Azalea / Azalea
Refers to the family of heathers. Fatherland - India, China, the Caucasus and Siberia.
General description : Ornamental flowering shrubby plant. A huge variety of species, but, azalea - preferably a garden crop. for the room range more suitable pair of dwarf species: Rhododendron Sims (Indian azalea) and Japanese azalea. Blossom azaleas usually with winter and early spring, starting around the third year of life. Coloring of flowers is different, more often pink. The surface of the petals can be terry or corrugated. Of the novelties of selection, pyramidal and ampel forms.
It is useful to form the crown of the bushes.
Early varieties of azaleas (flowering December-January): "Helmut Vogel" (double purple flowers), "Weisse Sheme" (white terry flowers with a cream shade), "Adventvlokhen" (crimson bell-shaped flowers) and
Mid-late varieties of azaleas (flowering January-March): Apollo (brick-red flowers), Leopold Astrid (gently pink flowers with a red border), Max Sheme (double bright pink flowers with a white border and corrugated petals )
The late varieties of azaleas (flowering February-April): "Ernst Thiers" (crimson-pink flowers), "Hexe" (wine-red terry flowers), "Concinna" (lilac flowers with crimson specks), etc.
Azaleas belong to the number of plants, which are difficult to provide proper care in the room.
Recommendations for plant care Azalea:
Illumination: photophilous, but in no way tolerates direct sunlight.
Watering regime: Pour a lot of soft water.
Humidity: When the plant does not bloom, it is sprayed daily and regularly washed with cool water. During the flowering period, in order not to spoil the flowers, the humidity of the atmosphere is maintained by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or claydite, which is continuously moistened. Eliminate from central heating.
Temperature mode: Adores the coolness. In autumn from 6 ° C, then gradually increase to 15 ° C. Forms with falling leaves are allowed in the winter to own in a cool basement.
Soil: The chosen variation is coniferous land. During the growth period, every three weeks, feed in turn with mineral and liquid organic fertilizers.
Breeding: Cuttings taken later bloom. They are treated with a solution of heteroauxin (tablet per 1 liter of water) and a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then planted in the ground under a darkened glass. The temperature should be between 18-20 ° C. Moderately watered with warm water. Rooting will follow only through a pair of moon. During this time, it should be 1 hour closer to the evening, at what time there is no direct sunlight, to disrupt the blackout from the glass.
Transplantation: Friendly to the azaleas pruning after flowering and planting for the summer on the ground. The root system of azaleas is superficial and therefore the pot must be wide, but not deep. It is useful to fill the space between the pot and the pot with moss.
Pests: It is affected by a spider mite (in dry air), mealybug, scabs and false-stands (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems). The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
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Azalea - Azalea