The fact that on the capital's highways work counterfeit, knows, probably, any driver. Their methods are worthy of a screenplay writer: real psychological etudes plus driving skills stunt to match. For some time, the situation persisted, when respectable car owners who fell into fake development turned out to be virtually defenseless. But in the end, insurance companies and authorities were opposed to the actions of fraudsters. And the drivers have become smarter (although not all and not immediately). However, life does not stand still - dummy technologies are being adjusted and improved. How do the substitutes in the changed conditions, says the correspondent of "Money" Andrei Salnikov.
It will be a question of a concrete brigade set up, in which an embedded law enforcement officer worked in March-April (his name was not called for obvious reasons). Under her tutelage there is a section of the Moscow Ring Road from the road junction on Ochakovo to Rublevo-Uspenskoye Highway. There are fifteen people in the brigade: Russians, Georgians, Tatars - and seven “working” vehicles for the bases: four “big-eyed” Mercedes W210 (two silver and two dark-blue), Volvo S80, Saab 9000 and КIА Сlаrus. Georgians drive to KIA, Tatars use silver "big-eyed", Russians use other cars.
Age substituted - from 23 to 50 years. The eldest - "Dad", or brigadier. He has previously been convicted (the minority who served in the brigade), does not leave for business, but controls all finances - which are flocking to him. The remaining members of the group are divided into crews, each has one mercenary - a corrupt special forces officer, a policeman or an esbeshnik. All are full-time employees of their departments. In the course of road trials, they must trump certificates, play up to fraudsters and scare suckers. For this they are paid 10% of the profits. To get into the crew, a mercenary must obtain the consent of the foreman.
|"On the run"|
|"On the way"|
"On the run"
The oldest and now rarely practiced scheme of framing in criminal jargon is called “on the run” (see diagram). Its essence is as follows. The car driving along the left lane is catching up with the car substituted. It is attached as close as possible and begins to beep, flash headlights, trying to squeeze between the victim and the separation border, which is installed on the Moscow Ring Road. In general, by all means drives the "client" from the speed lane.
Well, if he has strong nerves, but this is rare. Usually, people begin to twitch, abruptly reorganize to the right, and there they are just waiting for the "working" machine, which all this time has been in the next row a little behind. Usually this is an expensive foreign car. As soon as the sucker begins to maneuver, the “working” car accelerates and substitutes the front left wing under the blow. The skill of the driver-fake is manifested in the fact that his car gets only scratches. A heavily wrinkled wing or a torn-off bumper is a marriage: the “working” car goes into repair, and this is a waste of time and lost profits.
But perhaps even greater marriage - too serious contact with the victim's car. From a strong blow to the rear right wing of his can unleash on the freeway. There have been cases when the car, spinning, hit the barrier and, having otkrokochetiv from it, crashed into other cars. As a result, there are real victims, and a long trial and extra witnesses substitute nothing.
In the past year, this scheme has undergone some changes - first of all, thanks to the media, which described in detail this kind of framing. Victims of accidents enlightened by journalists no longer believed in an accident of accident and were in no hurry to shell out. I had to modernize the method.
"On the way"
If earlier fraudsters drove the sucker into the right lane, now they are waiting for him to go there (see diagram). Riding in the right ranks of the "working" cars look out for the victim, hiding behind the trucks. Then they take a position through the row to the right and slightly behind the “client” and wait until he himself wants to reorganize. The victim does not feel any danger, since the “working” car is in the so-called dead zone, which is not visible either in the side rear-view mirror or in the salon mirror. The driver turns on the turn signal, starts a maneuver, and at that moment the “working” car abruptly picks up speed and is substituted. For criminals, the advantages of this scheme are that the contact area is increasing - you can substitute the entire left side of the “working” car. Consequently, the amount of "damage" will increase.
"Work on the backside"
The brigade works not only on the Moscow Ring Road, but also at adjacent interchanges. There, the scheme of actions is the simplest, but at the same time the most risky for the avtoshem.
So, the "working" car leaves the junction at the Moscow Ring Road. Behind her moves a potential victim. First, the fraudster slows down, so that in front of him appeared free space. Then picks up speed and monitors whether the rear car will follow his example. If followed, then substituted through the rear-view mirror does not lower her eyes from the driver. As soon as he turns his head to the left, in order to see if there is anyone in the right lane of the Moscow Ring Road, he substituted a hit on the brakes. Then everything is simple: "Where did you look? You need to keep the distance!" - and so on. Hence the name: "Work on the backside."
The risk lies in the fact that directly at the Moscow Ring Road he substituted himself for a sucker, but here it’s not particularly necessary to choose and who you’re running into is unknown.
"Tear the sucker"
After the accident occurred, the fraudsters shouting "Were you not taught to look around?" or "What are you, tankman?" begin to "tear the sucker". So in the jargon indicates the process of convincing the driver in his mistake, and after realizing the guilt - in the need for compensation. There is a widespread opinion that “framed” are skinheads with a criminal past that is clearly readable on their faces. This is not true. That is, it used to be that way, but now everything is different. Substitutes changed their sportswear to good suits, their behavior changed, nevertheless, there was still a chance to get “cuckoo” from them.
First of all, the “client” will be brought to the “working” car and will explain for a long time that the expensive foreign car has seriously suffered. The “client” will most likely object that it looks like scratches and that repair cannot be expensive. However, he will be informed that this machine is being repaired only at the company's service, and there they will never paint a single damaged part. After all, it will be explained further, you must first be primed, but because of this the painted place does not coincide in tint with the rest of the body. In addition, the metal was deeply scratched (and there are no problems with the choice of scratches on the “working” machines). So you have to buy a new door and (or) a wing, but the mirror is also damaged, and the bumper ...
In fact, in the services, any details are perfectly painted over, without missing in color, but the “client” may not know about it. But he can reasonably offer to look at his own damage to compare their severity. Late! While he was considering a foreign car, the missing scratches with a metal ruler had already been applied to his car. As a result, the victim will be counted repairs for $ 1 -2 thousand. And if he agrees to pay, then he is a sucker, who has just been “torn”.
It is possible to act differently: he listened to all the arguments and, without fear of getting a “cuckoo,” call a traffic inspector. Again the wrong move! Local traffic cops will arrive at the scene and will be happy to measure and describe everything. After all, for the challenge, they will receive $ 100 from substituted. Then both cars will be driven to the post, and from there to the service, to count the losses. In a word, again "broke".
"Fight for Lave"
On the way to the service, one of the substituted ones will sit down in the car of the sucker - the “traveler” in jargon. His task is to prevent the “client” from coming to his senses. All the way, he will “ship” him: first, he will say that the car belongs to the organization, then - that it needs to be done by tomorrow, otherwise “the chief will drive the driver out of work”. May recall the story when he squeezed a fresh Lexus on the Zaporozhe and then worked for parts for a year. The performance will end with a life-affirming thesis like "These are all glands. The main thing is that everyone is alive."
All this time, the driver of the “working” car going ahead will ask random passers-by to get to the nearest service, each time leaving the car and gesticulating. He knows the road well, of course, he drives several times a day, but the sucker must get the impression that the service is really unfamiliar. In the meantime, there will be a call and warned about the named cost.
The "casual" tinsmith will inspect both cars, and his findings will not differ much from the previously announced amount. After that, the last act of the performance will begin. The tinman, as it were, casually mentions that he actually doesn’t deal with Mercedes (or any other appropriate brand), and in a company service, the work will probably cost more. Podstavlyaly nervous, because "the car should be ready for tomorrow," and offered to go there. Now the victim herself will offer to pay damages so as not to lose even more money.
Podstavlyaly, as a rule, go for money home to the sucker or to his friends. This time, the "travel" will "fight for lave." That is a bargain. After all, usually the entire sum cannot be collected by the sucker, therefore it is necessary to put additional pressure on him: “We’ve gone, we’ll be repaired at the roadside service, let me call the driver, let him go to the company, and the company’s security will beat the money out. If the client does not give in, the “traveling” person will take what is and go away.
Meanwhile, the “working” foreign car will be driven away to a secluded place near the Moscow Ring Road, get out of the trunk “brand first aid kit” - a polish and a special rag - and rub the scratches in twenty minutes. The main thing - to remove traces of paint from the victim's car. The cost of this repair is not more than $ 10.
Who do not like
Theoretically, any car could be a victim, although most often they are interested in middle-class cars, whose owners have “money, but“ no roof ”. But, based on personal experience, fraudsters know who should not be substituted for. First of all, try not to touch the insured cars. This is not at all due to the presence of mythical death squads with insurance companies. They are not here. But to deal with insurers is a waste of time, and therefore profit. True, there have been cases when, in such a situation, they received money, because they are almost the only domestic drivers who know the rules of the road thoroughly.
Here I must say that the capital insurers have already created a common database about the participants of the accident. As a result, information about too often registered "victims" was transferred to the traffic police, and even there were several criminal cases of fraud.
Bypass scammers and women drivers. They themselves will not give up the money, but they will call some man who may turn out to be a "wizard", which no one will warn in advance.
In addition, not an option - tightly tinted cars. Podstavlyaly by experience know that they often travel around the Interior Ministry. Of course, ignore the machine with departmental numbers.
“At the gathering” and “on the run,” the scammers will not be interested in a car with a panoramic rear-view mirror. You can see the “dead zone” in it, where the counterfeit are hiding, and therefore, the effect of surprise will not work.
In addition, they are not attracted to cars with bats right side. Since seven “working” cars serve one section of the road every day, the probability of being substituted for the recent “client” of colleagues is too great. “Legend” is one, and the service too.
The profit of the brigade is not difficult to estimate. On the segment of the Moscow Ring Road considered by us, there are seven “working” machines. Work schedule substituted - from 10.00 to 17.00, lunch - around 13.00. At this time, all the cars leave the Moscow Ring Road, as the brigadier pays for the food at the roadside cafe. Weekends - Saturday, Sunday. There are exceptions in the case of a major overhaul of a “working” machine or if the team was unable to fulfill the norm - then it works at an inopportune time.
For their plot, the monthly amount is paid by the gangsters on whose territory they work. There are unsuccessful days in which it is not possible to substitute at all, but fruitful ones also fall out when one crew “services” five cars each. On average, one episode per week with a revenue of $ 1 thousand falls on one “working” car. About $ 150 thousand a month is obtained. The share of gangsters is immediately deducted from this money - at least 50%. Other items of expenditure - the payment of traffic police calls, as well as the complete painting of cars, which is held every three weeks. And even the otkupnye - members of the brigade are sometimes still caught and they must be rescued from the police. Thus, the brigade of 15 people per month accounts for about $ 30-40 thousand, which allows them to exist quite well.
The title of "sucker" is worth the money
While preparing the article for publication, I suddenly realized that two years ago I myself became the victim of a setup.
It was summer. Returning from work on Begovaya Street and having passed the bridge in front of 1905, I unsuccessfully tried to turn onto Matveyevskaya Street, which runs along the Vagankovsky cemetery. Right in front of the traffic light, my Zhiguli attacked Lexus. Inspection showed that the right side of the rear bumper was bent off at the Zhiguli, but the front left wing of a foreign car had been scratched, the headlight had gone out and the front bumper had been torn off. The latter, moreover, cracked in the middle of the room, which in turn broke in half. The picture is terrifying - I figured out how much a repair of such a Lexus could cost, and came in a light panic. In this case, my car was repaired with one kick on the bumper. It was then that the thought flashed: Isn’t it?
But I wasn’t allowed to analyze the situation to the end - three men each weighing less than a centner appeared, but far from being athletic. And one hand was in a cast. The men smiled affectionately at me: "There are no more than a dozen such cars in Moscow, so you hit." After that, the driver of Lexus asked: "Where did you study, tankman?" In "Pleshka", I answer. "C'mon! Me too!" - the driver was delighted, although with the naked eye it was obvious that he had hardly finished school and was expelled from the gymnastics school for being overweight.
Two Lexus passengers "turned out to be" graduates of the university of the same profile. The Economists went into the position of a young colleague and sympathetically suggested that I could not find the necessary money: “You’ve been hitting a thousand for three and a half greens. Okay, forgive you a thousand.” The mood lifted, and I continued to bargain. As a result, agreed that I give away $ 700 and we will not call the traffic police. I thought that I almost earned $ 3 thousand. But it turned out that he earned the title of "Loch".
It should be remembered that hundreds of accidents occur every day in the capital and the bases among them are few. First you need to figure out what kind of foreign car you “attacked”. First, look closely at this. As a rule, in professional cases the car was repeatedly repainted on the left side and behind, but the right side was not touched. Secondly, if you start telling a tale about a car that belongs to a large organization, then you should know: in reputable companies, all representative foreign cars are insured. So the driver immediately calls the insurance agent and the traffic police to the scene of the accident.
Thirdly, the fake ones will surely offer you to drive off to the side of the road and figure it out. After all, they work all the time in one area and they don’t have a reason to shine in front of other drivers. There were cases when drivers-well-wishers stopped at the scene of the accident, who reported that they had seen the "injured" foreign car several times in the same situation. It got to the ridiculous - the same person, but in different cars, became the victim of the same scammers.
Life is bad without a sucker
If all the signs of the setup are there, “Money” suggests the following course of action:
1. Do not get anywhere from the scene.
2. Inform them that you control the machine by proxy without the right to sell, and it, like them, belongs to the organization.
3. Substitutions are not traffic inspectors, so do not show them the documents. Thereby you protect yourself from selling your car for damage.
4. Declare that there is no money and no one will give them in debt, so that with all the desire to repair the damage in a short time will not work. But there is insurance, and now you will dial the number of the owner of the car, which will be understood. Just in case, you need to remember that several people can drive an insured car and the insurance applies to all drivers registered by the insurance company.
5. It would be good to call as many friends as possible to the place of the accident. You do not have to be alone, at least in order not to get "on the cuckoo" from the annoyed substituted. Image, of course, they changed, but the habits remained the same.
6. If your arguments did not work and the frauds promise that you will soon see the sky with a game, then you should call the helpline of the traffic police department of Moscow, number 923 - 78 - 92. The “Money” correspondent checked - a service specially created to collect information about cases of abuse of authority by traffic inspectors, working around the clock. The caller must report that he was the victim of a scam. In addition, you must specify the coordinates of exactly where the incident occurred, as well as the names of the traffic police, if they have already arrived. The fact is that the bribed traffic cops only write the protocol for the view, and then send it to the trash can. There is no need for fraudsters to figure in the police report day after day. Additionally, you can call 02, reporting robbery and extortion.
As a result, realizing that money will not be able to quickly (or even completely), they themselves will be left behind: the time is more expensive, and there are enough suckers on the road without you.