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bromeliads / bromeliaceae

Fatherland - the tropics of America.


General description : The family recites about 2000 species.

General characteristics: small stem, leathery and belt-like leaves are collected in the central basal funnel, collecting water. A spectacular inflorescence (paniculate, spike-shaped, racemoid, etc.) with beautiful bracts rises from the center of the funnel on a high peduncle. In many species, the upper leaves of the rosette change their color at the time of flowering (red, yellow, blue color). After flowering, the central funnel dies off, but daughter shoots appear. Usually bloom in winter. Form pods - boxes or berries.

Most bromeliads are epiphytic plants, that is, in nature they grow on trees. , in a roomy appearance, they are similarly placed on various fancy snags, creating so-called "bromeliad trees". The roots of such plants are placed in a very loose substrate, very small in capacity and wrapped in sphagnum moss. Then the plant is screwed to the base with wire or fishing line. Here it is proud that the leaf funnel is sufficiently developed and holds water. Once a week it is necessary to spray sphagnum in a similar way.

There is a special group - petrophilic bromelias. They grow in dry stony Mexican prairies and the conditions for their maintenance are no different from cacti (plenty of light, cool dormancy, outlandish watering, low humidity).

The group of atmospheric bromeliads absorbs moisture from the atmosphere by flakes or hairs on the leaves and it doesn’t need a common soil substrate, only wet moss. But an important condition is the increased humidity of the atmosphere and they need a terrarium or a room fountain with water.

The remaining bromeliads are allowed to be divided into two impressive groups:

I. Occurs from places with a humid climate throughout the year (cryptanthus, gusmania, vriesia, pineapple, etc.)

Ii. Originating from places with dry periods. They have a pronounced period of inactivity (bilbergia, ehmeya, neoregelia, etc.)

Recommendations for the care of bromeliad group I:

Illumination : For most, bright but diffused light. Exceptions - pineapple, cryptanthus. They love direct sunlight.

Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter. Water with warm soft water. For plants with a well-developed basal rosette, it is recommended to pour water directly into the socket, but only in summer, in winter it is better to soil, in order to avoid rotting.

Humidity : Requires frequent spraying. Love the fresh atmosphere, but without drafts.

Temperature : Very fond of heat, in winter and summer.

Soil : Requires very benign drainage. You can add charcoal and coniferous bark.

Recommended soil mash: 2 elements of leaf humus, 1 share of humus soil, 1 share of peat and 1 share of sand.

Soil acidity is moderate, pH = 5.

The root system is superficial, the pots should be shallow.

During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a month with complex fertilizers for bromeliads or usual half-serving. The diluted fertilizer is applied when watering or spraying route.

Cultivation: Usually rooted in soil heating shoots formed at the base of the plant. You can sow the seeds, but they must first be etched and sterilized ground. The soil for germination should be very loose (a mixture of leafy soil and sand or chopped moss and fern roots). Seedlings need high humidity, shading and soil heating.

Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes).

Pests : Affected by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over by a spiderweb), scutes (brown leaves on leaves and stalks that leave sticky secretions), powdery worms (covered with a snow-white cotton-like fuzz), aphids.

The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).

Recommendations for the care of bromeliad group II:

Illumination : For most, bright but diffused light.

Irrigation mode : Abundant in the period of growth, rare in winter, especially if the plant is kept cool.

Humidity : Requires frequent spraying. Love the fresh atmosphere, but without drafts.

Temperature condition : In summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter it should be cool (but not lower than 12 ° C).

Soil : Requires very benign drainage. You can add charcoal and coniferous bark.

Recommended soil mash: 2 elements of leaf humus, 1 share of humus soil, 1 share of peat and 1 share of sand.

Soil acidity is moderate, pH = 5.

The root system is superficial, the pots should be shallow.

During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a month with complex fertilizers for bromeliads or usual half-serving. The diluted fertilizer is applied when watering or spraying route.

Cultivation: Usually rooted in soil heating shoots formed at the base of the plant. You can sow the seeds, but they must first be etched and sterilized ground. The soil for germination should be very loose (a mixture of leafy soil and sand or chopped moss and fern roots). Seedlings need high humidity, shading and soil heating.

Transplantation: Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes).

Pests : Affected by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over by a spiderweb), scutes (brown leaves on leaves and stalks that leave sticky secretions), powdery worms (covered with a snow-white cotton-like fuzz), aphids.

The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).

Bromeliads - Bromeliaceae

Tillandsii on a piece of bark

tillandsii on a piece of bark


bromeliads - bromeliaceae