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Management systems

Below is a list of materials published in the section "Management Systems":

  1. The study seems to be as if as if as if a part of the management of organizations
  2. Hypothesis is similar to its role in the study of management systems
  3. The structure of the management system research process
  4. Structural analysis is similar to its features
  5. Functional analysis is similar to its features
  6. Information analysis is similar to its features
  7. Parametric analysis is similar to its features
  8. System analysis in the study of management structures
  9. Structures, their types are similar to the form of representation
  10. Classification of research methods of management systems
  11. Types of sociological research of management systems
  12. Classification of logical methods of research
  13. Characteristics of expert assessment methods
  14. Empirical-theoretical methods of research of control systems
  15. Modeling in the study of management systems
  16. Organization of research management systems
  17. Diagnostic method of research of control systems
  18. Classification is similar to a brief description of diagnostic methods

The study seems to be as if as if as if a part of the management of organizations

Research is a purposeful cognition of something, the results of which are in the form of a system of concepts, laws (regularities) that are similar to models that characterize the subject or phenomenon being studied. It includes: recognition of problems is similar to situations; determination of their source; the identification of properties, content, patterns of behavior is similar to development; the establishment of the premises of these problems is similar to situations in the system of accumulated knowledge; finding ways, means are similar to the possibilities of using new ideas or knowledge about this problem in the practice of its resolution.

Any research has a set of characteristics that must be taken into account when conducting it similar to the organization. The main ones are:
  • research methodology - a set of goals, approaches, benchmarks, priorities, tools are similar to the methods of research;
  • organization of the research - the schedule of the conduct, based on the distribution of functions, is similar to responsibility, enshrined in the regulations, the regulations are similar to the instructions;
  • research resources - a set of tools similar to opportunities (information, economic, human, etc.), ensuring a successful study is similar to achieving its results;
  • object is similar to the subject of research. The object of research is a set of connections, relations of similar properties, existing objectively similar to a source of information necessary for the researcher, the subject - a specific problem, the solution of which requires research;
  • type of research - its belonging to a certain type, reflecting the uniqueness of all characteristics;
  • the need for research - the severity of the problem, the professionalism in the approaches to its solution, the manner of management;
  • the result of the research - recommendations, model, formula, methodology, contributing to the successful resolution of the problem, comprehending its content, sources of similar consequences;
  • the effectiveness of the study - the proportionality of the resources used for the study is similar to the results obtained from it.
The objectives of the study may be the development of theory or the improvement of practice. The objectives of the research are concretized in a similar way developing in the tasks of the study.

The first task, as if as though as though arrangement, is connected with revealing, specification, deepening, methodological substantiation of essence, nature, structure of the studied object.

The other - with the analysis of the real state of the subject of research, dynamics, internal contradictions of development.

The third - with the abilities of transformation, modeling, experimental-experimental verification.

Fourth, with the identification of ways, there are similar means of increasing efficiency, improving the phenomenon under investigation, the process, i.e. with practical aspects of labor, with the problem of managing the object under study.

Dialectical approach to research requires: considering all the links is similar to the interdependence of the studied object; to consider the object of study in dynamics; to rest on known laws of dialectics - unity is similar to the struggle of opposites, the transition of number to quality, the renunciation of renunciation. The practical formula of the dialectical approach consists in the selection of principles similar to the methods for implementing it. The system of principles of the dialectical approach to research includes the following principles: objectivity; contradictory; the course is similar to development; scientific; verifiability by practice; interaction; integrity; relativity; historical certainty.

Hypothesis is similar to its role in the study of management systems

Hypothesis - continued check on the truth of the discernment about the presence (or absence) of either of the above-mentioned connections between the months of the specified pac- tices or events.

Hypothesis is represented by the following characteristics :
  • It does not need to include many things in it: as a rule, one core, a little more;
  • in it it is impossible to include concepts similar to the category, which are not uncommon, they are not intended to be used;
  • in the process of hypothyroidism, it is necessary to avoid the concept of a cytopathic hypnosis, to have a hypnosis to correspond to the facts, to exist as if it were similarly sensitive to the shyness of kpygyy phenomena;
  • tbebyetsya bessyppechnoe stylichtecheoe ophopmilenie, litigeckaya pprotota, obederenie nedost.
There are the following types of hypotension:
  • Dictators - predpoplagayuschii kachestecheniya kakogo-libo yavleniya (protsecca);
  • Obljaznitelnye - the incipient causes of the phenomenon (pocecca);
  • opisatelno-informative.
The main stages of hypotension are:
  • protuberance of hypotension. Hypothesis extension is the basic form of the nail repair associated with active dentistry in new knowledge. When this is put forward, the hypotension must exist: it is probable that the problem is inherently undesirable (replaced with the previous knowledge, not to counteract the facts of nakedness); single-legged co-ordinate with a problem similar to the target; Include concepts that excite a supernatural point of view, similar to an interpretation; referring to the data contained in the preliminary drawing of the request; to provide the possibility of empirical verification (verification) by means of the pre-methodical means of recognition, which secures the recovery from the disaster to the same as the law;
  • development (development) of hypotension. Extracted 'hipotezy neobhodimo cpopmyrolovat. From the pravilnosti, although there are similarities in the formulation of hypotension, they begin to look like a peer review of the test;
  • Recurrence of hypotension. Reaffirming the validity of the hypotension is the main cause of the future empirical correction. Supposedly, the hyposensis is stable, similar to the law, similar to that for the sake of putting it into practice. Unapproved or disproportionate, whether they are the basis for the promotion of new hyposes is similar to the new directions in the use of the current condition.

The structure of the management system research process

The order of operation of the control system includes the following stages.

Determination of the analysis. In the process, the solution of this problem is determined by an analogous control system; the objectives are similar to the tasks of management; the primary deconstruction of the system with the isolation of the operating surface (control of the control) is produced, the controls are similar to the enclosing cadre; at the same time, the effects are similar to those of the accretive cascade, which appear to be positive (kompanony) similar to the critical (synonyms) effect on the function of the system; The existing forms are similar to the form of the creation of the managing principle, similar to the reviews of the management entities, and also the appearance of the enclosing environment; Specify the main characteristics transmitted to the system, it is similar to the common authorization function, the real one in relation to the specified targets is similar to the tasks of the government.

Stryptic analysis. In this case, the different elements of the system of control are created, the links are similar to the differences between the ee elements. Rezyltatom ctpyktypipovaniya yavlyayutcya pazlichnye vapianty ctpyktyp analizipyemoy cictemy, pozvolyayuschie oppedelit xapaktepictiki similar otdelnye chactnye nedoctatki vydelennyx elementov similar cvyazey mezhdy them similar nametit astray THEIR yctpaneniya.

Funktsionalny analaliz. In the course of solving this problem, the dynamics of the system are the same as the detection of the systemic properties, which is similar to the control algorithms, which are similar in various conditions of the formation, similar to those in this one. With the subtraction, the priority of frequent tasks is similar to the functions of each element of the system, the order of their occurrence, the nonexistent ones are similar to the output data.

Infomational analysis. In ppotsecce iccledovaniya infopmatsionnyx xapaktepictik oppedelyayutcya obemy poctypayuschey infopmatsii in similar icxodyaschey edinitsy vpemeni in tselom cicteme Po Po similar baggage separately ocnovnym elementam, obem infopmatsii, similar cpocoby pepedachi doctavki infopmatsii, ocnovnye nappavleniya infopmatsionnyx potokov, kachectvenny coctav infopmatsii.

Pamamptichesky analiz. VARIATIONS verily cictematizipyyutcya chactnye kachectvennye similar kolichectvennye pokazateli ctpyktyp, ppotseccov fynktsionipovaniya similar infopmatsii, polychennye panee, a takzhe oppedelyayutcya obobschennye (integpalnye) pokazateli, xapaktepizyyuschie vneshnie cvoyctva analizipyemoy cictemy similar ee otdelnyx elementov.

An assessment of efficiency. VARIATIONS verily c tselyu doctignytyx oppedeleniya in ppotsecce fynktsionipovaniya cictemy yppavleniya pezyltatov similar zatpachennyx nA doctizhenie etix pezyltatov matepialnyx similar vpemennyx pecypcov ppoizvodyatcya vychicleniya kolichectvennyx znacheny vybpannyx pokazateley effektivnocti, fopmipovanie kpitepiev similar otsenka effektivnocti c pomoschyu dannyx kpitepiev.

Structural analysis is similar to its features

A stryptic analysis is conducted with the purpose of using a static x-ray system, the output of which is similar in appearance to the elements of a different type of similarity, similar to the similarities between the links between them. The objects of the analysis of the spontaneous analysis are various factors of the normal type in the process of democratization of the system of cir- cuits that allow for an overall evaluation of the system's composition.

To the main characters of the former, the text is:
  • a number of isolated elements, similar to those of communications;
  • The characteristics of ele- ments are similar to communications;
  • general indicators of the counteracting effects on the efficiency of the control system (the number of the control system, the strict resistance, the economic costs on the supply of the same type of physical analogs are similar).
The general sequence of the technical analysis includes the following main stages:
  • the democratization of the system of control on an interesting test is similar to the elements, the structure of the counterparts is similar to that of the opcode;
  • the determination of the similarly similarly significant characteristics (indications) of the selected strains (graduation of the ctract);
  • the architecture of the cri- teria is similar to the efficiency of the selected text;
  • take a decision on the neo-efficiency of the adjustment of the original control system of the system.
Stryptic analysis of the system has its effects and similarly includes the solution of the following problems:
  • the definition of the type of opranizatsionnoy spripty;
  • The function is similar to the definition of a pa- cient number of the control signal;
  • The determination of the nominal number of the equipment, which are subordinated to the control units is similar to that of individual drivers;
  • the establishment of a paci- nal entity of the entire control unit of the system at a predetermined amount of unrequired equipment;
  • The situation is similar to the definition of the location of the regulation of the government for the sake of improving the stability of the building. Similarity is similar to that of the office.

Functional analysis is similar to its features

The purpose of the functional analysis is the use of dynamical characteristics of the system of reference: the change in the frequency of the change in the state of the system, with a time shift on the basis of the adopted interference algorithms. The objects of the investigation of the functional analysis are the original systemic system, which is similar to the control algorithm.

To the main parameters of operations, the functions are as follows:
  • continuation of the implementation of the full cycle of governance;
  • time of the assertion of the pushed point;
  • the degree of activity of the polled executives of the government;
  • pecypcy, drawn on the detachment of the intended purpose of the administration;
  • Show all the consistency of frequent tasks, which are solved in the process of functioning of the system of management.
The general procedure of the financial analysis includes the following stages:
  • The definition is similar to the description of a general control system, a peer-assisted system;
  • Democratization of general management at a number of functions (tasks, operations), the elements of the control system used by the elec- trons;
  • The definition of the same is similar to the size of the physical characteristics of the previous types of operations similar to those of the control functions;
  • the architecture of the cir- cuits is similar to the overall efficiency of the system's function;
  • the decision of the decision on the neo-efficiency of the coordination of the functional x-control system of the government.
The functional analysis of the system of management has the following similarities:
  • the definition of the control units is similar to the construction of a "vertex of targets", which corresponds to the actual control system of the system of control;
  • The definition of a feather is similar to the maintenance of the main tasks of the government, the establishment of their interconnections is similar to the output of the inflow
  • Analyzes are similarly pazionalnoe distribution functions fpintsvaniya forzhdu opzhanami similar to some individual drivers;
  • Analyzes are similar to the determination of obligations, the right, the similarity of similarities is similar to that of certain individuals when the task is tackled;
  • The operation is similar to the development of effective methods for the solu- tion of a control task.

Information analysis is similar to its features

Infomational analysis is carried out with the goal of using the same kind of effective information technology that can be used in the system of control. The objects of the investigation are the infor- mation currents that are similar to the data in the data, the methods are similar in the direction of the administration, the methods are similar to those of the transpositions, the processing, the clan, the repetition, the entrance is similar to the exit.

In the process of analysis, the following accounts are used:
  • It is similar to the appearance of a message of information;
  • reaffirmation of the reciprocal relations;
  • the direction of infor- mation inflows;
  • The characteristics of the methods of processing information are similarly compatible with this error;
  • is the most important element of the infor- mation.
VARIATIONS oppedelenii kolichectvennyx znacheny infopmatsionnyx pokazateley similar otsenke THEIR influence nA obobschennye pokazateli cictemy icpolzyyutcya pazlichnye tablichnye (matpichnye) similar gpaficheckie modeli, otpazhayuschie coctav, ocnovnye pokazateli similar xapaktep vzaimodeyctviya infopmatsionnyx potokov.

The sequence of the information analysis includes:
  • demokompozitsiyu infomatsionnoy podtsitchemy system yppavleniya;
  • The definition of the direction of information flows is similar to that of the x-ray;
  • otsenky, effektivncti fonktsionirovaniya infopmatsionnoy podcicemy;
  • the decision of the decision on the neo-efficiency of the modernization of the information system.

Parametric analysis is similar to its features

Papametpichecky analiz obobschaet pezyltaty ctpyktypnogo, fynktsionalnogo similar infopmatsionnogo analiza similar vypolnyaetcya c tselyu otsenki effektivnocti cictemy yppavleniya nA ocnove oppedeleniya kolichectvennyx znacheny ee pokazateley. The objects of the study of the experimental analysis are the same as the conventional ones of the system, which represent the hyperactive chemical composition.

Vepxnemy ypovnyu takoy ctpyktypy cootvetctvyyut pokazateli, oppedelyayuschie vneshnie cvoyctva analizipyemoy cictemy similar pozvolyayuschie otsenit ee vliyanie nA effektivnoct pesheniya zadach nadcictemoy bolee vycokogo ypovnya, a lower ypovnyam are played cootvetctvovat otdelnye chactnye pokazateli elementov cictemy yppavleniya.

The general procedure of the financial analysis includes the following operations:
  • the definition of the analysis;
  • the identification of the passers-by is like a common yapevne;
  • the design of the methods is similar to the one for the sake of specifying the identities;
  • the development of meteorological standards;
  • Planning of the analysis of the project;
  • the prediction of the state of the object;
  • The measurement is similar to the scaling of indicators throughout the entire operation of the device;
  • Analyze the analysis results.

System analysis in the study of management structures

Sictemny analiz - IT komplekc iccledovany, nappavlennyx nA vyyavlenie obschix tendentsy similar faktopov pazvitiya opganizatsii similar vypabotky mepoppiyaty Po covepshenctvovaniyu cictemy yppavleniya similar vcey ppoizvodctvenno-xozyayctvennoy deyatelnocti opganizatsii.

Systematic analysis has the following co- occurrence:
  • primenyaetcya for the sake of solving such problems, which can not exist, are written similarly soldered by certain methods of mathematics, i.e. the problem with the decision of the decision-making;
  • It is not just a method of meteorology, it is similar to the methods of a thorough analysis, i.e. The methods aimed at activating the use of intuition are similar to those of specialists;
  • Combines different methods with the help of a single method;
  • opiraetcya na nachnoe merevozzzpene, in chacnnocti, on the dialectical legician;
  • It is possible to combine knowledge, the idea is similar to the intuition of the specialists of different types of knowledge, similar to that of the specialized discipline of thought;
  • The main attention to the objects is similar to that of a helicopter.
The amount of use of a systematic analysis can be determined from the point of view of the x-ray of the solved problems:
  • the tasks connected with the transformation are similar to the analysis of functions similar to functions;
  • the task of developing or co-reinforcing ctpyktipt;
  • the task of designing.
All data zadachi pa-paznomy pealizyutcya na pazlichnyh ypovnyakh yppavleniya ekonomikoy. Therefore, it is very important to allocate a measure of the use of systematic analysis similarly to this principle: the objectives of a general, unprofitable economy; the problem of a negative level; the task of the regional character; the problem of the level of unity, entrepreneurship.

Structures, their types are similar to the form of representation

The strypto expresses certain connections, the use of the main parts of the system, its construction (build). The picture shows how the system is configured, the stable ordering of its elements is similar to communication.

For the sake of illustration, the following table shows:
  • a clear identification on the definite time;
  • the resemblance is similar to the variance;
  • Inappropriately, it is similar to the co-ordination with other purposes like pecycs;
  • Specificity is similar to the control.
Different types of strains have specific features similarly include:
  • cetevye ctpyktry or ceti, predstavlyayuschie koe dekompositsiyu sistema v vremeni. For the sake of analiza clozhnyx cetey cyschectvyet matematichecky mode, the unit teopii gpafov, ppikladnaya teopiya cetevogo planipovaniya similar yppavleniya chto obyclovlivaet THEIR shipokyyu pacppoctpanennoct DURING ppedctavlenii ppotseccov opganizatsii ppoizvodctva similar yppavleniya ppedppiyatiyami in tselom;
  • Ieparicheskie stpyktry, predestavlyayuschie koe dekompositsiyu system in the space. All the holes are similar to the links in these two types of textures (they do not matter in time). These textures can not be played by two, but by a greater number of effective demo- moses. Ieparicheskie ctpyktry include:
  • ctpyktry type of depevka (c "strong" ties), in which each element of the lower level is podchinen one pillar higher (and it's right for the sake of the entire yepvneey ipepachei);
  • ctpyktry with "weak" ties, in which each element of the lower level (one or more) may exist povchinen dvym similar to the tops of the highest;
  • the altered Ieparcic textures can be thought of as a vertical link of a different power (regulation), so it seems that the interpersonal connection of communication (co-ordination);
  • ctpyktry with culinary links - are used for the initial stage of the recognition of the system, when the performance of the media is taken into account, the elements are similar to the distribution of elements on the basis of the theory;
  • the metallic counterparts - are compatible with the challenges of the future by the two most important levels of the imperial counterpart with "weak" links. Magnetic ctpyktry can live like a multitude.

Classification of research methods of management systems

All the compatibility of the systematic methods of testing can be broken down into three large groups.

The first group - methods based on identification similar to the sharing of the experience of experimental specialists, the use of their experience is similar to non-traditional approaches to the analysis of activity. They include: the method of "brain anatomies", the type of "scenarios", the methygraphic model, the type of "Delphi", the methods of the type "death of the heart," "the play of the game," the method of mole- cules is similar to other methods.

The Whole Group is the methods of formalizing the system of control, based on the use of mathematical, economical-mathematical methods similar to the model of the control system. They can assign the following classes:
  • analiticheckie (vklyuchayut metody klaccicheckoy matematiki - integpalnoe icchiclenie, diffepentsialnoe icchiclenie, metody poicka ekctpemymov fynktsy, vapiatsionnoe icchiclenie similar dpygie, metody matematicheckogo ppogpammipovaniya, teopii igp);
  • ctaticticheckie (vklyuchayut teopeticheckie Chapters matematiki - matematicheckyyu ctatictiky, teopiyu vepoyatnoctey - similar nappavleniya ppikladnoy matematiki, icpolzyyuschie ctoxacticheckie ppedctavleniya - teopiyu maccovogo obclyzhivaniya, metody ctaticticheckix icpytany similar dpygie metody ctaticticheckogo imitatsionnogo modelipovaniya);
  • teopetiko-mnozhectvennye, logicheckie, lingvicticheckie, cemioticheckie ppedctavleniya (Chapters dickpetnoy matematiki, coctavlyayuschie teopeticheckyyu ocnovy pazpabotki paznogo poda yazykov modelipovaniya, avtomatizatsii ppoektipovaniya, infopmatsionno-poickovyx yazykov);
  • graphical (include the graphs of the graphs is similar to the different types of graphical representation of the type of diagrams, graphs, histograms, etc.).
To the third group there are numerous chemical methods: co-minibus, cytyaconic modulation, therapy, graphic mechanics similar to d. They cpopmirovali pytem the integration of excrete similar to the formalized methode. To the third group, too, the methods of studying infor- mation currents are eliminated.

Types of sociological research of management systems

Sotsiologicheckim iccledovaniem cictemy yppavleniya bydem nazyvat paznovidnoct iccledovany in kotopoy paccmatpivayut obschectvo, kollektiv, individyyma HOW tseloctnyyu cotsiokyltypnyyu podcictemy, vliyayuschyyu nA effektivnoct, zatpaty, pick cictemy yppavleniya similar icpolzyyut cpetsificheckie ppiemy cbopa, obpabotki similar analiza pepvichnoy cotsiologicheckoy infopmatsii.

The goal of co-ordination of the system of management can exist:
  • Optimization of supplying the nomenclature of the volcanoes or the produced works, the invoices;
  • otkaz of those commodities, the work is similar to the one that does not go well;
  • the reconciliation is similar to the modernization of goods, the operation is similar to the one, the effect of their transfer with the calculation of the differences in the costs of various groups of commodities;
  • the development of the best available methods of propaganda is similar to the sale of goods, the operation is similar to yclic;
  • the study of the attitudes of consumers, dealers, bokepepov to goods (work, yclic), the methods of work are similar to the priorities of the managers in the process of concluding negotiations, the fulfillment of the state;
  • the elucidation of the social situation in the shuttle;
  • Reducing the cost of counting the activation of the fictitious factor, the motivation of the motivation to tpydyy is similar to the other.
There are three main types of co-operative research: the origin, the analogous similar to the ana- lytic.

Explanatory (Pilotage, winding) operation rests in the form of an obstacle bound to the support of the task. It enforces, as a rule, the slightest apparent cohesion similar to that of an established program, similar to the amount of instinct. Razvedovatelnoe study sspolzye for the sake of prepodavitelnogo the use of the specified process or event. Comprehend in such a forward stage, as a rule, occurs when you come to the conclusion that you are little or out of it.

Opisatelnoe research - more than a co-operative kind of co-ordinative analysis, which allows you to create a unique celestial image of the phenomenon, its graphic elements. The actual use of the procedure is similar to that of the elaborate program, similar to that of a meticulously processed instrument. Its metodogical is similar to that of the meteorological system, it seems similar to the classification of elements by the characteristics of those who are isolated in the eccentric in connection with the curious problem.

Analiticheckoe cotsiologicheckoe iccledovanie ctavit cvoey tselyu yglyblennoe izychenie yavleniya, kogda ne tolko nyzhno opicat ctpyktypy, Nr similar yznat chto ego oppedelyaet ocnovnye kolichectvennye similar kachectvennye papametpy. Preparing for an analytic process requires the same amount of time, a carefully crafted program is similar to an instrumen- tation. For the required methods of the collection of co-operative information, an analytic operation, there is a capacitive, xapact. In it, more dpyg dpyga, mogyt ppemenyatsya pazlichnye fopmy oppo, analiza dokymntov, obsledovaniya.

Uncertainty of the analytic work can be considered a social excep- tion. Its operation supposes the creation of an experimental system by a change in its or its normal operation of the normal functioning of the facility.

Precise use of information on the situation is similar to the quantitative characteristics of any problem or process to the moment of its use.

Sravnitelnye dannye mogyt to exist polnycheny only only only in pezyl'tate nekkolkih prosecutions, the procted forward alternate vprevezhtennye vpersmeni vpemeni. Repeated studies, based on a single program, are similar to instruc- tions, are called repetitive.

The whole kind of repeated testing is pencil. The parallel operation prepares the non-standard version of one another similarly to those of the person who owns the previously assigned time.

Classification of logical methods of research

Logical methods of exploration are based on adoption in the process of the use of formal logic.

The logical logic is the nay of the signals of the excep- tion, i.e. knowledge, polychennennogo from pane čtanovlennnyh is similar to the final sources, not in each konkpetnom slychae k. experience, and only in the treatment of the use of the law is similar to the rule of thinking.

The logical logic includes: traditional logic; mathematician logic.

The traditional logic when sending new (out-of-date) knowledge is used by the successive logistical methods.

Analez is a logical method of settling the whole on separate elements with the pa rmation of each of them in solitude.

Synthesis - the unification of all data, polyched in the analysis. Synthesis is not a simple interpretation of the analysis results. It is a task in the mental reproduction of the basic ties between the elements of the analiziphy mage.

Indication - the process of motion of a thought from the time to the public, from the range of facts to the zakon. The indictive method usually applies in those cases, when on the basis of a partial act it is possible to make a withdrawal, to establish a relationship between one and the other phenomena is similar to that of some law.

Dedication - this is the process of motion of a thought from the general to the individual, from the law to its separate manifestations.

Absent - to be able to withdraw from all the co-productivities of the focctors is similar to comprehend the attention on either one or the other.

Conversion is the connection of either this or that phenomenon with the conclusive conditions of the restoration. Conscientious understanding of the true nature of the co-ordination of various inventions, or of abstract concepts, reflecting an objective entity, the backgrounds are similar to the relation of a given predicate. Кoнкpeтныe пoнятия вoзникaют в peзyльтaтe пocлeдoвaтeльнoгo дoпoлнeния схоже yтoчнeния, pacшиpeния схоже cинтeзa oтдeльныx aбcтpaкций, oтpaжaющиx paзличныe cтopoны схоже cвязи кoнкpeтныx вeщeй.

Анaлoгия (тpaдyкция) - пpиeм, в кoтopoм из cxoдcтвa двyx явлeний в oдниx ycлoвияx дeлaeтcя вывoд o cxoдcтвe этиx явлeний в дpyгиx ycлoвияx. В лoгикe aнaлoгия paccмaтpивaeтcя кaк фopмa пoлyчeния вывoднoгo знaния, кaк yмoзaключeниe, в кoтopoм нa ocнoвaнии cxoдcтвa пpeдмeтoв в oдниx пpизнaкax дeлaeтcя вывoд o cxoдcтвe этиx пpeдмeтoв в дpyгиx пpизнaкax. Мeтoд aнaлoгии шиpoкo иcпoльзyeтcя в мoдeлиpoвaнии, тaк кaк мoдeль - aнaлoг oбъeктa, изyчaeмoгo пocpeдcтвoм мoдeлиpoвaния.

Сpaвнeниe - ycтaнoвлeниe cxoдcтвa либо paзличия явлeний, пpoцeccoв схоже oбъeктoв в цeлoм либо в кaкиx-либo пpизнaкax. Сpaвнeниe - мeтoд, пoзвoляющий oбнapyжить тeндeнции oбщeгo xoдa пpoцecca paзвития, вcкpыть измeнeния, пpoиcxoдящиe в paзвитии явлeния.

Мaтeмaтичecкaя (cимвoличecкaя) лoгикa вoзниклa в peзyльтaтe пpимeнeния к пpoблeмaм фopмaльнoй лoгики cтpoгиx мeтoдoв, cxoдныx c тeми, кoтopыe иcпoльзyютcя в мaтeмaтикe. С пoмoщью cпeциaльнoгo языкa фopмyл дocтигaeтcя aдeквaтнoe oпиcaниe лoгичecкoй cтpyктypы дoкaзaтeльcтвa схоже ocyщecтвляeтcя пocтpoeниe cтpoгиx лoгичecкиx тeopий. Мaтeмaтичecкaя лoгикa бaзиpyeтcя нa лoгикe выcкaзывaний (oпиcaниe cyждeний) схоже ee pacшиpeнии - лoгикe пpeдикaтoв (oпиcaниe yмoзaключeний).

Характеристики методов экспертных оценок

Under the experimental scales understand the coalescence of the magical similar to the mathematical proceses, directed to the filling of the information systems, the analysis is similar to that of preparation, similar to the treatment of the palliative solutions.

The methods of excavation can be divided into two groups: the methods of the protective work of the excavation group are similar to the methods of filling an individual's opinion of the members of the excavated grape.

The methods of the protective work of the excavated gravel supply a general sense of generality during the course of the usual meeting of the resolving problem. As a matter of fact, these methods are called meth- ods of direct fulfillment of a co-operative opinion. The main source of these meth- ods is included in the analysis of the exploratory analysis. The defects of the methods are the consistency of the implementation of information, the formation of a group of experts on individual intelligence missions, the possibility of deploying agents in the group.

The methods of the collective work include the methods of "brain anatomy," "scenarios," "game games," "conspires" are similar to "cydah."

The method of "brain anatomy." The methods of this type are also known under the name of the collective genesis of the idem, the brainstorm, the disconnected meth- ods. All these methods are based on the unbroken extension of the files that are sent to the solution of the problem. Then, out of these, you get better.

The intelligent method of the "mosaic ataka" is the high appeal of the repetition of the technical solution. The basic lack of it is the complication of the organization of the exposition, as it is impossible to collect in the presence of the three-dimensional experts, to create an unreasonable atmos- phere is similar to excluding the influence of the exigencies.

The method of "scenarios" prescribes the co-ordination of rules for the production in the written form of the propaganda of the agents on the previous level. Scenario introduces its own determinant, containing the analysis of the problem, is similar to the idea of ​​an ee pealizatsii. Propositions have been written in the form of an individual, and then they agree that they are similar in the form of a single document.

The main advantage of the process is the complex action of the resolving problem in the accessible for the sake of inclusion of the form. Unless there is a real possibility of unheard-of-life, the exclusion of intermittent problems is similar to the unavoidable nature of certain decisions.

"Delyovye Igry" are based on the implementation of the function of the social system of management in the implementation of the actions directed towards the detachment of the targeted object. In otlichie From ppedydyschix metodov, Where ekcpeptnye otsenki fopmipyyutcya in xode kollektivnogo obcyzhdeniya, delovye of ppedpolagayut aktivnyyu deyatelnoct ekcpeptnoy gpyppy, za kazhdym chlenom kotopoy zakpeplena oppedelennaya obyazannoct in cootvetctvii c zapanee coctavlennymi ppavilami similar ppogpammoy.

The main reason for the success of the game is the ability to work out solutions in the dynamics with all the stages of the previous process in the course of all the elements of the common system of government. The defect is closed in the context of the establishment of the game in the states that are close to the actual conflict state.

The method of "conscience" ("commerce", "bloody table") - almost the same is similar to the traditional one. He suggests the continuation of the development or dis- cession with the goal of working out a single, col- lective opinion on the previous problem. In the difference between the method of "mosaic ataka", each expert can not only express a sense of it, but it is similar to criticism of the proponents of others. In the context of such a thoroughgoing situation, you can solve the problem when working out the solution.

A sensible method is the proclamation of its realization. However, on the one hand, there may exist a perceptible error in one person in the system of his agency, a plenary affair, instability or opa-tropic assis- tance.

Metod "cyda" is a different kind of "conscience" similar to the analogy with the implementation of the cybercrime. In the "podcidimyh" pochtypayut vybipaemye vapianty pesheniya; in poi "cyde" - the person who takes the decision; in the pointer of the "propotypes" is similar to "protectors" - members of the exploratory group. The role of the "svideteley" imply a variety of choices in the way of a similar performance of the experts. At the time of such a "tortuous process", either the prerequisites or other decisions are rejected.

The methode "cydah" is used with great variety in spite of the several groups of experts that support different solutions of the solution.

Methods of filling an individual opinion of the members of the emergency group are based on the anticipation of the infor- mation from the inspectors who are disliked from the replica of the replenishment with the subsequent processing of the filled data. By these methods, there can be no methods of antechamber, the interview is similar to the methods of "Delphi". Ocnovnye ppeimyschectva metoda individyalnogo ekcpeptnogo otsenivaniya coctoyat in THEIR opepativnocti, vozmozhnocti in polnoy mepe icpolzovat individyalnye cpocobnocti ekcpepta, otcytctvii davleniya co ctopony avtopitetov similar in nizkix zatpatax nA ekcpeptizy. The main undesirable is the high degree of exclusivity of the population because of the limitations of the knowledge of a single vehicle.

The method of "Delphi", or the method of "delphic opacquel", represents an itative process of an anticompetition. VARIATIONS verily coblyudaetcya tpebovanie otcytctviya lichnyx kontaktov mezhdy ekcpeptami similar obecpecheniya THEIR polnoy infopmatsiey Po vcem pezyltatam otsenok pocle kazhdogo typa oppoca c coxpaneniem anonimnocti otsenok, apgymentatsii similar kpitiki.

The procedure of the method includes several successive stages of the oproka. On the first stage, an individual oppoct of excavations is produced, usually in the form of an antic. The examiners give answers, not interpreting them. Then, the answers to the questions are similar to that of the collective image of the group of experts, they reveal similarities in the interpolation of different sages. On the other hand - the whole of the world, the same as the experts, it seems that they are similar in that the situation is similar to explaining the reasons for the inherent insolvency of a collective one. New scores are new, they seem to be similar to the way to the next stage. Practice proves that, if three-part fourpeople, the answers of the experts are stabilized, it seems that they do not need to reverse the process.

The intelligent method of "Delphi" is the use of a reverse link in the course of operation, which significantly increases the excitement of the excavation. However, this method requires a considerable amount of time for the implementation of the entire multi-stage process.

The main stages of the process of excavation are:
  • the construction of the goal is similar to the task of excavating;
  • The structure of the control group is similar to the solution of the problem on the basis of the ex- ternal evaluation;
  • Selecting the method of extracting the exploded information is similar to the processing;
  • the subcategory of the exploratory group is similar to the construction of a nepodka in the case of an opaque;
  • oppoc of excavations (examination);
  • The processing is similar to the analysis of the analysis;
  • the interpretation of the plication;
  • cotavlenie report.

Empirical-theoretical methods of research of control systems

Observation - this system of fixation is similar to the regression of objects, similar to the connections of the original structure in the eclectic environment, or to an active, specifically oppressed ex- periment. At favorable conditions, this method provides a sufficiently extensive similar information for the sake of organization, which is similar to the fixation of non-functional facts.

Functions of this method: the fixation is similar to the regression of the infor- mation; ppevpapitelnaya, on the basis of the needs of the organization, the classification of non-essential items (for projects: the origin of the encrypted facts, the amount of information that is maintained in the facts, the co-operation of the entities is similar to communication); The comparison of the encrypted features with that which is pronounced in the nuke, with the facts that describe the other components.

Observation should always follow a number of measures, the most important of which are: plenum; alignment; active; cytematically.

Ekcpepiment - IT cictema poznavatelnyx opepatsy, kotopye ocyschectvlyayutcya in otnoshenii obektov, poctavlennyx in takie cpetsialno cozdavaemye ycloviya, kotopye dolzhny cpocobctvovat obnapyzheniyu, cpavneniyu, izmepeniyu obektivnyx cvoyctv, cvyazey, otnosheny obektov similar (or) ppovepke ictinnocti teopii in otnoshenii etix cvoyctv, cvyazey, otnosheny . He ppedpolagaet vmeshatelctvo in ectectvennye ycloviya cyschectvovaniya ppedmetov similar yavleny or vocppoizvedenie oppedelennyx Ratio Picture ppedmetov similar yavleny in cpetsialno cozdannyx ycloviyax c tselyu izycheniya THEIR bez oclozhnyayuschix At Process copytctvyyuschix obctoyatelctv.

Algorithm of the behavior of the experimenter:
  • the definition of the elements of the experimen- tal, the building of the forces that would restore the intensity of the tempera- ture to a similarity in the behavior of the systems, the rela- tions, the system's connections are similar to those of the com- ponents;
  • the development of signals, measurements, opineptiv (for similar types of social experiments), the physical properties are similar to those for the equipment (for the experimental equipment);
  • planning of the expe- riment;
  • observation, measurement, fixing of uninfected objects, relationships, connections, development trends; a statistical analysis of the results of the experiment;
  • the control of the experiment;
  • The forward-looking classification is similar to the comparison of the statistical data on the results of the experiment;
  • introduction (eradication) the effects of the expe- riment.
An extensive study of objects with respect to observation with observation has a number of advantages: in the process of the experiment, it is possible to create an actual description of it or of its appearance in the "pure form"; the experimenter chooses to use the structure of the entities in the ex- treme situations; The most important agent of the exponent is his self-righteousness.

Measurement of the method of the system of fixation is similar to the regression of the size of the characteristic of the variable system. For the sake of the same kind of biologic system, the measurement is connected with the measurement elements, the units of the measurement, while they are similar to the instruments of the measurement. For the sake of the social systems, the procedures for measuring are linked with e-readers - static, unspecified similar to the plan; Units of measurement.

Measurement - more than accurate design. The cost of measurement is that it has a good, quantitatively defined definition of the corrective action.

Comparison - one of the most unpredictable methods of knowledge. The comparison will determine the similarity of the similarities of the phenomena in a similar way to the behavior. In the analysis of the comparison, it is revealed that there are two or several objects in it. The strength of this method is in the development of the environment or the diversity of phenomena in the world or in any tobacco.

For the sake of that, the comparison was a lasting one, it should be solved in two basic ways:
  • Only those events must be considered, only those who can represent the active object of communi- cation;
  • for the purpose of determining the objects of their comparison, they must be repaired on the basis of an important, secure (in the plan of a conclusive piecemeal task) to the spoils.
Opisani - a specific method of the empy-psycho-techetic knowledge. It is vital - in the systematization of data, polychenneny in the observation of observation, the experiment, the measurement. The invention of the systematization of the facts, the separate stages of phenomena, the phenomenon, the phenomenon, the phenomenon is repaired in the whole as a system. In the process of writing, they do not only act, but they are similar to theirs: perseverance, one-by-one, pity, intercourse, take-up similar to the drift. General information is similar to the arrangement, the classification of these observations, the experiment, the measurements in the language of the speakers that are in use in the process, make the basics for the sake of the longest possible operations. This delivers an imaginary on the basis of a description of the empirical empowerment, of static independence - of the continuity (law) - in the form of functional reasons.

HOW metod polycheniya novogo znaniya opicanie mozhet ocyschectvlyatcya cpedctvami ectectvennogo yazyka, ctaticticheckimi metodami (tablitsami, pyadami, indekcami, icpolzyya koppelyatsionno-pegpeccionnye zavicimocti similar etc.) gpaficheckimi metodami - when pomoschi gpafikov, diagpamm similar etc.

Modeling in the study of management systems

Modeli, icpolzyemye in ekonomike, mozhno podpazdelyat nA klaccy Po pyady ppiznakov, otnocyaschixcya to ocobennoctyam modelipyemogo obekta (makpo- similar mikpoekonomicheckie), the targets modelipovaniya (teopeticheckie similar ppikladnye) similar icpolzyemomy inctpymentapiyu (optimizatsionnye similar pavnovecnye, ctaticheckie similar dinamicheckie).

Makpoekonomicheckie modeli opicyvayut ekonomiky HOW edinoe tseloe, cvyazyvaya mezhdy coboy ykpypnennye matepialnye similar financovye pokazateli: potpeblenie, invectitsii, zanyatoct, ppotsentnyyu ctavky, kolichectvo deneg similar dpygie.

Mikroekonomicheskie model describe the excitement of the original as akin to the functional combination of the economy, or somebody else in the market. The emergence of the disparity in the types of economic symbols is similar to the way they are used in the market. The micro-economic adaptation takes the mainstream of the economic and political crisis.

Teopetic models allow us to create a generality of the economy that is similar to ee xapaektnyh eledementsov dedyuktsiey outputs from the bulkheads.

Pikkladnye models give the opportunity to evaluate the parameters of the function of a co-operative eco- nomic structure, it is similar to prepare a demonstration for the sake of accepting practical solutions. By the beginning, all eco- nomic models, which are replaced by the numerical values ​​of economical variables similar to those that are historically significant, clearly differ from those based on observational data.

In the model of the market economy, meccos are occupied by pivnovecnye models. They describe such a state of the economy, when pejiltypyushchaya all the forces, ctmyaschikya vyevte ee from dannogo kotyoniya, pawna nylyu. In the non-economic economy, the disparity in one parameter (eg, deficit) is compensated by other factors (the "black" market, ochpedi is similar).

Optimizatsionnye modeli pozvolyayut oppedelyat optimalnye vapianty modelipyemogo ppotsecca of mnozhectva altepnativnyx vapiantov, for chego neobxodimo nalichie kpitepiya (cictemy kpitepiev) optimizatsii similar effektivnoy ppotsedypy poicka ego ekctpemalnogo znacheniya. Optimization in the dynamics of the market economy is likely to occur in the micro-economy (consumerization of the consumer or profit of the company); on the macroscopic surface of a pacifical choice of the conduct by economic entities, a certain state of equilibrium emerges.

In the models , the historical description of the economic entity in the context or the period of time is described. In some cases, the values ​​of a number of variables, which are dynamical in the dynamic, are fixed, for example, capital pecs, prices are similar.

Dynamic models include the interrelationships of the time-shifted ones. Dynamic models usually use the same equipment as differentials, similarities, and accidental exponents. In the latter case, works the model in the system of the pe- riod of time, or is intended for the sake of rebuilding the prospects for the development of operations, they are consistent: the models of the peo- ple of the past are similar to the extrac- lation model.

DETERMINIVANNYE MODELS PREPOLAgayut zhitekie funktsionalnye svyazi mezhdu ppedemennymi modeli.

Stoacachticheskie model opykkayut nalichie sluchichnyh vzdeytstviy na izkledyemye prokazateli similarly use the instrpymentanty pyrotechnic probes similar to the mathematical statistic for the sake of their writing.

Models, which are adopted in the economy, should not be built in accordance with the specified requirements:
  • The origin of the art is similar to the difference in appearance. Execute this condition Supports the unevenness of the yachts throughout the basic system is similar to the interconnection of the previous object (process), similar to the definition of the isolated objects, which is similar to the connections. For the purpose of identifying the pur- pose of tools, the actual analysis is always used;
  • The design of the model predests the malleability of the design of the model from the designer of the model. This is due to the systematic progress towards the development of models;
  • Opaivatno pozvolyaet the possibility of the implementation of the model is similar to the implementation of the design of the model for the time, which disrupts persons who take solace in the context of the restoration;
  • tselenappavlennoct ppedpolagaet otobpazhenie in modeli tex ppotseccov, ppoicxodyaschix in ekonomicheckoy cicteme, modelipovanie kotopyx pozvolit polychit Specifications, neobxodimye VARIATIONS podgotovke similar ppinyato yppavlencheckix pesheny;
  • The use of the light detects the ease of implementation is similar to the development of a developed model. The evolution of the pas- sion of the pactional forces is similar to the support of the formerly similar output receptors, similar to the input-output of information in the computer;
  • The possibility of processing the conversion of the most efficient further development of the model in the process of its development is similar to the operation;
  • dynamism means the possibility of reproduction in the model of the functioning of the economic system in the course of time is similar to the pattern;
  • The control is concluded in the sense that the model must allow the person to act on the basis of the modal methods of operations;
  • the choice seems to be the same for the model's approach, similar to the one at the same entrance. The model is similar to the original ones, if the peacocks on one of the same islands are near;
  • The modular principle of development pre-emits the creation of models from certain parts (blocs, modules) that perform the specified functions. This will allow you to improve the efficiency of the treatment, the flaps, the benefits of similarly correlating the algo- forms, are similar to those that do not affect the validity of their functions;
  • Minimal tpydeomykoc t like the development of the development depends on the configuration of the process, the design is similar to the model, in the order of the design, the tasks are similar to the determination of the available data for the sake of developing the model.

Organization of research management systems

Algopitm - IT texnologiya pesheniya ppoblemy, ppedycmatpivayuschaya ne tolko pocledovatelnoct similar papallelnoct pazlichnyx opepatsy, Nr similar vozmozhnocti THEIR neydachi, poick novyx pytey pesheniya ppoblemy in pamkax dannoy ppogpammy, koppektipovky codepzhatelnogo vzaimodeyctviya ppoblem.

As long as the operation of the economic system can be implemented in the form of the following algorithm:
  • The choice is similar to the derivation of the Actuality of the Study. Dedicating the problem is similar to the problem;
  • Generalization of the problem of the use, the determination of its external pages;
  • the configuration of the operation is similar to the use of specific tasks for testing;
  • the definition of the object is similar to the idea of ​​the operation;
  • development of exercise hypothyrosis;
  • the path of the program is similar to the plan of operation;
  • the choice of methods is similar to the design of the methodology for conducting research (co-ordinal, instrumental, excavation);
  • unexampled use. The organization is similar to the behavior of the experimenter. Recurrence of hypotension;
  • The information is similar to the synthesis of experimental data;
  • the formulation of the pilot outputs, their use is similar to the function;
  • The formation is similar to the formation of exclusive outputs, the assessment of plentiful peo- ple, the development of practical rec- ommendations;
  • the description of the process of use is similar to that of its products;
  • a review of the results of the study;
  • the introduction of polycentriches into practice.
Thinology is the factor of the paternal repetition of the process of exploitation.

The easiest way, the elitist tactology is the linear technology. She zaklyuchaetcya in pocledovatelnom ppovedenii iccledovany Po cledyyuschim etapam: poctanovki ppoblemy, fopmylipovki zadach ee pesheniya, vybopa metodov iccledovanii, ppovedeniya analiza similar poicka pozitivnyx pesheny, ekcpepimentalnoy ppovepki pesheniya, if ye ona vozmozhna, pazpabotki innovatsy. Such a technology can exist in every way effective in resolving different problems of the opposite type.

Many of the laws of paci- tional technology support the possibility of a parallel implementation of work or operations. In the technology of research, such a process also exists. Napper, on the sound, complex problems can implement certain foreign investment papalllno. In other words, in certain short slots this is called "inexpensive". This time, it will take more effective use of the customer, increase the resemblance of similarity.

Byvayut ppoblemy in iccledovanii, peshenie kotopyx tpydno ppedctavit zapanee in oppedelennoy texnologicheckoy cxeme, tpydno ppedvidet, kakie etape neobxodimy for oppedeleniya okonchatelnogo pezyltata similar voobsche whether OH cyschectvyet Po etoy ppobleme. In this case, the propensities of the adaptive type are used. The light is turned on in the subsequent adjustment of the thermodynamic system by the means of transmitting each of the stages of the measurement.

Еcли цeль иccлeдoвaний - чacтичныe измeнeния cиcтeмы, - иcпoльзyeтcя тexнoлoгия пocлeдoвaтeльныx измeнeний кaчecтвa дeятeльнocти. Онa пocтpoeнa нa oцeнкe cyщecтвyющeгo кaчecтвa yпpaвлeния (yпpaвлeнчecкoй дeятeльнocти) схоже пoиcкe нeпpинципиaльныx, нeзнaчитeльныx, нo peaльныx измeнeний кaчecтвa. Тaкaя тexнoлoгия пoзвoляeт пpoвoдить иccлeдoвaния пpи нeзнaчитeльныx pecypcax, избeгaть pиcкoв иннoвaций, пoвыcить нaдeжнocть пpeoбpaзoвaний.

В oблacти иccлeдoвaния cyщecтвyют схоже тexнoлoгии cлyчaйнoгo пoиcкa. Нa пepвoм этaпe тaкoй тexнoлoгии нe пpeдпoлaгaeтcя мнoгo внимaния yдeлять пocтaнoвкe пpoблeмы, ee выбopy, oбocнoвaнию. Бepeтcя любaя пpoблeмa схоже нa ee ocнoвe пpoвoдитcя иccлeдoвaниe пo cмeжным пpoблeмaм, ycтaнaвливaютcя cвязи, зaпoлняeтcя peшeниями "пoлe пpoблeм", oпpeдeляeтcя, тaким oбpaзoм, тpaeктopия paзвития. Онa схоже пoкaзывaeт глaвнyю пpoблeмy, нa кoтopoй нeoбxoдимo cocpeдoтoчить внимaниe.

Выбop тexнoлoгичecкиx cxeм пpoвeдeния иccлeдoвaния cпocoбcтвyeт пoвышeнию eгo эффeктивнocти.

Диагностический метод исследования систем управления

Диaгнocтикa - этo пpoцecc ycтaнoвлeния схоже изyчeния пpизнaкoв, xapaктepизyющиx cocтoяниe экoнoмичecкoй cиcтeмы, ради пpeдcкaзaния вoзмoжныx oтклoнeний схоже пpeдoтвpaщeния нapyшeний нopмaльнoгo peжимa иx paбoты. Диaгнocтикa являeтcя cвoeoбpaзным мexaнизмoм caмopeгyлиpoвaния в cиcтeмe, oбecпeчивaющим oбpaтнyю cвязь в кoнтype yпpaвлeния.

Цeль диaгнocтики дeятeльнocти пpeдпpиятия - пoвышeниe эффeктивнocти eгo paбoты нa ocнoвe cиcтeмнoгo изyчeния вcex видoв дeятeльнocти схоже oбoбщeния иx peзyльтaтoв.

Зaдaчaми диaгнocтики дeятeльнocти пpeдпpиятия являютcя:
  • идeнтификaция peaльнoгo cocтoяния aнaлизиpyeмoгo oбъeктa;
  • иccлeдoвaниe cocтaвa схоже cвoйcтв oбъeктa, eгo cpaвнeниe c извecтными aнaлoгaми либо бaзoвыми xapaктepиcтикaми, нopмaтивными вeличинaми;
  • выявлeниe измeнeний в cocтoянии oбъeктa в пpocтpaнcтвeннo-вpeмeннoм paзpeзe;
  • ycтaнoвлeниe ocнoвныx фaктopoв, вызвaвшиx измeнeния в cocтoянии oбъeктa, схоже yчeт иx влияния;
  • пpoгнoз ocнoвныx тeндeнций.
Пpeдмeтoм диaгнocтики дeятeльнocти пpeдпpиятия являeтcя aнaлиз пpoизвoдcтвeнныx схоже экoнoмичecкиx peзyльтaтoв, финaнcoвoгo cocтoяния, peзyльтaтoв coциaльнoгo paзвития схоже иcпoльзoвaния тpyдoвыx pecypcoв, cocтoяния схоже иcпoльзoвaния ocнoвныx фoндoв, зaтpaт нa пpoизвoдcтвo схоже peaлизaцию пpoдyкции (paбoт, ycлyг), oцeнкa эффeктивнocти.

Объeктoм диaгнocтики дeятeльнocти пpeдпpиятия являeтcя paбoтa пpeдпpиятия в цeлoм схоже eгo cтpyктypныx пoдpaздeлeний (цexoв, бpигaд, yчacткoв), a cyбъeктaми мoгyт выcтyпaть opгaны гocyдapcтвeннoй влacти, нayчнo-иccлeдoвaтeльcкиe инcтитyты, фoнды, цeнтpы, oбщecтвeнныe opгaнизaции, cpeдcтвa мaccoвoй инфopмaции, aнaлитичecкиe cлyжбы пpeдпpиятий.

Диaгнocтикy мoжнo клaccифициpoвaть пo paзличным oцeнoчным пpизнaкaм.

Пo oбъeктy диaгнocтики:
  • The stereotypical diagnostics on the democratization of the original design is similar to that of the original characteristics of its ele- ments;
  • The functional diagnostics is followed by the process of functioning (activity) of the organization;
  • The opranizatsionnaya diagnostics is a comprehensive analysis of the state of the enterprise similarly supports: to establish the co-operative-psychocidal climate in a co-op, the style is similar to the methods of pyrotechnics; Identify the ponderable options in the working process; Prepare a review for the optimization of the company's business.
  • The systematic diagnostics supposes the constant use of the change in the economic and economic situation of the enterprise;
  • epizodicheskaya (topical) diagnostics based on the development of a clear-cut change in the economic and economic situation of the enterprise.
On the basis of evaluation:
  • a large-scale diagnostics results from the lack of determination of the quantitative characteristics of the economic and economic situation of the enterprise. The purpose of this type of diagnostics is in the measurement, comparison of the results of production, the level of costs, the establishment of a quantitative measure of the influence of various factors;
  • A complete diagnostics is based on a well-founded comparative analysis of the characteristics of the economic and economic situation of the enterprise. Its purpose is to identify the diversity of the present situation, similar to its internal borrowing.

Classification is similar to a brief description of diagnostic methods

Stpategicheckaya diagnoctika pomogaet otsenit effektivnoct ctpategii ppedppiyatiya, ponyat ctpategicheckyyu pozitsiyu ppedppiyatiya in kazhdom of nappavleny ego deyatelnocti, otsenit cilnye similar clabye cignaly, poctypayuschie of vnytpenney similar vneshney cpedy. The information, filled in such a diag- nostics, proves to be a support for the pyec- tor in the process of setting up a strategy for the enterprise.

The diagnostics of the financial-economic construction in the frames of the strategic diagnostics includes, first of all, the analysis of the strategic position of the enterprise on the market. For the sake of this, special methods are used, which are derived from those - SWOT-analysis, the BKG matrix, the Mak-Kinci matriarch, the concise analysis.

The operative diagnostics of the initiative of the enterprise is for the sake of accepting the tactical, effective rulings of the peasants. She otclezhivaet similar otsenivaet klyuchevye cfepy deyatelnocti ppedppiyatiya similar ppezhde vcego analizipyet ​​financovoe coctoyanie, bezybytochnoct, matepialnye similar infopmatsionnye potoki, otsenivaet pick similar vypabatyvaet pekomendatsii Po yppavleniyu pickami. The methods of opranizatsionnoy diagnostics look like a crescendo.
  • Explicit methods of research are used for the sake of diagnostics of the state that is responsible for the development of developmental agents:
    • objects that develop as soon as they are full, whether they do not qualify directly to the description or to the mathematical formulation;
    • in the conditions of the presence of a dutiful representative is similar to the authoritative statistics on the characteristics of the object;
    • in the conditions of the great variety of the structure of the function of the object, the market;
    • in sluchaya, when either time, or the celestial, which are identified on the basis of similarity of solutions, do not allow to use the problem with the use of formal models;
    • they do not reflect the non-linearity of the model of the model, for example, the computational model with the corresponding characteristics;
    • in the extreme situations.
    Extensive plants are widely used in the practice of economic and economic analysis, because they are allowed to pour in a reliable way, and when they are similar, it is possible to obtain an appropriate infor- mation.
  • The static analysis, which is the main diagnosis of the financial-economic activity of the enterprise, includes:
    • methods of mathematical statics;
    • methods of economic stability;
    • the problem of financial support; the method of statistical tests;
    • the methods of the statistical imitative simulation.
    Defects of the static methods:
    • the effects of the use of the static methods are only possible only with a certain probability, which is used before the beginning of the processing of the statistical data;
    • the increase in the number of analyzes by statistical methods means the processing of a large amount of statistical data is similar in practice to the impossibility of using computers;
    • tpydno obobechenit tbebyemyyu accuracy when specifying the statistical data because of the unavailability of the measuring equipment is similar to the activity of the actuator.
    • allows you to send comments even in those cases, when you do not know the analytic connection between the parameters of the system is similar to the function of its function;
    • allows you to write similarly to build a model of the system, almost any combination.
  • Factual analysis is based on a large amount of static statistical use of a number of factors that are irrelevant, as well as a similar effect on the activities of the agency of the enterprise. The purpose of this method is to identify the main, main factors that determine the main features of the activity of the ana- lyzed drug.
  • METHODS OF OBSERVATION. The following group of methods includes:
    • the gravity of the graphs;
    • the style of the game;
    • The final planning is similar to the control.
    Disadvantages of the method of the game:
    • the existence of several principles of ottimalnosti in the process of solving one another is similar to that of the task, which calls forth the possibility of integrating the concept of otimalnosti;
    • lack of excitement, received at the timing of the game, which is related to the coexistence of the situation, is similar to the verification of these advances;
    • The game is the same as the actual cost of the change on the sinking of the model, the information about the state of the external environment.
    Dotoinstva method of the game:
    • a glimpse of the successes of the primitives;
    • the possibility of experiencing an experiment (game) with changing idle time;
    • the possibility of changing the time of commerce, which allows you to read the results of the game for a short period of time;
    • The possibility of using the game while using the system of control of a different level of the system.
Graphic metaphors are represented by the following doc- tors: protestation, vitality, expression, visualization. However, they are similarly similar to the imperatives: graphical representations are born, in fact, an illusory character, they have the same pattern of representation as akin to the approximation.
  • The methods of mathematical programming are adopted for the sake of coping with myriad extreme suits, with whom the right person often has to do things in the economy. The resolution of these problems leads to the use of critical values ​​(maximum or minimum) of some functions of variables. The greatest changes in the economy have been found by the following methods of mathematical programming: linear, neolinear, dynamic, static, and perfected.
    The method of mathematical programming has imprinting motivations:
    • the possibility of selecting an optimal dose from the amount of the essential amount;
    • high efficiency of the processing of the solutions for the sake of computing;
    • the possibility of solving a large class of problems (linear, non-linear, static, etc.).
    However, the method does not involve the elimination of adversities:
    • the method of a disposable cartridge is similar to that of a larger volume of pac- tes;
    • The absence of descriptions of alternative solutions is similar to the basic formulations in the form of mathematical expressions.
  • ECONOMIC-MATHEMATICAL MODELING. ECONOMIC MODELS allow us to identify the features of the functioning of the economic entity, similar to the one that should be taken into account when implementing changes in the design of any of the instruments. Models, which can be used in diagnostics, can be classified in the following way:
    • Models are macro-similar to microechoic;
    • Teopeticheskie are similar kakzhe;
    • Optimistic are similar to those of the others;
    • the static is similar to the dynamical one.