calathea / calathea
Belongs to the family marandyh. Fatherland - South America.
General description : Calathea is an ornamental leafy plant, one of which is very luxurious. An impressive variety of types and forms, the most common:
- Calathea makoyana (Calathea Makoya) is the most spectacular of Kalat. It has very thin impressive (up to 30 cm long) leaves, with a surprisingly outlandish pattern, resembling peacock feathers. The bottom side of the sheet is purple. The leaves grow in a bouquet, on long straight petioles.
- Calathea lubbersii (Calathea Lubbers). She has a completely different color. Oblong yellow specks depart from the central vein. The lower portion of the leaf is green.
- Calathea zebrina (Calathea striatum) is distinguished by the velvety surface of the leaves, painted with dark broad stripes running from the central vein.
- Calathea crocata (Calathea saffron). This is the only decorative-flowering calathea. Its leaves are rather inconspicuous, dark green with a brown tinge. But she owns beautiful bright orange flowers on long peduncles.
Calatheas are capricious, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Calathea:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying and wiping the leaves with a damp soft cloth. In winter, in a well heated place, it is allowed to put on a tray with water. It is useful to cover rhizomes with wet moss.
Temperature mode : It loves the heat, in winter and summer. Does not take out drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips. The soil is acidic or slightly acidic. When a snow-white plaque appears on the ground surface, the upper layer must be replaced.
Recommended soil mixture : 1 share of coniferous land, 2-3 elements of leafy land, 1 share of peat, 1 share of humus and 1/2 elements of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing 1 time every two weeks with fertilizer for decorative leafy (for Calathea saffron for flowering) plants. Excess fertilizer is not acceptable.
Breeding : Crushing during transplantation. Also seeds.
Transplant : In the spring, every year. The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep.
Pests: Affected by scarlet spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are woven over with spiderwebs), mealybugs, scutes (brown plaques appear on leaves and stalks, leaving sticky secretions), thrips (grayish dots appear on leaves).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Saffron Calathea - calathea crocata
Calathea Lanceolata - calathea lancifolia
calathea lubbers - calathea lubbersii
calathea makoya - calathea makoyana
calathea colored - calathea picta
Calathea striped - calathea zebrina
decorated calathea - calathea ornata