#EuroMajdan # євромайдан Chronicle 12/20/2013
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Chronology of events
UPD: 12/20/2013 Oppositionists have spoken from the Maidan scene for 10 years in prison - Bondarenko
Member of the Party of Regions Olena Bondarenko believes that the opposition representatives who spoke at rallies that have been going on in Ukraine for more than a month, have said "years to 10" prisons.
She stated this on the "Freedom of Speech" on ICTV, writes Ukrainskaya Pravda.
"Even statements that violate the law in our Criminal Code can be ten years old. Even if we take into account that the oppositionists have spoken on all the Maidan at once, I can tell you, for 10 years (prisons) they have spoken", said Bondarenko.
"Article 109 - calls for the forcible overthrow of power - up to 5 years (prisons). Article 279 - blocking transport communications; 293 - group violation of public order; 294 - riots; 295 - calls for committing acts that threaten public order; and the seizure of state buildings, "she listed.
"This is all, I emphasize, these are all articles of the Criminal Code, not even Administrative. For this, there is punishment in a normal democratic country," Bondarenko said.
"Do not confuse peaceful assemblies with the peaceful seizure of buildings, peaceful fights, peaceful vandalism ... It was all, it was all there, and for every fact the case was opened by the law enforcement agencies," she added.
UPD: 20/12/2013 Saakashvili (36 people in total) is prohibited from entering Ukraine at the request of the people's deputy Tsarev
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Security Service of Ukraine satisfied the request of the people's deputy from the Party of Regions Oleg Tsarev to ban 36 people from entering the Ukraine, including ex-President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili, citizens of the United States and EU countries, Kommersant-Ukraine writes.
The corresponding request addressed to the head of the SBU Alexander Yakimenko and the Minister of Foreign Affairs Leonid Kozhara was filed by the Regional Office on December 8. According to the parliamentarian, "destabilization of the situation in Ukraine, street activity and the seizure of buildings are planned in nature," and "the organization of such campaigns requires the participation of specialists of the appropriate profile." “It’s quite reasonable to witness the frequent visits of foreign political consultants and experts on protest activity, whose activities turn into a threat to national security,” stated Tsarev’s request.
It is noteworthy that Rosa Tsarev called "the best specialist in the world in organizing revolutions through social networks." The list of persona non grata also includes the former President of Georgia, Mikhail Saakashvili, and 29 Georgian citizens. “Saakashvili has nothing to do here, let him go to Georgia and meet with the Georgian people! He came here with his team, who organized the“ rose revolution. ”They all settled in Ukraine and were moderators of the revolution that the opposition was trying to organize,” Kommersant said -Ukraine Tsarev.
Together with the document was sent a list of "persons who, within the framework of the advisory work of the opposition," have the opportunity to realize the "political interests of other countries." This list includes Taras Kuzio, a researcher at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University, a well-known German political scientist Andreas Umland, as well as Fink Brian, Vasilik Miron, Alexander Ros (all of them are from the USA).
According to the parliamentarian, a Serbian citizen Marko Ivkovic, also on the list, “organized a revolution against Slobodan Milosevic with a team of Serbs,” and promoted a similar scenario in Ukraine. "There are 36 people in my request. I have not yet received a response from the SBU, but, according to my information, they are all declared persona non grata," said the regional official.
It is noteworthy that, according to the Financial Times, already on December 21, one of the defendants in the list - entrepreneur Georgy Kikvadze - was unable to cross the state border of Ukraine. "Probably, I am now a dangerous revolutionary who is seeking the resignation of the government," Kikvadze commented on the situation.
Georgian Ambassador to Ukraine Georgy Zakarashvili said that three people could not enter Ukraine, appearing in Oleg Tsarev's request. "I confirm the fact with George Kikvadze - he returned to Georgia. There were two more such cases - Rustavi-2 journalist David Kakulia and another person could not enter. We are now working with the Foreign Ministry and are trying to find out how true the list of Tsarov’s deputy is, and as far as the people on this list meet the criteria, "the ambassador said.
On the question of what kind of response steps might be followed by Georgia, the diplomat replied that at present the mission is working to clarify the information. "I hope we will resolve all issues in a constructive way," Zakarashvili concluded.
German political scientist Andreas Umland, who is a member of the expert council of the parliamentary committee on European integration, said he has not yet tried to enter Ukraine. “I was surprised that I was on this list - I do not engage in political activities, but I work at a university where I write and edit academic articles. I wrote the most critical articles about the Freedom party,” he said.
According to the expert, the ban on entry is not associated with his criticism of the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych or the government. “I proposed the European Union to impose sanctions against Russia if Ukraine signs the CA, and Russia imposes sanctions against Ukraine,” said Umland, adding that if the information on the ban is confirmed, he intends to challenge the decision of the Ukrainian authorities in court.
The opposition believes that a ban on the entry of 36 foreign citizens can lead to "serious international consequences." The first deputy head of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Verkhovna Rada, a people's deputy from UDAR, Valentin Nalyvaychenko, said that there are three reasons why entry into the territory of Ukraine can be closed. “This is a threat to national security, involvement in criminal offenses or terrorist activities. If the Security Service of Ukraine has satisfied Oleg Tsarev’s request, the secret service acts for political reasons of the Party of Regions. Diplomacy has a basic principle of reciprocity. Any country would have to be unfounded, then the response will not take long ", - said Nalyvaychenko.
According to the deputy head of the Batkivshchyna faction, Sergey Sobolev, such actions may entail serious international consequences. "If these countries - the United States, the EU and Georgia - ban Yanukovych, Azarov and their children to go to his house, then Yanukovych will only be able to go to North Korea," the people's deputy said.
UPD: 12/20/2013 On the Maidan to see and be seen. Photo selection of Western politicians at rallies in Kiev
Almost a month has passed since the start of mass Europrotests in Ukraine. During this time, many well-known Western politicians have expressed their support for the European aspirations of Ukrainians. At the same time, many of them decided not to limit themselves to statements and arrived in Kiev, in order to communicate with Ukrainian officials, personally evaluate the mass character of the main Euromaidan of the country, and at the same time with their presence and word to cheer on the protesters.
Correspondent.net created a photo sampling of ten high-ranking foreigners participating in the Kiev Euromaid. These are US Senators John McCain and Chris Murphy, US Undersecretary of State Victoria Nuland and US Ambassador to Ukraine Jeffrey Payette, Speaker of the Lithuanian Seym Loret Grauzhinene, EU Foreign Policy Commissioner Catherine Washtervelle, John Baird and Guido Westerwelle, ex-Prime Minister of Poland Jaroslav Kaczynski, as well as ex-president of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili.
UPD: 12/20/2013 The President of the European Parliament does not see the possibility of further cooperation with Ukraine
The Ukrainian theme was one of the main ones at the two-day EU summit, which started yesterday, December 19, in Brussels.
The meeting is attended by leaders of all EU member states and leaders of organizations that are part of or closely cooperate with the European Union.
In particular, the President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, said that he did not see the possibility of further cooperation with Ukraine. “How can we cooperate with the government, which, instead of signing an association agreement with the European Union, took a huge loan from Russia and agreed on an opaque gas price?” Said Schulz.
UPD: 12/20/2013 EU estimates Ukraine’s refusal of integration at $ 26 billion
Ukraine could receive at least 19 billion euros ($ 26 billion) in loans and grants from the European Union in the next seven years if, in accordance with expectations, it had signed an agreement on trade and cooperation with the block, according to EU internal data.
In November, Ukraine at the last moment refused to sign a trade agreement with Brussels for the sake of maintaining good relations with Russia. This provoked the most widespread street protests in the 46 million country in nine years after the Orange Revolution.
Desperate for money to cover the huge deficit in external funding, Ukraine turned to Russia, whose President Vladimir Putin, for the first time in the years of negotiations, agreed to reduce the cost of gas by a third. He also pledged to invest $ 15 billion in risk-bearing sovereign bonds of "fraternal" Ukraine, engulfed in an economic crisis and political speeches that Putin called "pogroms" and linked to Western intervention.
The EU avoided embarking on promises with Russia for Ukraine, and the only exact amount mentioned publicly is a loan of 610 million euros, which the European Union was ready to offer to Kiev, if it agrees to the conditions of the lender, the IMF: unpopular economic reforms. However, the EU's available for internal use estimates show that the total volume of loans and grants to Ukraine for the block between 2014 and 2020 would have amounted to at least 19 billion euros, provided Kiev signed a trade agreement with the EU and reached an agreement with the IMF. A source in the European Union said that this is a conservative estimate, which was never voiced during negotiations with Ukrainian officials. "We will never do something to show off or compete in providing more money, because the essence of our proposal is not in money," said a source.
This figure is close to 20 billion euros of financial assistance, which was talked about last week by the Prime Minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov: he viewed this as compensation for the costs of the treaty with the European Union. However, the bloc doubts the amount called by Kiev, which is necessary for the adaptation of the Ukrainian economy plunged into recession to the new terms of trade after the agreement with the EU and against the background of sanctions that Russia faces. The EU was ready to give recommendations to Ukraine regarding reaching an agreement with the IMF if the country signed this agreement.
If Ukraine fulfills all the conditions of the IMF, the EU would agree to an "accelerated payment" of the first batch of economic assistance and would be ready to start work on the second, the source said. The EU would also organize a conference with the participation of donor countries and representatives of the private sector to invest in the economy of Ukraine. Blok emphasizes that the proposal for a trade agreement with Ukraine remains in force. Her first deputy prime minister, Sergei Arbuzov, said last week that Kiev was ready to sign a document, but EU officials are not expecting any action in the near future. The European Commissioner for Expansion, Stefan Fule, told Arbuzov last week that if Ukraine gives a clear commitment to sign the treaty, the EU will start working with Kiev to prepare a roadmap to implement the agreement. However, later Füle tweeted on Sunday that the EU was stopping negotiations with Yanukovych on European integration, pointing out the discrepancy between the words and deeds of the president against the background of the use of special forces of violence against the protesters on "euromaidan."
UPD: 12/20/2013 Verkhovna Rada pardoned Euromaidan participants
The law, which voted for 339 deputies of the Rada of the 404s, provides for the closure of all criminal cases against protesters in Ukraine that began on November 21.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a law providing for the release from criminal and administrative responsibility of all detained participants in Euromaidan. On Thursday, December 19, 339 deputies out of 404 registered in the session hall voted for him, UNIAN reports.
Representing the bill in the Ukrainian parliament, MP from the Batkivshchyna faction Pavel Petrenko said that the law does not apply to law enforcement officers who beat the protesters, as the opposition insisted on changing the wording "persons involved in protest actions" to "protesters ", specifies the agency" Interfax ".
The law also suggests that all criminal proceedings against protesters in Ukraine, opened from November 21, are subject to closure, and their defendants - to be released. In addition, they will be considered as convicted.
UPD: 12/20/2013 Most of Kiev residents support Euromaidan, however they condemn the demolition of the monument to Lenin - poll
Nearly two-thirds of Kiev residents support Euromaidan, according to the results of a December survey by the Research & Branding Group. At the same time, 69% of the residents of the capital reacted negatively to the demolition of the monument to Lenin in the center of Kiev.
According to a sociological survey, in December of this year, Euromaidan was supported by 64% of Kiev residents, 26% did not show support for this phenomenon.
It is noteworthy that the Kievans aged 40–49 years (71% support, 23% do not) and young people under 30 years old (69% support, 21% - no) are the biggest supporters of the protest actions in the center of the capital. In turn, elderly Kyivans over 55 years old are most critical towards Euromaidan (54% support, and 36% do not). It should be noted that 59% of Kiev residents expressed their readiness to put up with a number of inconveniences in the life of the capital, arising in connection with Euromaidan, while 34% are not ready for this. With the inconveniences associated with euromaidan, women are more willing to put up (62%) than men (56%). Depending on age, equally young and middle-aged people (up to 50 years old) are ready to put up with certain inconveniences (62-63% are ready, 29-32% are not ready). Older people (over 55) are less likely to put up with such inconveniences (47% are ready, 43% are not ready).
At the same time, the majority of Kiev residents - 69% - negatively reacted to the demolition of the monument to Vladimir Lenin in the center of the capital. According to the results of the study, only 13% of Kyiv residents estimated the demolition of the monument to Lenin positively, while 15% remained indifferent to this. The majority of representatives of all age groups reacted negatively to the demolition of the monument - from 66% among young people to 78% among Kievans over 55 years old. It is known that a negative attitude to this event prevails in the majority (from more than half to more than three-quarters) of Kiev supporters of all major political forces, as well as among supporters of Euromaidan. 67% of Kyiv residents regard the demolition of the monument to Lenin as an act of vandalism; less than a third of the city’s residents hold the opposite point of view: -29%. It is worth noting that 57% of the residents of the capital agree that the actions of those who demolished the monument repeat the same practice of the Bolsheviks, whose leader was Lenin. With this statement do not agree with this statement, a third of residents of Kiev -35%. A survey of public opinion of residents of the capital of Ukraine regarding their relationship to Euromaidan was conducted in the period 10-14 December. Information was collected by personal interview in Kiev, and the sample size was 800 people.