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How steal your cars Theft technology in pictures

In the book of E.Burmistrova and V.P.Shevchenko "How to prevent the hijacking of a car", which describes typical situations of hijacking, hijackers and the main requirements for automobile security devices, the methods of depriving a motorist of his property are described as follows:

1) The classic method of robbery is shown in the film "How to Steal a Million". A person who was outside the protected premises threw a boomerang that crossed the infrared rays used for protection. The alarm system gave out alarm signals, which the guards considered false. After a series of such "false" alarms, the alarm was turned off, which enabled the person to penetrate unnoticed into the protected building. Often the same principle is used for car theft. Causes the alarm to fire until the owner disconnects it. After this, in the absence of reliable lockers to steal a car is not difficult.

2) The hijacker's companions try to neutralize the owner of the car. At night, they can detain him by locking the door of the porch in which he lives. If the owner is in the store, the partners can inform the hijacker of the actions of the owner and, if necessary, detain him at the exit from the store, which will enable the hijacker to hide.

3) Hijackers monitor the car owner and use his oversights. Typical missteps leading to car theft:

- forgot to turn on the alarm;

- forgot to turn on the pager (if available) or not changed the battery in time;

- For a long time he departed from the car beyond the audible signals of the siren and pager;

- forgot the keys in the ignition lock (strangely enough, this sometimes happens if the doors are closed remotely with a keychain, and the key chain is worn separately from the keys).

4) As a last resort in relation to the owner the hijacker can use force. There is a case where the owner, trying to prevent the theft of his car, received a blow from the hijacker by the eye. As a result, the year of treatment and disability.

5) At a meeting with the police, the hijacker tries:

- to imitate the alcoholic: "... climbed into the car to drink a bottle of beer ...";

- to deny the fact of stealing, referring, for example, to "weighty" reasons: "... it was necessary to urgently bring medicine to a sick person." And, of course, I would put the car in place ... ";

- buy off;

to run away.

6) The cold-blooded actions of the hijackers, similar to those of the car owner, do not attract the attention of outsiders. However, the hijacker prefers to act away from informed witnesses - neighbors, relatives.

7) On the kidnapped car, the necessary documents can be prepared in advance: a power of attorney, a technical passport, a ticket for those. inspection.

8) Hijackers usually act in groups with a clear distribution of functions. In the event of an unsuccessful attempt to steal and to ensure the ability to quickly hide, close to the place of hijacking leave their car with a starved engine and driver.

9) Experienced hijackers determine the type of security system and suggest a way to overcome it. The direct executors of the theft are often teenagers. In accordance with the current legislation, adolescents are less responsible for the crime committed than adults.

10) When "working" directly with the car, the hijackers try first of all to disable the siren or at least to drown it for a while, for example, by the sound of a nearby car with a damaged silencer, the pager's signal is jamming a powerful source of radio interference. Usually a siren and a pager are disabled for a few seconds. The type of pager and its presence is determined by observing the owner of the car or by gluing an antenna on the windshield.

11) Penetration into the car. How does a hijacker get into a car? Unfortunately, it is extremely simple. The doors and hood are easily opened with skeleton keys, of which there is a great variety. In this case, as a rule, the larvae of the locks are not affected. The simplest way to get into the salon is to take out the rear window, cutting off the rubber band or just breaking the side window and opening the door.

12) Actions after penetration into the car interior.

The anti-theft latch on the steering column is broken by hands. To break the latch of the ignition lock, a tool made of high-strength steel, resembling a large screwdriver with a lever, can be used. For domestic cars this, in fact, is not required. The hijacker can disconnect the connector from the ignition switch and, connecting the necessary wires or inserting a lock in the connector, try to start the engine. Few people know that the locks on the pedals are not a serious anti-theft tool, since the hijacker can leave without pressing either gas, clutch, or brake (!), However, not very quickly; or remove the lock by biting the foot pedals. Descriptions of specific actions of hijackers to overcome certain mechanical blockers are often published in periodicals and are an incentive for developers of anti-theft devices to improve their characteristics, leading to the creation of fundamentally new lockers (see Section 7.3).

13) For most common brands of cars, a hijacker-professional procures a so-called "spider". "Spider" is a bundle of wires, on the one hand, ending with the ignition switch with the switch (in the case of electronic ignition), on the other - crocodiles and special mortise clamps for "instant" connection. After opening the hood, the regular wiring, which ensures the movement of the car, is completely cut and a new one is installed. The harness "spider" is laid directly outside the car from under the hood into the interior. The process takes 0.5 - 2.0 minutes (!). It is obvious that in this way virtually any electronic anti-theft system is neutralized on cars that do not have complicated computer control of engine operation.

14) Instead of "spider" the hijacker can use a high-frequency pulse generator, which "makes" the candles all the time spark. Thus the car goes badly, but nevertheless goes.

15) In order to eliminate the effect of the anti-theft petrol valve, which can be installed on the car, the hijacker cuts the petrol line near the carburetor and connects its small capacity with gasoline.

16) Not all hijackers are so professional to prepare and use a "spider" or HF generator. But all the hijackers know that if all the connectors are disconnected from the alarm control unit, then this is the end of her work. This is true for most spaced alarms (that is, alarms, in which the control unit is separated from the siren). If you disconnect the connector from the monoblock alarm (which all consists of one unit), the car does not start, but in this case, connect certain wires in a bundle that fits to the monoblock, thereby eliminating the engine blockage. It is somewhat more difficult to remove locks of systems with "armored" blocks, from which single-color wires emerge. Here it is required to unscrew several screws - in order to open the unit - it becomes further clear which wires to connect (of course, if this issue has been previously worked out). Finding the location of the unit does not take much time - such places in domestic cars - two to three maximum. Search time is one or two minutes. Monoblock is usually not necessary to search - it is installed under the hood in a conspicuous place.

17) A hijacker may have a scanner or grabber - electronic devices that pick up an alarm code or record it at a time when the car owner uses a key fob to turn off the alarm. That is, if the alarm is susceptible to scanning or grabbing, the hijacker becomes the owner of the electronic master key to turn it off. The modern scanner (the "police key") and the grabber (more precisely, the radio signal recorder) are not larger than a pack of cigarettes and a perfectly acceptable price: $ 200 and $ 5,000, respectively.

18) The actions of hijackers are unconventional and unpredictable not only for the car owner, but also for the experienced alarm installer.

19) Cases of theft are frequent, when the car is left wound up, and the owner is nearby (smokes, opens a gate, buys something in a stall). There is a known case when the VAZ-2104 broke the starter. Having got the car "from the pusher", the owner went to the service. Leaving the car with a running engine at the service gate (the place was quiet, deadlock), the owner went after the master (50 meters). Back almost immediately with the master, they saw only the dust from the rapidly retiring car.

20) Hijacking with the help of a fishing line and sticks, shown in one of the telecasts. A line 10 meters long is attached to the axis of the car, and a stick is attached to the end. The owner starts the car in the morning, passes a few meters, until the line is wound around the axis, and suddenly - hears a knock. It turns out, without muffling the engine, and climbs under the car. The hijacker jumps into the car and leaves.

21) The hijacker can collude with the alarm installer, and after some time after installation quickly and without noise to steal the car. The simplest option is when the installer sends the hijacker a cast of keys and a third key fob (if the alarm can "remember" more than 2 key fobs).

22) The hijacker can steal keys and a keychain from the owner and calmly leave.

23) The hijacker can make the keys to the ignition lock, using the larva of the lock removed the day before from the hatch of the gas tank (many cars have a single key for all locks).

24) After the hijacking, the car is either quickly disassembled or settled. This checks for the presence of radio transmitting devices, the power is turned off.

25) In case of an unsuccessful attempt at theft, an experienced thief leaves the car without leaving traces, so as not to cause suspicion of the owner. There is a known case of the termination of the attempted hijacking of VAZ-2109 after the discovery of the fort installed on it; the lock was not removed; The owner of the attempted theft did not recognize.