About. as Russia was preparing for war. Infographics
In the near 2012, Zbigniew Brzezinski in his work "Strategic Vision: America and the Crisis of World Power" suggested that Russia would swallow Ukraine through imperial ambitions.
The American political scientist warned about the political and economic diversion of the Kremlin and about the military invasion.
Two years later, incredible assumptions came true in real life. Moscow occupied the Crimea.
A major role in the annexation of 27 thousand square kilometers of Ukraine's sovereign territory was played by a large-scale and bold propaganda. However, no less than the role of a well-armed Russian army, notoriously known as "green men".
It is impossible not to condemn the military conflicts in Chechnya and Abkhazia, as well as the support of the Russians for the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. These are frank acts of state aggression, can not cope with the system, if it is internal problems.
The same events had a different effect. In the era of Putin disorganized the Russian army has turned into one of the most powerful armies in the world with combat experience.
According to the Stockholm Institute for Peace Research SIPRI, which since 1960 recorded changes in world armaments, budget expenditures for the Russian army began to grow just behind Putin's first presidency.
In 1999, when the last cadence of Boris Yeltsin ended, Russia spent $ 23.8 billion on military forces at 2011 prices. And in the following year, under Putin's rule, the army spent 32.5 billion dollars.
Against the backdrop of a decline in military spending by the world's leading states, Russia, China and several other Asian countries demonstrate opposite intentions.
The SIPRI says that the drafts of Russian budgets for 2013-2015 envisage an increase in nominal spending in this direction by an additional 40% compared to 2012. This is explained by the large-scale state program of rearmament, which also provides for the reform of the armed forces.
The two countries with the largest arsenal of nuclear weapons - the US and Russia - reduce the number of warheads. At the same time, the program for the modernization of these weapons continues.
In addition, Russia holds the second place in the list of arms exporters. Its share in the world market is 26%. Moscow is slightly ahead of the States - 30%. Ukraine is the ninth largest exporter, its share in world markets is only 2%.
There is every reason to believe that this indicator will decline, since for many years Ukraine has sold the remains of weapons left over from the times of the USSR.
Supercharges of the Kremlin
"Do Russian wars want?" - A legendary phrase. Of course, the Russians themselves always answered "no" to this question. But that's interesting.
The most recent open SIPRI data is from 2012. Then the total military expenditures of the Kremlin exceeded $ 90 billion. Russia has outstripped Britain, France, Germany, Japan and India, which spend $ 50-60 billion on military targets.
On absolute costs of defense, Russia took the third place in the world. China with the costs of 157 billion dollars was the second, with $ 670 billion - the first.
At the end of 2012, Russia spent on defense 4.4% of its GDP. The United States - the same number, India - 2.5%, China - 2%. It should be remembered that in 2012 the volume of Russian GDP was seven times less than the US. However, Russians are ten times less than the Chinese.
In the new yearbook SIPRI "Armaments, Disarmament and International Security" says that in 2015, according to the forecasts of the RF Ministry of Finance, Russia's defense spending will reach almost $ 150 billion or 4.79% of GDP. Such huge expenses associated with the implementation of the secret ambitious state program of armaments for 2011-2020.
According to SIPRI, until 2020 the Kremlin plans to spend $ 705 billion on military equipment to replace 70% of weapons with modern models. "Peaceful" Russia in terms of militarization resembles Germany and the USSR on the eve of the war. Both superpowers called themselves peaceful, but were preparing to fight.
How much is the army
SIPRI considers defense spending, MIA and other militarized structures. However, the budget expenditures of the Russian Federation on the servicemen themselves are no less impressive.
Security of Russians within the border is guarded by internal troops. According to the federal budget, by the end of 2014, $ 3.3 billion will be spent on "Vewshnikov". According to the forecasts of the RF Ministry of Finance, in 2015 these expenses will exceed 3.4 billion dollars.
Between the government of Ukraine in 2014 for internal troops, which are transformed into the National Guard, will spend no more than 143 million dollars. Expenses are 24 times less, although the population of Ukraine is only three times less than the population of Russia.
In addition to aggression, occupation and terror of neighboring states, the functions of national defense, maintaining public order within the state, combating crime, terrorism and emergency situations are assigned to the armed forces of the Russian Federation.
Until the end of 2014, the Kremlin plans to spend 58 billion dollars to provide for the life of the army, without taking into account the costs of the defense industry. Of these, the service will need $ 1,450,000 to pay for the service, $ 6.3 billion to material and technical support, information devices - 0.25 billion dollars.
The expenditures of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in 2014 will amount to only 1.4 billion dollars.
A separate mortgage system operates for the Russian military. In 2014, the state will spend 2.2 billion dollars on mortgages. The construction of housing and other facilities will cost $ 2.4 billion. The state will pay $ 5 million for the rest of the children of the military.
Through large areas of the Russian Federation to the budget, the troops separately lay the costs for the labor migration of servicemen. In 2014, such costs will be $ 0.640 million. Postal services for soldiers cost $ 100 million.
The Russian Armed Forces, in addition to defense, perform a number of functions, which are separately funded. For the fulfillment of duties of customs officers, the state will pay them $ 1.6 billion, for eliminating the consequences of emergency situations - $ 190 million.
A lot of money Russia spends on the performance by the armed forces of the duties of law enforcement agencies. Thus, servicemen take part in the protection of public order, combat crime and drug trafficking. To the police functions of the army until the end of 2014, the Kremlin will spend 25.3 billion dollars.
Another $ 3.9 billion will go to other covert expenses of the armed forces. In addition, the budget of the Russian Federation for 2014 laid about 42 billion dollars of classified costs, can be used for the benefit of the army.
In total, the army has become a key institution in the social and political life of Russians. Such conclusions are suggested by a comparison of the budgetary items of 2014. According to aif.ru, defense spending is five times the cost of protecting the health of Russians, four times - the cost of education and 43 times - the environment.
An order of magnitude lower is the cost of modernizing the economy. This situation is not a feature of the Kremlin's budget policy in 2014. This is the trend of the Putin era.
What expenses are talking about
Russia is a military state. For fifteen years the Kremlin has been building muscle. The occupation of the Crimea only confirmed the fait accompli: Putin does not support modernized troops in the barracks. Experts talk about the Third World War.
It can be completely avoided, and this should be done. However, the question remains: what to do with the colossal military machine of the Russian Federation?
Economic analyst Maxim Blunt suggested that the military operation in Ukraine and the conflict with the Euro-Atlantic world is a good way to translate the attention of Russians from their own impoverishment to an external threat.
If so, Moscow will repeatedly provoke military conflicts with non-nuclear, non-nuclear peaceful states. After all, the stagnant corrupt raw material economy of Russia is objectively not intended for the flourishing of society.
Aggressors do not belong in the 21st century. The owner of the Kremlin expects an increase in oil and gas revenues, due to which his army will become even more powerful. Europe and the US are ready to impose tough sanctions, but this must be done now.
Ukraine must convince the entire civilized world, the militaristic plans of the Kremlin must fail. Otherwise, the Kremlin will undermine the world for its own ambitions.