Camellia / Camellia
Refers to the family of tea. Fatherland - China and Japan.
General description : The only species grown in room conditions
Camellia japonica (Camellia Japanese). It is an evergreen tree. The leaves are dark green, leathery, with a glossy surface. Camellia has very beautiful flowers. Depending on the variety, they can be terry, non-marble or semi-double. The paint is pink, scarlet or snow-white.
Periodic pruning of branches is necessary.
It has a couple of growth periods: early spring and the source of summer.
Camellias are whimsical, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
Recommendations for caring for the plant Camellia:
Illumination : Needs bright, but diffused light. Do not like the transfer and rotation of pots.
Irrigation regime : Camellia loves abundant watering, but without overflow. To water with warm soft water. In the period of inactivity, irrigation is outlandish.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying, but not in the flowering period.
For summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), in a room protected from wind and from direct sunlight.
Temperature regime : Cool, optimal 12-15 ° C in summer, in winter 8-10 ° C.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. The soil is acidic. When a snow-white calcareous deposit appears on the surface of the soil, the top layer must be replaced.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of coniferous land, 1 share of leaf land, 1 share of peat and 1/2 elements of sand. For old plants 1 the proportion of coniferous land is replaced by sod. A mishmash for rhododendrons is suitable.
During the growth period, it needs regular fertilizing with complex fertilizers.
The period of inactivity in camellias from July to August. In this time the plant does not feed.
Breeding : With soil heating and using phytohormones, rooting cuttings in summer.
Transplant : In summer, young plants annually, mature once in a couple of years.
Pests: Camellia is sometimes affected by aphids (form a sticky discharge on the tips of shoots, buds). In these cases, the plant must be sprayed with solutions of insecticides (actinic, decis, phytoverm, etc.) right up to the completed cure.
Camellia - camellia