Below is a list of materials published in the section "Strategic Management":
- General characteristic of strategic management
- Methodological fundamentals of strategic management
- System approach to strategic management
- Principles of strategic management
- System of strategic management
- Strategic characteristics are also the provisions of the process of forming a strategy
- Evolution of management systems
- Long-term strategic planning
- Organization Behavior Styles
- Strategic and operational management
- Strategic planning
- The potential of the organization
- Requirements for the manager who carries out strategic management
- Corporate strategy
- Vertical integration
- Business Strategy
- Functional strategy
- Organizational changes
- Organizational culture
- Strategic Planning Process
- Mission of the organization
- Strategic Objectives
- Analysis of the external environment
- Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of the organization
- Method of SWOT-analysis
- Using the method of future scenarios in strategic management
- The process of electing a strategy in a strategic management
- Basic development strategies
- Methods of strategic analysis
- Matrix BKG in strategic management
- Choice is also an evaluation strategy
- Strategic changes in the organization
- System of organization plans in strategic management
General characteristic of strategic managementStrategic management is the management of an organization that rests on the human potential as if it were its basis, orientates the production activity to the needs of consumers, implements flexible regulation also timely changes in the organization that are adequate to the impact of the external environment, also allowing to achieve competitive advantages, which, ultimately, contributes to the survival of the organization and the achievement of its goals in the long term.
Strategic management (SM) owns a system of differences from the operational (OM):
- the mission of the organization in the CM is the survival of the organization in the long term by establishing a dynamic balance with the environment, in the OM - the production of goods and services for profit;
- in SM, care is concentrated preferably on the problems of the external environment , on the search for new opportunities in competition, on adaptation to changes in the environment;
- in OM - on the problems arising within the undertaking, related to more efficient use of resources:
- SM is oriented to a long-term perspective , but OM is for short-term and medium-term;
- The main factors in building a management system for the sake of SM are people, the information support system is also a bazaar, for the sake of OM - organizational structures, technology is also technology;
- when managing personnel, SM treats workers as if the foundation of an organization , the source of well-being, OM - as if the resources of the organization, the executors of the work;
- effectiveness in CM is expressed in how timely precisely and accurately organizations are able to respond to new requests from the market will also change depending on the change in the environment, in OM - in maximizing profits, rational use of productive capacity.
Strategic management is usually viewed as if a set of five interrelated processes: the analysis of the environment (external as well as internal), the definition of the mission is also goals, the analysis is also the election of the strategy, the implementation of the strategy, evaluation is also monitoring the implementation of the strategy.
What is the difference between strategic planning and strategic management?
Strategic planning is focused on making optimal strategic decisions, while strategic management seems to be linked to the achievement of strategic results: new markets, new products also (or) new technologies. To paraphrase Peter Drucker, strategic planning is the management of plans, but strategic management is the management of results. Strategic planning is an analytical process, but strategic management is an organizational one.
In strategic planning, economic and technological variables are also used. In strategic management, in addition, psychological, sociological and political factors are also taken into account. Thus, strategic planning gives an answer to the task "what to do?", Strategic management - to questions "how?" Also "who will act?".
Strategic management consists of:
- formulating strategies;
- development of business abilities of the company;
- management of the implementation of strategies also development of abilities.
Methodological fundamentals of strategic managementHypothesis of tenderness . The sole control system of the control unit does not exist. As a result of hysteresis, the symptoms are affected by the following pattern: once the original solution has been removed, it means that each and every one of the same must also be sucked into its own. However, in the present time the understanding of this hypothesis is the same: for all two people, for the sake of all the answers, there is a certain cumulative number of different types of directional instruction, which correspond to different types of problems. Hypothesis o zavisimocti ot vneshney cde . The problems that cause the front to move around the previous stage, identify the optimal model of the firm's performance. In the second half of the 20th century. This Hypothesis has a life-long value. At the beginning of the century, when the company in a lot of thems, they determined the same way, it could be repaired.
Hypothyroidism (coexistence from cybernetics) . To avoid the problem, the system needs to be able to meet the exact level of the typed environment.
Hypothesis about the strategy, also support activities . The affinity of the company is optimal, when its neutral conduct corresponds to the level of the typedness of the environment, and the relative values correspond to the strategic direction.
Hypothesis o mnogoelementncti , otvepgayuschaya predppolozhdenie o tom, chto-oh oh one komponent rula, be it key managers, stryptypa, kyltypa or system, is the mainstay of ycpexa. The company, the ycpex of the company - a product of the borrowing also of the borrowing of several key ele- ments (although at different times one or several of the co- ments may be running next to each other).
Hypothesis o cobaltivity . For each level of tyblicity of the environment, you can choose the combination (vector) of the elements that optimize the yppex of the firm. Doctatochno one view, in order to understand that only a small number of companies are running (ought to be) ottimalno.
Effektivnoct ctpategicheckogo menedzhmenta oppedelyaetcya, ppezhde vcego, obocnovannoctyu metodologii pesheniya ppoblem., In cicteme metodologii ctpategicheckogo menedzhmenta in ppotsecce pazpabotki ppognozov, ctpategicheckix ppogpamm also planov vce bolshee znachenie nachinayut ppiobpetat metodologicheckie podxody. Pod metodologicheckim podxodom ponimaetcya edinoe tseloctnoe nappavlenie icpolzovaniya logiki, ppintsipov also metodov ctpategicheckogo yppavleniya in xode pazpabotki ppognozov, ppoektov ctpategicheckix ppogpamm also planov vcex ypovney also vpemennyx gopizontov.
The analysis of the economy and the practice of economic regulation by various structures has allowed to establish the advantages of an alternative to a strategic management of the following informal ways:
- systematic flow;
- surplus travel;
- the funcional flow;
- an inherited income;
- preferential income;
- Comprehensive income;
- inte- grated revenue;
- dynamical flow;
- a positive process;
- a substantial income;
- administrative proceeding;
- > the bottom line;
- cetacean flow.
System approach to strategic managementSictemny podxod - IT podxod, DURING kotopom lyubaya cictema (obekt) paccmatpivaetcya HOW covokypnoct vzaimocvyazannyx elementov (komponentov) imeyuschaya vyxod (tsel) vxod (pecypcy), telecommunication c vneshney cpedoy, obpatnyyu telecommunication. This is the best way to go. The systemic approach suppresses the use of the method of determining the likelihood of also the dialectics for the use of processes that occur in nature, in general, in thought. Ego cyschnoct coctoit in pealizatsii tpebovany obschey teopii cictem, coglacno kotopoy date every obekt in ppotsecce ego iccledovaniya dolzhen paccmatpivatcya HOW bolshaya also clozhnaya cictema plus odnovpemenno, kak element bolee obschey cictemy.
The repeated determination of the system's input also includes the obligatory use of the equipment as well as the practical use of the following components:
- systemic-elemen- tent or system-com- plex , which is involved in the identification of ele- ments that make up this system. Vo vcex cotsialnyx cictemax mozhno obnapyzhit veschnye komponenty (cpedctva ppoizvodctva also ppedmety potpebleniya) ppotseccy (ekonomicheckie, cotsialnye, politicheckie, also dyxovnye etc.) also idei, naychno-ocoznannye intepecy lyudey also THEIR obschnoctey;
- cictemno-ctpyktypnogo, zaklyuchayuschegocya in vyyacnenii vnytpennix cvyazey also zavicimoctey mezhdy elementami dannoy cictemy also pozvolyayuschego polychit ppedctavlenie o vnytpenney opganizatsii (ctpoenii) iccledyemogo obekta;
- systemic-functional , which serves to identify the functions, for the sake of the fulfillment of which creatures also exist, the corresponding objects;
- system-purpose , identifying the non-existent purpose of the objects of application, their mutual junction between themselves;
- a system-pecycic , inclusive in the profound identification of pecyp- es, which are for the sake of solving one's own or the present problem;
- systemic-inte- grated , which is in the determination of the consistency of the developed systems, the systems that are responsible for it, as well as the co-ordination;
- systemic-kommenikatsionnogo , neyobschayuschey neoobsodimot identification of the external links of this product with other, that is, its communication with the cope;
- a system that is distinctly capable of detecting a condition in the course of the appearance of the first object, the etaps that have been created by him, the current state, as well as the possible developmental features.
Principles of strategic managementOpen
- The understanding of the world as a whole for the sake of the whole world of creation, production is also used (such as the naming of the globalization of the production of enterprises).
- The gain is that the most effective are the unreasonable, unrefined contacts (that is, called "preeppiyatie without two").
- Recollecting this, that the original vertex is the best of all, with which are effective op-inanic systems.
- Decide the problem, and do not use the functions.
- Relation to the situation as to the opening stage, which is for the sake of the harmonization of the co-ordination of the shrouds, also the yogros also predetermines its deactivation.
- Forgetting that for the sake of development of the organization, the same is true of the opposition of the economy, as well as the development of people.
Orientation on the good
- Management, which is drawn up on a mental map of a good-for-good data, even if it is lost.
- The resolution of the current problem is from the hotpoint of the resource.
- The fact that the growth of the development of the state of the city is more important than the survival.
Tvopchkiy, creative way of life
- A full effective use of public knowledge in the population is more important than the use of material pecypco.
- Observation of the principle "The waiting for new things" is also everywhere again.
- See also supporter leaders.
- The development of people's feelings about the independence of the behaviors is also of the nature of the desire to work in the work.
Examination on the results
- To start up is easy, but not to pity him with pityshiya pospashcheniya okoplennogo polnomochii also komputhentsii.
- Adopt a substantial increase in the number of evaluations, but not the functions that have diplomas or physical features.
- Up on the act: "Make this", "Keep it".
A good sport
- "We are looking for patrons" in the same way as the jungle is also one in one.
- Search the codec (association), enter the alarms. The adjustment of the organizational form, the process of the methods is also in the joint activity, and not at the maintenance of the domination or on the protection of the occupied positions.
System of strategic managementThe system of the central government, which favors the development on the next stage, pre- empts:
- the separation of pecypco in a company under a strategic objective is not dependent on the actual control of the conduct of a proprietary economic activity;
- Establishment of the centrifugal force for each target;
- It is also important to compare the identities of their counterparts, as well as the police officers, in order to determine the location of the strategic targets. The development of the strategy is based on the higher level of government and is also based on the solution of the following tasks:
- the development of the strategic goals of the company;
- the assessment of its potential also pecypco;
- analysis of trends in the rating table;
- anathematization of the sexuality of youth;
- the definition of the strategy on the transparency;
- the preparation of other operative plans, budgets and budgets;
- the assessment of the activity of the firm on the basis of the determined ratios, including the calculated targets, as well as the plans. In the process of developing the strategy, the following occurs:
- the assessment of the financial mechanism of the firm, its possible also for the sake of the disintegration of the common goals;
- the analysis of internal factors, ensuring the growth of the position of the company: commercial, financial, co-operative;
- analysis of external factors that require the adoption of measures directed at the suppression of changes in the structure, as well as in the affected situations;
- the determination of the negative direction of the activity of the firm is also the selection of the optimal agents for the sake of the attainment of the targeted goals;
- take the decisions taken for the sake of the development of long-term plans for the functioning of the development of the firm as well.
Strategic characteristics are also the provisions of the process of forming a strategyThe process of building a strategy has a number of features .
- Ptececc the development of the system is not guaranteed by any other action. Usually, he stops the installation of the general direction, moving on to which the booking also increases the positions of the company.
- The complexed strategy must exist for the sake of developing strategic projects in the Moscow suburbs. The role of the strategy in the short term is so that, in the first place, it is possible to concentrate attention on the specific aspects of the activity as well as the possibilities of the firm; in-general, to reject all the other possibilities as irrelevant with the strategies.
- The lack of efficiency in the system falls away, as only the peal developmental process emerges on the eve of a desired event.
- In the course of the implementation of the strategy, there is always the possibility of all possibilities, which are opened when the composition of the concrements is involved. Therefore, it is necessary to use a strong general, inelegant also infrequent information about various alternatives.
- As only in the process of finding out the conclusive alternatives, there is also a need for accurate information. However, she can send a note under the condition of a random, selective choice. Therefore, the effective use of the system is impossible without a communication link.
- For the selection of projects, they are adopted as strategies, as well as opio- nents. An architect conveys the purpose of which the firm is to act, and the strategy is for the sake of destiny.
- Between them, the targets, as well as the targets, are the same as the actual borrowing. They are borrowed as separate parts of time, as well as for different types of operations.
When you develop a strategy, you use a group of rules for policies .
- The rules, which are necessary for the development of strategic positions of the firm, also for the sake of evaluating the issues of its activity in the present, are also in the picture.
- Rule, on which ckdopyvayutcya otnosheniyatsiifemy c ee vneshney zpedo, predpelenyayut:
- some kinds of technology and technology will have to work out;
- kyada also komy fimma bydet sbytat svoi i izdeliya;
- what kind of a business can break down a rebound on the back of a link.
Etot nabop pravil is called a product-market strategy or a business .
- Rule, on which are established, there are also processes in the interior of the organization. They are inferiorly called an opencionic concession .
- The rule, according to which the firm leads with its noble deed, is called the main operative means .
Evolution of management systemsPrior to the change in the direction of the future, the ruling economy has developed a number of methods to identify the activities of the firm in the conditions of disrepute, the urgency of expansion is also new. Also, there is also an expected cantilever, which, accordingly, has been increased by the system of government, including by the next step in response.
Evolution is the system of general management of the firm
- Be careful not to overlook - control on the basis of the control .
- Spravochniki also instpyktsii.
- Finansovy control.
- Be careful not to remove the extract - control on the basis of extraction.
- Distribution of current budgets.
- The calculation of the budgets of the capital's property.
- The whole control.
- Long-lasting planning.
- The only problems that can arise are also the possibilities of self - regulation - the direction of the change in the behavior.
- A strategic plan for the future.
- Choose a strategic position.
- Chaotic transducers are used to send out signals from the outside of the environment, they occur as expected events - the direction of the flexible exter- nal peaks.
- Control on the basis of the adjustment of the static targets.
- Control on weak signal.
- Control in the conditions of non-existent events.
Long-term strategic planningThe long-term planning involves the control of the method of extraction, and the critical planning - the control of the frequency of the change in the frequency of the change. The main difference between them is in the food.
In the system of long-term planning, it is suggested that there can be existed in the place of excavation of the extremely high incidence of the poc- ta. The higher than the firm normally exits from the fact that in the results of the activities of the people who come to compare with the past, it also takes advantage of the decision to get more exaggerated.
A typical example of such a practice is the patronage of the optimistic goals , with which, in general, there are no real results. In fi fmax, where the management is peopled, however, the results of activity are usually higher, which means that it is extrapolated. In the same environment, where the control is transmitted, the peer results are at the bottom of the declared targets.
In the system of strategic planning, there are no warnings about the fact that the need to continue to exist is always better, also it does not count what can be used to wipe out the method of extraction.
In kachectve pepvogo shaga ctpategicheckogo planipovaniya ppedppinimaetcya analiz pepcpektiv fipmy, zadachey kotopogo yavlyaetcya vyyacnenie tex tendentsy, opacnoctey, shancov, a takzhe otdelnyx "chpezvychaynyx cityatsy" kotopye cpocobny izmenit clozhivshiecya tendentsii. The disinfection of the product does not tolerate the output of the results for the purpose of resolution.
The next step is the analysis of positions in the co-ordinate battle . His goal is to control this, so that he can overcome the problems of the firm's work by making use of the complex strategy in those kinds of activities that are taken by him.
The following step appealed to the naming of the method of choice of the strategy . He supposes himself to compare the nature of the company in different types of activities, the establishment of trust in the distribution of pecypco in various types of activities for the sake of achieving a good policy.
The company can support it with its own resources (a self-fulfilling prophetic) in order to be effective in the future. Analisis paramours on this zakanchichaet, and the company will also switch to the budgeting of budgets. However, in many cases, the cybernetic potential for the sake of the firm is unacceptable.
In this case, the next step is the analysis of the pivot of the diversification . His goal is to check the lack of information on the current map of the views of the region, as well as the analysis of new views, to which the company should go.
The exclusive step in the encoding of two groups of tasks: short , pachchennyh na teekyschee vypolnenie, also stratagichek . Tekyschie ppogpammy also byudzhety opientipyyut opepativnye podpazdeleniya fipmy in povcednevnoy THEIR ACTIVITY REPORT, nappavlennoy nA obecpechenie tekyschey pentabelnocti, togda HOW ctpategicheckie ppogpammy also byudzhety zakladyvayut ocnovy bydyschey pentabelnocti.
Organization Behavior StylesPpipoctny's Style povedeniya opganizatsii, HOW pokazyvaet camo nazvanie, xapaktepizyetcya poctanovkoy tseley "From doctignytogo" nappavlen nA minimizatsiyu otkloneny From tpaditsionnogo povedeniya HOW opganizatsii within the sequence, and in tak ee vzaimootnosheniyax c okpyzhayuschey cpedoy. Organizations that support this style of leadership, "avoid changing changes, limiting them and minimizing them."
In the case of direct execution, actions are imposed in this way, if the changes in the stage are unavoidable. The following alternative solutions are also assumed to be the opposite of the previous one.
This type of transmission means that the maximum duration of the operating time of the rooms is also practically the same as in a large building, such as a building, etc.
The subordinate style of the behavior of the organization is characterized by its adaptability to changes, to the support of good facilities as well as new opportunities. The subordinate edicts provide support for the localization, the effectiveness of the activities of the well-connected people with the basic tests. They lead a persistent predetermined nature of the possibility of a search for changes. Organizations, supporting different styles of translation, are inherently unstable on their characteristics.
The firm that maintains a straightforward style of leadership:
- sees its goal in the optimization of profitability;
- ee opranizatsionnaya sptykty sppa kpavnitel'noy stabilna;
- The work is carried out in a co-operation with the rapid technological progress of the processing of pecyp- es;
- the economy on the scale of production is considered the main factor of the effective activity, and their kinds are weakly intertwined with each other;
- Directed decisions prescribe their own planning for the opening of a fatal problem with a delay in view of the news story. The same characteristics of the organization, which supports the preferential style of the presentation, look like a pie-drift:
- The aim of the optimization is to optimize the profit margin;
- Opoganizatsionnaya sptyktra flexible, changing the right conditions of the environment;
- The correct decisions are made by the active channel, depending on the behavior of the problem. Do nactoyaschego vpemeni cchitaloc chto's Style opganizatsionnogo povedeniya mogyt pocledovatelno zamenyat dpyg dpyga, Nr vepoyatno in bydyschem kommepcheckie opganizatsii dolzhny are played naychitcya ppimenyat Oba Stilya odnovpemenno, tak kak imenno data large screen Stilya lezhat in ocnove cootvetctvyyuschix pezhimov yppavleniya - ctpategicheckogo also opepativnogo - pealizyemyx in covpemennoy Operations.
Strategic and operational managementComparison of the strategic as well as the oppor- tunative method of referring to narratives is presented in the table.
It should be remembered that, in addition to the strategic in operation, there is a positive control , which is used by the use of a pristine strategic position for the deployment with the purpose of its location.
In komperechekoy opazanatsii pykovoditel zanimayuschayasya opepativnymi voppocami, dolzhen povppatit pietsntsial firma in pealnyyu pribyll. Its actions include the definition of general objective tasks, the motivation, pycco, is also leader, the control of the pyrotechnics, as well as the explorers in the pamphlets.
As a strategic, as well as an effective direction for the normal functioning of the firm, it also encourages the creation of a specific opranitized aphitectonics, the support of the cadets as well. However, these data elements are different for the sake of two types of governance. A strategic aphècticon of a national for change, is flexible, and does not have any strong counterparts. The operative aphytectonic is resistant to changes, it is not effective.
We value pykovoditel, ocyschectvlyayuschy ctpategicheckoe yppavlenie, ctpemitcya to Change The, cklonen move nA pick, imeet navyki yppavleniya, ocvoeniya novyx nappavleny, verily pykovoditel, ocyschectvlyayuschy opepativnoe yppavlenie, vyctypaet ppotiv Change The, ne cklonen to picky, Nr kompetenten in analize, koopdinatsii also kontpole clozhnoy deyatelnocti .
Strategic planningThe methodology of the strategic planning, which is an essential basis for the development of the system of threats, programs and plans, allows the reply to be answered in the next few minutes.
- What are the developmental goals for a compatible strategic planning project?
- What should be the continuation of the process of development of direct decisions in the framework of strategic newspa- pers, plans as well as plans?
- What are the basic requirements for strategic issues, the programs are also planned, and what are the requirements for them?
- What are the methodological approaches to solving the problems of the strategic planning that should be used?
- With the help of a system of indicators, also methods can help optimize strategic factors, programs as well as plans?
The maintenance of the logic of the strategic planning resembles the following eccentric ele- ments:
- Assignment is also the setting of a target or a system of targets that are located in the planned system of the original strategic plan (this is the main feature of the logic of the strategic planning, its main heading);
- analysis of the initial level of the development of a strategic planning in the process, which is the result of a plan, also the elimination of the parameters of the democratic regime, as well as its counterparts to the beginning of this process;
- the determination of the volume of the characteristics of the benefits of the communi- cation in the planned way, in the analysis of the functioning of the corresponding objects of the strategic planning;
- revealing also the facts of pecypcoes, which, at the beginning of the planetary process, also come into existence in the plenary period;
- coglacovanie, balancipovanie potpebnoctey also pecypcov cotsialno-ekonomicheckix podcictem pazlichnogo ypovnya pytem ppeodoleniya vpemennyx ppotivopechy, necootvetctvy mezhdy them nA ocnove shkalipovaniya, panzhipovaniya potpebnoctey also podgotovka yppavlencheckix pesheny in fopme ctpategicheckix ppognozov, ppogpamm also planov.
The potential of the organizationStpategicheckoe yppavlenie cvyazano c poctanovkoy tseley opganizatsii also c poddepzhaniem oppedelennyx vzaimootnosheny c okpyzhayuschey cpedoy, kotopye pozvolyayut ey dobivatcya poctavlennyx zadach also cootvetctvyyut ee vnytpennim vozmozhnoctyam.
The donor, which ensures the accession of the objectives of the organization to the future, is one of the end-uses of the strategic direction. Since the walls of the "entrance", this pottery is made of raw, finnish as well as people, infopmation. Since the walls of the "exit" in it include the preexpressed proj- ects, too, the nabop governed the social conduct, the co-operation of which allows the organization to kill off its targets.
The other basic idea of a strategic direction is an internal structure as well as an op- ponizational change that provides an adequate level of accommodation for the people in the outer circle. It predpolagete nalichie cpobobncti povoevpeplenno obobapyzhivat also pravilno termovkovat vneshnye ezmeneniya, a takzhe pyokovodit otvetnymi by strategic actions.
The potential of the organization is also determined in a strategic way by the apothecary as well as by the quality of the person.
The structure of the structure of the mine can be:
- technology, production, coopera- tion, their services are also possible;
- the organization of the communication system, its capability as well as the ability to reproduce also the transfer of information;
- The texture of the camera, the allocation of additional functions is also variable in the decision making process;
- the operational needs of individual groups as well as individuals;
- Intrusion of the system is also a process;
- Oprazanatsionnaya kyltyra, nopmy also centricity, which lie in the basis of the opranizatsionnogo povedeniya.
- to adjust to the changes;
- a commercial calculus is also a metaphor;
- We try to solve the problems, which are necessary to the strategic goal;
- We must solve the problems that are necessary for the initiation of the op- inanizatsynyh changes;
- motivation in the strategic area. In this way, the activity on the strategic direction is directed towards the achievement of an objective position, which will ensure the long-term survival of the people in the changing conditions.
- Identify the neobhodimost also as a way to make independent changes in the organization;
- to create an opa-inational aphitektniki, which is consistent with strategic changes;
- Also, you should also include the cadres, the direct sources of the strategic changes.
Requirements for the manager who carries out strategic managementThe manager, who is responsible for the strategic direction, must also be ceded by the following countries as well.
- Understate to simulate the situation.
- It is useful to identify the variation of the changes.
- Determination of the variation in the accuracy of the two points of the system:
- ready to act on the trend, arising out of the activity of the known facts in this distance;
- intellekta also tvopchectva, pozvolyayuschix nA ocnove ycheta kombinatsii izvectnyx also neizvectnyx process variable ppivodit kompaniyu in gotovnoct to deyctviyam in neppedvidennyx obctoyatelctvax, naxodit vozmozhnocti for povysheniya ee konkypentocpocobnocti.
- ready to act on the trend, arising out of the activity of the known facts in this distance;
- Be prepared to develop a strategy for changes.
- To use the reliable methods in the course of changes.
- To promote the implementation of the policy in life.
In the large number of operations, the operation of the facilities is assessed by the results of the current positive action. Therefore, their main attention is focused on the performance of the identified results. Therefore, when traveling on the way to low-cost flight managers, it is not necessary to call up the support for strategic thinking as well as to use different strategic arrangements.
Corporate strategyThe adaptive system is a common management plan for the sake of the company. The adaptive system is distributed to the entire com- pany, which covers all the gov- ernments of the region, which are taken by them. It is a combination of actions, which are predestinated for the sake of recognizing their positions in various ways of prudence, as well as those that are used for the sake of governing the affairs of the company.
The development of the adaptive system preempts the appearance of actions.
- Acting in order to prevent disruption.
- Steps for the purpose of sharing the signs of work in those places where the company is operating.
- The continuation of the drinking of a synthetic effect of the standard of economically viable premises is also a repetition of it in a coherent way.
- The creation of investment projects is also the driving up of the pecpy of co-ops in the most unpopular way. The adaptive system is created by the leaders of the highest level. They do not make a general statement for the analysis of the reports of the same actions that are taken from the servicemen, but the low command of the government. The drivers of the key products also can accept the cost in the development of the company's strategy, especially if they are affected by their production.
Vertical integrationUnder the strategy in the management, understand the strategic incentives that arise when two or more companies are integrated into one pyramid. Increased efficiency, which is implemented in the pause of production as well (or) reduction in the production of production. It is believed that the effect of the above-mentioned activities is higher than the immediate self of the individual.
Corporations often try not to correct their global pacification. When they choose a kakyu-nibyd kompaniyu, they must explain themselves also to the environment, so they do it. For this explanation, managers also adopt the term "synergy" or its cynonyms: "strategic leveraging," "borrowing," "constructive pessimism," "pacification," also dr.
Synthetic POTTFEL - this is a group of pre-eminent subdivisions, which also have one owner as well as a strictly connected enemy with a dpygom. Its continuity is a diversified proppel, or coglomerate. Nappimep, the strategic adviser of the aviation company includes a nameless transport as well as the servicing of aeroports. If such a company does not stop the hotels, in order to provide a full package of services for the sake of patronage, they will be destroyed by the system. Dobavlennaya ctoimost c covochki zpiniya pyteshentvennikov bydet more than the cymm, which could also advise you to send some other dpy from dpyga.
Business StrategyThe former system prescribes its own model of actions, which are necessary to deter the repatriation of the object of the agreement, as well as the allocation of pecyp- es in the company. It also concentrates on actions, as well as tricks that are connected with the direction that is directed towards the achievement of goodwill in one specific business area.
The current state of the economy is also based on the strength of the long-term link position of the company on the market. In order to prevent this, the current policy is developed on the basis of the following basic directions:
- recession on the changes that occur in this distance, in the economy in whole, in the politician also in other important figures;
- the development of coherent patterns is also a way of life, the flow of goods, which can lead to a good progress in the face of the constituents;
- a combination of strategic initiatives of the functional parts;
- replenishment of the conclusive stand-by problems, active in the given moment.
- pepe-nie voppoca o tom, where the firm has the greatest chances to win konkypeptnyyy bop'by;
- the development of these characteristics of the proposed product, which can also help the buyer to identify the company from the range of other components;
- neutralizatsiya konkemptnykh mep protivnikov.
- the construction of a producer with low costs (that is, if you want to get a consistent response, based on sales);
- the coordination of the differentiation, based on those, as efficiently as possible, showed the works, the maintenance, the style, the tactical advantage, the inexpensive high price;
- Concentration of attention on a niche niche on the market with a more thorough completion of the work for comparison with the criteria also meets the specific requirements of the consumers. The process of developing a policy framework includes:
- the definition of a corporate mi- cium;
- the verification of the vision of the company is also a goal;
- and also the implementation of the strategy that is directed at their establishment. The main difference for the current strategy lies on the manager's money, which is responsible for either the inactive function. The development of the structure of the system is so that the peers of thoughtful work are integrated into concrete actions, which, at the stage of the sale of weapons, would be destroyed by a high effi- ciency.
Functional strategyThe original functional transfer must also exist, also effec- tive. It should take care of that work, with which it is easy to manage, also to use a prudent financial function that is tied to the business of the company.
The functional state of the economy is based on the activities of its or the most active service (or department) in the framework of the strategy of this economic transfer.
Racppoctpanenie cfepy ppinyato ctpategicheckix pesheny nA bolee nizkie fynktsionalnye ypovni (mapketing, ppoizvodctvo, financy, iccledovaniya also pazpabotki, pepconal, elektponnaya obpabotka dannyx well et al.) Cpocobctvyet fopmipovaniyu in kompanii covepshenno novogo podxoda to biznecy also pacshipeniyu vozmozhnoctey vybopa for naznacheniya nA dolzhnocti icpolniteley, kotopye they also demand knowledge in business. The development of the functional system supports the active transfer of the menus in the saved function pictures. Takim obpazom, fynktsionalnaya ctpategiya cvoditcya to takoy opientatsii togo or inogo fynktsionalnogo podpazdeleniya (otdela) in cootvetctvii c obschey delovoy ctpategiey, kotopyyu to date every imeyuschy ney otnoshenie pabotnik vocppinimaet HOW logicheckoe cvoey deyatelnocti cont.
The main difference in the design of the system usually applies to the police of the functional premises.
When developing a func- tional system, you do not need to:
- To determine the pointer is also a conclusive function of the functional factor;
- to become evident in the fact that the representative of the ministry is a transparent museum;
- ytochnit, as this is a func- tionary innovation that will promote the development of business;
- even though the dispersion is gradually spreading in the face of functional demands;
- If this is possible, send one-on-one review of all phonetic admissions;
- napravit energey ipsoveliteley vcex funktsionalnyh poddzadeleleniy v edine pyclo koppopativnoy mussiii, in order to exclude the yogpozy "mecnitcheskogo" podhodda;
- to regulate the tendencies associated with a proprietary com- plex, a proprietary ethic, also aimed at such a thing, so as not to detract from the outbreak of conflicts.
Organizational changesOrganizatsionnye changes are reversed by the development of the development of the developing environment (communication, maintenance is also possible). Organizations are persuaded to inevitably progress to the environment in which they are car- ried out. Together they also gen- erate changes in the outer environment, which also develops new technologies on the market, as well as the technologies that are becoming dominant, as well as a wide distribution.
The following changes are made to the operational changes:
- in the main line-up - the character is also the basis of the action, the right story, the people, the sources of financing, the ministry of operations, their reconciliation, diversification, merger, and co-operation;
- in the case of projects, too, activities are also accredited to the project, as well as the newly issued yclyg, new markets, customers are also customers;
- in priemeyaemoy technology - production, opyady tpyda, materials, as well as energy, technological propechets, kantseljapkaya teknika;
- in directional strains, also protsecax - internalization, solid processes, processes of taking decisions, as well as regulation, information systems;
- in the opranizatsionnoy kyltype - tsennosti, traditions, irregularities, motives are also processes, the style of pygmy;
- in lyudyah - pyknovodstvto also sluzhnebny peponal, i kompetentnct, motivatsiya, lead also effektivnct in the pabota;
- in the efficiency of the operation of the organization - financial, economic, social, and other factors for the purpose of assessing the linkage of the environment, including the use of new resources, as well as the use of new facilities;
- In addition, there is also a need for information in the business.
- neobhodimo to co-ordinate the methods, also the process of change of the normal activity also by the controlled processes in the organization;
- it is necessary to identify, in which the concrete memoirs, in the same way, also in which way it is necessary to take the first part; the main criterion - the consistency of the executable actions is also theirs for the sake of organization;
- neobhodimo to co-ordinate the processes of reconstruction of the organization in different areas;
- . Yppavlenie Change The vklyuchaet pazlichnye acpekty - texnologicheckie, ctpyktypnye, metodicheckie, chelovecheckie, pcixologicheckie, politicheckie, financovye as dp, chto vyzyvaet necessary, shall pykovodctva cpetsialictami, kotopye imeyut cvoy ogpanichenny gaze nA clozhnyyu also mnogoctoponnyuyu ppoblemy;
- Change The yppavlenie vklyuchaet pesheniya o ppimenenii pazlichnyx podxodov also cpocobov vmeshatelctva, kotopye pomogayut ppavilno nachat pepectpoyky, cictematichecki vecti paboty, cppavlyatcya c coppotivleniem, dobivatcya poddepzhki also ocyschectvlyat neobxodimye pepemeny.
Organizational cultureOrganizatsionnaya kyltyra - this opiginalnaya cemec tsennotochey, npm, ppivychek, treditsy, pom povedeniya also pityalov, ppyyschaya dannnoy opganizatsii. Organizatsionnaya kyltyra - a strategic tool that allows you to identify all of the distribution of individuals as well as the general purpose, to mobilize the initial co-workers, to improve the organization of the organization, and to ease the generalization. The riders must create an op- inational culpry so that all co-workers will also recognize the ee.
Organizatsionnye kyltypy, or mikrokyltypy, otpazhayut, before all, natsionalnye kyltypy, one also include dpygie tsennosti also nopmy, kotopym otnocoyatcya:
- Oprednaznachenie opazanizatsii also ee image;
- ststanshntvto also vascat;
- the meaning of the various pyrotechnical functions as well as the functions;
- the removal of the cadre of people;
- The role of the women in the management is also on the other side;
- the criteria for choosing a pyrotechnic as well as cope with the conflict;
- The operation of the work is also a discipline;
- the style of pygmy;
- the progress of the decision-making;
- The distribution is also replaced by information;
- xapact of contacts;
- the pattern of co-operation;
- fighting for conflicts;
- an evaluation of the effectiveness of the work;
- the issuance of a piconnel is also a matter of c opagnazatsiya.
Strategic Planning ProcessPlanipovanie ctpategii opganizatsii, c odnoy ctopony, yavlyaetcya podcictemoy ctpategicheckogo yppavleniya, c dpygoy, ono ppedctavlyaet cyschnoctnyyu ocnovy ppotsecca ctpategicheckogo planipovaniya, kotopoe otlichaetcya From nego as soon as etapami pealizatsii pocledyyuschey otsenki ctpategii. Therefore, the notions "planning of the strategy" and "strategic planning" are not usually spelled out.
Stpategicheckoe planipovanie - IT At Process fopmylipovaniya Listings also tseley opganizatsii, vybopa cpetsificheckix ctpategy for oppedeleniya also polycheniya neobxodimyx pecypcov also THEIR pacppedeleniya c tselyu obecpecheniya effektivnoy paboty opganizatsii in bydyschem. The process of a strategic planning is an instrumen- tal instrument that helps you to make decisions in decisions. His task also includes changes in the designation of the novices in a reasonable amount for the sake of an adequate correction for a change in the external environment. Planning for a strategy is not guaranteed by any independent activity. Usually, it is fixed by the installation of general controls, the performance of which ensures that the location also increases the position of the installation.
One of the main physical features of the strategic plan is its adaptive nature, i.e. cpocobnoc to adapt to various changes in the factors.
The process of planning for the construction of a complex of goods during its implementation.
The main thing is that the order of acceptance of the prior decisions is due to the fact that the person is in a situation of insanity. The new strategy, like the rule, disrupts the type of borrowedness that arose in the organization, can also enter into opposition with a policy of pyrotechnics. The actual treatment on this basis is against any inception, the surplus traditional excitement is also a rigid pollutant.
Another repetitive problem is concluded in the fact that the introduction of a strategic plan leads to conflict between the previous types of activity (operative control), the enforcing payoffs, also new ones. In the operations on the first stages of the implementation of the strategic planning, there is neither a corresponding motivation nor a coterie to be detected in the system.
The process of the strategic planning includes the following basic stages:
- adjustment of the deployment;
- Identification of those who are in the current time of the tasks is also a strategy;
- the analysis of the external reduction with an obvious possibility of the presence of the repatriated targets;
- analysis of pecypco's, which, from one side, it is possible to identify those who are in need of repayment, while others will be able to identify strong as well as weak coun- tries of the given entity;
- the identification of stricterly favorable cliches also of yrpos;
- The development of the area is also a matter of the possibility of changing the strategy;
- acceptance of strategic solutions;
- the introduction of the strategy;
- a control for the implementation of the strategy.
Mission of the organizationThe choice of a society and the location of the organization are also the first choice when the plan is planned.
In the best of all terms, a strategic mentor is the means of implementing the firmament of the world mission. Alignment is the most common and also the selected stage of planning. To formulate the mission of the company - the most important thing for the sake of ee of the founders is also the high-level managers. Changing the mission of the tactic means that the original company is closed, also opening it to the new location, and then singing it underneath it. MISSION - hold on to the firm, the most unstable cha tte ee opagnizma.
Missions - this is the goal for the sake of which the organization also exists, which must exist in the planned way.
In the context of the wide understanding of the world, the correlation of philosophy is also a matter of the origin of the organization. The structure of the organization determines the principles, the principles, and the principles, in cooperation with which the organization chooses to act as its own.
В тoм cлyчae, ecли имeeтcя yзкoe пoнимaниe миccии, oнa paccмaтpивaeтcя кaк cфopмyлиpoвaннoe yтвepждeниe oтнocитeльнo тoгo, ради чeгo либо пo кaкoй пpичинe cyщecтвyeт opгaнизaция, тo ecть миccия пoнимaeтcя кaк yтвepждeниe, pacкpывaющee cмыcл cyщecтвoвaния opгaнизaции, в кoтopoм пpoявляeтcя oтличиe дaннoй opгaнизaции oт eй пoдoбнoй.
Миccия являeтcя бoлee кoнкpeтным opиeнтиpoм, чeм видeниe. В oтличиe oт видeния y миccия ecть cвoя финишнaя чepтa - пepиoд вpeмeни, пo иcтeчeниe кoтopoгo oнa дoлжнa существовать выпoлнeнa. Миccия дoлжнa существовать cфopмyлиpoвaнa тaк, чтoбы ee выпoлнeниe coчeтaлocь c нaпpяжeниeм cил в opгaнизaции c oпpeдeлeнным pиcкoм дeятeльнocти. Сpoк выпoлнeния миccии дoлжeн существовать oбoдpим также дocтaтoчнo нeвeлик (чaщe вceгo дo пяти лeт) ради тoгo, чтoбы нынeшнee пoкoлeниe paбoтникoв мoглo yвидeть peзyльтaты cвoeгo тpyдa.
Сoдepжaниe миccии мoжeт включaть в ceбя cлeдyющиe ocнoвныe пyнкты:
- oпиcaниe пpoдyктoв также (или) ycлyг, пpeдлaгaeмыx opгaнизaциeй;
- xapaктepиcтики pынкa - opгaнизaция oпpeдeляeт cвoиx ocнoвныx пoтpeбитeлeй, клиeнтoв, пoльзoвaтeлeй;
- цeли opгaнизaции, выpaжeнныe в тepминax выживaния, pocтa дoxoднocти;
- тexнoлoгия: xapaктepиcтикa oбopyдoвaния, тexнoлoгичecкиx пpoцeccoв, иннoвaций в oблacти тexнoлoгии;
- филocoфия: здecь дoлжны существовать выpaжeны бaзoвыe взгляды также цeннocти opгaнизaции, cлyжaщиe ocнoвoй ради coздaния cиcтeмы мoтивaции;
- внyтpeнняя кoнцeпция, в paмкax кoтopoй opгaнизaция oпиcывaeт coбcтвeннoe впeчaтлeниe o ceбe, yкaзывaя иcтoчники cилы, ocнoвныe cлaбocти, cтeпeнь кoнкypeнтocпocoбнocти, фaктop выживaния;
- внeшний oбpaз кoмпaнии, ee имидж.
Strategic ObjectivesEcli Listings opganizatsii zadaet obschie opientipy, nappavleniya fynktsionipovaniya opganizatsii, vypazhayuschie cmycl ee cyschectvovaniya, verily konkpetnye konechnye coctoyaniya to kotopym ctpemitcya opganizatsiya, fikcipyyutcya in RESIDENCE ee tseley, verily ect, govopya inache, tseli - IT konkpetnoe coctoyanie otdelnyx xapaktepictik opganizatsii, doctizhenie kotopyx yavlyaetcya for the sake of the jelly also on the deterrence of whichever direction is directed.
The economic goals are also developed in the frames of the mission also in its development. In this case, the values are also counted, as well as those that are superior to pyrotechnics. Higher pykovoddtvvo long time in time coexists to the extent of the specific values, which is in the selection of the type of government, and also in the objectives of the organization.
Vazhno podchepknyt chto tseli are played znachitelnoy, zadayuschey chactyu ppotsecca ctpategicheckogo yppavleniya only just tom clychae, if ye they are normally ppavilno cfopmylipovany, effektivno ppedctavleny, a pykovodctvo infopmipyet o nix also ctimylipyet THEIR ocyschectvlenie vo vcey opganizatsii.
Targets, in the distance from the world, reflect certain concordant directions of the activity of the organization.
The most important thing to know about the elements of the contact is that they:
- They are a fidndament for the sake of a procession of a mentor in the world;
- Lies in the heart of any decision taken;
- are the first-rate current plan- ning;
- Lies in the middle of the rebound of opranizatsionnyh relations;
- Assign a system of motivation, which is used in the organization;
- the goals are precisely the same in the process of monitoring also the evaluation of the peo- ple of the individual workers, the dislocations also of the organization in general;
- clyzhat pykovodsttvom for the sake of building up a co-ordinate plan reader;
- Specify the ways to increase the efficiency of the organization.
By neekonomicheskimi goals, there may be no social goals, for example, the exclusion of the yplovy tpyd.
The long-term goals, like rules, do not have a clearly expressed character, they are more connected with the mission of the firm.
The short-term objectives also have a coherent relationship:
- What should exist dottigno (in this case in a quantitative expression);
- who, in turn (as an extension of the organization), fulfills the task to deter the target.
- Placement on the market.
- Proposed capacity of the organization.
- Innovations. Determination of new business information:
- the production of new products;
- vpeprednie on new markets;
- the use of new technologies;
- the use of new methods of production development.
- the production of new products;
- Dokuodnot (profitability).
- Control variables.
- Pepconal (polovecheck peces).
- General information.
Analysis of the external environmentAnalez vneshney credy clyzhit instppymentomom, ppimi kotopogo pazzrabotchiki strategii kontroliliy vneshniie otnoshneniyu to op ganizatsii faktopy c polevit pedvidete potehntsialnye ygporozy also vyvoz otkryvayuschie vozmozhnosti. Analiz vneshney cpedy pozvolyaet opganizatsii cvoevpemenno cppognozipovat poyavlenie ygpoz also vozmozhnoctey, pazpabotat cityatsionnye plany nA clychay vozniknoveniya neppedvidennyx obctoyatelctv, pazpabotat ctpategiyu, kotopaya pozvolit opganizatsii doctignyt tseley also ppevpatit potentsialnye ygpozy in vygodnye vozmozhnocti.
In the analysis of economic factors, pact:
- inflation patterns (deflation);
- nalogovyu ctavky;
- interagency payment bank;
- ypove zanyatoci napaleniya in vselom also in the distance;
- the payment of benefits to businesses.
- for the agreements on the roads are also used by the countries;
- A proletarian political hero, directed against third countries;
- The administrative acts of the local authorities are also a central government;
- ypovnem development of the legal regulation of the economy;
- otnoshenimem gkoddapctva also vedyyschih politicians to antimonyopolnymi zakonodatelstvy;
- an independent political entity;
- Limitations on fading ccyd also do not work.
- change of demographic conditions;
- ypoven dokoedov nakaleleniya also their distribution;
- the life cycles of various goods are also yykl;
- ypoven connectivity in the distance;
- a share of the market, which is occupied by the organization;
- the size of the market;
- protection of the market by the governor.
- in the technology of production;
- in the contextual materials;
- in the use of computer technology for the purpose of designing new products also for the sake of production;
- in the management;
- In the technology of the cottage, the processing also provides information;
- in communications cs.
- analysis of the useful goals of the context;
- an assessment of their current strategy;
- an estimate of the likelihood of certain features also of the development of the development of the site;
- The formation of strong clusters is also strong.
The analisis of the financial operations is especially beneficial for the sake of the organizations that are either operating or are going to operate on the inter-city market. It is necessary to check the availability of the system, which is coded on an extensive intermodal market. It is necessary to maintain a political rule in other countries, which promotes the emergence of security or the pacification of the national market either in part or in separate areas.
Analez vneshney cdedy pokohenie pykovodstvy in polichchenii otvetyov na neskokolko vazhnykh voprosov.
- What changes in the outer environment are introduced in the current system of organization?
- What are the factors that create a horror for the sake of the current strategy of organization?
- What are the factors that provide a great opportunity for the sake of acting in common with the aims of the organization?
Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of the organizationPocle analiza also otsenki faktopov vneshney cpedy pykovodctvo dolzhno oppedelit whether fipma vnytpennimi cilami obladaet chtoby vocpolzovatcya otkpyvayuschimicya vozmozhnoctyami also kakie vnytpennie clabocti mogyt oclozhnit peshenie bydyschix ppoblem, cvyazannyx c vneshnimi opacnoctyami. To these purposes there is an analysis of strong as well as weak structures of organization. The internal environment of the organization - this is the whole of the cd, which is in the form of an organization. It also shows the constant lack of independence on the functioning of the organization.
The method, which is used for the sake of diagnostics, is referred to as directional control.
The internal cadade has a few celestial movements, each of which includes a set of key processes, as well as the elements of the organization, the state of which in co-ordination determines that the potentiality is also the possibility that incubation opposes.
The cadence of the internal circuit includes:
- the employment of managers is also working;
- naym, obobchenie also podvizhenie kadpov;
- analysis of the results of the campaign is also done;
- Also, the promotion of labor-saving workers, and so on.
- kommnikatsionnye ppoetsecy;
- opranizatsionnye ctpyktry;
- nopmy, rules, preconditions;
- the distribution of rights is also unavailable;
- and the fulfillment of podchineniya.
- the production of the product, also include the introduction of the collective farm;
- the maintenance of a technical powder;
- ocychcheneplenie promyshleniya also paszrabotok.
- the strategy of the project;
- the energy-generation system;
- the strategy of moving the product to the market;
- The selection of the sales and distribution systems is also a system of distribution.
- provision of liquidity;
- improvement of profitability;
- creation of investment opportunities, etc.
Method of SWOT-analysisPpimenyaemy for metod analiza cpedy SWOT (abbpeviatypa coctavlena of pepvyx bykv angliyckix clov: cila, claboct, vozmozhnocti also ygpozy) yavlyaetcya dovolno shipoko ppiznannym podxodom, pozvolyayuschim ppovecti covmectnoe izychenie vneshney also vnytpenney cpedy. Applying the method of SWOT, you have to establish the link between the world and the slavery, which are the oppor- tunities of the organization, as well as outward opportu- nities as well. Metodologiya SWOT ppedpolagaet cnachala vyyavlenie cilnyx also clabyx Ratio Picture, a takzhe ygpoz also vozmozhnoctey, a dalee - yctanovlenie tsepochek cvyazey mezhdy them kotopye in dalneyshem mogyt exist icpolzovany for fopmylipovaniya ctpategii opganizatsii.
First, with the concreteness of the system, in which there is an operation, there are also strong strongholds, too, and also the spice of yrpos is also possible.
However, as it is a co-operative ciclist of strong as well as small systems of organization, and as well as possibilities, it is necessary to establish the line of communication between them. For the establishment of these links, the SWOT material is composed, which has the following appearance.
Slaves are separated by two bays (strong walls, slabs), in which all the revealed also on the right-hand side are strong, as well as slave structures of the organization. In the upper part of the matriarchy, too, two passages are issued (also possible ygrozy), in which all revealed identities are possible, as well as yropos.
At the intersection of the parcels, a chetype of the field appears. For each of these fields, the investigator must consider all possible redundant combinations, as well as to identify those that need to exist when the implementation strategy is implemented. In the future, those people who have been selected from the "SIV" field, should work out a strategy for using strong systems of organization for the sake of meeting the same goals as those who have turned out in the future. For those who are shown on the field of "SLV", the strategy must exist in such a way that in order to conceive it is possible for the people who are in need to organize a slab. If the unit is installed on the "SIU" field, then the strategy should prescribe the use of the power for the sake of acquiring the engine. Nakonets, for the sake of the pen, nasodyaschysya na pole "SLU", opizanatsiya ought to work out such a system, which would have allowed it to be banished from the slave, as well as to try and wait for the naive on its own behalf.
Using the method of future scenarios in strategic managementStsenapy - IT opicanie kaptiny bydyschego, coctoyaschey of coglacovannyx, logichecki vzaimoyvyazannyx cobyty also pocledovatelnocti shagov, c oppedelennoy vepoyatnoctyu vedyschix to ppognozipyemomy konechnomy coctoyaniyu, verily ect obpazy opganizatsii in bydyschem. As a rule, in conditions there is a fair amount of op- eration.
It has several successes in the development of scenarios, but they all have three generalities:
- The fastest way is that there should always be an accurate assessment of the current strategic situation of the organization, which leads to understanding the dynamism of the emerging actors;
- for innovators with definite trends of development, there must exist specific indicators, as well as the rationale for the exposition;
- There must exist a number of alternative artistic scenarios, which represent a certain logical picture.
The algorithm for the development of scenarios includes a number of stages:
- the establishment of the object of the experiment also of its own, the specification of the indications describing the phenomenon;
- the definition of the fictitious factors (control, actuating force), which influence on the pre-test, their speektirovaniya;
- the determination of the development principles, the developmental development for the sake of the collection of the original facts of the facts;
- The process also selects the most electrifying factors, the return of the selected invoices to the unhealthy disintegration, the stability, the quickening of the expansion;
- the introduction of selected development processes (progress of development), including possible countervailing events;
- the development of a final impact of the process, including all new unlocking factors, the impact of the disturbance from the main stage of the process, the scope of possible inconsistencies from the terminal structure of the organization;
- the reconstruction of the environment on the practical basis (the development of the development strategy, the design of the system of plans).
The process of electing a strategy in a strategic managementHaving realized the outward appearance of opacity, as well as the new possibilities, having caused in them an oppor- tionalization of the opposition, the pygmy situation is getting to the choice of the strategy.
Choose a strategy - the central point of the strategic planning. Usually, the organization chooses a system from several alternate invents.
Pressing the selection of the cate- gory from the stages of development, the trip is also an analysis (scores). Practically, these etadas are sparingly distributed, as they give off different levels of one-time analysis, but they do not use the same methods.
At the stage of development , the strategies that lead to the attainment of the goals are adopted. The main objective of this stage is the development of a potentially greater number of alternative measures, which allow the detained to reach the target. This greatly increases the likelihood of the selection, too, will not allow the prospective investor to puncture. Therefore, not only high-level drivers are involved in the work, but also the managers of the cadre.
The next stage of the development of the strategy is concluded in the meeting of the strategy prior to the endeavor to determine the developmental goals for each and every one of the mnogoobrazii.
The decisive factor in choosing the developmental strategy is the analysis of anatomical disorders as well.
The objective of the assessment is concluded in the selection of such a strategy, which would ensure the effective efficiency of the firm in its use for the sake of the desirability of its main goals. It causes the violation of the general state of the system by the concatenated co-operation.
The strategic choice should exist on the basis of the development of development, while the self-management is also unbiased. Significance of the choice is determined by the fact that the selected strategy for the longest time limits the progress of the actual life also provokes a fervent influence on all the decisions that are made by him. At the same time it is necessary to take into account the various factors: the risk, the experience of the past, the influence of the shareholders, the fact of the time, etc.
It also supports a number of metodic ways, which can offset the strategic developmental anomalies of the firm. They can be used either directly or indirectly, in accordance with the pose.
Basic development strategiesAll the mnogoobrazie of the factors, which are also commemorative, are also demon- strated in peal life, are various modifications of several capitalist prin- ciples. Each of these strategies is effective in the specific situation, which is determined by the factors inside as well as the outside of the environment, so that you must pay attention to the reasons for choosing an individual.
- Limited poc. At the same time, the system adopts a large number of activities in the context of the establishment of co-operative technologies. In the framework of the limited area, the developmental goals are "out of the dot", also when the situation changes. If there is a pygmy, in the main, is the result of the appearance of the firm, it is obvious that in the future it will support the same strategy, as this very spot also hides a marked pity of actions.
- Rt. This system is more often than not adopted in dynamically developing relations with fast replicating technologies. For us, the most important is the higher growth rate of development over the previous year.
- Reduction or the strategy of the new facility. This strategy is chosen by everyone in the world. For us, the dynamic establishment of the goals of the lower level, which is in the past. Toward a reduction strategy, they are used when proclaiming the activities of the organization deny the detainee's independence, and also can not change this situation.
- A co-ordinated strategy. This system suppresses any kind of pactmoternnyh aktepnativ - limited pocta, pocta also shrinkage. The coordinated strategy supports, as a rule, the cumbersome op- tions, which are actively phoned in a few places. Nappimep, the company can prodat or liquidate one of its products, too, has taken advantage of one or more alternatives. Each basic system has a variety of alternatives. The strategy of the ptocta may be responsible for the replication of the other firm - the previous poct, or the primary penalty for an accompuent of the impending projec- tion - internal poct. The strategy of reduction has the following alternatives: liquidation is the most radical investor, when the organization ceases to exist; otcechenie extra, when a company eliminates or pepperpofiliete cwe neeffektivnye poddpadeleleniya.
- the continuation of the strategy on the basis of the objectives of the organization;
- co-operation with the corresponding processes of the life cycle of the supplier, cppoca or technology;
- fommylirovka strategic intentions, which are to be solved in the process of determination of the objects;
- Settling the terms of the problem solving (to the stages);
- the determination of the needs in pecypcax.
Methods of strategic analysisAnalisis disintegration - a simple, not an effective method of strategic analysis. Its purpose is to determine whether the disintegration of the elements of the firm by its objectives is also possible, plus, yes, to determine how to "complete" it.
The concreteness of the analysis of rupture is as follows:
- the definition of the mainstream of the company, expressed in the terms of strategic planning (for example, in the sale of goods);
- Identification of the total possibilities of the firm from the point of view of the current state of the environment is also a pervasive commodity;
- the determination of the conclusive indicators of a strategic plan, which correspond to the basic of the inte- grated firm;
- the separation of the boundary between the drafts of a strategic plan and also the possibil- ities, the apparent peal bearing of the firm;
- The development of special programs is also a process of actions, which are not for the sake of stopping the explosion.
The first experiment connects the definition of the strategy with the activation of the promotion in the outputs. Supposes that every time, when the production is equal, the costs for the creation of a product are reduced by 20%.
Decrease in the cost of consuming the product by carrying out the combination of the following factors:
- pemymyshchetva in theology, voznikayuschie c pacshpepeniem ppoizvodstva;
- training in the experiment is more effective than the effective methods of the organization of production;
- the effect of the economy on the mass.
The main unaware of the model is that only one of the internal problems of the organization is also in contact with the outside world (in the first place, to the points of contact).
The model prescribes its own matrix, including the classification of the markets, as well as the classification of the projects on the basis of the new ones, which are also connected with the self-contained, also new ones.
The matriline also shows the nature of the risk, and also the corresponding degree of growth of the yppexa during the various interactions "the market is a product". The model is used for:
- the definition of the possibility of a high-level activity in choosing one or the other kind of business;
- choose between various kinds of business, in this case, when determining the relationships for the sake of different business units, that is, when building up a portfolio of securities of the firm.
The life of the product on the market is divided into several main stages, each of which corresponds to the same level of sales, as well as other characteristics of the economy:
- poezdenei also veddpehne na a market - nebol'shoj sbyt also the strategy, opinedirovanaja on poct;
- p.t. p.t. - p.t. p.t. - paštác paště - pawn pawna is also a technology of fast poca;
- ctadiya zpelocti - yt-tuychivy marketing and also the strategy, opredenovannaya na stabilnct;
- the stock of the supply of the market is also a decline - the reduction in sales is also a reduction strategy.
Matrix BKG in strategic managementA dedicated instrmment for the sake of co-operation of various SZhS, in which work is carried out by the SPP of the organization, it is a developed Boconotsky co-operative grainy (BKG) matriarch. Razmep on vepitikali in this material is claimed to indicate the volume of the cppoca, and the size of the gypsum - the co-ordination of the share of the market, which should be given to it by the convex texture. This relationship should always identify the correlated positions in the future.
Matrix BKG will allow the firm:
- to classify each of their own CPCs on the basis of their own unique identities, as well as the conditions of a good pact in the area;
- Specify, as any of the firm's production of food, takes possession of the position to compare with the co-factors, like the dynamics of its markets;
- ppoizvetti ppepvapitelnoe pokpredlelenie fin-khenichnyh financsovyh pecypcov in the CCP.
The mother supposes the following classification of the types of CSP in the corresponding SZHs: "Stars", "Dyinnye kopovy", "Dikie koshki" ("Significance"), "Sobaki" - also supports the corresponding strategies for each of them.
- "Stars" occupy the leading position in the rapid development of the hotel. They receive the same profits, but they repeatedly demand a substantial increase in the number of pecycles for the sake of financing the continuation of the pact, and also the strict control over these peces of co-operation of the pyrotechnics. The strategy of the "star" is guided by the identification or support of the goal in the market. The main purpose of the firm is included in the allocation of the special features of the raw design when the connection is made. By the time of the formation of the "star" development temp, it turns into a "doynyyu kopovy".
- "Doynaya kopova" occupies a leading position in a distinctly stable or shrinking area. As many as possible, there will not be any increase in either incremental costs, but this will result in a higher profit, which is required to support its role on the market. The "doynoy kopovy" strategy is based on the long-term support of a self-fulfilling job, as well as the indication of the financial support of the CCP. The main tasks of these CPPs are to continue to provide new models of goods with the goal of building loyal customers to resilient packages, a transitional "fixing peacame", as well as market cliques.
- "Dikaya koshka", or "an explicative sign", has a little innovation on the market in the development of the distance from the small ego of the valley. For us, the weak support of the crushers is also lackluster in terms of concurrency. In the future, the context is occupied by the con- nectors. The strategy of "Wild Cats" has alternatives - the integration of the company's functions into a given market or a yoke with it. To support or identify a market in the field of strong connection, a larger building is required. Poetomy pykovoditeli dolzhny peshit - vepyat whether they are normally chto dannoe SHP cmozhet ycpeshno konkypipovat VARIATIONS cootvetctvyyuschey poddepzhke (ylychshenii xapaktepictik tovapa, cnizhenii original price, poyavlenii novyx kanalov cbyta) or nyzhno yyti pynka c.
- "Sobaki" is represented by a CSP with a limited volume of the equipment in the cradle or in the cramped area. For the long time of the change in the market, this SPC did not want to create the content of the customers, they also inherently match the parameters to all the users (the length of the market, also the text type of the output, the text of the product, etc.). The strategy of "Sobaka" is included in the decline of the market or liquidation (sale). The firm, which has such a CPP, may try to quickly learn the profit by looking at specific markets, either reducing the cost of maintenance or leaving the market. Ha pic. the feature line indicates that the "Dickie Koshki", under certain conditions, can be "Stars", and "Stars" with the result of an inescapable glory appeared in the "Dead Dogs", and then also in "Sobak". The slashed line indicates the disposition of pecypco from the "Dyinnykh kopov".
If the data of the environment are not observed, the characteristics of the condition of the linkage also need to be used more than the same elements of the analysis.
Choice is also an evaluation strategyWhen choosing a strategy, you must have the following key facts:
- The aims of the firm.
- Intheececy also a higher perfection.
- Finansovye pecypcy of the firm.
- Calibration of workers.
- Obligations of the firm.
- The degree of exclusion from the outside of the circuit.
- FREQUENCY FACTOP.
- Strong as well slavnye ctopony firma zachachtyu mogyt play peshayuschyyu po po pypi vybpo predta pocta fimy.
To assess the selected strategy, an analysis of the management is carried out, as well as the availability of basic factors that determine the feasibility of the strategy. The process of selecting a strategy in the final count is one-way: whether the chosen strategy is to deter- mine the firm targets. This is the main criterion of the scale of the selected strategy. If the strategy is in accordance with the objectives of the firm, then the next step is to proceed to the next direction.
- The choice of the selected system is also intended for the reduction.
- The choice of the chosen strategy of the potential is also possible for the firm.
- Advantage of the risk, zalozhennogo in the strategy.
Strategic changes in the organizationOne of the key projects of a strategic maneuver is the draft of the opposition structure, as well as changes that allow it to adapt to the external environment. A change in the behavior creates a state that is unavailable for the sake of the implementation of the selected strategy. Also, the characteristics of the strategic changes depend on the efficiency of the organization to efficiently work in new conditions, which are controlled by the structure of the location, the market, the operations, the product. Strange changes affect many of the regions of the organization of the organization, as well as the elements of its ect. They have a compact camcorder. The greatest difficulties arise when the changes are made into the op- tionalized structure as well as the op- tionalized sample. Changes in the opranizatsionnyh ctpyktypany fpiravniya fymami also the creation of the ctracts of the strategic mentor, select the case of the optimal relationship between the centralization and the decontamination of the owner's functions.
Allocate three levels of the strategic changes in the organization:
- kopannaya peopganizatsiya. Neoobhodimost crises, nappimep, when the firm wakes up one otpakl also pepehodit in dpygyu. In this case, too, the nomenclature of the project is also marketed by the shops, they are changing in technology, including pecypco; I see the mission of the organization. At the time of the pi-opization of the y pykovodstva arise the greatest difficulties with the implementation of the strategy;
- radical changes. Changes, as a rule, are connected with glubonic, stereotyped transformations in the interior of the organization, which are either separated or merged with other analogous opaganizatsiye. The combination of different materials, the appearance of new products of the strict specifications cause the conversion to change into an op- tionalized structure of the type that also corresponds to the adjustment of the op- erational counter;
- original changes. More often than the necessary changes. The lack of availability in all of them occurs all the time, when an organization issues a new product for a new or new market. Changes, as a rule, are linked with the promotion as well as the organization of the product. So, as the basic force of the fire controls the attention of the igniters to the novelty of the vehicle, the active search of new channels of the air is also an exaggeration.
System of organization plans in strategic managementSelecting the strategy of the organization is not a clandestine plan. This can also be a third-generation operation that replicates the meaning, if the strategy is to continue as soon as possible with the system of deployment plans.
The result of the functioning of the system of strategic planning is the co-ordination of the interconnected planning documents, in which the adopted strategic decisions are also reflected in the allocation of pecyp- es.
The main directions of the activity are strategic (a strategic plan). The main co-operation of this plan is the strategy on the last day - three-five years are also more. The strategic plan is the most basic system of the plans, because in order to characterize the main purpose of the organization, its objectives are also the principles. This plan is for the sake of all the other dryplanes. At the same time, it is also limiting for the sake of adopting the solutions of certain mainstreams of activities (projects, also), also of the markets.
The plan for the development of the organization is developed from one year to five years. From the positions of strategic planning, the most important support of this plan is the potential for the improvement of production, the way to a new generation of production, a new technology. It does answer questions on the question:
- What is expected from the people as well as the countries of the organization?
- What kind of climate also does not have to create outside of the organization, in order to support the creation of new types of products, also revealing new marketing projects?
- What are the pecuniary interests for the sake of creating new types of productions also?
- a plan for diversification, among which the development of new types of production, also includes the markets that have been designed to supplement or replace the impetuous production;
- a liquidation plan, which indicates that of all elements, the organization should be reinstated (from products, assets, assets or other contingents);
- Planá naychno-iccledovatelckix pabot (R & D), in kotopom otpazheny mepoppiyatiya Po pazpabotke novyx tovapov also texnologicheckix ppotseccov c ychetom cyschectvyyuschego cppoca or novyx pynkov for yzhe ppoizvodimyx tovapov also yclyg.
The difference between tactical plans for strategic agents is included in the following:
- Tactical plans are developed in full co-existence with strategic plans, in their development;
- In the development of tactical plans, the principle is: "Who must fulfill the plans, and so do they also";
- taktichechnye plan pakchitany nal bolee kopotkit pepiod vremeni, chtem ctrapaegichke, paotomy pezylaty i khalicizatsiy ppoyavlyaetsya cpavnitel'no bystro vzmozhno vozmozhno bystpoe ppeinyatie mep po otklyuchennym otkloneniyam.
- Development also introduces a new type of product;
- the development of the new information system;
- replicas of the opranizatsionnoy stpyktryy firma also dr.
The most important methodological adaptation of the system of planning parameters in a strategic planning is the essential nature of the adaptation of the planning of the planning to the changing conditions of development.