Aroid / Araceae
General description : Plants of the aroid family are distinguished by beautiful leaves and inflorescences on the cob. The leaves on the stem are arranged alternately, the base of the petioles seems to cover the stem. The size, shape, color of leaves and flowers vary greatly.
The deciduous and decorative foliage include monstera, dieffenbachia, philodendron, etc.
For decorative flowering include spafillum, anthurium, etc.
There are three groups of aroid ones:
These include the popular Dieffenbachia, but it looks like Anthurium, Alokaziya, Aglaonema, Spathiphyllum, etc. These usually large plants do not need, but, in support. They do not own a pronounced period of rest.
The most famous among them are Monstera, Philodendron, Financials and Syngonium. They have aerial roots and need support, preferably with frequent crossbars, so that the whips are not mixed up. You can use a club wrapped in moss. Often they seem to be grown as if ampelous plants. They seem to have a slightly restful period.
Here it is allowed to call Zamiakulkas, Amorphophalus, Sauromatum, Caladium.
During the period of inactivity, they completely lose their leaves.
Recommendations for the care of aroid plants:
Illumination: Light-loving, in a warm time of the year they prefer diffused light, in winter direct sun rays are useful, it is better to have them closer to the south windows.
Irrigation mode : During the period of growth it is abundantly watered (except for zamiokulkas, it is watered as if all succulents). In winter, watered moderately. It is proud to prevent the land from drying out. Tuberous in the winter does not watered, usually kept trimmed and taken out of the ground.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
Land in a pot and stalks useful to impose moistened sphagnum moss. Eliminate from central heating.
Temperature: Moderate, cool in winter.
Soil: Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of humus, 1 share of leafy land and 1 share of sand.
Breeding : Creepers are easily rooted by layering with aerial roots or cuttings. In the tuberous in the source of the period of inactivity, the daughter bulbs that are planted in the spring are separated. You can sow the seeds, but only fresh, they quickly lose their germination.
Transplanting : Aroid bushings are usually not very well tolerated in transplantation, they persist for a long time, therefore, the bushes should be transplanted and separated only in case of tightness of the pot in spring.
Some, on the contrary, easily tolerate transplantation (syngonium, scinapsus, amorphous phallus).
Pests: Rarely affected.
Aroids - Araceae