Araucaria / Araucaria
Belongs to the Araucariaceae family. Fatherland - South America, New Zealand and Australia.
General description : The only coniferous plant that is grown indoors. Araucaria is unpretentious enough and it is allowed to be used in various ways to create an interior. Small seedlings can decorate a table, tall trees in a tub will decorate a hall or an impressive living room. In order for the branches to grow symmetrically, you need to grow it as if a single plant.
Araucaria heterophylla (variegated araucaria) is usually sold in stores. The branches on it are arranged in tiers, covered with needles 2 cm long. It grows slowly.
Araucaria are very healthy atmosphere in the place, so doctors recommend their breeding, if the building is suffering from asthma.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Araucaria:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Watering regime : During the growth period, water abundantly with warm soft water. Winter watered sparingly. Proudly not to allow any drying up of the earth, not overflowing.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
It is useful to overlay the earth in the pot with moistened sphagnum moss.
For the summer, it is better to place in a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony) in a shaded room, if the plant is in the upper room, often ventilate.
Temperature: Loves the cool, optimally 10-12 ° C, at higher temperatures and in a dry atmosphere, yellowing and falling of needles, deprivation of the lower branches.
Soil: Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of leaf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of sod land, 1 share of sand and 0.5 elements of humus.
It is good to add a peat substrate with an acid reaction.
It does not tolerate excess fertilizer, therefore, to feed only during the growth period, once in the moon, take fertilizers in half of the portion indicated on the package. There is no way to introduce organic fertilizers. Complex mineral fertilizers are suitable.
Breeding : It is difficult to root, therefore, ready-made seedlings are usually bought. Experienced gardeners can try to root the apical stem. To do this, in August at a hot temperature it is planted in sand, then in January it is transplanted into pots in a mishmash of coniferous land and sand. In the spring they are again transplanted into the following mixture: 1 share of leaf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of sod land, 1 share of sand and 0.5 elements of humus.
Transplant : An entity in a cramped pot slows growth, so young araucaria are transplanted annually, mature once every couple of years.
It is necessary to transplant carefully, without damaging the earthen lump.
Pests: In a dry atmosphere, it is affected by a red spider mite.
The plant is allowed to help by spraying with actellik (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Araucaria / Araucaria