Aloe (Stoletnik) / Aloe
Refers to the family of the lily. Fatherland - the tropics of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the island of Madagascar.
General description: An impressive variety of species and forms, the most common:
Aloe arborescens (Tree Aloe) is the most popular in our country. He is valued not so much for beauty, as for effective medicinal properties. Spiny, fleshy and narrow leaves, up to 20 cm long, are located on a high stem (up to 1 m). Aloe dendritic possesses numerous lateral shoots.
Rapidly grows, but in ordinary room conditions it blooms very rarely.
Aloe variegata (motley). The leaves of this aloe have a very unusual coloring - dark green (sometimes with a purple tint), with white cross strips and one more thin strip stretches along the edges. The plant is small in size.
Aloe ferox (Aloe vera) is so named because of reddish thorns resembling warts located on the surface of impressive, fleshy leaves. Very beautiful blossoms with red spicate inflorescences.
Aloe aristata are often confused with havortia. Its leaves, about 10 cm long, just like it does, form a rosette, from which multiple offspring depart. At the edges of the leaves a white border of teeth, on the surface of translucent warty upbringing. Usually blooms in the warm season.
Aloe humilis (aloe squat) is similar to the previous species. It differs in the blue-green color of the leaves with snow-white denticles.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Aloe:
Illumination: Photophilous, preferring southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode: Moderate, by the measure of drying of the soil. In the winter, outlandish.
Humidity of the atmosphere: You can not spray or sprinkle it occasionally and very carefully. Water does not have to please the leaflets in the sinuses.
Temperature regime: In summer the temperature should be moderate, in winter it is cool. For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Soil: Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mix: 2 elements of clay-turf ground, 1 share of leaf land, 1 share of humus and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every two weeks with fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
Breeding: It is easy to breed with cuttings. The cuttings are dried for a few days before planting. It is possible to breed like sheets, seeds and layers.
Transplantation: In the spring, young plants annually, mature once a couple of years.
Often, the old aloe dumps the lower leaves and becomes ugly. In this case it is allowed to cut off the bare portion of the stem and re-root the plant.
Pests: It is infrequent.
Aloe arborescens aloe
Aloe-ferox Aloe Vera
Aloe variegated Aloe variegata
Aloe aristata aloe vera