Ukraine canceled special duties on cars: will prices fall? No, they will grow!
Customs clearance (customs clearance, declaration of cargo) - the performance of the necessary formalities arising in connection with the movement across the customs border of goods and vehicles, as well as in the event of a change in the customs procedure.
Customs clearance includes: Presentation to the customs authority of shipping, authorization documents, customs declaration and declared goods, payment of customs payments.
Customs clearance is a prerequisite for crossing the customs border or changing the customs procedure.
The term customs clearance is often used when importing (importing) goods.
Usually, customs clearance can be carried out either by the owner of the goods directly or by the customs representative - the organization carrying out the declaration and registration of the goods on the basis of the contract.
Customs clearance consists of five stages:
- Reception, registration and registration of goods declaration
- Controlling the correctness of the definition of the HS code and compliance with the rules of non-tariff regulation
- Currency control and control over the correctness of the determination of customs value
- Checking the correctness of customs payments
- Customs control of goods and vehicles
Next comes the release of the goods.
When moving goods across the border, a universal method of classification of goods TN VED (commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity)
The cost of customs clearance of cars 2015
The media is vividly discussing the positive prospects for the abolition of import special duties on cars. Some authors predict a decline in car prices and even calculated the amount of such a discount. However, the sad truth is that this will not happen. Moreover, imported second-hand cars can become even more expensive for the Ukrainian. And the reason is as follows.
Since January 1, 2016 in Ukraine it is forbidden to import cars that do not meet the ecological requirements of the Euro-5 standard (emission standards). The specified norm is contained in the signed agreement with the EU. The standard has been in force in the EU and the US since September 2009, accordingly, cars under 5 years old correspond to the new rules. Obviously, cars under 5 years even though they are used will not be cheap. And the fact that import cars older than 5 years in general is prohibited only restrict the offer of used cars. Of course, it remains an option for older cars to retrofit the engine to meet environmental standards. However, this procedure is not cheap, and eventually will affect the price of such cars.
In general, about cheap used cars with the EU, even with the cancellation of the special duty and additional import charges, you can not dream. The fact is that the rate of special duty is only 2.15% (petrol engine ... 1.5 liters) or 4.32%. (the engine is 1.5 ... 2.2 liters) of the cost of the car, and the rate of additional import duty is 5%. The cancellation of these payments, depending on the type of transport theoretically (if to ignore the effect from the introduction of the Euro 5 standard) could reduce the cost of the car by 6 - 11.2%. At the same time, the main expenses for customs clearance form an excise tax (the rate depends on the year of manufacture, type of fuel and cubic capacity of the engine) and VAT, "gets winded" on duties, fees and excise. For example, to bring to Ukraine a budget car worth $ 15 thousand, under 5 years old, with a gasoline engine of 1,400 cubic cm, you will have to pay $ 2.3 thousand excise and $ 3.8 thousand VAT. For a new car, the cost of which is 1.3 times more with the same engine, the excise tax will be $ 0.1 thousand, and VAT $ 4.4 thousand.
It is obvious that no one will cancel the excise on the car, because it was not introduced to you so that you could buy cheap imported cars.
For reference: September 30, Ukraine cancels special duties on imported cars.
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Рішення Комісії від 10.09.2015 № СП-335/2015 / 4442-06 is recruiting from the 30th of September 2015.
Міжвідомча комісія з міжнародної торгівлі
Earlier, the World Trade Organization urged Ukraine to cancel the additional duty, as it violates international trade rules. Government consultations with the WTO also concluded an agreement on the cancellation of an additional import fee from January 1, 2016.