UPD: 05/06/2014 Microsoft, Oracle, Symantec and Hewlett-Packard joined the sanctions against Russia
American giants of the IT industry, including Microsoft, Oracle, Symantec and Hewlett-Packard (HP), join the sanctions against a number of Russian banks and companies and can completely cease to cooperate with them. This situation pushes Russia to create its own software, by analogy with the national payment system.
American IT-companies have joined the sanctions against a number of Russian banks of their structures, told “the newspaper. Ru ”sources in the IT departments of two Russian banks and confirmed by the executive secretary of the State Duma Commission on Strategic Information Systems Andrei Chernogorov.
A source close to the “Russia” bank says that the bank is expecting the shutdown of a part of foreign software “from day to day.”
According to another publication interlocutor, Microsoft and Oracle employees met about this with a representative of one of the banks that fell under sanctions, but have not yet disconnected it from their products. Now, bank specialists are urgently looking for opportunities to replace products of American IT companies, another source said, adding: “It’s not entirely clear what's next: they may not allow us to use the license.”
Hewlett-Packard joined the sanctions. "HP has ceased to supply us with the necessary equipment, and now we are urgently looking for a replacement for it," said a bank employee who insisted on preserving anonymity, without specifying what specific equipment was being discussed. In one of the American IT-corporations confirm that it does not have the right to continue cooperation with companies in respect of which the United States introduced restrictive measures. But how to be disconnected from their products, until the end is not decided.
During the day, the Bank Russia, SMP Bank and Sobinbank could not provide a comment on this issue, at Investkapitalbank, the introduction of sanctions against which was announced on Monday, said that “at the moment official letters from Microsoft corporations, Oracle and Symantes with no refusal of cooperation have not been received by the credit institution. ”
Microsoft declined to comment, Oracle and HP did not respond to a request from Gazeta.ru. “Symantec has traditionally not given comments related to the geopolitical situation. We do everything to follow the legal requirements of the countries in which we operate, whether it is local or international requirements, ”said Andrey Vyshlov, Symantec Regional Director for Russia, the CIS and Israel.
The first anti-Russian sanctions in connection with the annexation of the Crimea and the course of Moscow against Ukraine in Washington were announced on March 21: 27 citizens of the Russian Federation and the Bank “Russia” fell under them. The second wave of punitive measures, US President Barack Obama announced last Monday. This time, 17 Russian companies operating in the fields of energy, banking and infrastructure have been added to the list - LLC “Aquanika”, LLC “Avia Group”, LLC “Avia Group Nord”, CJSC “Zest”, InvestCapitalbank, Sobinbank, “Sakhatrans” , SMP Bank, Stroygazmontazh, Stroytransgaz, Stroytransgaz-M, IK Abros, Transoil, Volga Group.
It is assumed that all property and funds of companies and banks that have fallen under sanctions located in the United States are blocked and cannot be transferred, repurchased, exported or be subject to financial transactions. In addition, US companies are required to limit their cooperation with the persons involved in the sanctions list. In particular, the payment systems Visa and MasterСard after the announcement of the second round of sanctions blocked the servicing of the cards of SMP-Bank and Investkapitalbank. Such actions of the American payment systems prompted Moscow to intensify work on creating a Russian national payment system that would not depend on the political decisions of other countries.
Russian banks expect that they will not have serious difficulties after winding up cooperation with leading US IT manufacturers. “There should be no problems in everything related to information technologies: in the case of Microsoft, the termination of a license is just the termination of support, but not equipment. As for the purchase of equipment, there are workarounds, this is not a secret to anyone, ”a source close to the bank that fell under sanctions hopes.
“The biggest vulnerability on the part of Microsoft is not Windows, but the Microsoft.Net software environment, whose private code and components are not fully disclosed to developers. It is like putting a black box in a room and not asking what is inside. Businesses will be much safer to use open source software, ”says Chernogorov.
But he sees no serious danger for the banking sector: the backbone banks turned out to be ready for an accelerated transition to Russian software. “In a number of positions, banks will also be able to replace Western hardware with Chinese or Korean. Despite the fact that the banking sector is most vulnerable to sanctions, it turned out to be the most ready to work in the new environment. The situation is more complicated for industrial companies that are much more dependent on imported IT technologies, ”Montenegro stresses.
This situation may trigger the creation of a new IT industry, already Russian, including the enhanced development of its own software and hardware. So far, Russian companies are provided with 92% of foreign software and IT-technologies.
“Now it is no longer a question of whether you need to create your own Russian software or not. And from talking about import substitution, we turn to concrete actions. The introduction of sanctions showed us which country the switch is located in and that it can be turned off at any time, ”says Olga Uskova, President of the National Association of Innovation and Information Technology Development (NAIRIT).
To a greater degree even those who use Microsoft’s or Oracle’s industrial IT solutions may suffer from sanctions, but those strategic enterprises that use SAP software to manage key business processes, but most of them in Russia (70–80% of all companies). from the top 100). SAP solutions will find it harder to find a replacement, Montenegro warns. “Microsoft and Oracle outages are only the first link in the outage chain in Russia. SAP has not yet announced its accession to the sanctions against Russia, ”he notes.
The contracts stipulate the moment of force majeure, in which case companies can stop supplying services and equipment, but the situation in Russia is not force majeure, says Uskova. “Such a thing in world practice has not happened yet - so that the largest producers would be led by politicians at the expense of their business and the business of their partners. The country, which we considered to be the ancestor of free business, now indicates to its companies in which countries to work, and in which countries it does not, ”she said. According to her, companies and banks with which they can terminate contracts will suffer damage and have the right to sue IT companies and demand compensation for losses.