catarrhant / catharanthus
Refers to the family kutrovyh. Fatherland is a tropical belt.
General description : The only species grown in room conditions
Catharanthus roseus (Cataratus pink or periwinkle pink). The long-standing bush is up to 60 cm tall with branched upright stems. Leaves ovate, dark green. Star-shaped flowers, five-petalled, are similar to vinca flowers. Paint - snow-white, lilac or pink. It can bloom from spring until autumn.
The cataract is quite an unpretentious plant.
Recommendations for the care of plants Catarratus:
Illumination : Photophilous, preferring southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Abundant throughout the year, but without overflow.
Air humidity : The catarrhtas are sprayed daily, the humidity of the atmosphere seems to be maintained by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or claydite, which is continuously moistened.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature regime : The cataracts adore heat, in summer they are optimally 25-27 ° C, in winter 15-18 ° C.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. You can add charcoal or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of leaf land, 1 share of peat, 1 part of humus and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs regular fertilizing with fertilizers for flowering plants, diluted in water for irrigation.
Breeding : Cuttings and seeds in late winter or early spring.
Transplantation : In the spring, annually.
Pests : Cataractus is affected by a spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), aphids (form sticky excretions on shoot tips, buds).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
cataract - catharanthus
cataractus pink or periwinkle pink catharanthus roseus.