Katleya / cattleya
It belongs to the orchid family. Fatherland - Central and South America.
General description : Cattleas in nature grow on trees, i.e. are epiphytic plants. They have thick, scaly-covered stems, at the base taking onion-shaped forms (pseudobulbs). Leaves are leathery, oblong. Large waxy flowers (10-15 cm in diameter) are collected in a racemose apical inflorescence. Paint petals white, pink or lilac. Sepals are much narrower than petals and have wavy margins. The lip (lower petal) of the flower has a three-blade shape, the middle lobe is purple-purple in color, with a curly margin, with a bright yellow throat.
It is better to grow Katlea in a terrarium, as if it requires constant temperature and very high atmospheric humidity.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Katlea:
Illumination : Needs bright but diffused light.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
Humidity : Humidity is maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously moistened. Can be grown in the pool with water poured on the bottom. Katleya loves the fresh atmosphere.
Temperature : Katleya loves heat, in the summer it’s optimally 22-28 ° С, in winter 16-18 ° С.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. You can add charcoal or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of top peat, 1 share of chopped pine bark. Suit for orchids.
In the period of growth it needs regular fertilizing with fertilizers for orchids or usual half of the portion indicated on the package.
Breeding : Crushing during transplantation. In each elements must remain no less than three shoots.
Transplant : Katleu transplanted at what time the roots, growing at the base, grow half a centimeter. Plant should not be deeply buried in the ground.
Pests : affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), aphids (forming sticky discharges on the tips of the shoots, buds), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Cattleya - cattleya
cattleya spongy - cattleya labiata
cattleya bowling - cattleya bowringiana