to give up alcohol before the trip. In the US, the project "Sober Driver" was distributed.
The first driver in the world who was fined for drunk driving is the London taxi driver George Smith on September 10, 1897. He was fined 25 shillings, which is 71 pounds and 33 pence in 2005 prices.
As you know, alcohol, getting into the human body, begins to destroy it quite quickly. First of all, the effect is on the brain and liver - these two organs are the fastest subjected to destruction. Therefore, many people are seriously wondering whether it is possible to speed up the withdrawal of alcohol from the body and how it can be done.
Via Internet & wiki