About. how Russia was preparing for war. Infographics
In the near 2012, Zbigniew Brzezinski in his work “Strategic Vision. America and the Crisis of World Power” suggested that Russia would swallow Ukraine through imperial ambitions.
An American political analyst warned of a political-economic sabotage of the Kremlin and a military invasion.
Two years later, incredible assumptions embodied in real life. Moscow occupied the Crimea.
Large-scale and bold propaganda played a key role in the annexation of 27 thousand square kilometers of the sovereign territory of Ukraine. However, the role of the well-armed Russian army, notorious as "green men", is no less important.
It is impossible not to condemn the military conflicts in Chechnya and Abkhazia, as well as the Russians support the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. These are frank acts of state aggression; they cannot cope with the system when it comes to internal problems.
These same events had a different effect. In the Putin era, the disorganized Russian army became one of the most powerful armies in the world with combat experience.
According to the SIPRI Stockholm World Studies Institute, which has been registering changes in world armament since the 1960s, the budget expenditures on the Russian army began to grow during the first Putin presidency.
In 1999, when the last cadenza of Boris Yeltsin was completed, Russia spent $ 23.8 billion on armed forces at 2011 prices. And next year, under Putin’s rule, the army spent $ 32.5 billion.
Against the background of a decrease in military spending by the leading states of the world, Russia, China and several other Asian states demonstrate opposite intentions.
SIPRI says that the draft Russian budgets for 2013-2015 provide for an increase in nominal expenses in this direction by another 40% compared with 2012. This is explained by the large-scale State rearmament program, which also provides for the reform of the armed forces.
The two countries with the largest arsenal of nuclear weapons, the United States and Russia, are reducing the number of warheads. At the same time, the modernization program for these weapons continues.
In addition, Russia holds the second place in the list of arms exporters. Its share in the world market is 26%. Moscow is slightly ahead of the States - 30%. Ukraine is the ninth largest exporter in terms of volume, its share in world markets is only 2%.
There is every reason to believe that this figure will decline, since for many years Ukraine has been selling weapons remnants left over from Soviet times.
Kremlin Super Expenditures
“Do the Russians want war?” - Legendary phrase. Of course, the Russians themselves have always answered no to this question. But what is interesting.
The latest open SIPRI data is dated 2012. Then the total military spending of the Kremlin exceeded $ 90 billion. Russia overtook the UK, France ??, Germany, Japan and India, who spend $ 50-60 billion on military targets.
Absolute defense spending of the Russian Federation ranked third in the world. China with the cost of 157 billion dollars was the second, the United States with 670 billion dollars - the first.
At the end of 2012, Russia spent 4.4% of its GDP on defense. United States - the same, India - 2.5%, China - 2%. At the same time, it must be remembered that in 2012 the volume of Russian GDP was seven times less than American. However, the Russians are ten times less than the Chinese.
The recent SIPRI book "Armaments, Disarmament and International Security" states that in 2015, according to forecasts of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, defense spending in Russia will reach almost $ 150 billion or 4.79% of GDP. Such huge costs associated with the implementation of the secret ambitious state armament program for 2011-2020.
According to SIPRI, until 2020, the Kremlin plans to spend $ 705 billion on military equipment to replace 70% of its weapons with modern models. “Peaceful” Russia in terms of militarization rates reminds of Germany and the USSR on the eve of the war. Both superpowers called themselves peaceful, but were preparing to fight.
How much is the army
SIPRI considers spending on defense, the Interior Ministry and other militarized structures. However, the budget expenditures of the Russian Federation on the military personnel themselves are no less impressive.
The security of the Russians within the border guard the internal troops. According to the federal budget, by the end of 2014, they will spend $ 3.3 billion on "traffic cops." According to the forecasts of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, in 2015 these expenses will exceed $ 3.4 billion.
Between the government of Ukraine in 2014, the internal troops, which are being transformed into the National Guard, will spend no more than $ 143 million. Spending is 24 times less, although the population of Ukraine is only three times lower than the population of Russia.
In addition to aggression, occupation and terror of neighboring states, the armed forces of the Russian Federation are entrusted with the functions of national defense, maintaining public order within the state, and combating crime, terrorism, and emergency situations.
Until the end of 2014, the Kremlin plans to spend $ 58 billion on life support troops, excluding defense industry expenditures. Of these, $ 149,000,000,000 will be required for cash service, $ 6.3 billion for material and technical support, information devices - $ 0.25 billion.
The costs of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in 2014 will be only $ 1.4 billion.
For the Russian military operates a separate mortgage system. In 2014, the state will spend $ 2.2 billion on mortgages. The construction of housing and other facilities will cost $ 2.4 billion. The state will pay $ 5 million to rest the children of the military.
Through the large spaces of the Russian Federation, the troops in the budget separately lay down the expenses for the labor migration of servicemen. In 2014, such expenses will amount to $ 640 million. Postal services for soldiers cost $ 100 million.
The armed forces of the Russian Federation, in addition to defense, perform a number of functions that are provided for separate funding. The state will pay them $ 1.6 billion to fulfill customs duties, and $ 190 million to eliminate the consequences of emergency situations.
Russia spends a lot of money on the performance by the armed forces of law enforcement duties. For example, servicemen take part in the protection of public order, fight crime and drug trafficking. By the end of 2014, the Kremlin will spend $ 25.3 billion on police functions of the army.
Another 3.9 billion dollars will go to other secret expenses of the armed forces. In addition, in the budget of the Russian Federation for 2014 about 42 billion dollars of secret expenditures were included, which can be used to the benefit of the army.
Whole army has become a key institution in the social and political life of Russians. Such conclusions suggest the comparison of budgetary items in 2014. According to aif.ru, defense spending is five times higher than the cost of protecting Russian health, four times the cost of education, and 43 times the environment.
An order of magnitude lower is the cost of modernizing the economy. This situation is not a feature of the Kremlin’s fiscal policy in 2014. This is the trend of the Putin era.
What do they talk about costs
Russia is a military state. The Kremlin has been building muscle for fifteen years in a row. The occupation of the Crimea only confirmed the fait accompli: Putin does not support the modernized troops in the barracks. Experts talk about the Third World War.
It can be avoided, and this should be done. However, the question remains: what to do with the colossal military machine of the Russian Federation?
An economic observer, Maxim Blunt, suggested that a military operation in Ukraine and a conflict with the Euro-Atlantic world are a good way to shift the attention of Russians from their own impoverishment to an external threat.
If so, then Moscow has repeatedly provoked military conflicts with non-aligned nuclear-free peaceful states. After all, the stagnant corrupt raw materials economy of Russia is not objectively intended for the flourishing of society.
Aggressors have no place in the 21st century. The owner of the Kremlin expects growth in oil and gas revenues, due to which his army will become even more powerful. Europe and the United States are ready to impose tough sanctions, but this must be done now.
Ukraine must convince the entire civilized world, the Kremlin’s militarist plans must break. Otherwise, the Kremlin will undermine the world for its own ambitions.