Araucaria / Araucaria
It belongs to the family of Araucaria. Fatherland - South America, New Zealand and Australia.
General description : The only coniferous plant that is grown indoors. Araucaria quite unpretentious and it is allowed for various uses to create an interior. Small seedlings can decorate the table, tall trees in the tub decorate the hall or an impressive living room. In order for the branches to grow symmetrically, you need to grow it as if it were a single plant.
Araucaria heterophylla is usually sold in stores. The branches on it are arranged in tiers, covered with needles 2 cm long. It grows slowly.
Araucari very healthy atmosphere in the place, so doctors recommend their breeding, if the building is suffering from asthma.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Araucaria:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : During the period of growth, water abundantly with warm soft water. In winter, watered moderately. Proudly not to allow any drying of the earth, not overflowing.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
Land in a pot is useful to impose moistened sphagnum moss.
In the summer it is better to place in a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony) in a shaded room, if the plant is in an upper room, often air out.
Temperature: It loves coolness, optimally 10-12 ° C, at higher temperatures and when the atmosphere is dry, yellowing and falling off of the needles, deprivation of the lower branches occur.
Soil: Recommended soil mixture: 1 share leaf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of sod land, 1 share of sand and 0.5 elements of humus.
Well add a peat substrate with an acidic reaction.
Poorly transfers excess fertilizer, therefore, feed only during the growth period, once per moon, to take fertilizer in half from the portion indicated on the package. Organic fertilizer does not make. Suitable complex mineral fertilizers.
Breeding : It is difficult to take root, so usually ready-made seedlings are bought. Experienced growers can try to root the apical stalk. To do this, in August, at a hot temperature, it is planted in the sand, then in January it is transplanted into pots in a hodgepodge of coniferous earth and sand. In the spring, they are transplanted again into the following mixture: 1 share of leaf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of sod land, 1 share of sand and 0.5 elements of humus.
Transplant : The essence in a close pot slows down growth, therefore young Araucariae are transplanted annually, mature once in a couple or three years.
It is necessary to replant carefully, without damaging the earthen room.
Pests: When dry atmosphere is affected by the scarlet spider mite.
The plant is allowed to help spraying Actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Araucaria / Araucaria