Orange / Citrus sinensis
It belongs to the rut family. The fatherland is a tropical and subtropical belt.
General description : Evergreen log with tasty and healthy fruits. The leaves are elongated, with pterygoid appendages at the petioles. It blooms with white fragrant flowers. Fruits - round yellow-orange, belong to citrus cultures. The seed plant begins to bear fruit only after 8-12 years, seedlings 4-5 years.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Orange:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. In the period of inactivity at cold temperatures, full shading is easily tolerated.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, winter outlandish, especially if the plant is kept cool.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
Temperature: In summer, the temperature should be high, in winter it is cool (up to 12 ° C) and even low (up to 0 ° C).
Soil: Requires benign drainage.
Recommended soil hash for young oranges: "elements of sod land, 1 share of humus, 1 share of leafy land and 1 share of sand. For mature oranges, you need to take more sod land (3 parts) and add a little oily clay. That is, you first need light soil , then more severe.
It needs regular dressings both in the period of growth and in the period of rest. You can use diluted cow manure, complex mineral fertilizers and special fertilizers for citrus.
Breeding: Seeds, cuttings, layering and inoculation. Most often used cuttings, but for the chosen adaptation of an orange to the indoor conditions it is suitable to grow it from a seed.
Transplant: The youngest oranges with an undeveloped root system do not need to be transplanted, it is enough to change the top layer of the soil. At what time the plant will grow it needs to be replanted annually in the spring by way of transshipment. Mature fruiting trees are transplanted through a couple or three years before the source of growth. It is necessary to replant carefully, without damaging the earthen room. When flowering and fruiting, but it seems at the end of the growth period is not recommended to replant.
Pests : Affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), with a spider mite when the atmosphere is dry (leaves and stalks are woven with spiderwebs).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Orange - Citrus sinensis