Traffic regulations of Ukraine 2013 (Infographics)
Recall, in February, the Cabinet approved a number of changes in traffic rules. Officially, the goal of all "criminality", as usual, is one - reducing the accident rate. In fact, new bans entail new fines and additional earnings for the traffic police.
Earlier in the Ministry of Internal Affairs promised that the first time to fine by the new rules will not, but especially count on the kindness of the inspectors is not worth it.
New traffic rules are already on sale in paper form and on the Internet . Let us single out the main points.
New traffic rules in Ukraine 2013. The main changes
During the day you need to turn on the lights
The authorities decided that from October 1 to May 1, all vehicles outside the populated areas should include daytime running lights (DRL), and in the absence of them in the vehicle's design, dipped headlights.
In order not to be confused, they immediately added the definition of DRL - "external light devices of white color, provided for by the design of the vehicle and designed to improve the visibility of the vehicle during its movement during daylight hours." By this definition, DRL should only be white. If you have orange (as in American cars) - do not include them, but the dipped beam.
Traffic regulations of Ukraine 2013: DXO concept introduced
Traffic regulations of Ukraine 2013: if there is no DRL, include near
The definition of the dark time of the day also changed. Now it's "part of the day from sunset to sunrise", and not half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise.
Paragraph 19.9 clarifies that the rear fog lights can only be used in conditions of poor visibility. Nothing is said about the forelegs.
At the same time, paragraph 31.6 did not rule: drivers are still prohibited from driving with non-firing headlights only at night. There is nothing to be penalized for yet.
Parking on lawns is prohibited
In the SDA, the definition of a lawn was added-a section of a homogeneous territory with a turf cover, which is artificially created by sowing and growing sod-forming grasses (mainly perennial grasses) or overves.
ПДД Украины 2013: On the lawns you can not park
Paragraph 15.10, respectively, parking on the lawns prohibits. But how does the court decide that you, for example, put the car on turf-forming grass in the winter?
Signs are always more important than markup
Since in Ukraine marking and signs often contradict each other, in paragraph 8.2 they were written: road signs have an advantage over road markings. The biggest priority is for the signals of the regulator - they are the most important traffic lights and all signs.
The 2013 edition of the SDA included detailed requirements for the placement of signs for their best visibility: they should be visible at a distance of at least 100 m in the direction of traffic, placed no higher than 6 m above the level of the carriageway, etc. In addition, now the first 3 months after the installation of the sign must be set up another, warning of its replacement so that drivers have time to get used to.
Traffic regulations of Ukraine 2013: temporary signs on a yellow background
New signs and new markup
The authorities decided that Ukrainians needed road signs about skiers and religious buildings. They do not represent particular difficulties for understanding.
It is worth mentioning the already famous sign 1.40 "End of the road with an improved coating." The definition of such a coating is also given here: cement-concrete, asphalt-concrete, reinforced concrete or reinforced concrete prefabricated covering, pavement, paved stone blocks and mosaic, prefabricated coating of small-sized concrete slabs, crushed stone and gravel treated with organic and astringent materials.
Traffic regulations of Ukraine 2013: new road signs
Traffic regulations of Ukraine 2013: new road signs
There was also a new markup. Blue will mark the parking areas allocated to the roadway, orange - temporary changes. The transverse yellow line now warns of approaching the lying policeman, the red cross strips on the pedestrian crossing - that blind pedestrians are walking here. A bike path at the intersection of the roadway may be highlighted in red.
Green arrow at traffic light
The authors of the new rules clarified who should be passed at the traffic lights to prevent frequent disagreements in the event of an accident at an intersection.
"The green arrow on the plate set at the level of the red traffic light signal with the vertical arrangement of the signals allows movement in the indicated direction with the red traffic signal on the rightmost (left) lane on, provided that other participants are given an advantage in movement."
Ukraine's 2013 traffic rules: turn from the extreme zone
The prohibition of "overtaking" on the right was removed
Paragraph 14.1 was deleted, which permitted to overtake non-rail vehicles only to the left. Actually, this is a technical amendment, since this paragraph was simply superfluous - overtaking is called advancement with departure for a meeting. But from all this there is no conclusion that now it is possible to overtake the traffic flow to the right along the roadside.
Give in to those who are unfolding
"A driver who is making a left turn must give way to passing vehicles that move ahead of him and turn around" - reads paragraph 10.4. That is, if you turn left you have to make sure that the car does not go ahead to turn. This should simplify the proceedings in an accident.
In the same paragraph it is stated that when turning in the direction of the main road, the driver must first occupy the extreme position on the roadway.
Safety of children
Car with identification mark Children during the boarding of passengers should include orange flashing beacons and (or) emergency light signaling. Approaching such a car along the adjacent lane, drivers should slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid hitting the children.
Ukrainian traffic rules 2013: slow down in front of buses with children
Ideas GAI, which the Cabinet did not approve
The State Traffic Inspection offered to ban the operation of the car if it had tires that did not fit the operating season, but in the final version it was decided to limit oneself to the recommendation "to use tires that correspond to the state of the carriageway". In this regard, there have been many disputes.
Also traffic cops could not force pedestrians to wear clothes with reflective elements, and drivers - to wear special vests.
Download new SDA (list of changes and illustrations of signs) can be downloaded from this site from kmu.gov.ua