What are the safest places in transport?
In the car, the safest thing is in the backseat, in the middle, provided that you are fastened (if not fastened, then behind the passenger). Next in terms of safety, the back seat is behind the passenger (due to the high percentage of frontal collisions on a tangent), then the back seat is behind the driver. The use of seat belts even in the back seat is a very important point, since in many situations, it gives more chances to survive (from a story with acquaintances: the front wheel of the BMV 750 snapped, the car overturned 14 times, the front passengers were fastened and escaped with bruises, the rear ones were not fastened - both had a broken neck, one died on the spot ).
In a minibus, such as a Gazelle, the most unsafe place is near the driver. Next comes the danger of the rear row of seats, all cocci seats, the first row after the driver. Accordingly, the safest ones for a minibus are not near the driver, not the last row, not the first one behind the driver, i.e. in the middle of a minibus.
The bus is the most unsafe first 2 rows of passenger seats, all side seats near the window, the back row. The safest ones are from the 4th row, with the exception of the last, in the middle of the cabin (not near the window).
Recently, even a banal trip to work has become almost a feat, and even flights and access to the open sea have not inspired much confidence before. Of course, the degree of risk can be reduced by moving exclusively on foot and not traveling farther than the nearest store. But if such a lifestyle does not suit you, then only one thing remains - to assimilate the basic rules of security.
In each type of transport there are places on which to be the safest. Unfortunately, there are not so many of them.
In the passenger car : rear seat.
In a fixed-route taxi, bus, trolleybus, tram and train : places located backwards in the direction of travel (those who are swayed have to choose between self-esteem and safety).
On the ship, the safest place is the deck, and the safest cabin is the one closest to it.
Everywhere try to keep the "golden mean": the closer to the center, the safer. In ground transportation, if you don’t manage to become a “centrist”, you can allow yourself a “right bias” (the starboard side is still further from the oncoming flow), but the “left” can be risky. In the subway and on the railway, choose not only the middle of the car, but also the middle of the train.
In an airplane : given that 80% of accidents happen during takeoff and landing, you can make the assumption that it is safer to sit in the tail. First, if the plane “clings” to the ground with its tail on takeoff, then in the event of a break the nose will fly forward, and the tail will remain on the ground. Secondly, during a crisis on landing, the burning fuel gets into the front compartments by inertia, therefore, as the conductors jokes gloomily, “at least they will find your corpse in the tail”. Exception - accidents caused by turbulence. Here it is the opposite: in the flight the safest part is the nose of the liner.
And yet, as practice shows, a special place is not a panacea, and not enough at all. Therefore, it can be hoped for, but it is also important not to do it yourself.
Fasten seat belts!
Do not neglect the generally accepted security measures, proudly considering them to be the reinsurers. Sometimes it can be costly. And first of all, those who are not wearing seat-belts. In the event of an accident, the unfastened passenger is much worse. By the way, just fastening the belt is not enough, you need to adjust it so that you are a little crowded, otherwise you will simply fly out of it in a collision. This also applies to air transport passengers: if the plane suddenly falls into an air hole, the one who has not buckled up properly should be under the ceiling.
When you are standing in public transport, take a steady posture and, if possible, hold on. If your life is dear to you, never go standing in minibuses.
In the subway do not cross the treasured line running along the platform and along the edge of the escalator steps. Do not approach the train until it has stopped. Avoid crowding. Having noticed something suspicious (delay or frequent train stops, smoke, a smell of burning), as soon as possible, run away from this “black spot” to fresh air or go to another line.
On a train or plane, make sure that there are no too heavy objects on the shelves above your head, or you will feel their weight on yourself with a strong jolt. By the way, in this case not only things fall from the shelves, but also passengers, so in long-distance trains, for greater safety, you can snap at bedtime or pull a rope barrier around you. In the compartment, before you go to bed on the lower shelf, remove at least a bottle from the table so that you do not accidentally wake up in a wet bed strewn with broken glass. Those traveling to the side seats in the second-class carriage should lie down with their feet along the course of the train so as not to break their neck if suddenly the train bumps into something. For the same reason, it is better not to take a nap while sitting on the road, especially when facing a car or train. For trauma of the cervical vertebrae, one sudden braking is enough. If you really want to sleep, try to somehow group together so that your head does not hang out.
"Warm" do not give up!
We all hope: with whom with whom, and nothing bad will never happen to us. We will continue to think so further, but in order to feel more confident, you can prepare yourself in advance for a quick response, so that no one knows where the catastrophe came from to take us by surprise.
In ground transportation, first of all, pay attention to where the window for the emergency exit is located. If there is no such pointer, select the most appropriate one. However, getting out of it is not appropriate in any situation. If an explosion occurred in the subway and the train stopped in a tunnel, you should not rush to get out - electric cables on the walls and even metal parts of the car can be under voltage. It would be most appropriate to wait for the arrival of rescuers. Smoke will fall down - urgently apply a scarf, a scarf or another piece of cloth moistened with what you have to, and, without disdain, lie down on the floor - it is easier to breathe there.
If the car or the car overturns or crashes into something, grasp any stationary parts with your hands and hold on with all your strength. Squeeze your eyes and, as you can, group, hiding your head. Children pull face to themselves. Do not move until this nightmare is over. When the situation becomes stable, look around and act on the situation.
If the car falls into the water, say goodbye to life early. Time, in order to get out, enough. The main thing - do not lose heart and keep self-control. First, you need to quickly close the windows, so as not to immediately go to the bottom. Secondly, to enclose all that is there to rise to the ceiling. Then remove all unnecessary and wait until the water in the cabin rises above the door. Then, taking in the teeth the most valuable, you can open the door and swim out. The same rules are true for a sinking bus - but there it will be necessary to get out through the windows, and if you cannot get through the window, you will have to break the glass. Try to wait as long as you can and breathe more often. This is “not breathing” before death, but in order to save your life, you just need to fill your lungs with oxygen.
By the way, about oxygen: it is better to find out in advance in the plane where the oxygen masks are and how to use them - then there may not be enough time for this. Usually containers with masks are attached either to the back of the front seat or to the ceiling. If you notice that the container has suddenly opened, know that this is an alarm signal - the compartment opens automatically with a sharp drop in air pressure in the cabin. Quickly put on a mask and fix it on your head until you lose consciousness. After that you can help someone else.
When an emergency landing of an aircraft or evacuation from a sinking ship, it is not worth taking extra initiative. Trust the captain and the crew members, they are better guided by the situation. Your well-being will largely depend on how clearly and quickly you will begin to follow their instructions.
Their papers are closer to the body. Even if your path is short, always take the most necessary things with you, including a small first-aid kit and the so-called “survival kit”. If you went on a long journey, do not hide money and documents on bags and suitcases. It is better to keep them with you: when it is urgent, abandoning your luggage, jumping from a sinking ship or getting out of a burning wagon, there will be no time to get them. When traveling by water or above water, just in case, put all the securities in a sealed plastic bag. Do not remove the most necessary things too and remember where they lie.
By the way
Overalls. On the road, the main thing is not beauty, but convenience and safety. Therefore, elegant dresses, narrow skirts and shoes with thin heels, as well as jewelry, should be left in a suitcase until "settled" times. For travel need clothes, not constraining movements. Shoes also should not create problems. When you are on land, the one that will be strong on your feet will do. On the ship, on the contrary, it is better to wear shoes that are easy to throw off.