How to behave in the bombardment and bombardment?
In troubled times, one hopes for the best, but it is important to be prepared for any development of events.
Let us never need the rules of action in case of falling under bombardment or bombardment: what to do, where to run and how to hide?
Advises a veteran of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Colonel Andrei Kulish specifically for ICTV.
If you heard the whistle of a projectile (it looks more like a rustle), and after 2-3 seconds - an explosion, immediately fall to the ground. Do not panic: already that you hear the sound of the flight itself, means that the projectile flew far enough away from you, and those seconds before the explosion only confirmed a sufficiently safe distance. However, the next projectile will fly closer to you, so instead of complacency, quickly and carefully look around: where you can hide more securely?
In case the shelling caught you in a minibus, trolleybus or tram - you should immediately stop the transport, run away from the road in the direction of "from buildings and structures" and lie down on the ground. Look around and look for a more secure hideout nearby. Run over with short quick rolls immediately after the next explosion.
If the first explosions caught you on the road on your own car - do not expect that on the car you can quickly escape from the shelling: you will never know in which direction the fire will be transferred, and whether further shelling, say, from mortars will begin. In addition, the gas tank of your car adds a dangerous risk of burning. Therefore, again: immediately stop the car and look for shelter more quickly.
Not suitable for shelter!
- Entrances of any buildings, even small attached buildings. From multi-storey / apartment buildings in general should run away at least meters to 30-50.
- Places under different equipment (for example, under a truck or under a bus).
- Conventional ZhEKovskie cellars of houses. They are completely unsuited for sheltering in time air strikes or rocket-artillery shelling (we are talking about weak ceilings, lack of emergency exits, ventilation, etc.). There is a big risk of being under massive blockages. The clutter of such cellars entails the risk of instant fire or smoke.
You should never hide outside under the walls of modern buildings! The current concrete "boxes" do not have the slightest safety factor and easily fall apart (or "fold") not only from a direct hit, but even from a strong blast wave: there is a big risk of landslides and blockages. You can not also hide under the walls of offices and shops: from the blast wave there will be a lot of glass falling from above; this is no less dangerous than the metal fragments of shells.
Sometimes people instinctively hide among any stacks, in places, stuffed with containers, packed with boxes, building materials, etc. (the subconscious reflex enters into the matter: hide so as not to see anything). This error is dangerous because around you there may be flammable objects and substances: there is a risk of being among a sudden fire.
Sometimes people for fear jumped into the river, into a pond, a fountain, etc. The explosion of a bomb or projectile in water, even at a considerable distance, is very dangerous: a strong shock and, as a consequence, a severe concussion.
You can hide in the following places!
- In a specially equipped bomb shelter (if lucky). From the usual ZhEKovskogo basement, the present bomb shelter differs thick reliable overlapping overhead, ventilation system and the presence of two (or more) exits to the surface;
- In the underground passage;
- In any ditch, trench or pit;
- In a wide drain pipe under the road (do not go too far, a maximum of 3-4 meters);
- Along a high curb or foundation of the fence;
- In a very deep basement under the capital buildings of the old building (it is desirable that he had 2 exits);
- In the underground vegetable store, silo pit, etc .;
- In the observation pit of an open (air) garage or service station;
- In the sewer hatches near your house, this is a very good cache (but will you have enough strength to quickly open the heavy iron? It is also important that it is the sewerage or water supply - in no case is the gas main!)
- In pits, "funnels", left from previous shelling or air strikes.
In the worst case - when there is no shelter in the field of vision, where you can run across one quick throw - just lay down on the ground and lie with your head covered with your hands! The vast majority of shells and bombs burst in the upper layer of the soil or asphalt, so the fragments at the time of the explosion fly at a height of not less than 30-50 cm above the surface.
So, the general rule: your shelter should be at least minimally deepened and, at the same time, should be away from structures that can hit you from above with a direct hit, or can catch fire. Ideal protection gives a trench or ditch (like a trench) a depth of 1-2 meters, in an open area.
After hiding in cover, lie down and wrap your head around your head. Open your mouth - this will save you from a concussion with a close rupture of a projectile or a bomb.
Do not panic. Take care of your psyche with something. You can consider explosions: be aware that the maximum after the 100th explosion, the shelling will end exactly. You can try to count minutes in your head.
First, it's distracting. Secondly, so you can navigate the situation: artillery shelling does not last forever, a maximum of twenty minutes; air attack - much less. In our time there are no long bombardments, large groups of bombers do not apply.
After the end of the bombardment (bombardment)
Leaving the place of refuge, do not let yourself relax. Now all your attention should be concentrated to your feet! Do not pick up any unfamiliar objects from the ground: an air bomb, missile or projectile could be cassette!
Combat elements are often broken when dropped, but they can explode later, in hands - from the slightest movement or touch. All attention - children and adolescents: do not let them lift something from under their feet!
The greatest losses in the Yugoslav conflict were at the very beginning of the war among civilians, who were caught in action with lightning speed: the lack of preparation and observance of elementary rules is a huge danger that can be avoided.