SDA of Ukraine 2013 (Infographics)
Recall that in February the Cabinet of Ministers approved a number of changes to the SDA. Officially, the goal of all the "slumps", as usual, is one - to reduce the accident rate. In fact, new bans entail new fines and additional earnings for the traffic police.
Earlier, the Ministry of Internal Affairs promised that they would not be fined for the first time under the new rules, but they should not particularly count on the kindness of the inspectors.
New traffic rules are already on sale in paper form and on the Internet . We highlight the main points.
New traffic rules in Ukraine 2013. Major changes
In the afternoon you need to turn on the headlights
The authorities decided that from October 1 to May 1, all daytime running lights (DRL) should be switched on on all vehicles outside settlements, and if they are not in the vehicle structure, the dipped headlights should be on.
To avoid confusion, we immediately added the definition of DRL - “external white light devices provided for by the vehicle design and intended to improve the visibility of the vehicle during its movement during daylight hours”. By this definition, DRL should only be white. If you have orange ones (like on American cars) - if you please turn on not theirs, but the dipped beam.
SDA of Ukraine 2013: the concept of DRL is introduced
SDA of Ukraine 2013: if there is no DRL, turn on the near
The definition of dark time of day has also changed. Now it is “part of the day from sunset to sunrise”, and not half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise.
Paragraph 19.9 specifies that the rear foglights can only be used in conditions of insufficient visibility. Nothing is said about the front.
At the same time, paragraph 31.6 was not corrected: drivers are still forbidden to drive with non-burning headlights only in the dark. There’s nothing to fine for now.
No lawn parking
The definition of a lawn was added to the SDA - a section of a homogeneous territory with a turfy coating, which is artificially created by sowing and growing grass-forming grasses (mainly perennial cereals) or sod.
SDA of Ukraine 2013: it is forbidden to park on lawns
Clause 15.10, respectively, prohibits parking on lawns. But how will the court decide that you, for example, put a car on turf-forming herbs in the winter?
Signs are always more important than marking
Since in Ukraine the markings and signs often contradict each other, they specified in clause 8.2: road signs take precedence over road markings. The highest priority for traffic controller signals is that they are more important than traffic lights and all signs.
The 2013 edition of the SDA included detailed requirements for the placement of signs for their best visibility: they should be visible at a distance of at least 100 m in the direction of travel, placed no higher than 6 m above the level of the carriageway, etc. In addition, now the first 3 months after the installation of the sign should be set another, warning about its replacement, so that the drivers have time to get used to.
SDA of Ukraine 2013: temporary signs on a yellow background
New characters and new markings
The authorities decided that Ukrainians needed road signs about skiers and places of worship. They do not represent special difficulties for understanding.
It is worth mentioning the already famous sign 1.40 "End of the road with improved pavement." The definition of such a coating is given here - cement concrete, asphalt concrete, reinforced concrete or reinforced concrete prefabricated, pavement paved with paving stones and mosaics, prefabricated coatings of small concrete slabs, gravel and gravel treated with organic and cementitious materials.
SDA of Ukraine 2013: new road signs
SDA of Ukraine 2013: new road signs
A new layout has appeared. Blue will mark parking areas reserved for the carriageway, orange - temporary changes. The cross yellow line now warns of approaching the speed bumps, the red cross bars at the pedestrian crossing - that blind pedestrians walk here. The bike path at the intersection of the carriageway may be highlighted in red.
Green arrow at traffic light
The authors of the new rules specified who should be passed at the traffic lights in order to prevent frequent disagreements in case of a possible accident at the intersection.
“The green arrow on the plate installed at the red signal of the traffic light with a vertical arrangement of signals allows traffic in the indicated direction when the red signal of the traffic light is on from the right-most (left) lane, provided that the other traffic participants are provided with an advantage”.
SDA of Ukraine 2013: turn from the extreme lane
The ban "overtaking" on the right removed
Clause 14.1 was excluded, which allowed overtaking non-rail vehicles only on the left. Actually, this is a technical correction, since this point was simply superfluous - overtaking is called advancing with departure to the oncoming lane. But from all this, the conclusion does not follow that it is now possible to overtake the traffic flow on the right side of the roadside.
Give in to those who turn around
“The driver turning left must give way to passing vehicles that move ahead of him and make a U-turn,” reads paragraph 10.4. That is, if you turn left, you must make sure that the car in front does not go on a U-turn. This should simplify the proceedings in an accident.
The same paragraph indicates that when turning in the direction of the main road, the driver must take the extreme position on the roadway in advance.
A car with the identification mark Children, during boarding (disembarking) passengers, must include flashing orange beacons and (or) emergency lights. When approaching such a car in an adjacent lane, drivers must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid running into children.
SDA of Ukraine 2013: brake in front of buses with children
The ideas of the traffic police that the Cabinet of Ministers did not approve
The traffic inspectorate proposed to ban the operation of the car if tires installed on it that do not correspond to the season of operation, but in the final version, it was decided to limit itself to the recommendation “use tires that correspond to the condition of the roadway”. There has been and is much debate about this.
Also, traffic cops could not force pedestrians to have clothes with reflective elements, and drivers to wear special vests.
Download new traffic rules (list of changes and illustrations of signs) can be downloaded at this link from kmu.gov.ua