Orange / Citrus sinensis
Refers to the family of rut. The fatherland is a tropical and subtropical belt.
General description : Evergreen with laconic and healthy fruits. Leaves are elongate, with pterygoid appendages in petioles. Blossoms with snow-white fragrant flowers. Fruits - round yellow-orange, refer to citrus cultures. A plant from seeds begin to bear fruit only in 8-12 years, seedlings 4-5 years.
Recommendations for caring for the plant Orange:
Illumination : photophilous, but in no way tolerates direct sunlight. In the period of inactivity at cold temperatures it is easy to tolerate total shading.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, in the winter, outlandish, especially if the plant is kept cool.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
Temperature regime: In summer, the temperature should be high, in the winter cool (up to 12 ° C) and even low (up to 0 ° C).
Soil: Proper benign drainage is required.
Recommended soil mix for young oranges: "elements of turf ground, 1 share of humus, 1 share of leaf land and 1 share of sand." For mature oranges, it will be necessary to take more sod land (3 parts) and add a little fatty clay. , then heavier.
It needs regular feeding during the period of growth and during the rest period. You can use diluted cow dung, complex mineral fertilizers and special fertilizers for citrus fruits.
Breeding: Seeds, cuttings, layers and graft. The most commonly used cuttings, but for the chosen device of orange to room conditions, it is suitable for growing it from a seed.
Transplantation: The youngest oranges with undeveloped root system should not be transplanted, it is enough to change the upper layer of the soil. At what time the plant grows up it must be transplanted annually in the spring in the way of transshipment. Mature fruit-bearing trees are transplanted through a couple or three years before the source of growth. Transplant should be carefully, without damaging the earth. With flowering and fruiting, however, it seems that at the end of the growing period it is not recommended to replant.
Pests : It strikes with scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharge), in a dry atmosphere a spider mite (leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Orange - Citrus sinensis