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How to operate the car in the winter?

Как эксплуатировать автомобиль зимой?

In winter, landing in the car becomes uncomfortable due to bulky warm clothing. Whether in the summer in one T-shirt! Yes, and comfort is not at the height, when all the glass in the frost, and inside the hammer. But if you have already fulfilled all our recommendations and prepared your car for the winter, then it's warm inside and ice is not terrible.

That would seem to be car fully equipped, but do not fall into euphoria. You will need to learn a lot, including first hand.

Preparing for departure

Let's start with the place of storage of cars. If such an open area, then in this case you will need the following.

Tool for defrosting locks, if you use them. During washing, water can get into the larvae and freeze in the cold. However, in order to prevent this, even in a warm time, take a syringe, yes, it is an ordinary medical syringe for 2-5 ml. Put some clean motor oil into it, and better transmission oil, put a needle and pour a few drops right through it into the body of the larva and into the upper part of the gap between the larva and the body of the lock. Then immediately insert the key and twist the larva to disperse the oil. After that, the oil will not allow ice to grab the metal.

There is such a secret - so that the filling of the syringe with oil does not cause unnecessary trouble, put on the needle and pull out the plunger, then pour the oil over the top.

After all, you opened the car, got into it and even started the engine (see below), but you should not idle when the engine is warming up. Moreover, there is still a lot of work. But even if this is not the case, all the same, do not sit in the car, on the frozen glasses inside there is a dense frost. As a rule, after a night or multi-day hibernation, the car is under a snow drift, and on the glasses there is a thick layer, no, not chocolate, but frost. After a night or multi-day hibernation, the car is under a snowdrift of snow, and there is a thick layer of frost on the glasses. To remove the frost, you need a special scraper. But get ready for surprises, in the bitter cold this frost becomes dry and difficult to clean (it adheres firmly to the glass). After you have cleaned the glass of frost, you will need a wiping brush for cleaning surfaces, mostly horizontal, from snow. There are autos and combined brushes, scrapers.

Only snow should be cleaned from the bodywork. Do not clean it with frost and ice - it spoils the paint!

When cleaning, look at the temperature of the engine and, if it is already sufficient, turn on the heater fan to blow the windows, let them warm up. Therefore, it is necessary to start and warm up the engine with the heater valve open.

As a rule, after performing these operations, the engine is already warm enough, and you can go. Can I go? Not always! It happens that you will need to use a shovel (sapper) for digging up the wheels. Shovel in the winter - your faithful friend!

But, if your car spends the night in the garage, then this does not mean that you will not need the above accessories. The garage does not always save from defrosting and clearing snow.

For garage locks, again, you will need either a specified defrost or lubrication. Only before that, it would be better to dry them. In addition, an accessory such as a snow shovel will be needed to clean the garage exit.

In addition to this, it does not hurt to carry with you:

  • - tow rope;
  • - a pair of flat boards for lining the wheels (if possible);
  • - a little dry sand (sprinkle on bare ice).

Starting the engine in winter

As a rule, with the launch of injection engines with serviceable systems, special effort is not required. A bit worse things are in the winter with the carburetor cars. We will talk about them.

Pump gasoline into the float chamber with the fuel pump, extend the “choke” and, not forgetting to put the handbrake, squeeze the clutch and set the gearshift lever to the neutral position. Without releasing the clutch, turn on the starter for 3-5 seconds. Clutch is required to squeeze out if the ambient temperature is minus 25 ° C and below, as well as when using unsuitable oil in the gearbox. It should be released after the engine starts to work stably and do it quite smoothly and slowly.

I will take courage and say that, contrary to popular belief, that it is necessary to turn on the dazzle for a few minutes before starting the engine in cold weather. Firstly, the mass of lead in AB is such that it does not warm it up in a few minutes. And, secondly, the engine will still not start on the first attempt. And the effect of surface heating of the plates and the electrolyte is achieved due to the large current of the starter - approximately 250 ... 300 A versus 5 A for low beam.

After the first attempt, give the battery and starter a rest and try again in 10 ... 15 seconds. If after 3-4 attempts the engine does not show signs of life, then either there is a malfunction or the temperature is too low. Even with serviceable systems, starting the engine at temperatures below minus 25 ° C is quite difficult. Check for ice in the carburetor diffusers.

Aerosol for a quick start of the engine in the winter “Quick start” Under the hour it is dangerous both for the machine itself and for the health of its owner. Yes, and manipulation of such fresh air is far from good.

Nowadays it is much more comfortable to use the “Quick Start” type aerosol, which is sold in auto shops, and it is absolutely free. These aerosols are suitable for any cars and injected before launching into the engine air intake. In extreme cold, you may have to repeat the procedure several times. But the launch becomes trouble free. This saves not only the resource of the engine, battery, starter, but also your nerves.

Do not forget, the oil in the frost is thick and comes to the crankshaft necks with a rather large delay. Therefore, as soon as the engine has earned more or less steadily, MirSovetov recommends reducing the speed to the minimum stable.

In addition, you should not be afraid that the coolant in a frost is comparable to warm engine oil or even thicker - this is normal. Eliminate these problems engine heating system, the so-called preheaters. The engine starts without problems, because oil, coolant, and the engine itself is already an acceptable temperature. The only problem is the price, which is quite impressive. And to put such a system on a relatively cheap car is irrational.

That's almost all. But the problems of operation in the winter do not end only with the technical questions of the car itself, there are also changed weather conditions.

A few tips on driving

Slippery road In contrast to the warm season, winter leaves a definite and very significant imprint. You are forced to get behind the wheel in warm clothes, which is not always convenient, and changes the usual fit. Sit behind the wheel in the winter is better vertically, always strapped on. Before driving on a road, it is necessary to drive a car at different speeds in order to determine its reactions and assess the quality of the clutch.

In winter, the daylight hours are much shorter, so you often have to drive with headlights. Naturally headlights must work properly, be tuned and always clean. When driving, avoid sharp manipulation of the pedals - this can lead to drifts. Particular care should be taken before traffic lights and at public transport stops where frost forms. Try to maintain longer intervals and distance.

Thus, in the winter you have to be ready for any surprises, both from your car and from the surrounding transport.