Aroid / Araceae
General description : Plants of the family of aroids are distinguished by beautiful leaves and inflorescences in the cob. The leaves on the stem are arranged alternately, the base of the petioles seems to cover the stem. The size, shape, color of leaves and flowers vary greatly.
Decorative-deciduous include monstera, diffenbachia, philodendron and others.
To decorative-blossoming belong spathiphyllyum, anthurium, etc.
There are three groups of aroids:
These include the popular Dieffenbachia, but it seems like Anthurium, Alocasia, Aglaonema, Spathiphyllum, etc. Data usually large plants do not need, but in support. They do not have a definite period of rest.
Among them, the most famous are Monstera, Philodendron, Scindapus and Singonium. They have air roots and need support, it is better with frequent crossbeams, so that the whips are not confused. You can use a club, wrapped in moss. Often they seem to grow like an ampel plant. They seem to have a little rest period.
Here you can name Zamiakulkas, Amorphophallus, Sauromatum, Kaladium.
During the period of inactivity, they completely lose their leaves.
Recommendations for the care of aroids:
Illumination: Light-loving, in the warm season prefer the scattered light, in the winter, direct sunlight is useful, it is better to own them closer to the southern windows.
Irrigation regime : During the period of growth, water is abundantly watered (except zamiokulkasa, it is watered as if all succulents). In winter, watered moderately. Proudly not to allow the drying out of the earth. Tubers do not water in the winter, they usually keep them cut off and taken out of the ground.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
The soil in the pot and the stems are useful to cover with moistened sphagnum moss. Eliminate from central heating.
Temperatures: Moderate, cool in winter.
Soil: Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of humus, 1 share of leaf land and 1 share of sand.
Breeding : Lianas are easily rooted by layers with air roots or cuttings. At tubers in the source of the period of inactivity, the daughter bulbs that are planted in spring are separated. You can sow seeds, but only fresh, they quickly lose their germination.
Transplantation : Arthropic arthropods usually do not tolerate the transplantation, they are constantly ill, therefore it is necessary to transplant and divide the bushes only if the pot is crowded in the spring.
Some, on the contrary, easily tolerate transplantation (syngonium, scindapsus, amorphophallus).
Pests: They are rarely affected.
Aroid - Araceae