Aloe (Stoletnik) / Aloe
It belongs to the lily family. Fatherland - the tropics of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the island of Madagascar.
General Description: An impressive variety of types and shapes, the most common:
Aloe arborescens (Tree Aloe) - the most popular in our country. It is valued not so much for beauty as for its effective medicinal properties. Prickly, fleshy and narrow leaves, up to 20 cm long, are located on a high stem (up to 1 m). Aloe tree has numerous side shoots.
It grows quickly, but in ordinary room conditions it blooms very rarely.
Aloe variegata (pied). The leaves of this aloe have a very unusual coloring - dark green (sometimes with a purple tint), with white transverse stripes and another thin strip stretches along the edges. The plant is small in size.
Alow ferox (Dreadful Aloe) is so named because of reddish thorn-like warts located on the surface of imposing, fleshy leaves. Very beautiful blooms red spike buds.
Aloe aristata (Spinous Aloe) is often confused with Haworthia. Its leaves, about 10 cm in length, as well as in her, form a basal rosette from which multiple offsprings extend. Along the edges of the leaves there is a snow-white border of the teeth, translucent warty education on the surface. Usually blooms in the warm season.
Aloe humilis (Aloe squat) is similar to the previous species. Differs in blue-green color of leaves with snow-white cloves.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Aloe:
Illumination: Light-loving, prefers southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode: Moderate, to measure the drying of the soil. In winter, outlandish.
Humidity of the atmosphere: You can not spray or spray occasionally and very carefully. Water should not cater to the leaflet rosettes.
Temperature mode: In the summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter cool. In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Soil: Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil hash: 2 elements of clay-sod land, 1 share of leafy soil, 1 share of humus and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing once every two weeks with fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
Cultivation: Easily multiplied by cuttings. Cuttings before planting is dried for several days. You can dilute like sheets, seeds and layering.
Transplant: In spring, young plants annually, mature once a couple years.
Often, old aloe drops the lower leaves and becomes ugly. In this case, it is allowed to cut the bare share of the stem and root the plant again.
Pests: Rarely affected.
Tree aloe Aloe arborescens
Awesome aloe aloe ferox
Aloe motley Aloe variegata
Spinous Aloe Aloe aristata