Araucaria / Araucaria
Refers to the family of Araucarians. Fatherland - South America, New Zealand and Australia.
General description : The only coniferous plant that is grown in room conditions. Araucaria is quite unpretentious and it is allowed to use it for various purposes to create an interior. Small seedlings can decorate the table, tall trees in a tub decorate the hall or an impressive sitting room. In order for the branches to grow symmetrically, it is necessary to grow it as if a single plant.
In shops, Araucaria heterophylla (Araucaria versifolia) is usually sold. The branches on it are arranged in tiers, covered with needles 2 cm long. It grows slowly.
Araucaria very healthy atmosphere in place, so doctors recommend their breeding, if the building is suffering from asthma.
Recommendations for caring for the plant Araucaria:
Illumination : photophilous, but in no way tolerates direct sunlight.
Irrigation regime : During the period of growth, it is abundantly watered with warm soft water. In winter, watered moderately. It is proud not to allow the drying of the earth, not overflowing.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
It is useful to cover the earth in a pot with moistened sphagnum moss.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony) in a shaded room, if the plant is in the upper room, ventilate more often.
Temperature mode: Adores the cool, optimally 10-12 ° C, at higher temperatures and in a dry atmosphere, yellowing and falling of needles, deprivation of the lower branches occurs.
Soil: Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of leaf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of sod land, 1 share of sand and 0.5 elements of humus.
It is good to add a peat substrate with an acid reaction.
Poorly tolerates surplus fertilizers, so feed only during the growth period, once a moon, fertilizer is taken in half from the portion indicated on the package. Organic fertilizer does not contribute. Complex mineral fertilizers are suitable.
Breeding : Difficult to take roots, so usually buy ready-made seedlings. Experienced growers can try to root the apical stem. To do this, in August, at a hot temperature, it is planted in sand, then in January they are transplanted into pots in a mash of coniferous land and sand. In spring, they are again transplanted into the following mixture: 1 share of leaf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of sod land, 1 share of sand and 0.5 elements of humus.
Transplantation : The essence in a tight pot slows growth, so young araucarians are transplanted annually, mature once every couple of years.
Transplant should be carefully, without damaging the earth.
Pests: In a dry atmosphere, it is affected by scarlet spider mite.
The plant is allowed to help by spraying with an athlete (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Araucaria / Araucaria