About. how Russia was preparing for war. Infographics
In the recent 2012, Zbigniew Brzezinski in his work “Strategic Vision. America and the Crisis of World Power” suggested that Russia would swallow Ukraine through imperial ambitions.
The American political scientist warned of the political and economic sabotage of the Kremlin and the military invasion.
Two years later, incredible assumptions were embodied in real life. Moscow occupied the Crimea.
A key role in the annexation of 27 thousand square kilometers of the sovereign territory of Ukraine was played by large-scale and bold propaganda. However, the role of the well-armed Russian army, notorious as "green men" is no less.
It is impossible not to condemn the military conflicts in Chechnya and Abkhazia, as well as the Russians support for the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. These are frank acts of aggression by the state, it cannot cope with the system if it comes to internal problems.
The same events had a different effect. In the era of Putin, the Russian army was disorganized into one of the most powerful armies in the world with combat experience.
According to the SIPRI Stockholm Peace Research Institute, which has recorded changes in global armaments since the 1960s, budget expenditures on the Russian army began to rise precisely during Putin’s first presidency.
In 1999, when Boris Yeltsin’s last cadence ended, Russia spent $ 23.8 billion on military prices at 2011 prices. And next year, under Putin’s rule, they spent $ 32.5 billion on the army.
Amid a reduction in military spending by the leading states of the world, Russia, China and several other Asian states demonstrate opposite intentions.
SIPRI says that the draft Russian budgets for 2013-2015 provide for an increase in nominal expenditures in this direction by another 40% compared to 2012. This is explained by the large-scale State rearmament program, which also provides for the reform of the armed forces.
The two countries with the largest arsenal of nuclear weapons - the United States and Russia - are reducing the number of warheads. At the same time, the program for the modernization of these weapons continues.
In addition, Russia holds the second place in the list of arms exporters. Its share in the world market is 26%. Moscow is slightly ahead of the States - 30%. Ukraine is the ninth exporter by volume, its share in world markets is only 2%.
There is every reason to believe that this indicator will decrease, since for many years Ukraine has sold the remnants of weapons left over from the USSR.
Super expenses of the Kremlin
“Do Russians want war?” - Legendary phrase. Of course, the Russians themselves always answered no to this question. But here is the interesting thing.
The latest open SIPRI data date back to 2012. Then the total military spending of the Kremlin exceeded $ 90 billion. Russia overtook the UK, France ??, Germany, Japan and India, which spend $ 50-60 billion on military purposes.
In absolute defense spending, the Russian Federation took third place in the world. China with the costs of 157 billion dollars became the second, the United States with 670 billion dollars - the first.
At the end of 2012, Russia spent 4.4% of its GDP on defense. The USA is the same, India is 2.5%, China is 2%. It should be remembered that in 2012 the volume of Russian GDP was seven times less than the US. However, the Russians are ten times less than the Chinese.
The latest SIPRI Armaments, Disarmament and International Security yearbook says that in 2015, according to the forecasts of the RF Ministry of Finance, Russian defense spending reached almost $ 150 billion, or 4.79% of GDP. Such huge expenses associated with the implementation of the secret, ambitious State weapons program for 2011-2020.
According to SIPRI, until 2020, the Kremlin plans to spend $ 705 billion on military equipment to replace 70% of the armament with modern weapons. Peaceful Russia in terms of militarization is reminiscent of Germany and the USSR on the eve of the war. Both superpowers called themselves peaceful, but prepared to fight.
How much is the army
SIPRI considers the costs of defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other militarized structures. However, the budget expenditures of the Russian Federation for the military personnel themselves are no less impressive.
The security of Russians within the border is guarded by internal troops. According to the federal budget, by the end of 2014 they will spend $ 3.3 billion on “veshnikov”. According to forecasts of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, in 2015 these expenses will exceed $ 3.4 billion.
Between the government of Ukraine in 2014, it will spend no more than $ 143 million on internal troops that are being transformed into the National Guard. Costs are 24 times less, although the population of Ukraine is only three times less than the population of Russia.
In addition to aggression, occupation and terror of neighboring states, the armed forces of the Russian Federation are entrusted with the functions of national defense, maintaining public order within the state, and the fight against crime, terrorism and emergency situations.
By the end of 2014, the Kremlin plans to spend $ 58 billion to support the vital activities of the troops, excluding expenditures for the defense industry. Of these, $ 14.9 billion will be paid for the service, $ 6.3 billion for logistics, and new information devices - $ 0.25 billion.
The costs of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in 2014 will amount to only $ 1.4 billion.
There is a separate mortgage system for the Russian military. In 2014, the state will spend $ 2.2 billion on mortgages. For the construction of housing and other facilities - $ 2.4 billion. The state will pay $ 5 million for the rest of military children.
Through the vast expanses of the Russian Federation, the troops separately lay down the costs of labor migration of servicemen. In 2014, such expenses will amount to $ 0.640 million. Postal services for soldiers cost $ 100 million.
The armed forces of the Russian Federation, in addition to defense, perform a number of functions that provide for separate financing. The state will pay them $ 1.6 billion for fulfilling the duties of customs officers, and $ 190 million for emergency response.
Russia spends a lot of money on the fulfillment by the armed forces of the duties of law enforcement agencies. So, the military take part in the protection of public order, fight crime and drug trafficking. Until the end of 2014, the Kremlin will spend $ 25.3 billion on police functions of the army.
Another 3.9 billion dollars will go to other secret expenses of the armed forces. In addition, the budget of the Russian Federation for 2014 includes about $ 42 billion of classified expenses that can be used to the benefit of the army.
In total, the army has become a key institution in the social and political life of Russians. Such conclusions suggest themselves from a comparison of the 2014 budget items. According to aif.ru, defense spending is five times higher than the cost of protecting the health of Russians, four times the cost of education and 43 times the environment.
An order of magnitude lower is the cost of modernizing the economy. This situation is not a feature of the Kremlin’s budget policy in 2014. This is the trend of the Putin era.
What do the expenses say?
Russia is a military state. The Kremlin has been building muscle for fifteen years in a row. The occupation of Crimea only confirmed the fait accompli: Putin does not support modernized troops in the barracks. Experts talk about the Third World War.
It can be completely avoided, and this should have been done. However, the question remains: what to do with the colossal military machine of the Russian Federation?
Economic analyst Maxim Blunt suggested that the military operation in Ukraine and the conflict with the Euro-Atlantic world are a good way to shift the attention of Russians from their own impoverishment to an external threat.
If so, then Moscow has repeatedly provoked military conflicts with non-aligned non-nuclear non-nuclear peaceful states. After all, the stagnating corrupt raw materials economy of Russia is not objectively designed to flourish society.
Aggressors have no place in the 21st century. The owner of the Kremlin expects the growth of oil and gas revenues, due to which his army will become even more powerful. Europe and the United States are ready to impose severe sanctions, but this must be done now.
Ukraine must convince the entire civilized world, the Kremlin’s militaristic plans must be frustrated. Otherwise, the Kremlin will undermine the world for its own ambitions.