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What places in transport are the safest?

Safety in the carSafety in the car

In the car, the safest - in the back seat, in the middle, provided that you are fastened (if not fastened, then the passenger). Further on the level of safety - the rear seat behind the passenger (due to a high percentage of frontal collisions on the tangent), then - the rear seat behind the driver. The use of seat belts, even in the rear seat, is a very important point. in many situations, gives more chances to survive (from a story with friends: at BMV 750 at a speed of 240 the front wheel collapsed, the car turned over 14 times, the front passengers were fastened and bruised, the rear ones were not fastened - both had a neck fracture, one died in place ).

In a minibus such as the Gazelle, the most insecure place is next to the driver. Next comes the danger of the rear row of seats, all cocoon seats, the first row behind the driver. Accordingly, the safest for a minivan - not near the driver, not the last row, not the first behind the driver, i.e. in the middle of a minibus.

In the bus, the most insecure are the first 2 rows of passenger seats, all side seats near the window, the rear row. The safest - starting with the 4th row, except the last one, in the middle of the cabin (not near the window).

Every day people die in an accident. Can this be avoided? How to act in an extreme traffic situation? Let's try to figure it out!

Recently, even a banal trip to work is almost a feat, and the flights and access to the open sea and before did not inspire much confidence. Of course, the degree of risk can be reduced by moving solely on foot and not traveling beyond the nearest store. But if this way of life does not suit you, then there is only one thing - to master the basic rules of safety.

Zapovednye Places
In each type of transport there are places on which to be safer. Unfortunately, there are not many of them.

In the car : the rear seat.

In a fixed-route taxi, a bus, a trolleybus, a tram and a train : the places located back in the direction of movement (those who are rocked will have to choose between health and safety).

On the ship, the safest place is the deck, and the safest cabin is the one closest to it.

Everywhere try to keep the "golden mean": the closer to the center, the safer. In land transport, if you can not become a "centrist", you can afford a "right bias" (right-hand side still farther from the oncoming traffic), but the "left" is already risky. In the metro and on the railway, choose not only the middle of the car, but also the middle of the train.

On the plane : given that 80% of accidents happen during takeoff and landing, it can be assumed that in the tail sit still safer. Firstly, if the plane "hooks" on the ground with a tail, then in case of a fault the nose will fly forward, and the tail will remain on the ground. Secondly, in a crisis situation on landing, burning fuel enters inertia into the front compartments due to inertia, therefore, as conductors joke, "at least your corpse will be found in the tail". Exception - accidents caused by turbulence. Here - all the way around: in flight the safest part is the nose of the liner.

And yet, as practice shows, a special place is not a panacea, and there are not enough of them at all. Therefore, you can hope for it, but it's important not to damage yourself.

Fasten seat belts!

Do not ignore the generally accepted security measures, proudly considering them the lot of reinsurers. Sometimes this can be expensive. And first of all those who do not wear seat belts. In the event of an accident, a non-stuck passenger is much worse off. By the way, simply to fasten a belt is not enough, it is necessary to adjust it so that to you it was a little bit crowded, differently at collision you from it simply will take off. This applies to air transport passengers: if suddenly the airplane falls into an air hole, the one who is not fastened properly should be under the ceiling.

When traveling in public transport while standing, take a steady pose and, if possible, hang on. If you value your life, do not ever go standing in a minibus.

In the subway, do not cross the coveted line running along the platform and along the edge of the escalator steps. Do not go to the train until it stops. Avoid crowding. Noticing something suspicious (delay or frequent train stops, smoke, smell of burning), at the first opportunity, run from this "place of death" to fresh air or go to another line.

In a train or plane, make sure that on your shelves you do not have too heavy objects above your head, or you will feel their weight on yourself with a strong push. By the way, in this case, not only things fall from the shelves, but also passengers, so in long-distance trains for greater reliability you can get attached before going to bed or pull around the rope barrier. In the compartment, before going to bed on the lower shelf, remove from the table at least bottles, inadvertently not wake up in a wet bed, strewn with broken glass. Those who travel on side seats in a second-class car should go forward with their feet along the train so as not to break their necks, if the train suddenly hits something. For the same reason, it is better not to doze off on the road while sitting, especially the person on the move of the car or train. For an injury to the cervical vertebrae, one sharp braking is enough. If you really want to sleep, try to group somehow so that your head does not hang out.

"Warm" we will not give!

We all hope: with whom with whom, and with us something terrible will never happen. We will continue to think so, but in order to feel more confident, we can prepare ourselves in advance for a quick response, so that the catastrophe that has taken us from nowhere will not take us by surprise.

In ground transportation, first of all, pay attention to where the emergency exit window is located. If there is no such indicator, select the most appropriate one. However, getting out of it is not appropriate in any situation. If an explosion occurred in the metro and the train stopped in the tunnel, do not rush to get out - electrical cables on the walls and even the metal parts of the car may be under stress. The right thing to do is to wait for the rescuers to arrive. Smoke smoke - immediately apply a scarf, scarf or other piece of cloth that has been soaked to your face, and, without disdaining, lie down on the floor - it's easier to breathe there.

If the car or car turns over or into something crash, grab your hands for any of their fixed parts and hold on as hard as you can. Eyes shut your eyes and, as you know how, group, hiding your head. Children, press your face to yourself. Do not move until this nightmare is over. When the situation becomes stable, look around and act on the situation.

If the car falls into the water, to say goodbye to life early. Time to get out is enough. The main thing is not to lose heart and keep self-control. First, you need to quickly close the windows, so as not to go to the bottom immediately. Secondly, to put under itself all that is to climb to the ceiling. Then take off all unnecessary and wait until the water in the cabin rises above the door. Then, taking in the teeth the most valuable, you can open the door and swim out. The same rules are true for a sinking bus - but there it will be necessary to get out through the windows, and if you can not get through the window, you have to knock out the glass. Try to wait as deeply as possible and breathe more often. It's "not inhaled" before death, and in order to save your life, you just need to fill the lungs with oxygen.

By the way, about oxygen: it's better to know in advance on the plane where the oxygen masks are and how to use them - then there may not be enough time for this. Usually containers with masks are attached either to the back of the front seat or to the ceiling. If you notice that the container has suddenly opened, be aware that this is an alarm signal - the compartment opens automatically when the air pressure in the passenger compartment drops drastically. Quickly put on the mask and fasten it on your head until you lose consciousness. After that, you can help somebody else.

When an emergency landing of an airplane or evacuation from a sinking ship is not worth taking on an extra initiative. Trust the captain and crew members, they are better than you are guided in the situation. Your well-being in many respects will depend on how clearly and quickly you will follow their instructions.

Its paper is closer to the body. Even if your path is not long, take the most necessary things with you, including - a small first aid kit and the so-called "survival kit". If you went on a long journey, do not hide money and documents for bags and suitcases. Better keep them to yourself: when you have to urgently, dropping your luggage, jumping from a sinking ship or getting out of a burning car, there will be no time to get them. Traveling on water or over water, just in case place all the securities in a sealed plastic bag. The most necessary things, too, do not go far and remember where they are.

By the way
Overalls. On the road, the main thing is not beauty, but convenience and safety. Therefore, elegant dresses, narrow skirts and shoes with thin heels, as well as jewelry, it is better to leave in a suitcase to "sedentary" times. For travel you need clothes that do not restrict movement. Shoes, too, should not create problems. When you are on land, the one that will hold on to your feet will do. On the ship, on the contrary, it is better to wear such shoes, which can be easily discarded.